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Climate Change and the Caribbean’s Response to its Impacts

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Climate Change and the Caribbean s Response to its Impacts Ulric O D Trotz, Ph.D Project Manager Adapting to Climate Change in the Caribbean (ACCC) Project – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Climate Change and the Caribbean’s Response to its Impacts


1
Climate Change and the Caribbeans Response to
its Impacts
  • Ulric OD Trotz, Ph.D
  • Project Manager
  • Adapting to Climate Change in the Caribbean
    (ACCC) Project

2
Climate Change A Priority for the Caribbean
  • Worlds industrial powers (OECD) account for 20
    worlds population, but are responsible for gt50
    of global emissions the cause of global
    warming and resultant climate change.
  • Developing countries emit lt 25 of total GHG
    emissions.
  • Small Island States emit lt 1 of global
    emissions.

3
Climate Change A Priority for the Caribbean
  • Small Island and lowlying coastal States have
    contributed little to the problem but are among
    the most vulnerable groups to GCC, and have low
    adaptive capacity.
  • We are already experiencing the effects of GCC
    (e.g. SLR extreme events coral bleaching).
  • We have no control over global mitigation. Hence,
    must implement appropriate adaptation strategies
    to ensure survival.

4
Climate Change A Priority for the Caribbean
  • Expected climate change impacts for region
    include
  • Sea level rise
  • Saline intrusion into freshwater aquifers
  • Coastal flooding and erosion
  • Increased temperatures
  • Heat stress
  • Coral bleaching
  • Biodiversity loss
  • Increased emergence of vector borne diseases

5
Climate Change A Priority for the Caribbean
  • Changes in rainfall patterns
  • Droughts or floods
  • Decreased fresh water availability
  • Increased intensity of storm activity
  • Direct damage of infrastructrure
  • Loss of lives

6
Tourism in the Caribbean
  • gtUS20 billion in Visitor expenses
  • CTO conservatively estimates that gt 900,000
    persons are directly or indirectly employed in
    this industry
  • In most cases, tourism is a significant
    contributor to national GDP

7
Possible Climate Change Impacts on Tourism
  • Direct damage to tourism plant and natural
    resources
  • Coral reefs
  • Beaches
  • Loss of attractiveness of the region as a
    destination
  • Impacts on health emergence of dengue, malaria,
    etc.
  • Reduced dive tourism if coral reefs are damaged
  • Milder Winters in the North
  • Loss of employment in the industry
  • Increased insurance costs for properties in
    vulnerable areas

8
Climate Change A Priority for the Caribbean
  • SIDS meeting, 1994
  • BPOA
  • Climate change identified as priority area of
    concern, requiring urgent action
  • CARICOM governments requested OAS to support
    preparation of a regional project to address this
    issue
  • CPACC Project formulated after a series of
    national and regional consultations

9
The Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Global
Climate Change (CPACC) Project
  • The GEF-funded Project (1998-2001) was executed
    by the Organization of American States in
    partnership with the University of the West
    Indies for Environment and Development, (UWICED)
    for the World Bank as the GEF Implementing
    Agency.
  • The Projects overall objective is to support
    Caribbean countries in preparing to cope with the
    adverse effects of GCC, particularly sea-level
    rise in coastal areas, through vulnerability
    assessment, adaptation planning and related
    capacity building.

10
CPACC Project Components
  • Design and Establishment of Sea Level/Climate
    Monitoring Network
  • Establishment of Databases and Information
    Systems
  • Inventory of Coastal Resources and Use
  • Formulation of a Policy Framework for Integrated
    Adaptation Planning and Management
  • Coral Reef Monitoring for Climate Change
  • Coastal Vulnerability and Risk Assessment
  • Economic Valuation of Coastal and Marine
    Resources
  • Formulation of Economic/Regulatory Proposals
  • Green House Gas inventory

11
Accomplishments
  • Nationally, all countries have NFPs and NICUs.
  • In some countries, National committees have been
    established to address climate change.
  • Establishment of a sea level and climate
    monitoring system that contributes to regional
    and global assessment of the issues
  • Improved access and availability of data
  • Increased appreciation of climate change issues
    at the policy-making level and technical support
    to better define the regional position at the
    conventions

12
Accomplishments
  • Meeting country needs for expanded vulnerability
    assessment, economic evaluation techniques,
    developing economic instruments and methodology
    for coral reef monitoring
  • Created a network for regional harmonization
  • Development of National Climate Change Adaptation
    policies and action plans

13
After CPACC
  • Adapting to Climate Change in the Caribbean
    (ACCC) Oct. 2001 Sept. 2004
  • Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change (MACC)
    Jan. 2003-Dec. 2006
  • Caribbean Community Climate change Centre (CCCCC)
    Feb 2002 -

14
Adapting to Climate Change in the Caribbean
(ACCC) Project
  • Cdn. 3.4 million CCCDF grant from the Canadian
    International Development Agency (CIDA) to
    further capacity building efforts initiated under
    CPACC. Includes
  • Development of business plan for Climate Change
    Centre
  • Support for RPIU until CCCCC established and
    operational
  • Development of a M.Sc. Programme in Climate
    Change at U.W.I.
  • Developing sectoral studies on climate change
    impacts and adaptive responses

15
ACCC Projects
  • Project 1 Detailed Project Design and Business
    Plan for Regional Climate Change Centre
  • Project 2 Public Education and Outreach (PEO)
  • Project 3 Integrating Climate Change into a
    Physical Planning Process using a Risk Management
    Approach
  • Project 4 Strengthening Technical Capacity
    through CIMH and National institutes, supporting
    Masters level course at UWI, development of
    region-specific climate change scenarios and
    liaison with other SIDS (in Caribbean and
    Pacific)

16
ACCC Projects
  • Project 5 Integrating Adaptation Planning in
    Environmental Assessments for National and
    Regional Development Projects
  • Project 6 Implementation Strategies for
    Adaptation in the Water Sector
  • Project 7 Formulation of Adaptation Strategies
    to Protect Human Health
  • Project 8 Adaptation Strategies for Agriculture
    and Food
  • Project 9 Fostering Collaboration/Cooperation
    with non-CARICOM Countries

17
ACCC Progress to Date
  • Developing risk management approach to address
    climate change impacts in the public and private
    sectors
  • Regional Risk Management Workshop, Dec11-13, 2001
    in Barbados
  • Training Seminar for the Tourism and Financial
    Sectors, March 5-7, 2002, Barbados
  • Training Seminar for the Water and Agricultural
    Sectors, July, 2002, Trinidad
  • Regional Public Education and Outreach (PEO)
    Strategy drafted
  • Regional PEO Workshop, April 22-24, 2002,
    Barbados
  • National consultations planned for 2nd and 3rd
    quarters of 2002
  • Strategy to be implemented under MACC

18
Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change (MACC)
  • PDF B grant to assist in defining MACC project
    components
  • Support national and regional consultations
  • Sectoral and cross sectoral
  • Prepare full project proposal/document MACC

19
MACC
  • (a) Mainstreaming adaptation to climate change in
    national development planning and public and
    private investment decisions.
  • A key activity of the project will be the work
    with key sectors (such as water supply,
    agriculture, forestry, land use planning) to
    incorporate climate change impact and risk
    assessment in their ongoing programs and
    long-term planning.

20
MACC
  • (b) Assisting Institutional and Technical Support
    mechanisms
  • (i) Assisting participating countries with Stage
    II adaptation under the UNFCCC
  • assessment of pilots for adaptation
  • coastal vulnerability assessments
  • (ii) Support and coordination for the
    preparation of the 2nd National Communications
  • regional agenda on adaptation
  • (iii) Mainstreaming through a Permanent
    Institutional Mechanism to Address GCC in the
    Caribbean

21
MACC
  • (c) Expand GCC monitoring and impact assessment
    as a basis for national and regional level
    decision making on adaptation. The following
    activities will be supported
  • strengthening monitoring network
  • wider geographical coverage
  • integration of global and Caribbean networks
  • increased scope of measurements and data
    collection
  • downscaling global models
  • modeling under climate change scenarios

22
MACC
  • (d)Cross-regional Dissemination and Replication
  • Under this component, the project will undertake
    activities to facilitate replication by
    disseminating results and lessons learned to
    other regions. Specifically, the project will
    support efforts aimed at disseminating
    mainstreaming activities in the Caribbean, to
    Pacific Island Nations and other low lying areas.

23
Climate Change Centre
  • First Ministerial Meeting to consider the
    progress in the implementation of the BPOA
    mandated that a mechanism be in place to continue
    climate change work in the region after the
    conclusion of the CPACC Project
  • On the recommendation of the Eighth Meeting of
    the Council for Trade and Economic Development
    (COTED)
  • The initiative to establish a Regional Climate
    Change Centre was endorsed by the CARICOM Heads
    of Government at their Twenty-First Meeting of
    the Conference of Heads of Government of the
    Caribbean Community, 2-5 July, 2000
  • Established as a legal entity at the CARICOM
    Heads of Government Intersessional Meeting,
    February, 2002.

24
The Objectives of the Centre
  • Promoting protection of the earths climate
    system
  • Enhancing regional institutional capabilities for
    the co-ordination of national responses to the
    adverse effects of climate change
  • Providing comprehensive policy and technical
    support in the area of climate change and related
    issues and spearheading regional initiatives in
    those areas
  • Performing the role of executing agency for
    regional environmental projects relating to
    climate change
  • Promoting education and public awareness on
    climate change issues
  • Facilitating regional consensus for negotiations
    related to the UNFCCC
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