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Heat Illness Prevention


Heat Illness Prevention 2010 Employer Training Training Goals Increase awareness and commitment to safety and health at the work site. Review heat illness prevention ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Heat Illness Prevention

Heat Illness Prevention
  • 2010 Employer Training

Training Goals
  • Increase awareness and commitment to safety and
    health at the work site.
  • Review heat illness prevention and regulatory

Dont Take the Risk
  • Heat kills... your business!
  • 16 jobsites were shut down in 2009 for imminent
    hazards due to heat
  • Nearly 2 million in penalties and 1158
    citations issued in 2009
  • District Attorneys may review these cases for
    criminal activity
  • Bad press/media attention
  • 41 confirmed heat illnesses and 1 confirmed heat
    fatality in 2009

Title 8 Section 3395Heat Illness Prevention
Elements Include
  • Access to Water
  • Access to Shade
  • Written Procedures Including
  • Emergency Response
  • Training

Access to Water
  • Access to sufficient amounts of cool potable
    drinking water shall be available at all times,
    with at least one quart per employee per hour for
    the entire shift.
  • Provided at no cost to the workers.

Effective Replenishment Procedures
  • Designate a person(s) to periodically check the
    level of the water containers.
  • Specify how often the containers will be checked.
  • Ensure that the water is suitably cool.

Encourage the Frequent Drinking of Water!
Remind workers not to wait until they are thirsty!
When There is No Access to Shade
SERIOUS HAZARD When the outdoor temperature in
the work area exceed 85 degrees F, and no shade
HAZARD When the outdoor temperature in the work
area exceed 90 degrees F, and no shade is
Access to Shade
Locate the shade structure as close as
practicable to the areas where employees are
Have and maintain one or more areas with shade.
Permit access to shade at all times.
Encourage Employees to Use the Shade
Encourage employees to take a cool-down rest in
the shade, for a period of no less than 5 minutes
at a time.
Rule of Thumb the amount of shade present
should be at least enough to accommodate 25
percent of the employees on the shift at any
If Temperature is Below 85 oF
When the temperature does not exceed 85 degrees
F, provide shade or timely access to shade upon
Does the shade structure introduce a hazard?
In situations where the employer can demonstrate
that it is not safe or feasible to provide shade,
an employer can utilize established procedures
for providing shade upon request or, for
non-agricultural employers, alternative cooling
measures that provide equivalent protection.
Written Procedures
  • As long as they are effective, your Heat Illness
    Procedures can be integrated into the IIPP
  • Maintain the procedures on site or close to the
    site, so that it can be made available to
    representatives of Cal/OSHA upon request.

Written Procedures
  • Detail how your company will
  • Provide access to water shade
  • Monitor the weather
  • Institute high heat procedures and address lack
    of acclimatization
  • Train all employees and supervisors
  • Respond to heat illnesses without delay, provide
    first aid and emergency services.
  • Provide clear and precise directions to the

Ensure Access to Water Shade
  • Designate a person to ensure that sufficient
    quantity of water is provided and shade is open
    and set in place
  • Specify that the water and shade be located as
    close as possible to the workers
  • Spell out how often refills of water containers
    will take place
  • Determine how workers will be encouraged to
    frequently drink water and use shade

Monitor the Weather http//www.nws.noaa.gov/
  • Instruct supervisors to track the weather of the
    job site by monitoring predicted temperature
    highs and periodically using a thermometer.
  • Determine how weather information will be used to
    modify work schedule, increase number of water
    and rest breaks or cease work early if necessary

High Heat Procedures
  • When the temperature equals or exceeds 95
    degrees Fahrenheit or during a heat wave, make
    absolutely sure you
  • Ensure effective communication (by voice,
    observation or electronic means)
  • Observe employees for alertness and signs and
    symptoms of heat illness
  • Give more frequent reminders to drink plenty of
  • Closely supervise new employees, and all workers
    during a heat wave

Address Lack of Acclimatization
  • As an employer, you are responsible for the
    working conditions of your employees, so you must
    act effectively when conditions result in sudden
    exposure to heat that your workers are not used
  • Thus, determine how you will
  • lessen the intensity of the employees work
    during a two-week break-in period
  • be extra-vigilant with new employees, and
    recognize immediately symptoms of possible heat

Address Lack of Acclimatization
  • During a heat wave or sudden heat spike,
    determine how you will protect your workers from
    conditions resulting from sudden exposure to heat

Remember training for employees and supervisors
must include the importance of acclimatization,
how it is developed, and how your procedures
address it!
Employee Supervisor Training
  • Ensure all employees and supervisors
  • Are trained before working outdoors in the heat
  • Know and follow your company procedures

Emergency Response Procedures
  • To ensure that emergency assistance is provided
    without delay, plan in advance how you will
  • Immediately respond to symptoms of possible heat
  • Contact emergency medical service providers
  • Provide clear and precise directions to the
  • Ensure that emergency procedures are invoked when

Employee Training
  • The environmental and personal risk factors for
    heat illness
  • Your companys heat illness prevention procedures
  • Importance of frequent consumption of small
    quantities of water
  • Importance of acclimatization
  • Different types of heat illness, common signs and

Employee Training
  • Importance of immediately reporting signs or
    symptoms of heat illness to supervisor
  • Procedures for responding to possible heat
  • Procedures to follow when contacting emergency
    medical services and if necessary transporting
  • Procedures that ensure clear and precise
    directions to the work site will be provided to
    emergency medical services

What You as a SupervisorNeed to Do
  • Ensure employees are trained before working
    outdoors in the heat
  • Ensure workers know and follow company procedures
  • Closely supervise new employees for the first 14
  • Monitor the weather at the site
  • Remind workers to drink plenty of water

What You as a SupervisorNeed to Do, cont.
  • Maintain effective communication with your crew
    at all times (by voice, observation or electronic
  • Observe employees for alertness and signs or
    symptoms of heat illness
  • Know what procedures to follow when a worker
    exhibits signs and symptoms of heat illness
  • Respond to heat illness without delay provide
    first aid and emergency services

Heat Illness Signs Symptoms
Heat Exhaustion
Heat Stroke
Heavy sweating, cramps, rapid pulse, headache,
nausea, vomiting
Dry, red, hot skin, fainting, high body
temperature, disoriented, confused
For more details see www.dir.ca.gov/dosh/etools/0
In Summary
  • Heat Illness Prevention Elements Include
  • Access to water
  • Access to shade
  • Written procedures including emergency response
  • Employee and Supervisory Training

For Additional Information
  • Visit the Cal/OSHA Heat Illness Webpage
  • http//www.dir.ca.gov/DOSH/HeatIllnessInfo.html

Cal/OSHA Consultation
  • Agricultural Health and Safety Hazards

Miscellaneous Agriculture Safety
  • 3438. Communications must be in a language
    understood by employees.
  • 3439. There must be adequate first-aid materials
    immediately available. One employee with
    first-aid training for every twenty workers. At
    remote locations, provisions must be made in
    advance for prompt medical attention in case of
    serious injuries.
  • 3448. When exposed to permanent pools, pond,
    water tanks or reservoirs 4 or more in depth,
    and exit is difficult, ladder, steps or other
    climbing means must be provided.
  • Note review all applicable standards for
    additional requirements and exceptions!

Operation of Agricultural Equipment 3441
  • At time of assignment and annually employees must
    be trained on safe operation and servicing.
  • Stop equipment and wait for all movement to cease
    prior to servicing, adjusting, cleaning or
    unclogging. If equipment must be operating,
    follow procedures necessary to safely service or
    maintain. See also 3314 The Control of
    Hazardous Energy for the Cleaning, Repairing,
    Servicing, Setting-Up, and Adjusting Operations
    of Prime Movers, Machinery and Equipment,
    Including Lockout/Tagout.
  • Ensure that everyone is clear before, starting
    the engine or operating the machine.
  • Safe means of access provided for employees to
    reach the top of any loads.
  • Mobile Equipment used after sunset and before
    sunrise must have a light at the front and rear.

Operation of Ag Equipment (cont)3441
  • Operator must be at the controls when a vehicle
    is in motion, unless
  • Equipment is furrow guided, and
  • Operator has a clear view of other employees and
    course of travel, and
  • The operator is not over 10 feet away from such
    controls and does not have to climb over or onto
    the equipment or other obstacles to operate the
    controls, and
  • Vehicle moving at two MPH or less.
  • See full exemption in T8CCR3441(b)

Agricultural Equipment3440
  • Tractors must have fenders or equivalent
    protection (such as 64 wheel-to-wheel centerline
    distance) between operator and tracks/wheels.
  • Positive tractor brake-lock or parking device.
  • Guarding of Moving Parts
  • Power-take-off (PTO) shafts / drivelines shall be
    guarded and labeled.
  • Power driven gears, belts, chains, sheaves,
    pulleys, sprockets, and idlers shall be guarded.
  • Revolving shafts and projections shall be
  • Guards, shields and access doors shall be in
    place when equipment is in operation.

Orchard Ladders 3276 Use of Ladders.
  • Orchard Ladders are special purpose ladders.
  • Employees shall
  • be prohibited from carrying equipment or
    materials which prevent the safe use of ladders
  • be required to face the ladder when ascending and
  • always use both hands when climbing up or down
    the ladder.

Rollover Protection3651. Agricultural and
Industrial Tractors.
  • All agricultural tractors manufactured after
    October 25, 1976, shall be equipped with rollover
    protective structures (ROPS) when operated by an
    employee. Exceptions
  • "Low profile" tractors while used in orchards,
    vineyards, or hop yards or inside a farm building
    or greenhouse in which the vertical clearance is
    insufficient to allow a ROPS equipped tractor to
    operate, and while their use is incidental to the
    work performed therein.
  • When used with mounted equipment that is
    incompatible with ROPS (e.g. cornpickers, cotton
    strippers, vegetable pickers and fruit
  • When operated as stationary power and pumping
    units, and while their use is incidental to such
    stationary operations.
  • Note The terms "incidental to the work" or
    "incidental to," used in the exceptions above,
    shall mean the necessary additional work required
    to perform or complete the intended work within
    the exempted work area (such as, fueling,
    repairing, maintenance, travel to and from the
    exempted work area, etc.).
  • Seat belt assemblies shall be provided and used
    on all equipment where rollover protection is
    installed and employees shall be instructed in
    their use.

Overhead Electrical Hazards 3455
  • The person in charge of work crews shall inspect
    the work area to determine if the high-voltage
    lines are located in areas that may expose
    employees to electrical hazards.
  • Electrically conductive poles shall not be used
    for fruit picking or nut-knocking.
  • Employees using conductive tools or equipment to
    perform duties such as pruning, harvesting and
    the handling of irrigation pipe in areas where
    such tools or equipment could come into contact
    with overhead high-voltage electrical lines must
    be trained prior to working in those areas.
  • Clearance distances shall be maintained when
    placing or moving irrigation piping, and when
    employees use tools, ladders, machinery, or other
    equipment and materials that could come into
    contact with high-voltage lines.            

Field Sanitation (cont.) 3457
  • Toilet facilities shall be maintained at all
    times in a clean and sanitary condition.
  • Toilet paper shall be provided in a suitable
  • Appropriately screened to exclude insects and
    other vermin.
  • Ventilated and provided with self-closing and
    lockable doors to provide privacy.
  • Separate toilet facilities (male/ female) for
    each twenty (or fraction thereof) employees. If
    less than five workers, a single toilet with an
    interior lock is allowed.
  • Accessible to employees, ¼ mile or 1,320 or a
    5-minute walk (whichever is less).

Field Sanitation (cont.) 3457
  • Potable water shall be available and refilled as
    necessary for handwashing.
  • Soap and single use towels shall be provided.
  • Signs stating that water is for handwashing only,
    shall be posted.
  • Facilities shall be in a clean and sanitary
  • The employer must ensure that that employees are
    aware of and are allowed reasonable opportunities
    to use sanitation facilities during the workday.
  • One handwashing facility for each twenty (or
    fraction thereof) employees.
  • Toilet and handwashing facilities shall be
    located in close proximity to each other

Field Sanitation (cont.) 3457
  • Potable water shall be provided and be accessible
    at all times to employees.
  • The water shall be fresh, pure, suitably cool,
    and in sufficient amounts, taking into account
    weather and work being performed.
  • The water shall be dispensed by fountain, or by
    faucet or other suitable device into single-use
    drinking cups.

  • Construction Health and Safety Hazards

Focus Four Hazards
  • Did you know?
  • One of every fiveworkplace fatalities isa
    construction worker.

Electrical Hazards
  • Contact with power lines
  • No ground fault protection
  • Bad or no Ground
  • Misuse of equipment
  • Improper use of cords
  • Did you know?
  • Approximately 350 electrical-relatedfatalities
    occureach year.

Fall Hazards
  • Unprotected Sides, Wall Openings, and Floor Holes
  • Improper Scaffold Construction
  • Unguarded Protruding Steel Rebars
  • Misuse of Ladders

Did you know? Falls from elevationaccount
for one third of all deathsin construction.
Struck-by Hazards
  • Vehicles
  • Falling/Flying Objects
  • Masonry Walls

Did you know? One in four "struck by
vehicle" deaths involveconstruction workers,
more than any other occupation.
Trenching Hazards
  • No Cave-in Protection
  • Failure to Inspect Trench
  • Unsafe Spoil-Pile
  • Unsafe Access/Egress

Did you know? The fatality rate
forexcavation work is 112 higher than the rate
for general construction.
Focus Four Hazards
  • For more info
  • OSHA Construction eTool
  • www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/construction/index.html
  • Cal/OSHA Consultation Construction Page
  • www.dir.ca.gov/dosh/consmore.htm
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