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DOMESTICATION AND IMPORTANCE OF LIVESTOCK

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DOMESTICATION AND IMPORTANCE OF LIVESTOCK Downloaded from national ag ed site. Author unknown. Edited by Jaime Gosnell and Dr. Frank Flanders, Georgia Agricultural ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: DOMESTICATION AND IMPORTANCE OF LIVESTOCK


1
DOMESTICATION AND IMPORTANCE OF LIVESTOCK
Downloaded from national ag ed site. Author
unknown. Edited by Jaime Gosnell and Dr. Frank
Flanders, Georgia Agricultural Education
Curriculum Office, to accompany lesson 01.432-1.1
2
OBJECTIVES
  • Define livestock
  • Explain why animals were domesticated
  • Explain the uses of livestock
  • Describe the scope of the livestock industry in
    the United States
  • Determine modern consumption trends

3
LIVESTOCK DEFINED
  • The term livestock is normally defined as animals
    raised to produce milk, meat, work, and wool.
  • It includes beef and dairy cattle, swine, sheep,
    horses, goats, and poultry.
  • Other animals used in agriculture such as emus,
    bees, fish bait, etc. are considered alternative
    animal agriculture and are not covered here.

4
WHAT DOES THE DOMESTICATION OF ANIMALS MEAN?
  • To adapt animals for use by humans
  • Animals taken from nature and raised under the
    care of humans

5
WHY WERE ANIMALS DOMESICATED?
6
To Provide a Steady Food Supply
7
To Provide Transportation
8
To Perform Work
9
To Provide Raw Materials for Clothing
10
TO INCREASE DESIREABLE CHARACTERISTICS
11
To Provide Pleasure and Recreation
12
WHAT IS THE HISTORY OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION IN
THE U.S.?
13
CATTLE
  • Cattle were on the the first ship to arrive in
    Jamestown in 1607
  • There are about 115 million head of cattle in the
    U.S.
  • Cattle are divided into beef and dairy breeds
  • Angus is the most popular beef breed and holstein
    is the most common dairy breed

14
SWINE
  • Swine were on the first ship in Jamestown in 1607
  • Wild hogs are the descendants of escaped
    domesticated hogs
  • Todays trend in the industry is to produce lean
    hogs as opposed to the fatter hogs that were
    grown in the early and middle 1900s

15
SHEEP
  • Sheep were domesticated about 8,000 years ago
  • They are raised for meat and wool
  • There are over 200 breeds of domestic sheep
  • The management of sheep is more complex than the
    management of most animals

16
GOATS
  • Goats were one of the first animals to be
    domesticated, about 9,000 years ago
  • They are raised for food and clothing
  • Goats are excellent scavengers
  • There are 300 breeds of domestic goats
  • Production of meat-type goats are a current trend

17
HORSES
  • In the 1800s and early 1900s, horses were used
    for power and transportation
  • Most horses are owned for recreation and personal
    pleasure
  • There are about 6.6 million horses in the U.S.

18
CHICKENS
  • Chickens are the most important poultry species
  • They are raised for meat and eggs
  • Today chicken production is a large commercial
    industry as opposed to the small flocks seen in
    early America

19
WHAT ARE THE COMMON FUNCTIONS OF LIVESTOCK IN
TODAYS SOCIETY?
20
CONVERTING GRAIN AND ROUGHAGE INTO MEAT
21
CLOTHING
22
POWER
23
RECREATION
24
PRODUCTS
25
HOW HAVE LIVESTOCK CONSUMPTION TRENDS CHANGED?
26
CONSUMPTION TRENDS
  • The consumption of beef has declined since 1970
    from about 79 pounds to about 65 pounds per
    person per year.
  • Pork consumption has remained relatively stable
    at just under 50 pounds per person per year.

27
CONSUMPTION TRENDS
  • The consumption of lamb and mutton has declined
    from 1.9 pounds per person to 0.9 pounds per
    person per year since 1970.

28
Chicken Consumption Trends
  • Chicken consumption had steadily increased from
    27 pounds to about 50 pounds per person per year

29
Diary Consumption Trends
  • The consumption of all dairy products has
    slightly increased from 554 pounds in 1970 to 585
    pounds per person per year

30
Turkey Consumption Trends
  • Turkey consumption has increased from 6.71 pounds
    to 14 pounds per person per year.

31
Consumption Trends
  • The increase in the consumption of poultry and
    the decrease in the consumption of beef can be
    explained by new health concerns such as high
    cholesterol

32
WHAT IS THE ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF THE LIVESTOCK
INDUSTRY IN THE UNITED STATES?
33
MEAT ANIMALS production and income in the U.S.
1997 - 1999

34
THE BEEF INDUSTRY
  • Beef accounts for 6 of all supermarket sales
  • Beef cattle and calves accounted for
    31,376,515,000 of gross income in the U.S. in
    1996
  • Texas is the leading state in beef cattle
    production

35
THE DAIRY INDUSTRY
  • The U.S. produced 23,057,197,000 worth of milk
    in 1996
  • Wisconsin is the leading dairy producing state
  • Milk is produced in all 50 states

36
THE SWINE INDUSTRY
  • The U.S. ranks second to China in the number of
    hogs produced
  • Iowa is the number one hog producer in the U.S.
  • In 1997 the U.S. had a gross income of
    13,246,479,000 from the hog industry

37
THE SHEEP INDUSTRY
  • Colorado is the number one sheep producing state
  • In 1997 sheep had a gross value of 645,941,000
    in the U.S.

38
THE GOAT INDUSTRY
  • Texas is the number one goat producing state

39
THE POULTRY INDUSTRY
  • Chicken, turkey, and eggs account for a high
    percentage of farm income for all products
  • In 1997 the value of poultry production in the
    U.S. was 21,635,976,000
  • Georgia is the number one broiler producing state
    and Ohio is the number one egg producing state

40
THE HORSE INDUSTRY
  • There is no accurate count of the number of
    horses in the United States
  • It is estimated that over 16 billion dollars is
    spent in the horse industry every year.
  • Most horses and mules are owned for pleasure
    however, they are a major factor in creating jobs
    in vet services, feeds and feeding, and equine
    equipment and supplies

41
REMEMBER
  • Livestock was domesticated for convenience of
    humans
  • The term livestock generally refers to horses,
    cattle, swine, poultry, sheep, and goats
  • Livestock production is a major economic factor
    in the U.S. economy
  • Consumption of poultry has increased in recent
    years while red meat consumption has declined or
    remained stable
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