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Preparation of Scientific Paper

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Preparation of Scientific Paper Writing is a staged process Review/design/planning (prewriting) Experimenting/research Writing Rewriting Easy to emphasize writing ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Preparation of Scientific Paper


1
Preparation of Scientific Paper
  • Writing is a staged process
  • Review/design/planning (prewriting)
  • Experimenting/research
  • Writing
  • Rewriting
  • Easy to emphasize writing stage de-emphasize
    other stages
  • Leads to poor communication

2
Preparation of Scientific Paper
  • Prewriting is part of writing (proposal)
  • Rewriting is not just changing a few words
  • May involve major reorganization or refocus
  • Effective writing requires an awareness of
    purpose and audience

3
Preparation of Scientific Paper
  • Standard format
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Materials methods
  • Results (observations)
  • Discussion (interpretation)
  • Literature cited

4
Preparation of Scientific Paper
  • Abstract
  • Abbreviated account but make clear
  • Why the work was done
  • How the work was done
  • What was learned
  • What conclusions can be made
  • Avoid vague statements

5
Preparation of Scientific Paper
  • Introduction
  • Present problem/hypothesis
  • Provide context for work
  • Citation of appropriate prior research
  • Like a funnel
  • Provide the context then focus to the specific
    issue examined

6
Preparation of Scientific Paper
  • Materials methods
  • Describe organism studied
  • Describe site used (geographic setting)
  • Describe protocol for data collection
  • Outline statistical treatment of data

7
Preparation of Scientific Paper
  • Results
  • Record of findings
  • Present in logical sequence
  • Provide analyses
  • Means, standard errors, tests of significance
  • Lead reader
  • Good use of figures tables

8
Preparation of Scientific Paper
  • Discussion
  • Critically evaluate results in context of prior
    research Citation of published works
  • Interpret results using background developed in
    introduction
  • Organization according to logical flow
  • Order can differ from that of results

9
Preparation of Scientific Paper
  • Literature cited
  • Confined to citations in manuscript
  • Use form of Ecology
  • Doe, J. T. 2003. Effects of floral size on rates
    of floral visitation. Journal of Unexpected
    Results 34 456-465.

10
Preparation of Scientific Paper
  • Details
  • Organism names are binomials (italicize)
  • Impatiens capensis or I. capensis(Balsaminaceae)
  • Solidago altissima or S. altissima(Asteraceae)

11
Preparation of Scientific Paper
  • Submitting a scientific paper
  • Prepare well-edited manuscript
  • Submit to appropriate journal (audience)
  • Editor sends manuscripts out for review
  • Reviewers return evaluation to editor
  • Revision based on reviews
  • Editor makes final decision

12
Preparation of Scientific Paper
  • Submitting your manuscripts
  • Submit well-edited manuscript for review
  • Reviewers provide critical reviews
  • Rewrite based on review
  • Reorganization or refocus may be needed
  • Submit revised manuscript, peer-reviewed draft,
    reviewer comments to Dr. A.
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