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CUBA

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CUBA Kevin Incitti Tiffany Howett Courtney Kase Ashley Burneka Brian Dougan Cuba: A Brief History Kevin Incitti Cuba: A Brief History Discovered by Christopher ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CUBA


1
CUBA
  • Kevin Incitti
  • Tiffany Howett
  • Courtney Kase
  • Ashley Burneka
  • Brian Dougan

2
Cuba A Brief History
  • Kevin Incitti

3
Cuba A Brief History
  • Discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492, and
    is located just 90 miles south of Key West
  • Original occupants of the island were Arawak
    Indians, were wiped out by Spanish

4
Cuba A Brief History
  • US gained control of Cuba in the Spanish American
    War in 1898
  • Through the Platt Amendment, Cuba was given
    Independence
  • The US had secured for itself the areas of
    Guantanamo and Bahia Honda, eventually giving up
    Bahia Honda for expanded control in Guantanamo,
    where they built a naval base

5
Cuba A Brief History
  • US continuously intervened in Cuban affairs,
    throughout the early 1900s
  • Intervened in the August and February
    Revolutions, and in elections, until Geraldo
    Machado was elected President in 1924
  • Cuba was economically depressed and in political
    crisis -opposition to Machado was growing
  • 1933 Fulgencio Batista leads the Sergeants
    Revolt, overthrowing the established
    administration

6
Cuba A Brief History
  • Batista appoints Ramon Grau San Martin to power,
    who institutes sweeping range of social,
    economic, and political reforms
  • Batista then removes Ramon Grau San Martin from
    power, seizes control
  • Batista establishes a new constitution in 1940,
    only to be defeated in the 1944 elections by Grau
    San Martin

7
Cuba A Brief History
  • Cuba, still under the same regime, but now headed
    by Carlos Prio Socarras, was overthrown AGAIN, by
    Batista in 1952.
  • In July of 1953, Fidel Castro plans an attack on
    the Moncada barracks, landing him in prison.
  • Soon thereafter, Castro is freed from jail, and
    goes to Mexico to train and organize, he then
    returns to Cuba.

8
Cuba A Brief History
  • The US begins an arms embargo on the Batista
    Regime, which in turn, is interpreted as support
    for Castro
  • On January 1, 1959 Castro takes power in Cuba

9
Cuba A Brief History
  • Still in power today, Castro consolidated power,
    seized properties, and has led Cuba through
    historical events such as
  • The Bay of Pigs
  • Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Fall of one time ally the Soviet Union
  • The Mariel Boatlift (responsible for the
    emigration of 125,000 Cubans to Florida)
  • increased US sanctions

10
Population
  • Tiffany Howett

11
Population
  • 11.3 million
  • 70 live in urban areas, 30 in rural areas
  • Majority of population located in large cities of
    Havana, Santiago de Cuba, and Camaguey
  • 95 Spanish Speaking
  • 97 literacy rate

12
Population
  • Growth Rate 34 as of late 2004
  • Median Age Total- 34.8 years
  • Male- 34.2 years
  • Female- 35.5 years

13
Population
  • Birth Rate 12.18 births/ 1000 population (2004
    estimate)
  • Death Rate averaged 7.17 deaths/ 1000 population
  • Life Expectancy
  • Total- 74.04 years
  • Male- 74.77 years
  • Female- 79.44 years

14
Population
  • Ethnic Groups
  • 51 Mulatto
  • 37 White
  • 11 Black
  • 1 Chinese

15
Religion
  • Ashley Burneka

16
Religion
  • Roman Catholic- 6,205,000
  • Jehovah Witnesses-869,462,002
  • Jewish-1000
  • Other religions represented are- Protestant,
    Pentecostal, freemasonry and many afro-Cuban
    religions such as Santeria.

17
Religion
  • Due to centuries of slavery many African
    religions have developed in Cuba
  • Santeria or Regla de Ocha come from the Yoruba
    culture in Nigeria.
  • Practice magic, pray, divination,
  • and sacrifice.

18
Religion
  • Abakua is another Afro-Cuban religion which is a
    secret society for males that is practiced in the
    western part of Cuba.

19
Economy Tiffany Howett
20
Economy
  • Gross domestic Product (GDP)- based on
    agriculture, industry, and services- about 32.13
    billion on purchasing
  • 5.5 Agriculture
  • 27 Industry
  • 67.6 Services
  • Today, most of the economy is run by the
    government, and is still recovering from the
    decline of GDP in 1989

21
Economy
  • Labor Force In 2003 the labor force was 4.58,
    continues to rise
  • 24 work in Agriculture
  • 25 work in Industry Sector
  • 51 work in Services
  • According the Cuban Government 75 of the labor
    force is working for the state

22
Economy
  • Products World producer of Sugar Cane
  • Also reliant on
  • Tourism
  • Coffee
  • Potatoes
  • Rice
  • Petroleum
  • Tobacco
  • Nickel
  • Steel
  • Livestock

23
National/Pop Culture
  • Brian Dougan

24
National/ Popular Culture
  • Education
  • High level of Cuban education
  • 1/42 ratio
  • Literacy 96
  • 95 ages six-sixteen
  • Communication
  • Ministry of Communications
  • Telecommunications infrastructure
  • 1990s cellular introduction
  • Chinas aid
  • Choteo
  • Print Publications

25
National/Popular Culture
  • Music
  • Afro-Cuban
  • Bolero
  • Classical
  • Habanera
  • Sports
  • Baseball
  • Boxing
  • Jazz
  • Mambo
  • Rumba
  • Salsa
  • Cockfighting
  • Dominoes

26
National/Popular Culture
  • Festivities
  • Carnivals
  • New Years Day
  • Los Quince
  • Community Life
  • Bodegas
  • Botanicas
  • Crime
  • Three Kings Day
  • Noche Buena
  • Divorce
  • Cigar Making
  • Guajiros

27
A Taste of Cuba Food, Customs, and Material
Life
  • Courtney Kase

28
Customs
  • Everyday life (greetings)
  • Kissing and hugging
  • Carnival
  • The Conga
  • commemorates the days of Corpus Christi and the
    Epiphany
  • Primero de Enero or Dia de Ano (New Years)
  • Los quince

29
Cuban Cuisine
  • Simple in concept, complex in flavor
  • Influenced by Spanish, French, African, Arabic,
    Chinese, and Portuguese cultures
  • Although an island, fish is rarely used in
    cooking meat is favored food especially beef
  • Staples in diet include rice, beans, and
    vegetables
  • Popular vegetables such as yucca (potato-like
    vegetable) and sweet potatoes
  • Cucumber abundant vegetable

30
Ajiaco Cubas National Dish
31
Fried Plantains
32
Cuban Cuisine
  • Breakfast
  • tostada and cafe con leche
  • tostada is a portion of Cuban bread which is
    buttered then toasted on a grill.  The cafe con
    leche is a combination of strong, espresso coffee
    with warm milk. Dunk bread into drink
  • Lunch
  • empanadas, chicken or meat turnovers, or Cuban
    sandwiches
  • sandwich could be a media noche (midnight
    sandwich), consisting of a slice of pork, ham,
    and swiss cheese and then topped with pickles and
    mustard on sweetened egg bread.

33
Cuban Cuisine
  • Snack
  • Cuban bakeries famous for their finger foods,
    such as pastelitos, croquetas, bocaditos, and
    empanadas.  Pastelitos are small flaky turnovers
    in various shapes filled with meat, cheese,
    guava, or a combination of guava and cream
    cheese. Bocaditos are small bite size sandwiches
    layered with a ham spread.
  • Dinner
  • Consists of a meat, chicken, or fish dish as the
    entree accompanied by white rice, black beans,
    and maduros, sweet fried plantains. 
  • Followed by dessert of the typical flan, a Cuban
    caramel-flavored custard, and another shot of
    cafe cubano.

34
Cuban Cuisine
  • Holidays
  • small pig, marinated with salt, garlic, and sour
    orange juice, and then roasted over an open fire,
    and slowly cooked for several hours. 
  • Served with congri, a white rice and black bean
    mixture also known as Moors and Christians, 
    boniato in a garlic dressing, and maduros.
  • U.S. influenced foods
  • Hamburger frita

35
Drink
  • Rum
  • Rum and Coke known as Cuba Libre
  • Consumed at most meals
  • Mojito
  • Cuban rum, seltzer water, sugar, lime, and mint
    leaves

36
Material Life
  • Major industries
  • Tobacco and coffee competed with sugar since 19th
    century
  • Tourism most promising new activity for earning
    of hard currency
  • Reintroduction of animal traction for agriculture
  • Nickel is abundant mineral resource

37
Language
  • Ashley Burneka

38
Language
  • Spanish is the official language of Cuba.
  • There are not various different dialects across
    nation.
  • English is spoken in many of the larger cities
    and tourist areas. Especially around Havana.

39
Language
  • Creole is also spoken in many eastern provinces
    of the island because of Haitian immigrants who
    fled to Cuba at the end of the Haitian revolution
  • Prior to the collapse of the Soviet Union many
    students were taught Russian and German as second
    languages
  • After the collapse everything quickly switched to
    English, such as the classes taught in school and
    universities

40
Government/Social Order
  • Brian Dougan

41
Government/ Social Order
  • Republic of Cuba
  • Communist State
  • Capital Havana
  • Administrative divisions
  • 14 Provinces
  • Legal System
  • 3 Branches (Executive,Legislative,Judicial)

42
Government/Social Order
  • Political parties-Cuban Communist Party
  • Leader Fidel Castro
  • Diplomatic Representation
  • In US-None
  • From US-None
  • Independence
  • December 10, 1898-from Spain
  • May 20, 1902-form United States

43
Conclusion
  • Cuban people have dealt with a remarkably
    unstable history full of revolutions
  • Their economy struggles, and they are making a
    strong push to increase tourism
  • Fidel Castros power has been a mainstay for the
    last 50 years
  • Being in the US we mainly hear of the poor
    conditions in Cuba, rarely about their deep
    rooted culture, traditions, and celebrations
  • While the living conditions in Cuba are poor for
    many, the people are strong and will continue to
    move forward

44
Questions?
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