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THE POLITICAL CULTURE OF DEMOCRACY IN JAMAICA: 2006

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THE POLITICAL CULTURE OF DEMOCRACY IN JAMAICA: 2006 * * The Paradoxes of Toleration in Jamaica Determinants of Political Tolerance * Political Tolerance and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE POLITICAL CULTURE OF DEMOCRACY IN JAMAICA: 2006


1
THE POLITICAL CULTURE OFDEMOCRACY IN JAMAICA
2006
2
The Paradoxes of Toleration in Jamaica
  • by
  • Balford A. Lewis
  • University of the West Indies, Jamaica
  • September 27, 2007

3
The Paradoxes of Toleration in Jamaica
  • PRESENTATION AGENDA
  • Citizens attitude to the System and Practices of
    Democracy
  • Conceptions of Democracy and the Value of
    Tolerance
  • Social Tolerance Indicator and Determinants
  • Political Tolerance- Indicators and Determinants
  • Implications for Democracy
  • Questions/Comments

4
  • The Paradoxes of Toleration in Jamaica

5
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7
The Paradoxes of Toleration in Jamaica
  • Sample Design
  • National Survey using national sample of 1595
    persons,
  • 18 years and over
  • Self-weighted sample, designed to be
    representative of the voting population in terms
    of gender, age and geographic distribution based
    on the 2001 Population Census of Jamaica
  • Margin of error of or - 2.5

8
Spatial Distribution of Respondents
9
The Paradoxes of Toleration in Jamaica
  • Attitude to Democracy
  • How do Jamaicans view democracy as a system of
    government?
  • Given a choice, what would be their regime
    preference?
  • What system of democracy do they prefer?
  • How do they evaluate the performance of their
    democracy?

10
Preference for Democracy among Jamaicans
  • DEM2. With which of the following
  • statements do you agree the most?
  • - To people like me, it doesnt
  • matter whether a regime is
  • democratic or non-democratic
  • - Democracy is preferable to any
  • other type of government
  • - In some circumstances, an
  • authoritarian government can be
  • preferable to a democratic one
  • - Dont know.

11
Support for Democratic System of Government(ING4
- Democracy may have problems, but it is better
than any other form of government. To what extent
do you agree or disagree with this statement?)
12
DEM11 Do you think that our country needs a
government with an iron fist, or that problems
can be resolved with everyones
participation?(1) Iron fist (2)
Participation for all
(8) Doesnt respond
13
Level of Support for Electoral Democracy
  • AUT1 There are people who
  • say that we need a
  • strong leader
  • that does not not have to
  • be elected by the vote,
  • others say that although things
  • may not work,
  • electoral democracy,
  • that is, the popular vote,
  • is always the best.
  • What do you think?

14
Satisfaction with the Performance of Democracy
PN4. In general, would you say that you are very
satisfied, satisfied, dissatisfied or very
dissatisfied with the way in which democracy is
works in Jamaica?
15
The Paradoxes of Toleration in Jamaica
  • How do Jamaicans conceptualize this democracy
    that they so strongly favor?

16
Alternative Conceptions of Democracy, Jamaica
17
Paradox 1
  • Strong endorsement of the key principles of
    democracy among
  • Jamaicans Democracy defined mostly in terms
    of
  • Liberty and freedom
  • Participation of all/minorities
  • Human Rights
  • Yet, Jamaicans are vehemently oppossed to certain
    rights and
  • privileges being accorded to a particular groups
    in society
  • The problem of exceptionally low level of social
    tolerance among Jamaicans

18
Indicator of Social ToleranceD5. And now,
changing the topic and thinking of homosexuals,
how strongly do you approve or disapprove of such
people being permitted to seek public office?
19
Social Tolerance Comparative Perspective
20
Determinants of Social Tolerance
  • Support for the Rule of Law?
  • Religious Persuasion?
  • Social and Economic Factors?

21
Respect for the Rule of Law
  • AOJ8 In order to capture
  • criminals, do you think that the
  • authorities should always respect
  • the law or occasionally, they can
  • operate at the margin of the law?
  • They should always respect the law
  • Can operate at the margin of the law occasionally
  • Dont know

22
Respect for the Rule of Law and Social Tolerance
23
Religion and Social Tolerance
24
Wealth and Social Tolerance
25
Sex and Social Tolerance
26
Area of Residence and Social Tolerance
27
Educational Level and Social Tolerance
28
Level of Education and Social Tolerance
29
Paradox 2
  • Exceptionally low level of social tolerance yet
    exceptionally high political tolerance
  • So very little respect for the basic rights of
    those with different personal and lifestyles
    choices
  • But broad acceptance of the rights of others,
    especially minority groups, to participate in the
    political process

30
Indicators of Political and Social Tolerance,
Jamaica
31
Indicators of Political Tolerance
32
Comparative Perspective on Political Tolerance
33
Comparative Perspective on Social and Political
Tolerance
34
The Paradoxes of Toleration in Jamaica
  • Determinants of Political Tolerance

35
Political Tolerance and Interpersonal Trust
36
Political Tolerance and Sex
37
Political Tolerance and Education
38
Political and Social Tolerance
39
Tolerance, System Support and Political Stability
40
System Support Indicators Jamaica, 2006
41
Average System Support from a Comparative
Perspective
42
Empirical Relationship between System Support and
Political Tolerance in Jamaica - 2006
43
Tolerance and Political Stability
  • Political attitudes of Jamaicans indicate that
    the prospect for the stability of the Jamaican
    democracy is highly favourable
  • Given the relatively low level of system support,
    high level of Political Tolerance a major factor
    in the prospect for stability

44
Attitudes Conducive to Stable Democracy -
Comparative Perspective
45
Policy ImplicationsIncrease level of Tolerance
by improving the content, quality and coverage of
higher education
46
End of Presentation Questions and Comments?
47
  • THANK YOU
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