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Scientific Writing in English for Chinese Authors

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Scientific Writing in English for Chinese Authors National Pingtung University of Science and Technology ***** Professor Robert L. Youngs – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Scientific Writing in English for Chinese Authors


1
Scientific Writing in English for Chinese Authors
  • National Pingtung University of Science and
    Technology
  • Professor Robert L. Youngs
  • Professor Hsiu Hwa Cathy Wang
  • Mr. John A. Youngquist

2
Bob Youngs ryoungs_at_vt.edu
  • Professor emeritus, Forestry Forest Products,
    VPISU, Blacksburg, VA, USA
  • Former Director, Forest Products Laboratory,
    Madison, WI, USA
  • Former Coordinator IUFRO Forest Products Division
  • Former Editor, Wood Fiber Science

3
Cathy Wang hhwang_at_mail.npust.edu.tw
  • Professor, Wood Science Design, NPUST
  • Coordinator, IUFRO Forest Products Division
  • Researcher and teacher in wood structure and
    paper science
  • Visiting scientist at PAPRICAN

4
John Youngquist jayoungquist_at_msn.com
  • Forest products consultant, Madison, WI, USA
  • Former researcher research leader at FPL in
    wood-based composites
  • Former Coordinator, IUFRO Forest Products Division

5
A New Adventure
  • Distance learning
  • Now increasing in use
  • Technologies and techniques improving
  • Ill be with you by teleconference and narrated
    slides. Ill be there in person later in the
    course.

6
Course Content
  • Combination of EFL and writing
  • Scientific writing includes a broad array of
    academic writing
  • To learn to write well, you must write, write,
    write

7
Suggestions for improved English writing
  • Not personal criticism
  • Designed to be helpful
  • Congratulations on your academic progress! Keep
    up the good work!

8
Introduction
  • Exchange between Virginia Tech and NPUST
  • Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) Agreement for
    exchanges and collaboration in instruction and
    research
  • Presentation and interpretation
  • Present as narrated PowerPoint slides
  • Mandarin interpretation of narration
  • E-mail communication of assignments, homework,
    and examinations

9
What is scientific writing?
  • Correspondence (inform or query)
  • Letter
  • Memo
  • E-mail
  • Proposal (persuade)
  • Strategy for solving a problem
  • Instructions (inform)
  • How to do something
  • Presentation (inform or persuade)
  • Report, thesis, dissertation

10
Writing a research report
  • Focus of this course
  • First emphasis on writing a summary
  • Description of research
  • Interpretation and significance of results
  • Publication
  • Language clear and understandable
  • An essential part of scientific work
  • Good writing is the key to sound thinking.
    (George Marra)

11
Justification
  • Increasing publication in English language
    journals
  • Broader readership knowledge of work
  • Basic differences between Mandarin and English
  • Common mistakes in writing or speaking English

12
Origin of the Course
  • Editor of Wood Fiber Science
  • Papers from Chinese authors
  • Many with good science but poorly communicated in
    English
  • Two way benefits
  • Broader readership for your papers and improved
    publication options
  • Broader knowledge of your work in the field
  • Virginia Tech / NPUST MOU

13
Procedures
  • Lectures in English by Youngs from Blacksburg
  • Interpretation in Mandarin by Wang in Pingtung
  • Demonstrations of good and bad writing
  • Short quizzes on points of discussion
  • Writing assignments -- sent to Youngs
    electronically returned electronically
  • Youngquist to assist in reviewing writing and
    making suggestions for improvement

14
Expectations
  • After completing the course successfully, should
    be able to
  • Prepare a 300 word summary of a research project
    in accurate, fluent English (1 page, double
    spaced).
  • Organize a scientific paper according to
    internationally accepted format
  • Prepare a scientific paper using clear, accurate
    English

15
General
  • Regular class attendance
  • Prompt attention to writing quizzes and
    assignments
  • Earnest effort to write well and correct mistakes
  • Raise any questions with instructors

16
Overall Approach
  • Combination of English as a Second Language (ESL)
    (EFL) and scientific writing
  • Scientific writing is difficult and calls for
    precise use of any language
  • Most problems are incorrect use of English due to
    differences from Mandarin
  • ESL courses usually do not deal with scientific
    English

17
ESL Emphases
  • Subject-verb agreement
  • English verb forms
  • Special verb problems
  • Using articles appropriately
  • Potential trouble spots
  • Avoiding pitfalls of grammar and punctuation

18
Degrees of Error
  • Noticeable
  • The research included a series of tests to
    measure principle properties of the material.
  • Confusing
  • The solution was added to the liquid in the
    beaker as heating took place in an oven in the
    analytical laboratory of the chemistry building
    when classes resumed after summer break of two
    months in mid-September.
  • Misleading
  • Walking down the street, a house came into view

19
Writing Emphasis
  • Learn writing by writing
  • Frequent writing assignments
  • A cube rests beside a larger block. Write a
    30-word description of how you would put the cube
    on top of the block. Tell what constraints you
    apply to be able to do that.

20
Send homework and exams to
  • ryoungs_at_vt.edu
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