The prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is increasing at an alarming rate throughout the world. Why is this happening? Can anything be done to reduce this epidemic? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is increasing at an alarming rate throughout the world. Why is this happening? Can anything be done to reduce this epidemic?

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Title: The prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is increasing at an alarming rate throughout the world. Why is this happening? Can anything be done to reduce this epidemic?


1
The prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is
increasing at an alarming rate throughout the
world. Why is this happening? Can anything be
done to reduce this epidemic?
  • By
  • Dilshan Gunawardene

2
Global Burden of Diabetes
26.5 32.9 24
14.2 17.5 23
84.5 132.3 57
9.4 14.1 50
15.6 22.5 44
World 2000 151 million 2010 221
million Increase 46
1.0 1.3 33
Adapted from Zimmet et
al , Nature 2001 414 782-787
3
Diabetes Mellitus
  • Definition
  • Diagnosis
  • Impact of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus on the UK
  • Morbidity and Mortality of Type 2 Diabetes
    Mellitus

4
Diabetes Mellitus (Cont...)
  • Genetics
  • Twin Studies
  • Familial Aggregation
  • Ethnic Variation
  • Patho-physiology
  • Various Possibilities

5
  • Why is the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    increasing at such an alarming rate throughout
    the world?
  • What is fuelling this explosion ?

6
  • Obesity Definition, Epidemic of Obesity,
    Association with Type 2 Diabetes and
  • Effect on Insulin Resistance
  • Obesity
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Hyperinsulinaemia (normal glucose tolerance)
  • Diminished Insulin Secretion
  • Type 2 Diabetes

7
Other Modifiable Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
  • Physical Activity
  • Diet
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol

8
Factors contributing to the Diabetes Epidemic
  • Changes in Lifestyle The Thrifty Hypothesis
  • Greater Longevity
  • Increased Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes in Young
    People

9
  • Can anything be done to slow down the escalating
    rates of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

10
Possible Measures that can be Implemented
  • Effective Lifestyle Interventions
  • Health Promotion through Increasing Education and
    Awareness
  • Screening High Risk Populations

11
To conclude
  • There is a worldwide epidemic of Type 2 Diabetes
    Mellitus
  • Environmental risk factors such as obesity, and
    Westernisation are believed to be the main
    causes
  • Interventions are needed before its too late!!!

12
  • Thank You for Your Attention
  • Any Questions???
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