Preschool Writing Stages of Development and Activities that Encourage Preschoolers to Write - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Preschool Writing Stages of Development and Activities that Encourage Preschoolers to Write

Description:

Preschool Writing Stages of Development and Activities that Encourage Preschoolers to Write Dr. Mary Abbott April 3, 2009 Information in this presentation is ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:258
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 18
Provided by: erfKuEdup
Learn more at: http://erf.ku.edu
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Preschool Writing Stages of Development and Activities that Encourage Preschoolers to Write


1
Preschool Writing Stages of Development and
Activities that Encourage Preschoolers to Write
  • Dr. Mary Abbott
  • April 3, 2009

Information in this presentation is available for
noncommercial use only. You may use the
information provided that (a) you do not modify
or delete any content (b) you do not
redistribute content without identifying the
website and author as the source of content (c)
the use of content does not suggest that our ERF
project promotes or endorses any third party
causes, ideas, Web sites, products or
services. For additional permission requests,
please contact Dr. Mary Abbott, mabbott_at_ku.edu
2
How Does Writing Relate to Literacy?
  • Development of pre-writing skills are critical to
    development of phonological awareness skills
    (Stahl McKenna, 2001).
  • Phonological awareness, alphabet knowledge,
    vocabulary, and writing skill stimulate growth
    in one another (Perfetti, Beck, Bell, Hughes,
    1987).

3
Stages of Preschool Writing
  • When learning to write, young children exhibit
    six different stages of development (Sulzby
    Teale, 1985). This is a natural progression that
    occurs as children gain an understanding of what
    written language is and how it is used.
  • Sulzby, E., Teale, W. Writing Development in
    Early Childhood. Educational Horizons, Fall,
    1985, 8-12.

4
Stage 1 - Drawings
  • Children begin written literacy by telling their
    stories through pictures they have drawn.

5
Stage 2 - Wavy Scribbles
  • Children make wave-like lines on paper. This is
    an attempt to copy handwriting. There are no
    letters or breaks to look like words. The lines
    are on-going waves across the page.

6
Stage 3 - Letter-Like Scribbles
  • Children make forms that look like made-up
    letters or numbers. Familiar letters may appear.
    The letters are not grouped in word forms but
    scattered on the page.

7
Stage 4 - Random Letters in a Line
  • As children begin to recognize letters, they
    begin to write them. Letter forms are often
    backwards or upside-down. Letters lack space
    between them (not in word form), but are often
    written in lines or letter strings.

8
Stage 5 - Patterned Letters/Strings
  • Children begin to include letter strings with
    recognizable patterns. Sometimes simple words or
    their names appear within the letter strings.
    Some simple letter-sound knowledge may appear.

9
Stage 6 - Conventional Writing
  • There is a connection between the letters on the
    page and the sounds in the words children are
    trying to write. Misspellings and backward
    letters common. The writing can be read by
    others.

10
This Development Timeline Begins at BIRTH! - 0-18
Months
  • Facial expressions and vocal imitation
  • Transferring objects from one hand to another
  • Follows moving object
  • Picks up a small object
  • Recognizing symbols (mama means mother)

11
Toddler (12 months to age 3)
  • Recognizes logos (golden arches)
  • Marks purposefully on paper
  • Asks adult to label
  • Learns to hold a pencil
  • Snips with scissors
  • Writes or scribbles all over paper

12
Preschool 30 months-5 years
  • Can tell that book pictures have meaning
  • Draws to tell a story
  • Recognizes name/names some letters
  • Recognizes patterns
  • Produces letter forms then letters
  • Writes random letters
  • Understands left to right
  • Copies words

13
How Do We Encourage Writing?
  • Everyday during Circle/Small Group or Storybook,
    include some type of Language Experience Approach
    (LEA)/Shared writing. This provides a good
    modeled example of writing for children.
  • No more than 5 minutes
  • List only 45 things
  • Write the title prior to lesson
  • Build vocabulary back ground knowledge
  • Use a variety of techniques as you are writing
  • Use different formats lists, graphs
  • Move to writing center during center time

14
Examples of Shared Writing
15
Examples of Shared Writing
16
Center Time Writing
  • Provide a variety of writing materials, different
    types of paper and an easel/chalkboard.
  • First encourage writing by modeling the writing
    process with think aloud about shopping lists,
    letters to friends, or other daily writing tasks.
    Then have children make lists
  • Role play roles in which real writing is used
    (e.g., restaurant, library, veterinarian).
  • Asked children to read what theyve written.

17
Special Needs Most Important
  • If needed, work with children on sensorimotor
    skills that include how to hold and use a pencil
    and eye/hand coordination such as copying
    objects.
  • MOST IMPORTANT - Encourage children to write at
    very early stages of development even before they
    understand letters, words or sentences.
About PowerShow.com