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Five Kingdoms of Living Things

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Five Kingdoms of Living Things Each living thing must have most of the following: Ability to MOVE around from place to place, or make things inside it move around EAT ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Five Kingdoms of Living Things


1
Five Kingdoms of Living Things
2
Each living thing must have most of the following
  • Ability to MOVE around from place to place, or
    make things inside it move around
  • EAT to get energy to breathe, move, and grow
  • GROW during its lifetime
  • BREATHE in gases
  • REPRODUCE to make the next generation
  • CHANGE as it reacts to the environment

3
Remembering is easy!
  • My - move
  • Elf - eat
  • Baked - breathe
  • Green and- grow
  • Red - reproduce
  • Cookies - change

4
Scientists divide all living things into 5
Kingdoms
  • Protist
  • Monera
  • Fungi
  • Plant
  • Animal

5
The 5 Kingdoms
  • Taxonomy
  • a. the science of identifying, naming, and
    classifying
  • Classification
  • a. the act of placing objects in groups based
    on characteristics
  • Scientists use both of these to organize living
    organisms.
  • The largest group living things are placed in is
    a kingdom (there are 5).
  • The smallest classification group is the species.
    The second smallest is the genus.

6
Protista
  • Complex, single-celled life forms (eukaryotic)
  • Usually can only be seen through a microscope
  • Can be parasites that cause disease
  • Can make its own food or feed on other living
    things
  • A protist has a nucleus.
  • Examples ameba, paramecium, simple algae

paramecium
ameba
7
Monera
  • Simple single cells (prokaryotic)
  • Shaped like rods, spirals, and round balls
  • So small they can only be seen through a
    microscope
  • No nucleus!
  • Example bacteria

Bacteria
8
Protista and Monera
Eukaryotic (complex)
Most are single celled
Prokaryotic (simple)
Producers Or consumers
protista
monera
living
Examples Kelp, ameba, paramecium
No nucleus
Has a nucleus
Bacteria
9
Fungi
  • Many-celled organisms
  • Absorb food from living or dead things
    (consumers).
  • Parasitic plants (They are not true plants
    because they do not have chlorophyll to make
    their own food.)
  • Examples mushrooms, bread mold, penicillin,
    mildew, and yeast

10
Plants
  • Many-celled
  • Contain chlorophyll used to make their own food
    (producers) and gives them a green color
    (photosynthesis)
  • Have cell walls and large vacuoles
  • Divided into two main groups vascular and
    nonvascular plants

11
  • I. Two major groups of plants
  • A. Vascular plants
  • 1. Have conducting tissues (xylem and phloem),
    leaves, stems and roots.
  • 2. Have a root system for anchoring the plant
    and absorbing water and nutrients from the soil.
  • 3. Have vessels that make tubes for moving
    water throughout the plant.
  • ERT (p. 66 on) find out the meanings of roots,
    root hairs, chlorophyll, chloroplasts, xylem,
    phloem, stomata, photosynthesis, and respiration.

12
  • B. Non-vascular plants  
  • 1. Do not have conducting tissues, leaves and
    roots. They are small.
  • 2. Require water for fertilization so they
    must grow in moist habitats.
  • 3. Reproduce by spores.
  • 4. Have rhizoids that hold them in place.

13
Vascular and Nonvascular
  • Tall
  • Has roots, root hairs, stems, tubes
  • Some have flowers, fruit, seeds
  • Chlorophyll
  • Some reproduce by spores
  • Have a cell wall
  • Need water, air, sunlight
  • Short
  • Do not have roots, leaves, flowers, root hairs,
    stems, fruit, tubes, seeds
  • Chlorophyll
  • Reproduce by spores
  • Have a cell wall
  • Need water, air, sunlight
  • Have rhizoids that hold them in place but do not
    absorb water or nutrients

14
Vascular Vs. Non-Vascular
has roots
short
chlorophyll
have root hairs
no roots
vascular
non-vascular
Have plant cells
can be tall
Have vacuoles cell walls
Dont have leaves, stems, or seeds
anchored to dirt
Make their own food
15
Connecting Learning
  • Draw a picture of the celery and moss the next
    day. Mark the waterline on your cup. Find and
    record the ending mass of the celery and moss.
    Measure the height of the celery and the moss.
    Record all information with labels.
  • How did the moss and celery change?
  • Which plant moved the most water? Explain with
    data.
  • Which structures help vascular plants move water?
  • Why do you think vascular plants are larger than
    nonvascular?
  • Is an oak tree a vascular or nonvascular plant?
    How did this experiment help you with this
    question?
  • What are you wondering now?

16
Animals
  • Divided into 2 main groups
  • 1. Invertebrates animals without backbones
  • 2. Vertebrates animals with backbones

Vertebrate
Invertebrate
17
Some have an exoskeleton
Have backbones
Vertebrates
Invertebrates
Exo means outside
No backbones
Have an endoskeleton
Endo means inside
18
Connecting Learning
  • What do each of your materials represent?
  • How does your model help you to understand how a
    backbone functions?
  • What happened when you made the backbone without
    the gummy rings?
  • What is the purpose of the soft discs, or gummy
    rings?
  • What are you wondering now about vertebrates?

19
Fish
  • Physical features
  • Fins
  • Gills
  • Cold-blooded
  • Scales
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Vertebrates
  • Facts Fish breathe. Fish lay eggs.

20
Amphibians
  • Physical Features
  • Moist, slimy bodies
  • Live on land AND in water
  • Breathe with gills as well as lungs (sometimes in
    different stages of life)
  • Cold-blooded
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Vertebrates
  • Facts They lay eggs in moist places. They may
    have gills that develop into lungs.

21
Reptiles
  • Physical Features
  • Dry, scaly skin
  • Cold-blooded
  • Breathe with lungs
  • Spend most of their time on land
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Vertebrates
  • Facts There are 4 types lizards, snakes,
    turtles, and alligators/crocodiles.
  • Most lay eggs.

22
Birds
  • Physical Features
  • Warm-blooded
  • Covered with feathers
  • Live on land, in trees, on water
  • Dont have front legs
  • Have wings
  • Have short, soft feathers called down
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Vertebrates
  • Facts Birds have beaks. Most fly. Few live in
    cold weather. They have hollow bones. Some have
    webbed feet.

23
Mammals
  • Physical Features
  • Warm-blooded
  • Have hair/fur to keep warm
  • Breathe with lungs
  • Give birth to live young, lay eggs, or have
    babies in pouches (marsupials).
  • Feed or nurse their young (milk glands)
  • Can be carnivores (meat eaters), herbivores
    (plant eaters), or omnivores (plant/meat eaters)

24
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Vertebrates
  • Facts
  • Keep steady body temperatures.
  • Some have fat/blubber to keep warm (whales).
  • We are mammals!
  • Temperature does not affect their activity
    levels.

25
Sponges
  • Physical Features
  • Live in water.
  • Have no heads or faces.
  • Have small openings, or holes (for breathing).
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Invertebrates
  • Facts Sponges are the simplest invertebrates.
    Most sponges in kitchens are artificial.

26
Mollusks
  • Physical Features
  • Have soft bodies like worms.
  • Have two body openings.
  • Some have a mantel (hard protective covering). A
    snail does an octopus does not.
  • Some have a strong muscular foot (not feetjust
    one foot).
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Invertebrates
  • Facts There are 3 types snails, scallops, and
    octopus. They are found in fresh/saltwater or on
    land.

27
Spiny-Skinned Animals
  • Physical Features
  • Have spines that cover their bodies.
  • Have tube feet.
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Invertebrates
  • Facts They live in oceans. They can pull off a
    scallops shell to eat the soft animal inside!

28
Hollow-Bodied Animals
  • Physical Features
  • Have a hollow center lined with digestive cells.
  • Have tentacles with sting ray cells.
  • Have a mouth.
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Invertebrates
  • Facts ERT find out characteristics of this
    animal group.

29
Flatworms Roundworms
  • Physical Features
  • They feed on other plants or animals (parasites).
  • Can be round or flat. Roundworms live in soil.
    Flatworms live in salt/freshwater.
  • Flatworms have one hole. Roundworms have two.
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Invertebrates
  • Facts They are more simple than segmented
    worms.
  • Tape worms can grow up to 72 feet!

30
Segmented Worms
  • Physical features
  • Have two openings for digestion.
  • Have a segmented body.
  • Have a brain, heart, and blood.
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Invertebrates
  • Facts They are found in soil or fresh/saltwater.

31
Arthropods
  • Physical Features
  • Have an exoskeleton.
  • Have jointed legs.
  • Have segmented bodies.
  • Most have eyes and feelers called antennas.
  • Classification Groups Animal Kingdom,
    Invertebrates
  • Facts They live in fresh/saltwater or on land.
    Insects, arachnids (spiders/ticks/scorpions), and
    crustaceans (lobsters/crabs/shrimps)
  • are included in the Arthropod group.
  • They are the largest animal group
  • that exists.

crabs
Arachnid (tarantula)
insect
32
Can you compare and contrast the 5 kingdoms?
Moneran Protist Fungus Plant
Animal
Many- celled Vertebrates invertebrates
Many- Celled 2 main Groups Vascular Non- vascular
One-celled Has a nucleus more complex than
monera
Most are many- celled
One-celled with no membrane
Bacteria
Paramecium
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