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Creating Effective Outlines

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Getting Started: The Thesis Write the thesis (the main idea). Build an outline around the thesis. Ask for a thesis handout from an LEC staff member. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Creating Effective Outlines


1
Creating Effective Outlines
  • A Learning Enhancement Center Workshop

2
Outline of Presentation
  • I. General Overview
  • II. Getting Started
  • A. Brainstorm
  • B. Mind Map
  • C. Thesis Statement
  • III. Establishing a Pattern
  • A. Types
  • B. Sample Activity
  • IV. The Formal Outline
    Structure
  • A. Activity
  • B. Answers
  • V. Conclusion

3
Why Use Outlines?
  • To show the logical structure of your paper or
    presentation.
  • To help you organize your ideas.
  • To help you separate main ideas from supporting
    ideas.

4
Outlines are Flexible
  • Outlines range from casual to formal.
  • Your outline will change as your ideas change.

5
Getting Started Brainstorming
  • List everything you can think of related to your
    subject.
  • Look at your list and jot down the main ideas.
  • Insert sub-points and examples under the main
    points.

6
Getting Started Mind Mapping
  • Place your main idea in the middle of your paper.
  • Connect related ideas using lines.
  • There is software in the LEC that will help you
    with mind mapping!

7
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8
Getting Started The Thesis
  • Write the thesis (the main idea).
  • Build an outline around the thesis.
  • Ask for a thesis handout from an LEC staff
    member.

9
Arrange the ideas in your outline into a logical
pattern.
  • Chronological (order in time)
  • General to Specific
  • Least to Most Important
  • Problem-Solution

10
Using your outline
  • Use your outline to guide your writing or
    presentation!
  • Fill with examples and more information about the
    points you want to make.

11
The Formal Outline Structure
  • I. Roman numerals are against the left margin of
    the page and contain the major divisions of a
    text.
  • A. Upper-case letters are the first indentation
    and contain the secondary ideas that
    will support a major division in a
    text.
  • 1. Arabic numerals are indented under
  • upper-case letters.
  • 2. Arabic numerals contain important
    examples that support the writers
  • ideas.
  • a. Lower-case
    letters are indented
  • under Arabic
    numbers.
  • b. Lower-case
    letters have specific
  • details or an
    explanation of an
  • examples main
    points.

12
The Formal Outline Structure contd
  • B. Except for single examples of
  • specific points, individual
    divisions (I, II, III)
  • generally have two or more sub
  • points (A, B, C).
  • II. Formal outlines contain more than one
  • major division.
  • A. Each outline must have at least two
  • roman numerals (I, II).
  • B. If there is an A, then there must
    be
  • a B included as well.

13
Practice Outlining Arrange the information
below into an outline.
  • Curious George
  • Videos
  • Winnie the Pooh
  • E.T.
  • Michael Jackson Thriller Music
  • Waterboy
  • Media
  • Pink Floyd The Wall
  • Harry Potter
  • The Titanic
  • Books
  • Grateful Dead Mars Hotel

14
An Answer to the outline activity is on the next
page.
  • Note The categories should fit the division,
    but it does not matter how the information is
    organized within the division.

15
Possible Answer
  • I. Media
  • A. Books
  • 1. Curious George
  • 2. Winnie the Pooh
  • 3. Harry Potter
  • B. Videos
  • 1. Titanic
  • 2. Waterboy
  • 3. E.T.
  • C. Music
  • 1. Michael Jackson Thriller
  • 2. Pink Floyd The Wall
  • 3. Grateful Dead Mars Hotel

16
Have fun creating effective outlines!
  • For more information, ask an LEC learning
    assistant.

17
  • The Learning Enhancement Center is designed to
    serve the students of CCC. We are eager to be a
    facilitator of successful learning. Please let us
    know what your needs are, and we will design ways
    to meet them. Thank you for attending this
    workshop.
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