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Personal Narrative


Personal Narrative Writing the first essay; connectors; habitual past versus simple past Introductions Interview a partner for 5 minutes. Ask your partner questions ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Personal Narrative

Personal Narrative
  • Writing the first essay connectors habitual
    past versus simple past

  • Interview a partner for 5 minutes.
  • Ask your partner questions (Where are you from?
    What are your hobbies? Are you a student?)
  • Write a 5 sentence introduction of your partner.

First Writing Assignment
  • Your Task
  • Write a personal narrative in one or two
    paragraphs. Each paragraph should have at least
    five sentences.
  • Think about
  • When was an important time in my life?
  • What has happened in my experience that I would
    enjoy writing about?
  • Is there an event in my life that other people
    would enjoy hearing/reading about?

What is a personal narrative?
  • A personal narrative is a story about yourself
    and an event that happened in your past
  • NarrativeStory
  • The most creative essay and allows you more
    freedom than other academic essays.

Components of a story
  • SettingWhere the action in a story happens.
  • ThemeBasic idea or point of the story
  • MoodFeeling or atmosphere the author creates for
    the story.
  • Characters The people in the story
  • PlotWhat happens in the story

  • Describe the background of the story (characters,
    setting, atmosphere)
  • Prepare the reader on what to expect in the
  • Folse (2004) believes that in introductions, you
    should have a hook that will grab the readers
    attention, as well as a thesis that organizes the

What is a hook?
  • The first two or three lines in the introductory
    paragraph that grabs readers attention.
  • Help set the stage for the story.
  • Make readers guess what will happen next in the

How to write a good hook
  • Like a fish getting hooked by a fisherman, you
    need to hook your readers and make them want to
    read your essay.
  • If its a good hook, people would want to read
    your essay.
  • If it is not a good hook, then no one wants to
    read your essay.

Some suggestions
  • Ask a question. (How many of you spend hours
    downloading music to your iPod?)
  • Use an interesting observation (Because of the
    economy, President Obama is having problems
    sleeping well these days.)
  • Create a unique scenario. (Traveling at more than
    300 km per hour, he traveled to another
  • Use a famous quote (To be or not to be that is
    the question.)
  • Use a statistic (If world temperatures continue
    to rise, Singapore will be under water by 2050.)

Hooks-Connecting Information
  • After the hook, the writer usually writes three
    to five sentences that connect it to the topic.
  • Example from Keith Folse
  • Her daily routine was not glamorous. She did
    everything from sweeping the floors to cooking
    the meals. If someone had asked her, Are there
    any household chores that you practically hate?,
    she probably would have answered, None.

  • Write a sample hook for this paragraph
  • At 16 I worked in the toy department of
    Lotte Department Store, where I learned that I
    enjoyed helping people. I always went out of my
    way to help people because I learned that if I
    worked hard, I would succeed. This is the reason
    why I want to go to a businessman and go to
    business school.

  • I had never been more anxious in my life. I had
    just spent the last three hours trying to get to
    the airport so that I could travel home.
  • What questions do you have?
  • What do you think will happen next?

  • States the main idea of the essay (thesis
  • In narrative essays, they introduce the action
    that begins in the first paragraph of the essay.

  • Now, as I watched the bus driver set my luggage
    on the airport, I realized that my frustration
    has only just begun.
  • I wanted my mother to watch me race down the
    steep hill, so I called out her name and then
    nudged my bike forward.
  • Because his pride wouldnt allow him to
    apologize, Ken now had to fight the bully, and he
    was pretty sure that he wouldnt win.

  • Contains most of the plot-the supporting
  • Can be organized in many different ways.
  • One way is chronological, or time, order (where
    you give more information about the story as it
    proceeds in time).

Transitional Sentences
  • Have two purposes
  • Signal the end of action in one paragraph
  • Link the next paragraph.
  • Gives your reader an ability to follow happens
    and predicts what will happen next.

Concluding Paragraph
  • Can have two functions
  • The moral of the story, or what the character(s)
    learned from the experience.
  • Make a prediction about what will happen next
    based on what happened.

  • Moral The little boy had finally learned that
    telling the truth was the most important thing to
  • Prediction/Revelation I can only hope that one
    day I will be able to do the same for another
    traveler who is suffering through a terrible

Example Narrative Essay
  • Have you ever had trouble trying to get to
    someplace very important? Where were you going?
    Why were you having problems?
  • What is a hero? What do you consider to be a
    heroic act?

Paragraph Unity
  • Each paragraph of an essay must have unity.
  • A paragraph must have one main idea.
  • Every sentence in the paragraph must be relevant
    to that main idea.

Paragraph Unity-Example
  • As you manage your time, think about how long
    certain activities will take. A common mistake is
    to underestimate the time needed to do something
    simple. For example, when you are planning to go
    to the store, there may be a line of people. Last
    week in line I met a woman I went to high school
    with, so we chatted. It turns out she has two
    children just the same age as mine.

Connectors and Time Relationship Words
  • Show how events progress.
  • Chronological Order- first (second, third, etc.),
    next, finally, later, now, then
  • Prepositions- after (a moment), at (1pm), by
    (Thursday), during (class), until (600)
  • Time Words that begin clauses- after, as soon as,
    before, (two weeks) later, from then on, when,
    while, whenever, until