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Winter festivals & Traditions Around the World

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Title: Winter festivals & Traditions Around the World


1
Winter festivals Traditions Around the World
  • Information Resource Pack
  • December 2009

2
Guidance Notes
  • All links are live when viewed in Slideshow mode
    (press F5)
  • To access the packs online
  • Left click on link
  • Choose save/open from menu
  • Click OK
  • You can print only the pages you need when the
    pack is open
  • Click on the file menu or press CtrlP
  • In the print dialogue box, choose your options
  • Page range print pages 2-4 or pages 3,5,9
  • Print grayscale/black white click the
    appropriate button (if using a non-colour
    printer, you will not need to use this option as
    the packs will print in greyscale as a default)
  • You DONT need to save the pack in order to print
    from it
  • Please feel free to use some or all of the slides
    as part of a PowerPoint presentation
  • All information is correct and all links working
    at the current time please report any broken
    links or other problems to Suze Youde
    suze.youde_at_kent.gov.uk
  • Your feedback is always appreciated as it helps
    to improve the packs and make them responsive to
    your needs please send feedback, comments
    suggestions to Suze Youde suze.youde_at_kent.gov.uk

3
Index
  • GUIDANCE NOTES how to use this pack saving,
    printing and editing
  • TOP 10 WEBSITES background information on the
    major winter festivals
  • ADDITIONAL RESOURCES some great crafts and
    activities and the recipes look good, too
  • INTRODUCTION some ideas on other curriculum
    resources to look at
  • GENERAL RESOURCES
  • ICEBREAKERS 1 Taking Sides
  • ICEBREAKERS 2 Forwards Backwards and Festive
    Hoax
  • FESTIVE BINGO who can fill their bingo card
    first?
  • DISCUSSION POINTS some ideas to think and talk
    about with a group
  • FESTIVE QUIZ PART 1 festive themed questions
  • FESTIVE QUIZ PART 2 and more of the same
  • FESTIVE QUIZ ANSWERS whos the festive quiz
    champion at your centre?
  • FESTIVE SESSION IDEAS some quick fixes for your
    festive season sessions
  • WINTER HOLIDAYS keep a comparison chart of the
    similarities differences
  • CHRISTMAS
  • CHRISTMAS information on the history some of
    the traditions of Christmas
  • CHRISTMAS FUN FACTS QUIZ true or false
  • CHRISTMAS FUN FACTS ANSWERS do NORAD really track
    Santa?
  • CHRISTMAS DECORATIONS using salt dough to make
    lovely things for the tree

4
Index
  • CHINESE NEW YEAR
  • CHINESE NEW YEAR the history and traditions of
    this amazing celebration
  • CHINESE ZODIAC QUIZ find out whos a famous pig
    and what your sign is
  • CHINESE ZODIAC QUIZ ANSWERS were you right?
  • CHINESE NEW YEAR CRAFTS make some lanterns and
    a dragon puppet
  • EASY MOONCAKES RECIPE make some scrummy mooncakes
    not quite the real thing but still delicious
  • EXTRA RESOURCES/SESSION IDEAS more useful links
    and ideas
  • DIWALI
  • DIWALI the history traditions of the Festival
    of Light
  • DIWALI WORDSEARCH can you find the words in the
    grid?
  • DIWALI CRAFTS design your own Rangoli and make
    beautiful diyas to decorate your centre
  • DIWALI SWEETS delicious no cook sweets to
    celebrate with
  • EXTRA RESOURCES/SESSION IDEAS more useful links
    and ideas
  • EID
  • EID the history and traditions of the festival
  • EID WORDSEARCH find the words in the grid
  • EID CRAFT ACTIVITIES decorate a donations box,
    design beautiful mendhi and send an Eid card
  • KLAICHA gorgeous date pastries recipe
  • EXTRA RESOURCES/SESSION IDEAS more useful links
    and ideas

5
Index
  • HANUKKAH CRAFTS make a Menorah and see how lucky
    you are in the dreidel game
  • POTATO LATKES delicious potato pancakes
  • EXTRA RESOURCES/SESSION IDEAS more useful links
    and ideas
  • KWANZAA
  • KWANZAA learn more about the origins and 7
    principles of this modern celebration
  • KWANZAA WORD SCRAMBLE how well do you know the 7
    principles of Kwanzaa?
  • KWANZAA WORD SCRAMBLE ANSWERS
  • KWANZAA CRAFTS African mask making and how to
    make and play oware, the oldest game in the world
  • OWARE the rules and how to play this deceptively
    simple game
  • BENNE CAKES delicious little sesame seed
    flavoured mouthfuls (allergy warning not
    suitable for sesame allergies)
  • EXTRA RESOURCES/SESSION IDEAS more useful links
    and ideas
  • YULE
  • YULE the origins of the original winter
    celebration
  • YULE WORD SCRAMBLE can you solve the clues and
    unscramble the answer
  • YULE WORD SCRAMBLE ANSWERS did you get it right?
  • YULE CRAFTS make some edible decorations for the
    birds and pimp some ordinary candles into
    something fab
  • WASSAIL make your own cup of cheer and why not
    learn the Wassail song while you do it?
  • EXTRA RESOURCES/SESSION IDEAS more useful links
    and ideas

6
Top 10 WebsitesAll links are LIVE in Slideshow
View press F5
  • Ten Ages of Christmas excellent BBC site looking
    at the way Christmas has been celebrated down the
    ages
  • Eid-al-Fitr information on how Eid is celebrated
    plus links to more information and other
    resources. This year Eid-al-Adha is celebrated in
    November
  • Diwali Festival of Lights official website for
    the Diwali festival
  • Yule an informative and amusing site looking at
    the way many of our Christmas traditions evolved
    from the Pagan celebration of Yule
  • Kwanzaa more on the Pan-African festival from the
    official website
  • Hanukkah packed full of information, activities,
    a kids zone and more this site tells you all you
    need to know about celebrating
  • Chinese New Year celebrations, decorations, food,
    superstitions and much, much more
  • Winter Festivals around the World celebrating the
    diversity of winter festival celebrations
  • Kent Christmas Events information on some of the
    main Christmas events across Kent you can check
    togogo for more details
  • Assembly Year Planner scroll down for links to
    activities celebrating festivals in November
    December (not all are religious) a great year
    planner for other festivals/holidays, too

Back to Index
7
Additional Resources
  • Teachernet has some great resources on Winter
    Festivals including the science of Santa
  • A great selection of Diwali activities and crafts
  • Stuff4teaching has links to some great ideas and
    activities including pop up cards suitable for
    any winter holiday
  • Woodlands Junior School has collected some great
    Christmas activities resources and Kented has
    some additional online games and videos
  • Curled paper greeting card activity from Crayola
    suitable for any winter festival
  • Printable Hanukkah wordsearch, crossword and more
  • Printable Eid activities and links to plenty more
  • Extensive list of craft activities for just about
    every occasion
  • Kwanzaa resources including crafts and online
    activities
  • Chinese New Year printables, games posters
  • Activity Village resources are aimed at younger
    children but include crafts and puzzles that any
    age will enjoy
  • Winter Carnival activities great for
    fundraising
  • Fabulous index of festival dishes for Christmas,
    Hanukkah, Diwali, Eid and more
  • Save the Children Christmas Wish List lesson plan
  • An American site with multicultural lesson plans
    around the festive season
  • Discovery online puzzlemaker produces
    wordsearches, scrambled words, crosswords and
    more

8
Introduction
  • ECM OUTCOMES Enjoy Achieve, Make a Positive
    Contribution
  • CURRICULUM CHAPTERS
  • Winter is a busy time for holidays and festivals
    and this pack concentrates on 7 which show the
    diversity of tradition and celebration around the
    world but also highlight the underlying values of
    community, family and charity that all these
    holidays share.
  • With each holiday light is recognized both for
    its connection to human life, but also as a
    religious and cultural symbol. As these are all
    festivals of lights in some way, the pack
    includes activities to make diyas and menorahs
    obviously you will need to risk assess whether
    young people can light them in the centre or
    whether they are for display only. There are
    obviously a huge number of craft activities
    linked to these holidays and links are given to
    activities that dont need a high level of skill
    so as to be inclusive of all levels of ability
    again, you will be able to assess how you can
    make those activities more challenging. There are
    also plenty of ideas for decorating your centre
    for each of these holidays and why not try a
    good clean first as is common to holidays like
    Eid and Chinese New Year?
  • The pack also includes a number of recipes and
    links to more food and feasting is so central
    to all these celebrations. Perhaps you could use
    the recipes as the basis of a buffet for an
    international evening celebrating holidays from
    around the world, or you could cook up some of
    the cakes and cookies and sell them to fund raise
    for charity or your centre. Or why not pack some
    up as gifts, put holes in them for use as hanging
    ornaments or give some away to childrens homes,
    hospitals old peoples homes (check their
    policy on donations first). ALLERGY WARNING
    please check the recipes carefully for any
    allergies e.g. The Benne cakes contain sesame,
    most recipes contain egg check the extra
    resources page for links to recipes that may be
    more suitable.
  • Finally, whilst some of these holidays are
    secular (like Kwanzaa) it is important to
    remember the values that unite all these
    festivals of light and bring us together to
    celebrate our similarities and our diversity.

9
Icebreakers
  • TAKING SIDES
  • Mark a line down the middle of the room a piece
    of string will do. Ask everyone in the group to
    stand on the line. Now make a series of statement
    loosely themed around the holiday season.
    Everyone must choose one preference or the other.
    Indicate which side of the room equals which
    choice.

10
Icebreakers
  • FESTIVE FORWARDS AND BACKWARDS
  • Everyone sits in a circle (on the floor or on
    chairs). Ask a series of questions e.g.
  • If youre wearing red, move one place to the
    right
  • If youve sent out all your Christmas cards, move
    3 places left
  • If you havent finished your Christmas shopping,
    move 2 places left
  • (make up some more festive questions of your own)
  • If the place you want to move to is occupied, sit
    on that persons lap see how high you can stack
    before falling over. The first person to make it
    all the way round the circle wins.
  • FESTIVE HOAX
  • Give everyone a piece of paper and ask them to
    write the answers to the following questions
  • What is the most unusual gift youve ever
    received?
  • Whats your favourite holiday food?
  • What is your favourite tradition?
  • Whats the best or worst thing thats ever
    happened to you during the holidays?
  • Tell the group 3 answers must be true and one
    must be a hoax then read out your answers and
    guess which are true and which is made up.
  • FESTIVE BINGO
  • Using the bingo card, find someone to fit each of
    the categories first one to complete them all
    wins.

11
Icebreakers
12
Discussion Points
  • Discuss what Christmas is about giving or
    receiving? Buying gifts for people close to you
    or giving money to charity? Emphasize the fact
    that charity and gift giving are common to all
    the winter holidays like Diwali, Eid, Hanukkah
    and Kwanzaa
  • Think about the similarities and differences
    between Christmas and the other holidays
    celebrated at the same time why is it important
    to be accepting and respectful of different
    holidays?
  • Discuss young peoples family traditions pick
    up the similarities and differences even between
    young people celebrating the same holiday
  • What do you think are the real values behind the
    Christmas? And do you think that other holidays
    celebrated at this time share those values?
  • Should Christmas and the other winter festivals
    be replaced with one holiday that has elements of
    all the celebrations?
  • What do you do to help with the stress of the
    holiday season? Or do you love it and wish it
    could happen everyday?
  • How much money do you usually spend on gifts each
    year? Do you think its all too commercialised or
    do you and your family and friends set a budget
    or give money to charity?
  • What do you love most about the festive season?
    Is it a family tradition? Presents? Friends and
    parties? Or something more personal or spiritual?
  • What is your favourite memory of this time of
    year?
  • This festive season will be more difficult for a
    lot of families because of the economic
    situation. What good tips and hints do you have
    for surviving a credit crunched festive season?

13
Festive Quiz
  • CHRISTMAS SHOPPING
  • A Ninky Nonk costs 9.99 in the Argos catalogue
    but one was sold on ebay for 411. What is a
    Ninky Nonk?
  • The Lazy Town airship b) A new Nintendo game
    c) the train in In the Night Garden d)
    a Transformer model
  • W. Dobson did what for the first time in 1884?
  • Wrapped a Christmas present b) sent a
    Christmas card c) sang a Christmas carol
    d) baked a Christmas cake?
  • CHRISTMAS EVE
  • The journalist Eve Pollard has a well known
    presenter for a daughter. Is she
  • Fearne Cotton b) Alexa Chung c) Claudia
    Winkleman d) Fern Britton
  • Trevor Eve is a famous actor but what part did
    he become famous for playing?
  • Eddie Shoestring b) Eddie Tiepin c) Eddie
    Shoelace d) Eddie Bootlace
  • CHRISTMAS CAROLS
  • Which Carol was voted Queen of the Jungle on Im
    a Celebrity...?
  • Carol Vorderman b) Carol Smilie c) Carol
    Thatcher d) Carol Ann Duffy
  • And which Carol became famous for her brains and
    beauty on Countdown?
  • Carol Thatcher b) Lewis Carroll c) Carol
    Singer d) Carol Vorderman
  • CHRISTMAS DAY
  • Who invented the Christmas Cracker?
  • John Smith b) Dan Smith c) Tim Smith
    d) Tom Smith
  • Who popularised the Christmas Tree in Britain in
    Victorian times?

14
Festive Quiz
  • TURKEY ALL THE TRIMMINGS
  • Each year the President of the USA does what at
    Christmas?
  • Eats hot dogs for Christmas dinner b) pardons
    a turkey c) has a barbecue at the White House
    d) sleeps all day
  • What is it illegal to eat in Britain on Christmas
    Day?
  • Turkey b) Brussels sprouts c) mince pies
    d) chocolates
  • BOXING DAY
  • Which country traditionally holds a cricket test
    match on Boxing Day?
  • Australia b) India c) Pakistan d)
    England
  • What nationality was the 7ft 2inch boxer that
    David Haye beat to become world champion?
  • French b) Russian c) Chinese d) Greek
  • HOLLY IVY
  • Hollyoaks is set in a fictional suburb of which
    British city?
  • Chester b) Manchester c) Leeds d)
    Brighton
  • In which soap opera was Ivy Tilsley a character?
  • Eastenders b) Coronation Street c)
    Hollyoaks d) Neighbours
  • HAPPY NEW YEAR
  • Which one of these films doesnt feature a happy
    ending on New Years Eve?
  • Bridget Jones Diary b) Sleepless in Seattle
    c) When Harry Met Sally d) The Apartment
  • New Years Day was a hit for which band in
    1983?

15
Festive Quiz Answers
  • A Ninky Nonk is the train in In the Night
    Garden
  • W. Dobson invented the Christmas Card
  • Eve Pollards daughter is It Takes Two
    presenter Claudia Winkleman
  • Trevor Eve played Eddie Shoestring
  • Carol Thatcher became Queen of the Jungle
  • Carol Vorderman was the brains and the beauty on
    Countdown
  • Tom Smith invented the Christmas Cracker (and the
    company he formed still makes them)
  • Prince Albert, Queen Victorias husband,
    popularised the Christmas Tree (a custom in his
    native Germany)
  • Every Christmas the President of the USA pardons
    a turkey
  • Oliver Cromwell made it illegal to eat mince pies
    in the 17th century and this law has never been
    repealed
  • Australia holds a test match at the Melbourne
    Cricket Ground that starts on Boxing Day
  • David Haye beat the Russian giant Nikolai Valuev
  • Hollyoaks is set in Chester
  • Ivy Tilsley was a character in Coronation Street
  • Sleepless in Seattle features a happy ending on
    Christmas Eve
  • New Years Day was one of the first big hits
    for U2

16
Festive Session Ideas
  • Cut out (holly) leaf shapes and encourage each
    young person to write their hopes and wishes for
    the new year on one. Then attach to a twig or a
    drawing of a tree as part of your Christmas
    decorations.
  • Cut out several large circles of card and divide
    each one into a series of pie pieces. Each young
    person decorates a wedge of the circle and writes
    their Christmas wish on it. Laminate and hang
    from the ceiling as part of your decorations.
  • Learn to write/say your Christmas New Year
    greetings in a variety of different languages -
    http//www.sysmod.com/xmas.htmGreetings has a
    fairly exhaustive list and write these up on
    decorated flip chart to display around your
    centre
  • Have a festive karaoke competition and sing along
    to your favourite festive songs
  • Stage a bring buy sale encourage everyone to
    get rid of at least one old present to make way
    for new ones. Send the proceeds to a local
    charity.
  • See if young people have any unwanted childhood
    toys that you can donate to a local hospital
    childrens ward or a toy library check first
    about donations
  • Bake some of the recipes from this pack and have
    a festive bake sale to raise money for
    charity/your project
  • Have a festive games night make and play the
    Dreidel game, make and play Oware, play online
    Mahjongg and try your hand at Antakshari (first
    player sings 2 lines of a song, then the next
    player must start a new song beginning with the
    last letter/word that was sung) - just to make
    things extra festive come in fancy dress (your
    Chinese zodiac symbol, Father Christmas etc etc.)
  • Complete the chart below what similarities do
    these holidays share and what differences have
    you noticed between them

17
Winter Holidays
18
Christmas
  • The word Christmas (or Christ's Mass) comes from
    the Old English name Cristes Maesse - Christ's
    Mass - and is the celebration of the birth of
    Jesus. The first recorded observance occurred in
    Rome in AD360, but it wasn't until AD440 that the
    Christian Church fixed a celebration date of 25
    December. In Dutch it is Kerstmis, in Latin Dies
    Natalis, the origin of the French Noël, and
    Italian Il natale in German Weihnachtsfest, from
    a sacred vigil. The term Yule is of disputed
    origin. It is unconnected with any word meaning
    "wheel". The name in Anglo-Saxon was geol, feast
    geola, the name of a month. For an extensive
    list of Christmas customs around the world visit
    http//www.santas.net/aroundtheworld.htm
  • Father Christmas is based on a real person, St.
    Nicholas, which explains his other name 'Santa
    Claus' which comes from the Dutch 'Sinterklaas'.
    Nicholas was a Christian leader from Myra (in
    modern-day Turkey) in the 4th century AD. He was
    very shy, and wanted to give money to poor people
    without them knowing about it. It is said that
    one day, he climbed the roof of a house and
    dropped a purse of money down the chimney. It
    landed in a pair of shoes or stockings left by
    the fire to dry. This may explain the belief that
    Father Christmas comes down the chimney and
    places gifts in children's stockings or shoes
    in Holland, for example, children put out their
    shoes to receive gifts on December 5th, the day
    before the the feast of St Nicholas.
  • In English-speaking countries, the day following
    Christmas Day is called 'Boxing Day'. This word
    comes from the custom which started in the Middle
    Ages around 800 years ago churches would open
    their 'alms boxe' (boxes in which people had
    placed gifts of money) and distribute the
    contents to poor people in the neighbourhood on
    the day after Christmas. The tradition continues
    today - small gifts are often given to delivery
    workers such as postal staff and children who
    deliver newspapers.
  • Christmas in the UK has become a time for gifts,
    parties, fun and family and is part of a
    tradition of winter festivals stretching back
    hundreds of years. For more information on all
    the aspects of Christmas traditions, celebrations
    and the Christmas story visit http//www.holidays.
    net/christmas/ and http//www.whychristmas.com/

19
Christmas Fun Facts Quiz
  • True or False?
  • The North American Aerospace Defence Command
    tracks Santas progress on their radars every
    Christmas Eve
  • China is the leading manufacturer of fake
    Christmas trees
  • On Band Aids Do They Know its Christmas...
    the first line was sung by David Bowie
  • Reindeers lose their antlers every year
  • Oliver Cromwell sent in the army to search for
    people eating illegal Christmas dinners
  • Rocking Around the Christmas Tree and Rudolph
    the Red Nosed Reindeer were written by Lennon
    McCartney
  • The Met Office employ someone specially to check
    the roof of their building for snow on Christmas
    Day
  • 50 Cents was once hospitalised when a Christmas
    pudding he was eating exploded
  • In a test, Manchester Airports security machines
    couldnt tell the difference between Christmas
    pudding and Semtex (an explosive)
  • The custom of decorating the Christmas tree
    originated in Turkey
  • Mistletoe is sometimes known as the Vampire
    Plant
  • Holly trees can be male and female
  • The song White Christmas was made popular by
    Frank Sinatra
  • Christmas crackers were originally known as Bon
    Bons
  • Abbreviating Christmas as Xmas is illegal in
    Italy
  • Christmas Carols are named after a girl called
    Carol who was the first person to sing them
  • Its traditional to exchange kisses under a sprig
    of ivy
  • Santa Claus has his own postcode

20
Christmas Fun Facts Answers
  • True and theyve been doing it for 40 years!
    Follow Santa at http//www.noradsanta.org/
  • True they manufacture about 80 of all fake
    Christmas trees
  • False, it was Paul Young
  • True male reindeers lose their antlers in
    December, females in the New Year
  • True
  • False but they were written by the same man,
    Johnny Marks
  • False a team of people to check the roof of
    the building for snow, which is the official
    proof of a white Christmas
  • False
  • True
  • False, it originated in Germany
  • True, due to the fact that it draws nourishment
    from its host plant
  • True
  • False, it was Bing Crosby
  • True bon bons were a type of sweet in a paper
    wrapper twisted at each end
  • False
  • False carol comes from the French caroller
    which means to dance round in a circle
  • False you exchange kisses under the mistletoe
  • True you can write to him at
  • Santa/Father Christmas, Santas Grotto,
    Reindeerland, SAN TA1

21
Christmas Decorations
  • Making your own decorations is fun, saves money
    and can be eco friendly. One of the easiest
    things to make are salt dough decorations
  • SALT DOUGH
  • 2 cups plain flour
  • 1 cup salt
  • 1 cup water
  • Mix the dry ingredients then slowly add the water
    until you have a firm dough. Knead for 5 - 10
    minutes. Bake decorations at 165C or Gas Mark 3
    depending on the thickness. These can take up to
    90 minutes. If you make sure they dry out
    completely, they last indefinitely when painted
    and varnished. Print out the shapes below to use
    as templates or design your own why not try
    footballs, your pet or use biscuit cutters

22
Christmas Decorations - Snowflakes
  • PAPER SNOWFLAKES
  • These are really easy to make and, like the real
    thing, no 2 are ever the same. You can decorate
    them with glitter to hang from the ceiling or on
    a tree or you could stick them to a folded card
    to make an easy and effective Christmas card.
  • Fold a piece of paper in half
  • Now divide into 3 triangles each with a 60 angle
    like this (you might find it easier to use a
    protractor)
  • 3. Fold along each dotted line
  • 4. Cut a curve along the bottom so your snowflake
    is circular like this
  • 5. Now start cutting patterns into your paper
    be as adventurous as you like!
  • 6. Carefully open up and see what youve got!

23
Chocolate Fudge Snowballs
  • INGREDIENTS
  • 300 grams of DARK CHOCOLATE (this will need to be
    at least 70 cocoa solids or the recipe wont
    work)
  • 400 gram tin of CONDENSED MILK
  • ICING SUGAR, DESSICATED COCONUT, FINELY CHOPPED
    NUTS, WHITE CHOCOLATE SPRINKLES see recipe
  • Break the chocolate into pieces and put in a
    microwaveable bowl
  • Heat on full power for 1 minute and stir.
  • Melt for an extra 30 seconds and stir.
  • If the chocolate still hasnt melted, heat for an
    extra 20 seconds be careful not to overcook
  • Stir until the chocolate is smooth then stir in
    the condensed milk the mixture will start to
    thicken
  • Pour into a foil tray and leave to set at least
    for a few hours but preferably overnight
  • Cut the fudge into pieces
  • Roll the pieces in your hands quickly to make
    ball shapes
  • Now you can roll them in icing sugar, desiccated
    coconut, finely chopped nuts or white chocolate
    sprinkles to make them look like snowballs.
  • Stack your snowballs on a plate and decorate with
    holly, or pack in a nice gift box with a label to
    give as a present.

24
Other Resources Session Ideas
  • Santas Postbag has some great things to make and
    do for Christmas as does the allfreecrafts site,
    which caters for a range of abilities
  • If you decorate a tree at your centre there are
    some great decoration makes here otherwise why
    not decorate an online tree? Find some great
    ideas for eco friendly decorations here
  • An easy and fun way to make a snow globe from any
    waterproof figure and a jam jar!
  • Martha Stewart has some great ideas for Christmas
    crafts involving gifts to make like bath bombs
    and soaps you could spend a session making
    gifts either for family and friends or to sell at
    a Christmas fundraiser. Or bake some of her
    amazing Christmas cookies as tree ornaments,
    gifts or to sell.
  • Spend a session making Christmas cards there
    are plenty of ideas to choose from or why not use
    this online Christmas card designer? You choose
    templates, add a greeting then download and print
  • Download these tips for surviving Christmas do
    the group agree with them? Which ones do they
    agree and disagree with? Would they add more of
    their own? Put together a short survival guide
    for Christmas and the New Year.
  • TES have a range of lesson plans with
    transferable activities (free registration
    required) as does Teachers Corner which is free
    to use and includes printable activity sheets
    (this is an American site so some spellings may
    be different).
  • Use Discovery Puzzle Maker to develop some fun
    Christmas puzzles or encourage young people to
    make their own and print out and test each other.
  • Trivia Park has an online Christmas quiz with a
    range of levels, whilst this Christmas quiz gives
    you the option to ask the web. Other good
    quizzes can be found at CBBC and here (this quiz
    is huge and there are also some Christmas riddles
    that you could be used in Christmas crackers).
    You could also use the Millionaire quiz
    template from the November bullying pack to
    develop a Millionaire style Christmas/festive
    quiz.
  • Make Christmas crackers ask everyone to save a
    toilet roll holder and follow the clear, step by
    step picture instructions at Moockychick (please
    note, its probably best not to use cracker
    snaps)
  • Play Christmas games like the celebrity game
    write the name of a celebrity on a small piece of
    paper and stick on each players back. They must
    then ask questions and guess who they are. Or
    have a game of charades. For more ideas check out
    the Christmas World website or try some online
    Christmas games here

25
Chinese New Year
  • Chinese New Year starts with the New Moon on the
    first day of the new year and ends on the full
    moon 15 days later. The 15th day of the new year
    is called the Lantern Festival, which is
    celebrated at night with lantern displays and
    children carrying lanterns in a parade. New
    Year's Eve and New Year's Day are celebrated as a
    family affair, a time of reunion and
    thanksgiving.
  • Windows and doors will be decorated with red
    colour paper-cuts and couplets with popular
    themes of happiness, wealth, and longevity.
    On the Eve of Chinese New Year, supper is a feast
    with families. Food will range from pigs, to
    ducks, to chicken and sweet delicacies. The
    family will end the night with firecrackers.
    Early the next morning, children will greet their
    parents by wishing them a healthy and happy new
    year, and receive money in red paper envelopes.
    The Chinese New Year tradition is a great way to
    reconcile forgetting all grudges, and sincerely
    wish peace and happiness for everyone.
  • Shooting off firecrackers on New Year's Eve is
    the Chinese way of sending out the old year and
    welcoming in the New Year. On the stroke of
    midnight on New Year's Eve, every door in the
    house, and even windows, have to be open to allow
    the old year to go out. The house must be cleaned
    and all debts settled before New Year. Other
    superstitions include not using scissors or
    knives on New Years Day as this may cut off
    fortune and its considered unlucky to greet
    anyone from the bedroom. Though most Chinese
    people no longer believe these superstitions they
    are still practiced as part of the traditions and
    customs of New Year.
  • One of the most famous sights of Chinese New Year
    is the dragon dance. Dragon and lion dances are
    common during Chinese New Year. It is believed
    that the loud beats of the drum and the deafening
    sounds of the cymbals together with the face of
    the dragon or lion dancing aggressively can evict
    bad or evil spirits. To wish someone happy New
    Year in Chinese try saying Gung Hay Fat Choy!
    (may prosperity be with you, Cantonese) or Xin
    Nian Kuai Le! (Happy New Year in Mandarin).
  • For more information on Chinese New Year and the
    lunar calendar visit http//www.chinapage.com/newy
    ear.html
  • For some fun Chinese New Year activities try
    http//crafts.kaboose.com/holidays/chinese_new_yea
    r.html

26
Chinese Zodiac Quiz
To find your own sign, visit http//chinese.astrol
ogy.com/sign.aspx
27
Chinese Zodiac Quiz Answers
  • RAT NOTORIOUS BIG
  • OX BARRACK OBAMA
  • TIGER DAVID ATTENBOROUGH
  • RABBIT RIGER WOODS
  • DRAGON SHAKIRA
  • SNAKE BRAD PITT
  • HORSE EMMA WATSON
  • SHEEP PAMELA ANDERSON
  • MONKEY LEONARDO DA VINCI
  • ROOSTER BEYONCE
  • DOG MADONNA
  • PIG STELLA McCARTNEY

28
Chinese New Year Crafts
  • PAPER LANTERN
  • Fold a rectangle of paper in half to
    make a long, thin rectangle
  • Make evenly spaced cuts along the fold
  • Unfold and glue or tape end together to
    make a shape as shown.
  • Attach a piece of paper for a handle as
    shown.
  • Red is the traditional colour for
    Chinese New Year but try making a series
    of lanterns in different colours
    and patterns?
  • CHINESE DRAGON
  • Fold a rectangle of paper in half and then
    cut in half along the fold
  • Fold each piece like a fan and then glue or
    tape together to make a long, thin body
  • Cut out a head and tail from cardboard and
    decorate with patterns, glitter, googly eyes etc.
    Then glue or tape to the body
  • Finally add a couple of sticks to your dragon and
    make him dance!

29
Easy Moon Cakes Recipe
  • Moon Cakes are eaten at the Moon Festival (which
    falls in September) and for New Year because the
    festival is based on a lunar calendar. Moon
    cakes can contain a variety of fillings like
    sweet red bean paste, hard boiled eggs and lotus
    paste but these are filled with jam easier to
    get and just as delicious. Try and use red jam as
    the Chinese believe the colour red brings good
    luck and prosperity.
  • INGREDIENTS
  • ¼ cup of CASTOR SUGAR
  • 2 EGG YOLKS
  • ½ cup of BUTTER
  • 1 cup of PLAIN FLOUR
  • STRAWBERRY or RASPBERRY JAM
  • Preheat the oven to 190C or Gas Mark 5
  • Mix together the softened butter, sugar and
    1 egg yolk
  • Stir in the flour
  • Mix the dough into a ball and chill for 30
    minutes
  • Form small balls of the mixture
  • Make a hole in the centre with your thumb
  • Fill hole with jam
  • Place on baking sheet and brush cakes with
    beaten egg
  • Bake for about 20 minutes until lightly
    brown
  • Cool then eat and enjoy!

30
More Resources Session Ideas
  • Find out more about the fascinating Chinese
    Zodiac and find out which celebrities were born
    under your sign!
  • Some great Chinese New Year crafts dont miss
    the tangram puzzle!
  • Try some authentic Chinese New Year recipes from
    Malaysia and find out more about food symbolism
    at New Year
  • Year of the Ox crafts (suitable for younger
    children)
  • Some great Chinese New Year resources from
    Apples4theteacher.com (American site)
  • Teachers Corner is another American site with
    excellent resources, particularly puzzles
  • General information on Chinese New Year from
    Wikipedia
  • Why not organise a Chinese New Years party with
    dragons, lanterns and mooncakes?
  • Design Chinese New Year good luck posters
    featuring the greeting in Chinese lettering and
    images of the Tiger?
  • Follow the Chinese New Year cyberhunt
  • Have a chopsticks race see who can pass an
    object between team members fastest using only
    chopsticks!
  • See whos the chopstick champion by trying to
    pick up a variety of things rice, peas,
    spaghetti with chopsticks

31
Diwali
  • Twenty days after Dusshera comes Diwali, the
    Festival of Lights. It is celebrated by both
    Hindus and Sikhs during the month of October or
    November at the end of the rainy season, and
    around harvest time.  Diwali (also spelt and
    pronounced Divali) comes from the word
    'Deepavali' meaning "cluster of lights". Small
    earthenware lamps called 'diwas' are lit in every
    home.  The lighting of lamps is said to invoke
    Lakshmi Pooja, the Goddess of fortune and wealth.
    People believe that Lakshmi brings prosperity
    which is denied to those who leave their home
    unlit on the day. They are also lit to signify
    the triumph of good over evil in each individual.
  • In preparation for Diwali, house and shops are
    scrubbed clean and doorsteps are decorated with
    multi-coloured designs called 'Rangoli'. Houses
    are painted inside and outside. New pots and pans
    are bought. Even the animals are washed, groomed
    and decorated. People wear their best clothes or
    buy new ones. Very often gifts are exchanged
    between families and friends. Elaborate foods are
    prepared, and the food most typical of Diwali is
    a variety of sweetmeats beautifully decorated
    with nuts, spices and silver paper. The silver
    paper used is edible. The lighting of fireworks
    is another essential feature of the Diwali
    festivities. 
  • Rangoli designs are traditionally made out of
    coloured sand or rice powder. They are placed
    outside the door of the house and are meant as a
    welcome sign to visitors.  A frequent design, the
    lotus flower, can be found drawn in many forms
    and usually signifies richer understanding and
    prosperity.
  • While the story behind Diwali varies from region
    to region, the essence is the same - to rejoice
    in the inner light (Atman) or the underlying
    reality of all things (Brahman).
  • For more information visit http//www.diwali.nl/
    and http//festivals.iloveindia.com/diwali/

32
Diwali Wordsearch
HinduSikhLakshmiRangoliprosperitysweetslight
sfireworkslotus flowerAtman BrahmanDiwali
33
Diwali Crafts
  • RANGOLI DESIGNS
  • A rangoli is a colourful design made on the floor
    near the entrance to a house to welcome guests.
    They are traditionally made with coloured sand or
    rice.
  • Copy one of the designs below or find more at
    http//www.diwalifestival.org/rangoli-patterns-des
    ign.html then colour and display.
  • 2 DIWALI DIYAS
  • CLAY DIYA
  • Take a piece of air hardening modelling clay.
  • Roll into a ball and then flatten out.
  • Mould over the bottom of a cup.
  • Decorate with beads, sequins etc and leave to
    harden.
  • Place tealight in the centre and display.
  • GLASS LANTERN DIYA
  • You will need
  • A small glass jar
  • Craft wire
  • Beads or glass paints
  • Use the wire to make a handle around the neck of
    the jar.
  • Now either paint the jar with glass paints or
    thread beads on wire and wrap around the jar. Add
    a tealight and display.

34
Diwali Sweets
  • Diwali is synonymous with 'mithai' or sweets. The
    Gods are offered different types of Mithai which
    are then distributed among family members and
    friends. Traditional sweets are made of cashews,
    ghee, daal and mango. Heres an easy, no cook
    recipe for some coconut sweets
  • INGREDIENTS
  • 340g DESICCATED COCONUT 340g ICING SUGAR 400g
    tin of CONDENSED MILK FOOD COLOURING
  • Mix the condensed milk together with the
    icing sugar
  • Mix in the desiccated coconut
  • The mixture will get very stiff but keep
    mixing
  • Divide mixture and add different food
    colourings, if you like
  • Either press into a tin and cut out
    different shapes or roll into balls and put in
    paper cases

35
Other Resources Session Ideas
  • Fantastic resources at this Diwali site
  • A nice collection of Rangoli pattern templates
    try marking them out in coloured rice or sand, or
    draw them in chalk outside your centre to welcome
    guests
  • Send a Diwali card with a fun game attached
  • Nice selection of Diwali craft especially
    suitable for younger children or try this site
    for recipes, crafts and more. For card and diya
    ideas try Artists Helping Children
  • Try these delicious Diwali recipes and enjoy the
    BBC guide to Diwali food
  • BBC links to Diwali resources lesson plans and
    BBC newsround lesson plan
  • Great PowerPoint presentations on all aspects of
    Diwali
  • Some Hindus try to scare away Alaksmi, the
    goddess of bad luck, by making loud noises see
    if you can come up with some suitably scary
    sounds
  • The goddess Lakshmi loves flowers why not draw
    and make fake flowers to decorate the centre? Or
    try designing colourful Lakshmi footprints, a
    tradition for Diwali (draw round your foot and
    decorate then display)
  • Make a Diwali doorway entrance to welcome
    everyone to your centre during Diwali
  • Crackers are a great part of the Diwali
    celebrations why not try the cracker making
    activity from the Christmas resource ideas?

36
Eid
  • Eid-Ul-Fitr is the holiday that follows the month
    of Ramadhan and falls on the 1st day of Shawwal,
    the 10th month in the Hijra calendar. The
    festival of Eid goes all the way back to Abraham
    ( or Ibrahim) and the sacrificial slaughter of
    the sheep. Today it's a time to think of those
    who are not so well off, to remember the dead,
    and to spend quality time with family and
    friends. Eid is traditionally a time for Muslims
    to reflect on the spreading of peace and justice
    throughout the world.
  • Fasting is forbidden on this day, as it marks the
    end of the month long fast of Ramadhan. People
    are encouraged to rise early and eat some dates
    or a light, sweet snack. As this is a special
    day, Muslims are encouraged to dress in their
    best clothes, new if possible. Children are
    normally given gifts. Women (particularly
    mothers, wives, sisters and daughters) are
    normally given special gifts by their loved ones.
    The day always starts with special Eid prayers at
    the main mosque (also attended by the women in
    some countries), followed later in the day by a
    large celebratory lunch at the house of the
    senior member of the family. This is a day for
    family rather than for public celebration. On Eid
    el-Fitr itself, the family lunch will consist of
    biryani (a mixed rice dish of meat and spices),
    sago dishes, stuffed, sweet pastries (sambouseh),
    and other sweetmeats.
  • Muslims also pay Zakat al Fitr, a donation to the
    poor this can take the form of money or food
    (sometimes a lamb is slaughtered). This helps to
    spread wealth and develops a real sense of
    community and brotherhood between Muslims,
    whatever their background.
  • The traditional greeting is Eid Mubarak which
    translates as Happy Eid. The traditional Eid
    prayer is
  • Allaho-Akber, Allaho-Akber. La ila-ha
    ill-lal-lah. Allaho-Akber, Allaho-Akber.
    Wa-lilahill hamd. (Allah is great, Allah is
    great. There is no god but Allah. Allah is great,
    Allah is great. And all praises are for Allah).
  • To find out more about Eid visit
    http//www.theholidayspot.com/eid_ul_fitr
  • and http//www.theeid.com/eid-celebration/index.ht
    ml

37
Eid Wordsearch
Ramadhan Family Blessings Prayers         Celebrat
ionFasting              Eid              Mosque  
            Hajj             Presents
38
Eid Craft Activities
  • DECORATE A DONATION BOX
  • Charity is a big part of the festival of Eid, as
    is the idea of thanksgiving. Why not encourage
    everyone to give to those less well off by
    decorating a donations box place it in your
    centre for a month and at the end of that time
    donate the contents to a local charity or old
    peoples home.
  • YOU WILL NEED
  • A cardboard box
  • Wrapping paper
  • Plain paper
  • Glue
  • Scissors
  • Cover the box with wrapping paper, then decorate
    with appropriate cut outs these might include
    crescent moon, stars and flowers (all traditional
    decorations for Eid).
  • Why not make a series of boxes for food,
    clothing, toys etc? and stack and display them in
    your centre?
  • MEHNDI
  • Mehndi is the art of decorating hands with henna
    to produce complex and beautiful designs for
    special occasions like Eid. In the West this is
    sometimes referred to as a henna tattoo.
  • As part of your Eid celebrations, why not try
    creating some mendhi designs draw round your
    hand on a piece of blank paper and then let your
    imagination run riot. For the most realistic
    effect use flesh coloured paper and brown felt
    tips then cut out and use as a decoration. For
    some great ideas try http//the-treasure-box.co.uk
    /Documents/_TTB_Mendhi.pdf
  • EID CARDS
  • You could also design an Eid greetings card with
    the traditional greeting Eid Mubarak and
    decorations of crescent moon and stars. Why not
    try writing the greeting in Arabic
  • ??? ?????

39
Klaicha
  • The eating of dates is very significant during
    Ramadhan and Eid as this is believed to be the
    way the prophet Mohammed broke his fast. These
    delicious date pastries are good at any time of
    day!
  • INGREDIENTS
  • 500g PLAIN FLOUR80g CASTER SUGAR250g UNSALTED
    BUTTER, cubed3 tsp ROSEWATER60ml WATER250g
    STONED DATES2 tbsp BUTTER
  • 1. Preheat the oven to 180C/Gas 4.2. Make the
    pastry by rubbing the butter into the flour and
    sugar.3. Sprinkle over the rose water, add the
    water and mix to make a firm dough.4. Wrap the
    dough in clingfilm and leave to chill in the
    fridge while you prepare the dates.5. Chop the
    stoned dates and sauté them in butter.6. When
    the dates are cool, take some of the pastry dough
    and make a round ball the size of a large walnut.
    Flatten in the hands, add some cooled dates and
    fold over into a small crescent.7. Prick the
    edges with a fork.8. Bake in the oven for 30-35
    minutes until golden brown.To make this recipe
    easier, you could buy sweetened shortcrust pastry
    and sprinkle the dates with rosewater either
    way these pastries will be delicious!

40
More Resources Session Ideas
  • Comprehensive list of Eid resources including
    activities and puzzles
  • Eid recipes food customs from the BBC
  • Send an Eid e-card
  • History, cards, prayers, traditions and more at
    this comprehensive Eid site
  • BBC lesson plans and links to other ideas and a
    Ramadhan lesson plan from BBC newsround
  • The Eid Magazine has stories and information
    about celebrating Eid in London
  • Three excellent craft activities from the
    Treasure Box
  • Why not cook up a storm? Eid celebrates the end
    of the fast so why not cook up some delicious Eid
    recipes? Try the BBC site above for ideas?
  • Greeting cards are very popular for Eid try the
    templates and ideas here or why not make a card
    online to print out later? Theres a range of
    online cards here but design input is limited
    until theyre printed out.
  • See if you can find someone in the area to come
    and do a Mehdi evening with a girls group
  • To celebrate Eid why not clean your centre from
    top to bottom?

41
Hanukkah
  • Hanukkah is an eight day holiday starting on the
    25th night of the Jewish month of Kislev.
    Hanukkah (The Hebrew word means 'Dedication') is
    also known as the Festival of Lights. The holiday
    goes back almost 2,400 years. Hanukkah celebrates
    one of the greatest miracles in Jewish history,
    the miracle of the oil. After the destruction of
    the temple in Jerusalem, only one small bottle of
    oil was found to light the Menorah (a six-stemmed
    candelabrum) yet, miraculously, it stayed alight
    for 8 days. Jewish people commemorate this by
    lighting the Hanukiah (an eight-stemmed
    candelabrum) each day of the celebration. Though
    candles are more common nowadays, traditionally
    the Menorah should be filled with olive oil.
  • Like Christmas, Hanukkah is a special time for
    children. Gifts and Hanukkah money (gelt) are
    exchanged. Children are given money with the
    expectation they will give some to charity. Some
    families give a small present on each of the
    eight nights of Hanukkah.
  • Children and adults play with a spinning top
    called a dreidel. This cube-shaped dice has a
    Hebrew letter on each side. To begin the game,
    each player has 10-20 objects, often raisins or
    sweets. Each person puts one object in the
    middle. Then each person takes a turn at spinning
    the dreidel. The letter that the dreidel shows
    when it has finished spinning determines whether
    they win or lose the stake.
  • Hanukkah is also a great time for eating
    delicious foods. Some dishes have special
    significance, such as latkes (a kind of potato
    fritter), pancakes and doughnuts. This is because
    they are fried in oil and so Jewish people
    remember the miracle of the oil lasting eight
    days in the temple. Dairy foods are also eaten at
    Hanukkah, in commemoration of the bravery of
    Yehudit who fed cheese to Holofernes and won the
    Maccabees a great and unexpected victory.
  • To read Yehudits story and to discover more
    about the Hanukkah holiday, visit
    http//www.chabad.org/holidays/chanukah/default_cd
    o/jewish/Hanukkah.htm

42
Hanukkah Quiz
For each question you get right, draw a candle in
the Menorah now see if you can light them by
answering the bonus questions and drawing a flame
on each one! Write the answers in the spaces
provided then complete your Menorah.
43
Hanukkah Quiz
  • QUESTIONS TO BE READ BY SESSION LEADER
  • All these famous people are of Jewish descent
    can you name them?
  • Hes a teen idol who is most famous for appearing
    in High School Musical BONUS Can you name the
    character he played in HSM? ANSWERS ZAC EFRON,
    TROY BOLTON
  • He is most famous for his Theory of Relativity
    can you name him? BONUS What is the Theory of
    Relativity? ANSWERS ALBERT EINSTEIN, EMC2
  • This famous footballer has played for teams in
    the UK, Spain and the USA. Name him. BONUS Whats
    the name of his current team? ANSWERS DAVID
    BECKHAM, AC MILAN (Becks has a Jewish
    grandfather)
  • This American magician is famous for his stunts
    like fasting for 44 days in a glass box can you
    name him? BONUS Where was the glass box suspended
    a) over the river Seine b) over the Hudson
    river c) Over the river Thames ANSWERS DAVID
    BLAINE, C) RIVER THAMES (Blaine has a Jewish
    mother)
  • A famous reggae star, his hits include Get
    Busy, Gimme the Light and Baby Boy. Whats
    his name? BONUS Whats the name of his mega
    selling first album? ANSWERS SEAN PAUL, DUTTY
    ROCK (Paul has a Jewish father, though he was
    raised as a Catholic)
  • Hes one half of one of the most popular comedy
    duos in the UK and also appears on Shooting
    Stars. Can you name him? BONUS Whats the
    catchphrase of the character Vicky Pollard?
    ANSWERS MATT LUCAS, YEAH BUT NO BUT
  • She plays the most famous of the Sex and the
    City girls and has her own perfumes. Name her.
    BONUS Whats the name of her character in SATC?
    ANSWERS SARAH JESSICA PARKER, CARRIE BRADSHAW
  • This wartime leader, famous for his fat cigars,
    had a Jewish mother can you name him? BONUS
    with what breed of dog is he associated? ANSWERS
    WINSTON CHURCHILL, BRITISH BULLDOG

44
Hanukkah Crafts
  • MAKE A MENORAH
  • GLASS JAR MENORAH
  • Find 8 glass jars of the same size (baby food
    jars are ideal!) and one slightly larger jar.
    Wash the jars well and dry, then decorate with
    beads, sequins, stick on gems, glass paints etc.
  • Fill each jar with small beads or coloured sand,
    or place a blob of modelling clay in the bottom
    and add your candles the slightly larger jar
    will hold the shamash - the candle used to light
    all the others.
  • You could substitute pretty glasses for the glass
    jars.
  • POTATO MENORAH
  • Find 2 potatoes of roughly the same size, each
    big enough to hold 4 candles.
  • Decorate with decoupage, glitter, beads, sequins
    etc.
  • Scoop out holes in each potato the same size as
    your candle.
  • For more simple Menorah ideas visit
    http//jewishappleseed.org/apple/potatomenorah.htm
  • MAKE AND PLAY DREIDL
  • You will need small drink cartons, glue, paint,
    pencil
  • First, paint your empty carton with a mixture of
    PVA glue and paint and leave to dry. You can now
    decorate each of the 4 sides with the following
    symbols (one on each side)
  • SHIN put in HEY win half
    GIMEL win all NUN Nothing
  • Now poke the pencil through the middle of the
    dreidel and spin!
  • TO PLAY
  • You can play with tokens (about 10 each use
    buttons, game counters or even chocolate coins)
    or play for points. Everyone puts in 2 counters
    to start.
  • NUN miss a turn, 0 points
  • GIMEL take everything, 20 points
  • HEY take half (plus 1 if theres an odd
    number), 5 points
  • SHIN put 2 in, -2 points
  • The four letters which appear on the four corners
    of a dreidel allude to the miracle of Hanukkah.
    They spell out Nes (N-miracle), Gadol (G-great),
    Haya (H-happened) and Sham (S-there, meaning in
    Israel)
  • A Great Miracle Happened Here

45
Potato Latkes
  • Because Hanukkah celebrates the miracle of the
    oil, it is celebrated with a lot of fried food
    like these potato pancakes or Sufganyot
    (doughnuts). These are traditionally served with
    apple sauce and sour cream and are delicious!
  • INGREDIENTS
  • 4 large RED POTATOES, peeled grated on large
    holes of grater
  • 1 small WHITE ONION, finely grated
  • 2 large EGGS, lightly beaten
  • 1/4 cup WATER
  • 3 tablespoons PLAIN FLOUR
  • 1 tablespoon SALT
  • Freshly ground PEPPER
  • VEGETABLE OIL, for frying
  • APPLE SAUCE, for serving (optional)
  • SOUR CREAM, for serving (optional)
  • Squeeze the liquid out of grated potatoes into a
    bowl and allow liquid to settle for 10 minutes
  • Pour off all of the liquid but keep the milky
    residue which is the potato starch.
  • Mix the potatoes, onion, egg, water, flour, salt
    and pepper into the reserved potato starch.
  • Heat ½ inch of oil in a frying pan. Add a
    spoonful of mixture for each latke and fry on
    both sides until golden brown (this will take
    about 4-6 minutes). Keep warm under a low grill
    or in the oven
  • Serve with apple sauce and sour cream

46
More Resources Session Ideas
  • Everything you need to know about Hanukkah at
    this resource rich site
  • BBC schools have their own plans and quizzes and
    links to more
  • Hanukkah stories, videos, recipes and much more
    from holidays.net and decorations, quizzes and
    letterheads from the Holiday Spot
  • Play online Hanukkah games and find other fun
    resources like colouring pages and music
  • Printable dreidel template and more crafts plus
    other ideas and activities from Activity Village
  • Delicious Hanukkah recipes including healthy
    potato and fruit latkes!
  • Comprehensive list of lesson plans for Hanukkah
  • Explore the world of Hanukat
  • Make pop up Dreidel cards or wall decorations
    http//crafts.kaboose.com/paper-dreidels.html
  • All the festivals in this pack have elements of
    light in them lanterns, candelabra, yule logs
    etc create a gallery of all the lights involved
    in these festivals of light and decorate your
    pictures with fairy lights. This would also be a
    good place to display any Chinese lanterns, diya
    or Menorah youve made.
  • Find a good recipe for sufganyot (doughnuts)
    http//www.holidays.net/chanukah/sufganiyot.htm
    or buy some, then decorate with edible glitter,
    sprinkles and writing icing (try writing the 4
    symbols from the dreidel on them) then eat and
    enjoy or donate to a childrens home or
    hospital/old peoples home.
  • Put a box of small envelopes with a slip of paper
    in them somewhere in your centre. Ask young
    people to write an activity theyd like to do, a
    charity theyd like to raise money for and a trip
    theyd like to take on a piece of paper and then
    post in the box. Open after Hanukkah and evaluate
    the contents to help you plan for 2010.

47
Kwanzaa
  • Kwanzaa, which will be celebrated for the 44th
    time between 26th December and 1st January 2009,
    was established by Dr. Maulana Karenga. The
    festival is secular, not religious, and aims to
    strengthen African cultural identity and
    community values while providing a spiritual
    alternative to the commercialism of Christmas.
  • Kwanzaa, which comes from the Swahili phrase
    "matunda ya kwanza," meaning "first fruits," is
    celebrated in a number of ways. People decorate
    their homes with the colours of the African flag
    (bendera) black for the people, red for their
    struggle, and green for the future and hope that
    comes from their struggle. The mkeka (a straw or
    cloth mat) is laid out in a place of honour and
    on it are placed the kinara (candleholder) with
    red, green and black candles mazao (crops)
    including family favourites like bananas and
    mangoes muhindi (ears of corn) to represent the
    children of the house and a unity cup filled with
    water, grape juice or wine (kikombe cha umoja).
    Some families add other objects that reflect
    their African heritage.
  • The kinara is lit in a traditional way - the
    black candle on the first night, the black one
    plus the leftmost red one on the next night,
    those two plus the rightmost green one on the
    next, and so on. Each candle represents one of
    Kwanzaa's seven principles (nguzo saba) which are
    umoja (unity), kujichagulia (self-determination),
    ujima (collective work and responsibility),
    ujamaa (cooperative economics), nia (purpose),
    kuumba (creativity), and imani (faith). The
    traditional Kwanzaa greeting is "Habari gani?"
    and the answer is the principle for that day.
  • The unity cup is first poured in the corners of
    the room to honour the ancestors and then passed
    around the room for all to sip. A communal feast
    is held on December 31 and gifts, usually
    culturally significant (zawadi) are exchanged.
  • Kwanzaa is an opportunity to celebrate culture,
    ancestry and heritage and to focus on family,
    community and history through reflection on the
    seven principles. To find out more, visit the
    official website http//www.officialkwanzaawebsite
    .org/index.shtml

48
Kwanzaa Word Scramble
O C A O E T N P R O I
V Y C E I T R A T I
H I T A F
S U P E R O P
L E F S T M N D R E E I T A O N I
N T Y I U
E R B L T I Y S O N P S I
49
7 Principles Quiz
  • Umoja unity
  • Kujichagulia self determination
  • Ujima responsibility
  • Ujamaa cooperation (cooperative economy)
  • Nia purpose
  • Kuumba creativity
  • Imani - faith

50
Kwanzaa Crafts
  • AFRICAN MASK
  • Copy the mask below or draw your own shape onto
    card. Cut out and decorate add feathers,
    glitter, beads etc. and mount the mask on a
    stick.
  • Why not make a display of your finished masks?
  • For more ideas and templates try
    http//pbskids.org/africa/mask/hunter.html
  • OWARE GAME
  • You will need a large egg carton (one that holds
    a dozen eggs)
  • Remove the lid and glue to the underside of the
    egg box
  • Paint your oware board and decorate with Kwanzaa
    symbols, beads, African figureheads etc.
  • To play the game you will need
  • 48 counters beans, buttons or beads work well.
  • Place 4 beans in each cup.
  • Play!
  • Oware is the oldest game in the world and has
    been played all over the world!

51
Rules of Oware
  • Player A picks up all the stones from any cup.
    Starting with the next cup to the right, drops
    one stone at a time into each successive cup.
    After he/she drops the last stone in a
    cup, Player A picks up all the stones in THAT
    cup and continues to drop one in each consecutive
    cup. Player A's turn ends when he/she puts the
    last seed in an empty cup. (Player A has the
    longest turn first)Player B then chooses any
    cup of stones and begins a turn exactly like
    Player A's. A player scores when he/she drops the
    last stone in a cup with THREE others (making
    FOUR stones in a cup). The player then puts all
    four stones in his/her "bank".If the player
    puts a stone in a cup with three others and it is
    not the last stone, the other pl
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