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Emerging trends in ICT education Meoli Kashorda, Ph.D


Emerging trends in ICT education Meoli Kashorda, Ph.D., MIEEE, MIET Professor, Faculty of Information Technology Strathmore University Agenda Terminology IT or ICT? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Emerging trends in ICT education Meoli Kashorda, Ph.D

Emerging trends in ICT education
  • Meoli Kashorda, Ph.D., MIEEE, MIET
  • Professor, Faculty of Information Technology
  • Strathmore University

  • Terminology
  • IT or ICT? Used interchangeably
  • What is driving demand for ICT education in Kenya
  • ICT industry performance?
  • Knowledge economy?
  • ICT for Development (ICT4D)?
  • Analyzing ICT education trends using a layered
  • Some professional accreditation issues

What are Information Technologies?
  • Big IT vs. Small it terms
  • Big IT accepted by accreditation boards, IT
    professional associations, and academic community
  • Big IT An Umbrella term
  • Computer science, information systems, computer
    engineering and software engineering, and
    electronic engineering (including
  • Small it Emerging IT degree programs
  • No global accreditation standards yet!

ICT degrees in Kenya
Developing IT Workforce or IT professionals?
  • Both IT workforce and IT professionals required
  • IT workforce
  • Universities in Kenya now offer general IT
  • IT professionals
  • Developed in specialized IT degree programs (IT,
    EE, CS, IS)

What is driving demand for ICT professional
education in Kenya?
  • Demand by the students?
  • Career Perceptions, Peer pressure, IT is cool
    or real market data?
  • Demand by local ICT industry?
  • Growth of telecoms sector, Local IT systems,
    Global demand for ICT graduates?
  • How are universities responding?
  • Using market analysis data? Regional or Global
    demands? Students perceptions?

Convergence of telecommunications computing
  • Convergence of applications and services
  • Networked applications everywhere
  • Convergence of industries
  • Telecommunications, broadcasting, and computing
  • Convergence of regulation
  • See proposed Kenya ICT bill
  • Convergence of degree programs or greater

Source World Bank Institute
Knowledge Economy Index
So What ICT degree program is best?
  • What advice for students?
  • Bias of faculty? newspaper ads? Quality of
    programs? JAB
  • What advice to universities?
  • No market analysis data, no explicit ICT
    education policy
  • What degree programs?
  • What advice to government and industry?
  • What is our ICT capacity? What should it be?

Use the Open Networking Model
Interconnection layer education
  • Layers 1 2 of the OSI or Internet Layered
  • Supports classical telecommunication services
    (POTS, ISDN, Mobile, ADSL and associated data
    pipes) computing hardware
  • Electronic / computer engineering programs cover
    Interconnection layer knowledge elements
  • Very specialized labs and faculty required
  • High demand because of infrastructure expansion
    in Kenya
  • Industry-university partnerships and linkages

Internetworking layer
  • Internet technology will dominate all
    internetworking at this layer
  • Teaching the TCP/IP protocol suite does not need
    advanced equipment
  • Network management and new protocols for voice
    and video services (VoD and VoIP)
  • Computer science, computer engineering, and
    electronic engineering, IT/IS degree programs
  • Is Cisco certification necessary?
  • Are our University qualifications credible?

  • Interoperability will continue to be very
    important for different applications
  • Network Security issues
  • Distributed processing environment (grid
  • Knowledge acquired in computer science, software
    engineering and some IT/IS degree programs.
  • Advanced programming techniques and environments

Networked Applications
  • Applications layer represents the greatest
    opportunity for Kenya!
  • Which graduates will create the applications for
    developing countries?
  • Computer science, Information systems, IT, and
    software engineering, and electronic engineering
  • Are our institutions ready?

Mobile and wireless applications
  • Innovations in mobile applications in high demand
    in Africa
  • Pre-paid service an African innovation
  • Emerging SMS applications
  • Mobile Internet applications
  • Mobile e-commerce and e-learning applications
  • Applications in tourism and agriculture?
  • High level of software development proficiency
  • Certification of software developers and software
  • Incubate software development companies

What are additional IT graduate exit
  • Communication skills oral and written
  • This is a challenge globally
  • Basic business and management skills
  • Economics, accounting and finance
  • Business organizations and planning
  • Team building and Ethical practices
  • Project design, implementation, and management
  • Based on current needs mobile computing,
    networking, new software environments, CAD.

Are our graduates and universities ready?
  • Do we have world-class specialized ICT labs?
  • Do we have world class ICT faculty
  • Anecdotal data suggests there is a severe
    shortage of doctoral-level ICT faculty
  • Are our campuses fully networked?
  • What about low Internet speeds?

How will ICT students be learning in future?
  • Global Internet essential for degree and
    life-long learning
  • Expect increased use of asynchronous learning
    networks and e-learning platforms
  • Increased use of CAD and simulation environments
  • Increased use of Virtual labs (see See the MIT
    iLabs project)
  • More IT students will focus on the upper layers
  • More jobs and entrepreneurial opportunities

Current IT faculty and Infrastructure challenges
  • Limited active IT faculty pool in Kenya
  • Lack of sufficient number of PhDs in IT in Kenya
  • IT faculty are portable and are in high
    demand globally
  • High cost of building and maintaining specialized
    IT labs to support IT programs
  • Universities in the US are investing millions of
    dollars in laboratory facilities!!
  • Adopt the Indian Centers of Excellence Model?

Networked Readiness Index 2004 and 2005 Ranks
But quality of ICT graduates must be similar For
Source World Economic Forum ICT Reports
The E-campus innovation
  • It is an information systems enabled campus
  • High degree of e-readiness for developing IT
    workforce and professionals
  • Information systems Information Technology
    People Processes
  • Networked Applications for teaching, learning and
    educational administration
  • World-class learning environment low NRI

Quality and professional accreditation of ICT
  • International IT educational standards
  • Professional bodies accredit IT departments
    (e.g., IEEE, IEE, ACM)
  • Not aware of any EE CS programs in Kenya with
    international accreditation
  • Professional accreditation necessary for global
    IT quality assurance
  • CHE provides institutional accreditation for
    private universities only

Opportunities for ICT graduates in Kenya and
  • Kenyan and African customized applications do not
    yet exist?
  • E-government applications need to be customized
    for Kenya and other countries
  • Customized applications in agriculture, tourism
    and education will be in high demand
  • Development environments will be setup in the
    government and in the private sector
  • Demand for IT professionals with application
    development skills will increase
  • Local/Global ICT jobs for the well prepared!

Thank You!
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