Give Me Liberty! - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Give Me Liberty! PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3b6927-YTAxN


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

Give Me Liberty!


Norton Media Library Chapter 17 Give Me Liberty! An American History Second Edition Volume 2 by Eric Foner ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:390
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 33
Provided by: ksuwebKen
Tags: give | liberty


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Give Me Liberty!

Chapter 17
Norton Media Library
Give Me Liberty! An American History Second
Edition Volume 2
by Eric Foner
I. Agrarian revolt
  • The farmers plight
  • Generally
  • Falling agricultural prices
  • Growing economic insecurity
  • Regional variants
  • In trans-Mississippi West equipment debt
  • In South declining cotton prices
  • Farmers Alliance
  • Origins and spread Texas 1870s
  • Strategies
  • Initial cooperative approach credit exchanges
  • Turn to subtreasury plan, political engagement

I. Agrarian revolt (contd)
  • Advent of Peoples (Populist) party
  • Scope of following producing classes cotton
    wheat belts
  • Grassroots mobilization
  • Guiding vision
  • Commonwealth of small producers as fundamental to
    freedom (Jefferson)
  • Restoration of democracy and economic opportunity
  • Expansion of federal power
  • Omaha platform (1892)
  • Ignatius Donnelly (see quote, page 617)
  • Proposals direct election of senators, govt.
    control of currency, public financing for
    farmers, recognition of labor unions, and public
    ownership of railroads

I. Agrarian revolt (contd)
  • Populist coalition
  • Interracial alliance
  • Tom Watson (GA)
  • Colored Farmers Alliance
  • Involvement of women
  • Mary Elizabeth Lease less corn, more hell
  • Support for womens suffrage
  • Electoral showing for 1892
  • Prospects for Populist-labor alliance
  • Context
  • Economic collapse of 1893
  • Resurgence of conflict between labor and capital
  • Sharpening of government repression of labor

Map 67
Map 68
I. Agrarian revolt (contd)
  • Prospects for Populist-labor alliance
  • Key episodes
  • Miners strike at Coeur dAlene, Idaho
  • Coxeys Army
  • Pullman strike
  • American Railway Union
  • Attorney General Richard Olney
  • Eugene V. Debs
  • Populist appeals to industrial workers in 1894
  • Some success among miners
  • Minimal success among urban workers preference
    for Republicans

I. Agrarian revolt (contd)
  • Election of 1896
  • Campaign of William Jennings Bryan
  • Joint support by Democrats and Populists
  • Electrifying rhetoric (see quote, page 605)
  • Themes
  • Free silver
  • Social Gospel overtones
  • Vision of activist government
  • National tour to rally farmers and workers
  • Campaign of William McKinley
  • Insistence on gold standard
  • Massive financial support from big business
    (McKinley Tariff)
  • National political machine Mark Hanna

I. Agrarian revolt (contd)
  • Election of 1896
  • 3. Outcome
  • Sharp regional divide (see map)
  • McKinley victory
  • 4. Significance and legacy
  • Emergence of modern campaign tactics
  • Launching of Republican political dominance
  • Fading of Populism
  • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz

Map 69
II. The Segregated South
  • Redeemers in power
  • Dismantling of Reconstruction programs
  • Convict lease system
  • Failures of the New South
  • Limits of economic development
  • Persistence of regional poverty
  • Black life
  • Rural
  • Varied prospects around region
  • Elusive quest for land

II. The Segregated South (contd)
  • Black life
  • 2. Urban
  • Network of community institutions
  • The black middle class
  • Racially exclusive labor markets
  • Pockets of interracial unionism
  • Kansas Exodus (1879-1880)
  • Mass migration of 50,000 blacks
  • Benjamin Pap Singleton
  • Kansas reality

II. The Segregated South (contd)
  • Decline of black politics
  • Narrowing of political opportunity for black men
  • Church, law, private business
  • Shifting of political initiative for black women
  • National Association of Colored Women
  • Middle-class orientation
  • Pursuit of equal rights and racial uplift
  • Range of activities
  • Disfranchisement
  • Persistence of black voting following
  • Readjuster movement in Virginia
  • Mounting alarm over specter of biracial
  • Systematic elimination of black vote how?
  • Justifications and motivations (see quote on pp.

II. The Segregated South (contd)
  • Disfranchisement
  • 5. Effects
  • Massive purging of blacks from voting rolls
  • 1940 3 of adult southern blacks were registered
  • Widespread disfranchisement of poor whites as
  • Emergence of southern white demagogues
  • Tom Watsons moral collapse
  • 6. The Norths blessing
  • Senate
  • Supreme Court

II. The Segregated South (contd)
  • Segregation
  • Fluidity of race relations following
  • Green light from Supreme Court for legal
  • Civil Rights Cases (1883)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
  • Separate but equal doctrine
  • Justice Harlan dissent
  • Spread of segregation laws across South
  • Unreality of separate but equal
  • Segregation as component of overall white
  • Social etiquette of segregation
  • Effects on other non-white groups

II. The Segregated South (contd)
  • G. Rise of lynching (see table 17.1, page 615)
  • Motivations
  • Shocking brutality (Sam Hose, Newnan, GA)
  • The rape myth
  • Ida B. Wellss antilynching crusade
  • A distinctly American phenomenon
  • H. Uses of historical Memory
  • Civil War as family quarrel among white
  • Reconstruction as horrible time of Negro rule
  • Erasure of blacks as historical actors

III. Contrasting notions of nationhood
  • New nativism
  • Against new immigrants from southern and
    eastern Europe
  • Depictions of new immigrants
  • As lower races
  • As threat to American Democracy
  • Campaigns to curtail
  • Immigration Restriction League
  • Efforts to bar entry into United States
  • State disfranchisement measures

III. Contrasting notions of nationhood (contd)
  • New nativism
  • Against immigrants from China
  • Congressional exclusion of Chinese women
  • Congressional exclusion of all Chinese
  • Passage in 1882
  • Renewal in 1892, 1902
  • Discrimination and violence against
  • Uneven positions of Supreme court on rights of
  • Yick Wo v. Hopkins
  • United States v. Wong Kim Ark
  • Fong Yue Ting
  • Precedent for legal exclusion of other groups

III. Contrasting notions of nationhood (contd)
  • Booker T. Washington and the scaling back of
    black demands
  • Background on Washington
  • 1895 Atlanta address
  • Washington approach
  • Repudiation of claim to full equality
  • Acceptance of segregation
  • Emphasis on material self-help, individual
    advancement, alliance with white employers

III. Contrasting notions of nationhood (contd)
  • American Federation of Labor and the scaling back
    of labors outlook
  • Rise of the AFL, Samuel Gompers
  • AFL-Gompers approach
  • Reproduction of broad reform vision, political
    engagement, direct confrontation with capital
  • Emphasis on bargaining with employers over wages
    and conditions business unionism
  • Narrower ideal of labor solidarity
  • Concentration on skilled labor sectors
  • Exclusion of blacks, women, new immigrants

III. Contrasting notions of nationhood (contd)
  • Ambiguities of the womens era
  • Widening prospects for economic independence
  • Expanding role in public life
  • Growing network of womens organizations,
  • Womens Christian Temperance Union
  • Growing elitism of womens suffrage movement
  • Ethnic
  • Racial

IV. Becoming a world power
  • The new imperialism
  • Traditional empires
  • Consolidation and expansion of imperial powers
  • Cultural justifications for imperial domination
  • Abstention of United States from scramble for
    empire before 1890s
  • Continuing status as second-rate power
  • Confinement of national expansion to North
    American continent
  • Minimal record of overseas territorial
  • Preference for expanded trade over colonial
  • Leading advocates

IV. Becoming a world power (contd)
  • C. Emerging calls for American expansion
  • Leading advocates
  • Josiah Strong (Our Country)
  • Alfred T. Mahan (The Influence of Sea Power Upon
  • Themes
  • Moral
  • Global application of manifest destiny
  • Uplift of inferior races
  • Economic
  • Expanded markets for American goods
  • Protection of international trade
  • Strategic
  • Influence

IV. Becoming a world power (contd)
  • Intervention in Hawaii
  • American trade and military agreements
  • Economic dominance of American sugar planters
  • Over throw of Queen Liliuokalani (1893)
  • Rise of assertive nationalism
  • Contributing factors
  • Depression-era quest for foreign markets
  • Concern over economic and ethnic disunity
  • Manifestations
  • Rituals
  • Pledge of Allegiance
  • Star-Spangled Banner
  • Flag Day
  • Yellow journalism Hearst and Pulitzer

IV. Becoming a world power (contd)
  • Spanish-American War (The splendid little war)
  • Background
  • Long Cuban struggle for independence from Spain
  • Renewal of struggle in 1895
  • Harsh Spanish response
  • Growing American sympathy for Cuban cause
  • Toward intervention
  • Destruction of battleship Maine
  • War fever, fanned by yellow press
  • U.S. Declaration of war Teller Amendment

Map 71
IV. Becoming a world power (contd)
  • Spanish-American War
  • 3. The war
  • In Philippines
  • Admiral George Deweys victory at Manila Bay
  • Landing of American troops
  • In Cuba and Puerto Rico
  • Landing of American troops
  • Naval victory of Santiago
  • Theodore Roosevelts Rough Riders legendary
    charge up San Juan Hill
  • Swift defeat of Spain

Map 70
IV. Becoming a world power (contd)
  • From liberator to imperial power
  • Postwar attainment of overseas empire
  • Varied arrangements
  • Annexation of Hawaii (1898)
  • Acquisition of Philippines, Puerto Rico, Guam
  • McKinleys duty to uplift and civilize
  • Qualified sovereignty for Cuba, Platt Amendment
  • Value as outposts for U.S. naval and commercial
  • Open Door policy with China (1899)
  • Initial welcome in former Spanish colonies for
    U.S. forces
  • As agent of expanded trade and social order
  • As agent of social reform and national self-rule

Map 72
IV. Becoming a world power (contd)
  • From liberator to imperial power
  • 4. Growing disenchantment in Philippines
  • Founding of provisional government by Emilio
  • U.S. failure to recognize insistence on
    retaining possession
  • 5. Philippine war (1899-1903)
  • Bloodiness and brutality
  • Controversy in United States (precursor to
  • Outcome
  • 6. Legacy of poverty and inequality in American

IV. Becoming a world power (contd)
  • Status of territorial peoples
  • Kiplings white mans burden
  • Limits on claims to American freedom
  • Forakaer Act
  • Insular Cases
  • Divergent futures for American territories
  • Hawaii (statehood)
  • Philippines (independence)
  • Guam (unincorporated territory)
  • Puerto Rico (commonwealth, or insular territory)
  • I. American debate over imperial expansion
  • Opponents (Anti-Imperialist League) republic or
  • Proponents benevolent imperialism