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Agricultural Science & Technology


Agricultural Science & Technology Mr. Matt Jackson Introduction to Ag Science Explain importance of agriculture in meeting human needs Farming, Construction ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Agricultural Science & Technology

Agricultural Science Technology
  • Mr. Matt Jackson

Introduction to Ag Science
  • Explain importance of agriculture in meeting
    human needs
  • Farming, Construction, Mechanics
  • Plants Animals

Major Areas of Ag Industry
  • Supplies Service
  • Production Agriculture
  • Marketing Processing
  • List Local Ag businesses in Pope County

Technology and Agri
  • Changes that have come about in Ag b/c of
  • Farming vs. 100 years ago
  • Advances in Mechanical devices, irrigation, pest
    weed science

Impact of farming on U.S. economy
  • Major Ag products in the U.S. Arkansas
  • Identify major Ag products in the U.S.
  • What types of Ag products to we import?
  • Arkansas
  • Chickens, rice, corn etc..
  • Impact of Corn on Ethanol gas,
  • What does that mean to our corn supply?

  • FFA timeline
  • FFA Agri education
  • Identify the meaning of the official FFA emblem
  • FFA dress use of jacket
FFA Career Development events
  • Members can participate at State National Level

FFA Creed
  • I believe in the future of agriculture, with a
    faith born not of words but of deeds -
    achievements won by the present and past
    generations of agriculturists in the promise of
  • better days through better ways, even as the
    better things we now enjoy have come to us from
  • the struggles of former years.
  • I believe that to live and work on a good farm,
    or to be engaged in other agricultural pursuits,
  • is pleasant as well as challenging for I know
    the joys and discomforts of agricultural life and
  • hold an inborn fondness for those associations
    which, even in hours of discouragement, I
  • cannot deny.
  • I believe in leadership from ourselves and
    respect from others. I believe in my own ability
  • work efficiently and think clearly, with such
    knowledge and skill as I can secure, and in the
  • ability of progressive agriculturists to serve
    our own and the public interest in producing and
  • marketing the product of our toil.
  • I believe in less dependence on begging and more
    power in bargaining in the life abundant
  • and enough honest wealth to help make it so--for
    others as well as myself in less need for
  • charity and more of it when needed in being
    happy myself and playing square with those
  • whose happiness depends upon me.

FFA contd
  • FFA careers
  • Employer expectations
  • Past present Agri issues

Agricultural Leadership
  • Importance of leadership attributes of leaders
  • School administrators
  • Ag leaders in Pottsville
  • What do these people have in common?
  • Three major parts of a speech
  • Introduction, Body of Speech, Conclusion
  • Purpose of Parliamentary Procedure,
  • Conduct meetings effectively and efficiently by
    using a set of rules for all those attending the
  • Purpose of opening/closing ceremony

Supervised Experience
  • (Supervised Agricultural Experience)
  • Types of SAEs
  • Exploratory
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Research/Experimentation
  • Placement
  • Benefits Importance to FFA

  • OSHA, Occupational Safety Health Administration
  • Safe working environment for workers
  • Identify mechanical, chemical, and other hazards
    in Ag.
  • Personal Safety
  • Proper use of PPE
  • Cost of PPE for an individual

So you dont need the use the eye flush!
I wear protective goggles
  • Wear approved eye protection. Industrial-quality
    eye protection should be worn at all times.
    Safety glasses should have the Z87.1 logo on them
    to assure they are industrial quality. Wear
    proper clothing. This varies depending on the
    type of hand tool you are working with. Work
    clothing should not be loose, baggy, or highly
    flammable. To protect against burns, wear
    clothing such as coveralls, high-top shoes,
    leather aprons and leather gloves. Remove all
    paper from pockets and wear cuffless pants. When
    working with heavy metals wear hard-toed shoes
    with non-skid soles. Avoid wearing synthetic
    clothing because it has a low flashpoints which
    can result in severe burns. Do not wear jewelry.
    It can get caught in moving parts. Protect your
    hair, scalp, and head. Pull back long hair in a
    band or a cap to keep it from getting caught in
    tools. Be extremely careful with long hair when
    using a drill or drill press. When handling
    carpentry materials wear a hard hat or bump cap
    to protect your head. Watch your fingers. Take
    special care when hammering so that you strike
    the object, not your fingers. Keep your mind on
    your work. Avoid horseplay and loud talk. Loud
    talking as well as pushing, running, and
    scuffling while working with hand tools can cause
    serious accidents. Be alert and work defensively.
    Keep work area and tools clean. Dirty, greasy,
    and oily tools and floors can cause accidents.
    Clean and put away all unneeded tools and
    materials. Clean up spills and scraps from the
    floor and equipment. Keep paths to exits clear.
    If conditions are dusty, use a respirator. Use
    tools properly. Always use proper-sized tools and
    equipment for the job. Use each tool only for the
    job for which it was intended. Forcing a small
    tool to do the job of a large one may result in
    injury or tool damage. Never use a screw driver
    to see if electrical circuits are hot. Never use
    a machinist's hammer in place of a carpenter's
    hammer. Do not strike a hardened steel surface,
    such as an anvil, with a steel hammer because a
    small piece of steel may break off and injure
    someone. Be sure wrenches fit properly. Never use
    pliers in place of a wrench. Never strike
    wrenches with hammers. Pull on wrenches, do not
    push. When sawing secure the material in the saw
    vise. Keep cutting-edge tools sharp. Dull
    cutting-edge tools are dangerous as they require
    excessive pressure and hammering to make them
    cut. When cutting always cut away from the body.
    Before using any cutting tool, remove nails or
    other objects that might destroy the tool's
    cutting edge. Carry and store tools properly. All
    sharp-edge tools and chisels should be carried
    with the cutting edge down. Never carry sharp
    tools in a pocket. Store all sharp-edge cutting
    tools with the sharp edges down. Inspect tools
    before using. Avoid using damaged tools. Tools
    that appear to be damaged or have broken handles
    should be marked unsafe. Do not use them until
    they have been repaired. Grip tools firmly. Hold
    hand tools securely so that they do not slip and
    hit someone. Do not wear gloves--they are bulky
    and make gripping tools difficult.

Forestry and Natural Resources
  • List Natural Resources
  • Mining such as oil, gas, coal,
  • Wildlife fishing, hunting, forestry
  • Water Land

Natural Resources
  • Soil Water conservation
  • Conservation laws
  • Agencies that regulate Erosion
  • Actions that can be taken to reduce soil loss
  • Forestry

Wildlife in Arkansas
  • Bear
  • Deer
  • Elk
  • Armadillo
  • Beaver
  • Bobcat
  • Coyote
  • Fox
  • Mountain Lion
  • Opossum
  • Rabbit
  • Ivory-billed Woodpecker
  • Ivory-billed Rediscovery Information
  • Birds of Arkansas
  • Birds of Arkansas is a site that provides basic
    information, photos, and songs for 100 common
    Arkansas bird species.
  • Bluejay
  • Turkey
  • Barn Owl
  • Red-Shouldered Hawk

Recreational uses of Natural Resources
Plant Science
  • Products obtained from plants and name the
    species that produce them
  • Vegetables
  • Grains
  • Oxygen
  • Herbs spices

4 major parts of a plant
Photosynthesis Respiration
  • What is Photosynthesis? process by which plants,
    some bacteria, and some protistans use the energy
    from sunlight to produce sugar, which cellular
    respiration converts into ATP, the "fuel" used by
    all living things.

Monocot Dicot plant
Requirements for Plant growth
  • carbon (C)
  • nitrogen (N)
  • calcium (Ca)
  • boron (B)
  • hydrogen (H)
  • phosphorus
  • magnesium
  • chlorine
  • oxygen (O)
  • potassium (K)
  • sulfur (S)
  • copper (Cu)
  • iron (Fe)
  • manganese (Mn)
  • molybdenum (Mo)
  • zinc (Zn)

Properties of Soil
  • Color
  • Texture
  • Structure
  • Drainage
  • Depth
  • Surface Features
  • Arkansas, stuttgart soil
  • Fertilizers

Agricultural Power and Mechanics
  • Agri Power Mechanical devices
  • Farms
  • Businesses
  • Advantages of simple and advanced machines
  • Areas of Agri Mechanics

Animal Science
  • Products obtained from animals
  • CowBeef milk cheese
  • PigPork
  • PoultryTurkey, Chicken eggs
  • Digestive Systems
  • Ruminants, non-ruminants, and poultry
  • Kinds of feed consumed by animals because of
    their digestive system

Major classes of Nutrients
  • Role of nutrients in livestock health
  • Problems that occur when an animal does not
    receive adequate nutrition
  • Identify feedstuffs that are good for animals

Gender Sexual classification of Animals
  • Classification of animals

Retail cuts of Beef
Retail Cuts of Pork
Retail Cuts of Poultry
Gestation Characteristics
  • Cows have the same gestation period (pregnancy
    time) as humans 9 months.
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  • Hogs have a short gestation period of about 114
  • Sheep gestation usually runs from 145 to 153
  • A horse's gestation period (is about 11 months,
    but can be anywhere from 10-12 months.
  • Goat Gestation period 112 - 115 days

Common breeds
  • Cattle-Holstein-Friesian, Ayrshire, Brown Swiss,
    Guernsey, and the Jersey.
  • Swine
  • Sheep
  • Goats
  • Horses-The American Quarter Horse, The American
    Paint Horse, The Arabian Horse, The Thoroughbred
    Horse, The Appaloosa Horse
  • Poultry There are so many, my mind is hurting!!

Power in Ag Industry
  • Kinds of engines used in ag industry
  • Hydraulics pneumatics

Protection and storage of ag power equipment
  • Storing equipment off season
  • Storage facilities for various ag equipment
  • Properly dispose of wastes

Hand Tools
  • Common hand tools Tin snips, hatchets, screw
    drivers, hammers, pliers, anvils, wrenches,
    files, rasps, saws, punches, chisels, planes,
    hand-held boring tools, pop rivet guns.
  • Safety equipment Safety glasses, safety shields,
    respirators, safety-toed shoes, high-top shoes,
    hard hats, bump caps, leather gloves, leather
    aprons, coveralls

Power Tools
  • Grinder, drill press, band saw, jig saw, circular
    saw, belt sander, electric drill, table saw,
    radial arm saw, jointer, and paint spray gun.

Hand tools for Woodworking
Tye square
Hand Saw
Common measuring devices
  • Tape measure, ruler, laser-level, protractor,
    rolo-tapes, gps,

  • Basic electrical symbols
  • Click this link to see a table
  • Wire Colors

Basic electrical tools
  • Tools Needed - Wire cutters, strippers, stapler,
    and screwdrivers
  • Cable - Purchase enough cable to reach your
    circuit and allow at the least 10 extra to
    accommodate any bends. Also, check to see if the
    cable will be able to handle the amperage that
    you will be using it for. Although low resistance
    wire is more costly, it will save money in the
    long run by reducing power loss or blown fuses
    and will increase safety.
  • Boxes - Remember that you will need a box for
    every break in the cable, which includes outlets,
    fixtures and splices.
  • Wire Connectors - Purchase at least two wire
    connectors for every cable slice that you plan to
    make. Most light fixtures come pre-wired and will
    have to be sliced on the circuit cable. However,
    sockets and switches do not require connectors
    because they can be mounted directly on the
  • Insulated Staples - Use these staples to mount
    the cable to the studs. Make sure that you have
    the right size for the cable you are using.
  • Insulated Tape - Necessary for wrapping splices
    or taping any electrical wires.
  • Wall Plates - Make sure that you have the right
    number and configuration to match the fixtures

  • Identify parts of a portable circular saw
  • Identify parts of a sabre saw
  • Identify parts of a hand drill

Metals Fabrication
  • Metal working hand tools

Metalworking Hammer
Bolt Cutters
Heavy-duty Hacksaw
  • Know parts of the oxyacetylene torch outfit
  • Fasteners solder, rivets, bolts, screws
  • Arc welding know how
  • Fusion welds
  • Welding tools and equipment
  • Procedure to run a bead
  • Gas welding

Ag graphics
  • Names and functions of drawing equipment
  • Drawing symbols
  • Interpret drawings
  • Describe the making of an orthographic drawing

  • Basic plumbing tools
  • Pipe wrench, tape measure, level, hacksaw, pvc
    glue, tamper, copper cutters, sand cloth
  • Kinds of pipes and fixtures
  • Pvc pipe, valves, copper pipes,

Concrete Masonry
  • Materials for Concrete
  • Calculate concrete needed for a job

Small Engines
  • Tools working with small engines
  • Describe strokes and functions of small gas
  • Major parts of internal combustion engines

  • Safety practices associated with surveying
  • Surveying equipment
  • Process of pacing
  • Proper procedure for making horizontal
  • Set up a level and take a reading