Looking at the Past, Shaping the Future: Getting to Know Our Students for the Past 40 Years - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Looking at the Past, Shaping the Future: Getting to Know Our Students for the Past 40 Years

Description:

Preparation for College. Technology. Politics and Discourse. Values. Conclusion and Implications ... Perception of Necessary Remedial Work in College Dropped ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:129
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 41
Provided by: ETU8
Learn more at: http://heri.ucla.edu
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Looking at the Past, Shaping the Future: Getting to Know Our Students for the Past 40 Years


1
Looking at the Past, Shaping the Future Getting
to Know Our Students for the Past 40 Years
  • NASPA/ACPA 2007 Conference
  • Orlando, FL ? April 2, 2007
  • Sylvia Hurtado John H. Pryor
  • Director Director
  • Higher Education Research Institute
    Cooperative Institutional Research Program
  • Higher Education Research Institute
  • University of California at Los Angeles

2
Introduction
  • Unprecedented increase in enrollment
  • Baccalaureate degree as a minimum and essential
    credential for many employers
  • Enrollment predicted to increase through 2015
  • Womens movement and civil rights movement sought
    to decrease inequities and enhance diversity

Source National Center for Education Statistics
3
Introduction
  • Are our institutions
  • Achieving educational equity?
  • Meeting students needs and aspirations?
  • Developing the values, skills, and knowledge for
    an increasingly complex and global society?

4
Cooperative Institutional Research Program
  • Longitudinal Research Program Launched in 1966
  • Hundreds of articles in professional journals
    and books written using CIRP data
  • Astins Theory of Involvement

5
Higher Education Research Institute
CIRP Cooperative Institutional Research Program
Funded Research
Freshman Survey
YFCY
CSS
  • Atlantic Philanthropies
  • Templeton Foundation
  • National Institutes
  • of Health

Faculty Survey
6
Forty Years of Trend Data
1966
2006
206,865 respondents 251 Colleges and
Universities
271,441 respondents 393
Colleges and Universities
Total over 40 years 8,319,318 students 1,201
colleges and universities
7
CIRP Freshman Survey Trends
  • Major Findings in the Report
  • Demographics and Implications for a Diverse
    Society
  • Access and Affordability
  • Preparation for College
  • Technology
  • Politics and Discourse
  • Values
  • Conclusion and Implications

8
Demographic Changes
9
Demographic Changes
  • Increased racial ethnic diversity
  • Women have become a stable majority
  • Older students
  • More students reporting learning disabilities
  • Parents more affluent
  • Parents less likely to live together

10
Preparation for a Diverse Society
11
CIRP Research Reports

12
College Choice
13
College Choice Applications Increase

14
CIRP Freshman Survey Trends
  • 2006 67.3 attending first choice
  • 1976 (77.3)
  • 1986 (70.7)
  • 1996 (71.5)

15
Affordability
16
Affordability
  • Parental Income
  • Rising faster in the group of parents of college
    students than the national average
  • In 1975, parental income of students was 46
    above national
  • In 2005, parental income of students was 60
    above national
  • Rising faster for parents of students in public
    universities
  • Family income of students at privates rose 15.7
  • Family income of students at publics rose 17.1
  • Fewer students have major concerns about
    financing their education (11.6, down from 19.1
    in 1995)

17
Preparation for College
18
Preparation for College
  • Since 1982, completion of recommended levels
    increased (National Commission on Excellence)
  • Most increases in meeting recommended levels of
    course work were in the first decade
  • Still improvement needed in
  • Biology (46.8)
  • Physical Science (59.9)
  • Computer Science (61.6)

19
Preparation for College
  • Academic Preparation
  • Student Perception of Necessary Remedial Work in
    College Dropped from 1971 to 1979, but remains
    fairly stable since then
  • Will need remedial work in College?
  • 24.1 Math
  • 10.9 Science
  • 9.4 English
  • Gaps by Racial/Ethnic Group have closed but
    remain

20
Preparation for College
  • Academic Habits and Experiences
  • More were late to class in High School
  • 48.2 in 1966
  • 65.1 in 2001
  • 60.6 in 2006

21
Fewer Students Studying 6 Hours a Week as High
School Seniors
22
Preparation for College
  • Academic Habits and Experiences
  • Declining interaction with High-School Teachers

23
Technology
24
Technology
  • Use a personal computer
  • 23.5 in 1985
  • 85.8 in 2005
  • Used Internet for homework

25
TechnologyFrequent Use of the Internet for
Homework as High-School Senior
26
Social and Political Views
27
Political Ideology
28
Political Views

29
Political Views
  • Shifting views on abortion, gay rights,
    legalization of marijuana, and using affirmative
    action in college admissions
  • Driving this change has been differential changes
    among conservatives and liberals

30
Political Views
  • Politics
  • Greater differences between students
  • Also disagree if Colleges have the right to ban
    extreme speakers
  • Overall agreement has increased
  • 24.1 agree in 1986 to 40.5 in 2006
  • Conservatives 55.1 agree
  • Liberals 28.5 agree

31
Values
32
Values
  • Why Go To College
  • Greatest Changes
  • To make more money
  • 49.9 in 1976
  • 64.9 in 1985
  • 69.0 in 2006
  • To prepare for graduate/professional school
  • 34.9 in 1971
  • 57.7 in 2006
  • Are students more
  • apathetic?
  • materialistic?

33
Values
  • Student Interest in Quality of Life issues
  • Upward social mobility lessened
  • Culture emphasizes quick paths to wealth
  • High corporate salaries
  • Dot.com
  • State lotteries
  • Financial considerations such as College
  • Altruism in helping others

34
CIRP Freshman Survey Trends

35
Implications for Student Affairsand College
Educators
  • Educating students about diversity, promoting
    civil discourse, and skills for handling conflict
    are more important today
  • Co-curricular programming examples
  • Staff training

36
Implications for Student Affairsand College
Educators
  • Reports for special tutoring or remediation have
    not declined among entering freshmen. How will we
    meet their needs?
  • Placement tests, advising, early warning systems,
    more advising
  • Supplemental education in living learning
    programs
  • High school and college partnerships examples

37
Implications for Student Affairsand College
Educators
  • Technology progress means keeping up with modes
    of communication and student learning
    (e.g.evaluating sources of information).

38
Implications for Student Affairsand College
Educators
  • Students want a better quality of life and are
    altruistic
  • Millennial generation has received much criticism
    but many of the trends preceded them, starting in
    the 1980s.
  • Service opportunities with time for students to
    reflect on values
  • Encourage the development of responsible
    citizenship

39
Implications for Student Affairsand College
Educators
  • Access and Affordability Balancing the market
    perspective with broader goals of higher
    education
  • Enable more low and middle income students to
    make good choices
  • Work collaboratively with colleges that have
    capacity, joint agreements
  • Using broad definition of talent and multiple
    ways of assessing it in admissions

40
For More Information

To order The American Freshman Forty Year
Trends, or for more information Go to the HERI
booth or use our website
  • 40 year trends institutional report for each
    school that has participated in the 2006 data
    collection and has at least 5 years of data
  • http//www.gseis.ucla.edu/heri
About PowerShow.com