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STUDY GUIDE PACKET 3 Main Idea & Inferences

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Did you memorize my tenets for the test? MAIN IDEA CENTRAL POINT (stated or implied) Major Details = Proof Minor Details = Fluff 1st: find real TOPIC Specific angle ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: STUDY GUIDE PACKET 3 Main Idea & Inferences


1
Did you memorize my tenets for the test?
2
STUDY GUIDE PACKET 3 Main Idea Inferences
3
MAIN IDEA CENTRAL POINT (stated or implied)
  • Major Details Proof
  • Minor Details Fluff

4
1st find real TOPIC
  • Specific angle about a subject
  • (best way to hold a football-not just football)
  • Phrase
  • (2 or more words)
  • Hint ask what is this about? Raising kids,
    feeding cats, or
  • Training dogs? No, its about

5
Ask so what about the best way to hold a
football?
  • Youll find the main idea
  • Youll find the central message
  • Youll be able to write a general summary of the
    section of writing
  • Youll find a possible test question

6
What is a topic? 1 or 2 words NOT A SENTENCE
Topic is the anchor
  • Thesis what I want to prove
  • Main Idea sentence
  • A. Proof (major detail)
  • 1. Example (minor detail)
  • Main Idea sentence
  • A. Proof (major detail)
  • 1. Example (minor detail)

7
What is a main idea?
  • Central message/all-inclusive or general summary
  • Its the answer to
  • so what about the TOPIC?
  • The author thinks that..
  • Hes trying to get across that..
  • ITS ALWAYS A SENTENCE.

8
Recognizing the main idea in a piece of writing.
  • Someones most important point
  • Someones main argument
  • Someones stand on an issue
  • Someones central focus bout a thing, a person
  • Someones controlling idea
  • Someones central thought in an essay
  • Someones thesis in a longer piece of writing

9
What are details?
  • MAJOR details prove your point
  • who what when where how -
  • MINOR details
  • what kind of colors times - feelings

10
Title My Years as a BLAH Topic How to
succeed at Blah Blah Thesis You should Blah
Blah Blah (introductory paragraph gives
your opinion and how you will prove it.) I.
Main idea for success reason 1 A. Major Detail
proof 1. Minor Detail Fluff
II. Main idea for success reason 2 A. Major
Detail proof 1. Minor Detail
Fluff
11
MAIN IDEAS CAN NEVER BE A DETAIL!!!
12
Hubbles Hint
  • In a multiple choice situation, find the details
    first.
  • Mark off
  • Left with MAIN IDEA
  • BECAUSE
  • Main ideas/central points cant be in 2 places at
    once-can you?

13
Grasp Vocab Infer Meaning Metaphors Similes Iro
ny
Test items essays
See others point of view
You must get the MAIN IDEA from someones thoughts
COMP I II
Lab Reports Speeches
Draw Conclusions
14
Think back to Annotating Think back to Reading
Process
  • Before previewing
  • During integrating new to old
  • Recall after each section recall what they
    said. It forces you to select the main idea
  • THEN
  • Put those thoughts in the margins as you read and
    only re-read your ANNOTATIONS!!

15
What is Annotating?
16
Remember!
  • We usually talk in main ideas so talk out loud to
    yourself as you study.
  • You will spit out main ideas!!
  • Keep paying attention concentration for
    sentences that summarize all his/her points.

17
Watch out for implied main ideas or unstated
thoughts.
  • Dont panic you do this all the time!
  • You say what did you mean by that?
  • So, I see how it is.
  • Do I have to spell it out for you?
  • The main idea may be in the details or hints or
    veiled words someone is saying to you.
  • All writing is someone talking to you.

18
STYLE SUGGESTIONS they just dont come out and
and say it!!
  • SPEAKERS
  • AND
  • WRITERS
  • IMPLY ideas
  • LISTENERS
  • AND
  • READERS
  • INFER ideas

19
For Instance Authors can infer point of view
20
ONE My name was Salmon, like the fish first
name, Susie. I was fourteen when I was murdered
on December 6, 1973. In newspaper photos of
missing girls from the seventies, most looked
like me white girls with mousy brown hair. This
was before kids of all races and genders started
appearing on milk cartons or in the daily mail.
It was back when people still believed things
like that didn't happen.
21
Lets review
  • What is the difference between the topic and the
    man idea in someones writing?
  • What is the difference between a main idea that
    is stated and one that is implied?
  • Why is it important for students to know how to
    determine the main ideas of paragraphs?

22
NEXT STEPS
  • Complete Cornell notes and Exercises in packet
  • Complete practices in textbook as assigned

23
Reading Skill
  • Anyone can draw an inference.

24
(No Transcript)
25
Getting the M.I. Through Inferences
  • Inferences are ideas that are
  • Suggested, assumed, hinted
  • NOT literal
  • Inferential Reading describes
  • Motives, feelings, Judgments
  • Uses figurative language similes,
    metaphors

26
Figurative Language Types
  • Simile comparing using like or as
  • Your brain is like a walnut in many ways.

27
Metaphors direct comparison (no like or as)
My mother was the oak in my life.
Keep on the right pathway to be a success!
28
Not the usual metaphor.
  • Nobel Prize winner G. Becker says, children are
    really refrigerators expensive to have them, to
    maintain them and to repair them, but they live a
    long time and can return great services to their
    parents for years.

29
Personification human characteristics to
nonhuman things
  • My mirror has a mean streak in it.
  • The wind sang her mournful song.
  • The microwave timer told me it was time to eat.
  • The video camera observed the whole scene.
  • The rain kissed my cheeks as it fell.
  • The water beckoned invitingly to the hot swimmers.

30
Idioms phrases, expressions to make a point,
not literal
  • Dont get stuck in the rat race at work!
  • Sometimes I feel like a fish out of water here.
  • I always put my foot in my mouth around my boss.

31
Verbal Irony used to express a thought that is
the opposite of what you mean
  • My bosses are a regular
  • Laurel and Hardy!
  • You break a date with your girlfriend so you can
    go to the ball game with the guys. When you go to
    the concession stand, you run into your date who
    is with another guy!

32
MARK TWAIN on irony
  • Its ironic that every time you stop a school,
    you will have to build a jail. What you gain at
    one end you lose at the other. It's like feeding
    a dog on his own tail. It won't fatten the
    dog. speech 11/23/1900

33
To understand comedy jokesis to understand
main ideas, inferences figurative language.
Have you ever said I dont get it! when
listening to a comedian?
  • "Comedy is the only branch of writing that is
    defined by the effect it has on people," he said.
    "It's no easy task but you're always able to
    tell if you've succeeded."
  • Garrison Keillor

34
  • Warning
  • When detecting inferences, keep your prejudices
    in check. Listen.
  • Dont leap to conclusions-- check your facts!
    Printed words are not absolute truth.
  • If you cant back up what you say, youre
    inferring called gossiping!!

35
To Get Ready for Test 3
  • Complete Metacognitive Thoughts
  • Complete Study Guide in Packet 3
  • Finish 5 worksheets in Packet 3
  • Finish the questions about Scouts
  • Complete book assignments
  • Complete Vocab Quizzes on Blackboard
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