Community Planning and Climate Change - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Community Planning and Climate Change PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3b745d-OGFiY


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

Community Planning and Climate Change


Community Planning and Climate Change Al Herson, JD, FAICP Principal, SWCA Environmental Consultants UCLA Land Use Law and Policy Conference, January 25, 2008 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:29
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 34
Provided by: cproundta


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Community Planning and Climate Change

Community Planning and Climate Change
  • Al Herson, JD, FAICP
  • Principal, SWCA Environmental Consultants
  • UCLA Land Use Law and Policy Conference, January
    25, 2008

The Planning and Climate Change Connection
  • California generates 2 of worlds greenhouse gas
    (GHG) emissions
  • Transportation and electricity account for over
    60 of the states GHG emissions
  • Community planning can play major role in
    reducing these emissions
  • Climate change has energized and is sweeping the
    planning profession
  • Provides substantial new momentum for smart
    growth policies

Presentation Outline
  • Todays policy framework
  • Land use and transportation strategies
  • Planning policy initiatives
  • Recommendations

(No Transcript)
Policy Framework
Executive Order S-03-05
  • Goal reduce GHG emissions to 1990 levels by
    2020, to 80 below 1990 levels by 2050
  • Creates Climate Action Team to develop GHG
    reduction strategies, issue biennial reports to

AB 32
  • Goal reduce GHG emissions to 1990 levels by 2020
  • ARB implementation
  • October 2007 early actions to be implemented by
  • January 2008 emissions reporting regulations
  • January 2009 scoping plan
  • January 2011 comprehensive regulations adopted
  • January 2012 comprehensive regulations

AB 32 and Planning
  • Planning strategies only briefly mentioned in
    2006 CAT report
  • Planning strategies not included in early actions
  • Planning strategies currently being considered in
    scoping report process
  • CEC issued influential land use report in 2007
  • Environmental groups submitted to ARB strategies
    including land use, smart growth, transportation,
    and low impact development
  • Strategies to be developed by LUSCAT (Land Use
    Subgroup of Climate Action team)

CEQA and Climate Change
  • SB 97 by January 2010, Resources Agency must
    adopt guidelines on analyzing and mitigating
    climate change impacts. Implications
  • Legislature intends CEQA documents to address
    climate change
  • Legislature did not intend AB 32 to preempt CEQA
    from addressing climate change

CEQA and Climate Change (contd)
  • In the interim
  • CEQA approaches uncertain
  • CAPCOA and AEP white papers offer optional
  • Attorney General as CEQA enforcer continues to
    comment on land use and transportation plan EIRs
  • Center for Biological Diversity commenting and
    filing CEQA lawsuits, e.g., cities of Banning and

Local Initiatives
  • Climate change best addressed upfront in regional
    and local plans, rather than project-specific
  • Many California communities have or are adopting
    GHG reduction initiatives
  • Marin County General Plan a model
  • AG/San Bernardino CEQA lawsuit settlement
    requires general plan to include GHG emissions
    reduction strategy

Land Use and Transportation Strategies
(No Transcript)
Smart Growth
  • Generally includes
  • Compact urban form
  • More mixed use development
  • Higher density housing
  • Transit/pedestrian oriented development
  • Open space preservation

Smart Growth (contd)
  • ULI Growing Cooler report
  • Reducing vehicle miles traveled (VMT) essential
    part of transportation sector GHG emissions
  • Smart growth can reduce VMT 20-40 compared to
    conventional development
  • How? Fewer and shorter automobile trips
  • Smart growth can reduce transportation GHG
    emissions 7-10 compared to current trends

Green Building
  • Green building regulations emphasize energy
    conservation, water conservation, and alternative
    energy sources
  • Aka low impact development
  • LEED standards for buildings used widely
  • LEED ND (Neighborhood Development) certification
    program in pilot stage
  • LEED ND integrates smart growth and green
  • Cities such as Los Angeles, Santa Monica, and San
    Francisco have adopted green building regulations

Other Ingredients in Local Climate Action Plans
  • Measures to increase transit use
  • Reduced GHG emissions from municipal facilities,
    buildings and fleets
  • Green purchasing policies
  • Waste reduction and recycling
  • Measures to adapt to climate change

Planning Policy Initiatives
Local Government Initiatives
  • U.S. Mayors Climate Protection Agreement
  • Goal meet Kyoto Protocol target of reducing GHG
    emissions to 7 below 1990 levels by 2012
  • Signed by 710 mayors, over 90 in California

Local Government Initiatives (contd)
  • Cool Counties
  • Commits counties to reduce GHG emissions 80 by
  • Seven California counties have joined
  • California Climate Action Network
  • Local government forum for information sharing
    and collaboration

  • Local government membership over 1000, including
    60 in California
  • Cities for Climate Protection Program
    performance based framework for reducing GHG
  • Climate Resilient Communities Program tools to
    protect communities fro impacts and costs of
    climate change

Energy Commission Land Use Report
  • Regional transportation and air quality agencies
    prepare long-term regional growth plans that
    reduce GHG emissions to state targets
  • State adopts growth management strategy built
    from required regional plans
  • State planning, infrastructure, and regulation
  • Add GHG emissions reduction and energy
    conservation to AB 857 goals

Energy Commission Land Use Report (contd)
  • Other recommendations address technical and
    financial assistance, changes in tax policies

California Chapter APA Climate Change Response
  • Planning similar to CEC report, but more
    voluntary and incentive based
  • CEQA state should define acceptable
    methodologies and provide streamlining for small
    projects and LEED-certified projects

California Chapter APA Climate Change Response
Policies (contd)
  • Adaptation
  • State should provide projections of climate
    change impacts
  • Regional and local plans should include
    adaptation policies
  • Climate change impacts include sea level rise,
    coastal storms and erosion, flooding, levee
    stress, wildfire risks, reduced water supplies

(No Transcript)
SB 375 of 2007 (Steinberg)
  • Basic elements
  • ARB sets regional GHG emissions targets
  • Regional transportation agencies develop
    preferred growth scenarios to meet targets
  • Authors intent extensions of regional
    blueprint plans Caltrans is already funding
  • Future state-funded transportation projects to be
    consistent with regional plan
  • CEQA streamlining incentives if local general
    plans consistent with preferred growth scenario

SB 375 (contd)
  • Criticisms
  • Complicates established transportation
  • Erodes local land use control
  • Reduces affordable housing
  • Creates unfunded state mandates
  • Regional planning agencies differ in planning
    capacity and local government relationships

Why Changes in Community Planning are Needed
  • Changed planning strategies implemented today can
    make a big difference in GHG emissions
  • Land use policies can also play key role in
    adapting to climate change, e.g., coastal and
    floodplain development
  • California can serve as role model for other
    growing states and nations

Why Changes in Community Planning are Needed
  • Smart growth strategies provide benefits in
    addition to GHG reduction
  • E.g., open space preservation, reduced
    infrastructure costs, reduced fossil fuel
    dependence, improved public health

The Three Core Strategies
  • Revamped blueprint regional growth and
    transportation plans to reduce GHG emissions
  • State infrastructure funding consistent with new
    regional plans
  • Financial and regulatory streamlining incentives
    for local plans and projects consistent with new
    regional plans

The Three Core Strategies (contd)
  • Whats needed to implement strategies?
  • State capacity-building, funding, and technical
  • Public and private sector engagement
  • Local government support