23rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON APPLICATION AND THEORY OF PETRI NETS


Title: 23rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON APPLICATION AND THEORY OF PETRI NETS


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CONFERENCE VENUE
Organised
School of Electrical and Information Engineering
Department of Computer Science
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23rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON APPLICATION AND
THEORY OF PETRI NETS
24-28 June, 2002
Venue City West
Campus University of South Australia
Organised
School of Electrical and Information Engineering
Department of Computer Science
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University Accommodation
  • Lincoln College (http//www.adelaide.edu.au/Lincol
    n/)
  • St. Mark's College Inc.
  • (http//www.adelaide.edu.au/stmarks)

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Adelaide Accommodation
  • Adelaide Paringa Motel (http//www.macbitz.net.au/
    paringa/)
  • Govt Rate AUS80 single and AUD95 double/twin
    (including GST)
  • Adelaide Regent Apartments (http//www.AdelaideReg
    ent.com.au/)
  • 81-91 Melbourne Street, North Adelaide 4 Days
    AUS67.50 (1br/night)) and AUD 87.50
    (2br/night)
  • The Grosvenor Vista Hotel (http//www.grosvenorvis
    tahotel.com.au/grosvenor.htm)
  • AUS95 (Standard)) and AUD115 (Twin/double)
  • Hilton International Adelaide (http//www.hilton.c
    om/)
  • Hotel Adelaide International (http//www.hoteladel
    aide.com.au/)
  • Superior Room Rack rate - single, double or twin
    AUD199
  • Hyatt Regency Adelaide (http//www.adelaide.hyatt.
    com/)
  • AUD250 (1br/night) and AUD450 (2br/night)

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Adelaide Accommodation
  • Novotel Adelaide on Hindley (http//www.accorhotel
    .com)
  • AUD192 (1br and 2br per night)
  • Raddison Playford (http//www.radisson.com/adelaid
    e.au)
  • Saville Park Suites Adelaide (http//www.savillesu
    ites.com.au)
  • AUD138 pn (2 people) and AUD182 pn (4 people)
  • Stamford Plaza Adelaide (http//www.stamford.com.a
    u)
  • AUD 180 (1br only)
  • The Townhouse on Hindley (http//www.barrontownhou
    se.com.au)

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Conference Venue
Conference Venue The Conferences will be held on
the University campus, which is located in the
North Terrace, Adelaide. City West - located at
the western end of the North Terrace educational
and cultural precinct. Reflecting its location in
Adelaide's central business district next to the
community arts facilities of the Lion Arts Centre
and the Roma Mitchell Arts Centre, the campus
houses the University's undergraduate and
postgraduate programs and research activities in
the disciplines of art, architecture, design,
accounting, commerce, economics, finance,
business, international business, property,
commercial law, administrative management,
marketing, management information systems,
e-business, management, tourism and hospitality,
justice administration and wine marketing, as
well as Australian and Indigenous studies. The
University's Chancellery, International Relations
Office, the Bob Hawke Prime Ministerial Library,
the University's Art Museum and Learning
Connection are also located at City West.
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Conference Venue
Conference Venue The Conferences will be held on
the University campus, which is located in the
North Terrace, Adelaide.
  • Lecture Theatres and Seminar Rooms

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Adelaide
  • Adelaide City Council website http//www.adelaide.
    sa.gov.au/City_Council/default.htm
  • The Adelaide City Council has produced seven
    walking trails which encourage both residents and
    visitors to explore the wonders of the City. Each
    of these self-guided walks has its own handy
    brochure which contains historical and cultural
    information. 
  • The seven walks have been designed to capture
    some of the great sites and stories of Adelaide.
    Three historic walks commence in beautiful
    Wellington Square North Adelaide, with another
    two embracing the splendour of lower North
    Adelaide.
  • A separate walk highlights the transformation of
    the paddocks in the South Park Lands into the
    manicured and picturesque Veale Gardens of today.
    Finally a cultural walking trail reveals the
    stories behind some of the magnificent statues
    and monuments found along North Terrace and in
    nearby Park Lands.

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Map of the World
  • Adelaide

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Adelaide
  • To Get to Adelaide
  • There are daily international and interstate
    flights to an airport complex no more than 15
    minutes from the city centre. Daily coach
    services link Adelaide with regional cities and
    interstate destinations. Adelaide is the hub on
    the Australian rail system and is on National
    Highway One.
  • Adelaide Domestic and Adelaide International
    Airports
  • The Adelaide Domestic and Adelaide International
    Airports are located just 5 kilometres west of
    the city centre. Both airports provide a city bus
    service, public car parking, valet car parking,
    taxi ranks, car rental, bureau de change and the
    International Airport also has duty free
    shopping.

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Getting Around in Adelaide
  • Buses from out of town, including the airport
    bus, will drop you off at the Central Bus
    Station, 101111 Franklin St, which, compared to
    bus terminals in other major cities, is very
    basic. The international airport, 7km southwest
    from the centre, is small, modern and easy to
    handle theres a currency exchange and
    information booth. The domestic terminal is about
    half a kilometre southwest. Both are serviced by
    the airport bus (Transit Regency Coaches depart
    hourly between 6.20am 9.20pm and every 30min at
    busier times to book a return trip call 08/8381
    5311 6), which will drop you off at most city
    accommodation on request its set route stops at
    Victoria Square and North Terrace, as well as the
    bus station. A taxi costs around 15 to either
    the city or the beachside suburb of Glenelg, 11km
    from the centre. Arriving by train at the Keswick
    Interstate Terminal, you can also take the
    airport bus, which stops here en route (3 to
    city or airport), or walk to the suburban
    platform and catch a train into Adelaide Train
    Station on North Terrace. Taxis to the city from
    the Interstate Terminal charge about 8.

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Getting Around in Adelaide
  • Public Transport
  • The city of Adelaide and its environs are
    serviced by a public transport network operated
    by a variety of operators using a ticketing
    system called Metroticket. The network includes
    metropolitan buses, trains, the O-Bahn busway,
    and a tram line to Glenelg.
  • Ticket Purchase
  • Metrotickets are valid on and for transfers
    between all services, Single Trip and Daytrip
    Metrotickets can be purchased on board buses,
    trams and some trains (train vending machines are
    coin operated - no notes). The entire range of
    Metrotickets is available from bus depots,
    staffed railway stations, and from many post
    offices, newsagents, delis and service stations
    as well as the Passenger Transport Information
    Centre.
  • Timetable and Ticket Information
  • The Passenger Transport Information Centre is
    located on the corner of King William and Currie
    Streets in the city centre. The centre provides
    tickets, information and free timetables about
    public transport services, as well as the sale of
    Metrotickets and Public Transport Maps. There is
    also a Passenger Transport InfoLine for telephone
    enquiries on (08) 8210 1000, operating daily from
    7am to 8pm.

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Getting Around in Adelaide
  • Adelaide Metro
  • Adelaide Metro is the largest public transport
    provider of bus, train, tram and O-Bahn services
    in Adelaide, South Australia. Adelaide Metro
    invite you to come aboard...and take a journey
    with them on their Internet site and discover
    timetable and customer information. Adelaide
    Metro Internet site. (http//www.adelaidemetro.com
    .au)
  • Special Features
  • The Adelaide O'Bahn is the fastest and longest
    suburban guided busway in the world. Specially
    adapted buses run at speeds of up to 100km/h
    along a concrete track from the city centre
    following the picturesque Linear Park to the
    north eastern suburbs, stopping along the way at
    Paradise, Klemzig and Modbury Interchanges. Take
    the O-Bahn for a day trip to the Tea Tree Plaza
    Shopping Centre and cinemas.

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Getting Around in Adelaide
  • Special Features
  • The beautiful wood-panelled Glenelg tram built in
    1929 links Victoria Square in the city centre
    with the seaside resort of Glenelg and is the
    only survivor from the hey-day when Adelaide had
    25 electric trams. The trip to Glenelg takes
    around 25 minutes.
  • Adelaide city centre has two free bus services,
    the BeeLine and the City Loop. Every five minutes
    during shopping hours, the BeeLine travels the
    1km length of King William Street between
    Victoria Square and the Railway Station and the
    Casino and North Terrace. The City Loop links
    the city's major cultural, entertainment, retail,
    educational centres and Rundle Street
    restaurants. Both services stop at Victoria
    Square, near the Central Market.
  • Adelaide and South Australia has the largest
    fleet of fully accessible buses in Australia. The
    low floor buses feature a ramp that extends from
    beneath the centre doors to allow easier access
    for people with wheelchairs, pushers, trolleys
    and small children. Trains are also wheelchair
    accessible - ask the driver to use the ramp.
    CityFree buses are fully accessible.

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Getting Around in Adelaide
  • Taxis
  • There are taxi ranks at strategic points
    throughout the city centre, or you can call a cab
    by ringing any of the major taxi companies-
  • Yellow Cabs - 13 2227
  • Suburban - 13 1008
  • Car Hire
  • Adelaide has all major car rental car companies,
    as well as a wide selection of smaller, locally
    based companies, all providing a range of
    vehicles for hire. Car rental firms require a
    current driver's license and a deposit or credit
    card imprint. The minimum age requirement is 25
    years of age, however many local companies have a
    minimum age requirement of 21.
  • Some local companies include
  • Thrifty Car Rental (Adelaide Airport) (08) 8234
    4554
  • Avis Australia 1800 225 533
  • Smart Car (chauffeur driven) (08) 8285 8555



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General Information
  • Please feel free to visit the Australian Tourist
    Commission's web site http//www.southaustralia.
    com/home.asp
  • Australian Currency
  • The Australian Dollar (AUD) is a decimal
    currency with units in dollars and cents.
  • Notes Denominations 100, 50, 20, 10,
    5Coins Denominations 2, 1, 50, 20, 10, 5
  • Voltage
  • The Australian electricity supply operates on 240
    volts AC at 50 Hertz. All 110V require
    transformers. Most hotels have 110V AC sockets.
  • Visas
  • Visas are required from many countries. Please
    check with your travel agent. Application can be
    made via Australian Government representatives in
    major cities around the world.

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General Information
  • Duty Free
  • Arrival passengers are allowed 400 per adult
    (200 per child) of duty free items, plus one
    litre of alcohol and 250 cigarettes or tobacco
    equivalent. Group allowances may be combined.
  • Banking
  • Banking hours are usually 930am to 400pm Monday
    to Thursday and 930am to 500pm Friday. A few
    are open Saturday mornings. Most international
    banks or their agents can be found in Adelaide.
    Automatic Teller Machines (ATMs) are open 24
    hours. Most branches are not open Sundays or
    Public Holidays.
  • Time Zone
  • Australian Central Standard Time is GMT plus 9
    1/2 hours.

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General Information
  • Credit/Charge Cards
  • MasterCard, VISA, American Express, ITB, Diners
    Club and Bankcard are widely accepted.
  • Mobile Phones
  • Australia's mobile phone network operates on GSM.
    Coverage is available in all cities and most
    regional areas.
  • Tipping Gratuities
  • Not required or expected in Australia. This
    includes taxis. However, if you feel you have
    been given superior service, a gratuity would be
    welcome.
  • Goods Services Tax (GST)
  • A GST of 10 applies across Australia.

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General Information
  • Car Rental
  • Rental cars are available across Australia with
    pick-up points at all domestic and international
    terminals. You may wish to visit the following
    major car rental companies.
  • Avis
  • Budget
  • Hertz
  • Thrify

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South Australia - Tourism
  • South Australia's population of 1.4 million live
    mostly along the coast and in the capital city,
    Adelaide.
  • With its Mediterranean climate, fine food and
    wines, numerous festivals and events, kilometres
    of clean, sandy beaches and more sunshine than is
    decently allowed, South Australia is a great
    holiday destination.
  • South Australia boasts most of the world's opals.
    Coober Pedy, the main opal mining town, produces
    90 per cent of Australia's opals.

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South Australia - Tourism
  • Adelaide
  • Adelaide is set on a narrow coastal plain between
    between the rolling hills of the Mt Lofty Ranges
    and the blue waters of Gulf St Vincent.
  • Surrounded by parkland, Adelaide combines the
    vitality of a large modern city with an easygoing
    Australian lifestyle.
  • The city centre is completely surrounded by
    parklands, with beautiful flower-beds,
    playgrounds and sportsfields. There are barbecues
    with tables and chairs under shady trees.
  • The beautiful formal Botanic Gardens have 16
    hectares of Australian and imported plants with
    lakes where children can feed ducks and swans.

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South Australia - Tourism
  • Wine regions
  • South Australia provides about 65 per cent of the
    wines and 83 per cent of the brandy made in
    Australia. Kilometres of vineyards stretch over
    valleys, plains and hillsides of the southern and
    eastern regions of the state.
  • The state has six distinct grape growing regions
    the Barossa Valley, the Fleurieu Peninsula, the
    Murray River, the Clare Valley, the Adelaide
    Hills and the Coonawarra area of the south-east.
  • The vineyards of the Clare Valley are about 130
    kilometres north of Adelaide, and produce fine,
    light table wines.

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South Australia - Tourism
  • Flinders Ranges
  • The Flinders Ranges are part of a mountain chain
    which extends almost 800 kilometres from its
    seaward end at Gulf St Vincent.
  • There is something unique in the contrast of the
    dry, stony land and the richly lines rock faces -
    the characteristics of a desert range - with the
    rich vegetation of the river red gums. In spring,
    after rain, the display of wildflowers is
    breathtaking, carpeting the whole region with
    masses of reds, pinks, yellows, purples and
    white. The wildflowers, together with the natural
    beauty of the rock shapes, pools and caves and
    twisted trees which abound in the Flinders
    Ranges, make them a favourite haunt of
    photographers and artists.
  • The best known feature of the Flinders Ranges is
    the Wilpena Pound, an immense elevated basin
    covering about 50 square kilometres and encircles
    by sheer cliffs which are set in a foundation of
    purple shale and rise through red stone to
    white-topped peaks. Within the pound are low,
    rounded hills and folded ridges, grasslands and
    pine-clad slopes which run down to gums along
    Wilpena Creek.
  • There is a well organised resort at Wilpena,
    catering for levels of accommodation from camping
    to modern motel.

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Adelaide Weather Chart Average temperature
(Celcius).
  • Adelaide is free from sleet and snow, and even
    during the wettest mid-year winter months, an
    overcoat and umbrella, is the only protection you
    will need from the elements. In fact, Adelaide's
    weather is refreshingly mild with a cool 15
    degrees Celsius (59F) average in July, mid
    winter, and a comfortable 29 degrees C (84F)
    average over the summer period.

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South Australia
  • Did You Know That... some of the first European
    visitors to South Australia were Dutchmen Peter
    Nuyts and Francois Thijssen in 1627.
  • That Kangaroo Island was settled long before the
    official proclamation of South Australia by
    Captain John Hindmarsh.
  • That many students are convinced that Matthew
    Flinders, after charting the coast of South
    Australia in 1802, circumcised Australia !!!!
  • Still the Chairman of the Colonization Commission
    for South Australia, Robert Torrens, said in 1835
    that South Australia was washed by the waters of
    the Pacific.
  • This same Chairman was very much in favour of the
    establishment of South Australia. Living there he
    said was far preferable to rambling over the back
    settlements of America or mixing with Catholics
    in the bleak unhealthy wilds of Canada or to
    enduring the depraved society of New South Wales.

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South Australia
  • Torrens hoped that South Australia would become
    the great rice and wool growing country of the
    world and that its climate would make it possible
    to produce opium for the China trade. Last but
    not least he predicted that New South Wales would
    lose its supremacy and probably become a
    provincial appendage to South Australia.
  • That South Australia was not settled by convicts
    but that is was a convict, E.G. Wakefield, whose
    efforts finally led to the birth of South
    Australia.
  • That The Buffalo, which brought the first
    Governor and free settlers to South Australia,
    was later used to transport Canadian convicts to
    New South Wales and Tasmania.
  • That the first Lutheran College and Seminary in
    the Southern Hemisphere was opened at Lobethal in
    the Adelaide Hills in 1845.
  • That South Australia was the first to appoint an
    Archivist. In 1919 George Henry Pitt was
    appointed to that position by the South
    Australian Public Library Board.

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Kangaroo Island
  • Captain Matthew Flinders, and his hungry crew
    members, discovered Kangaroo Island on 2 March
    1802. They found no inhabitants but were
    compensated for this by the discovery of what
    they needed most of all - fresh food! In his
    journal Flinders recorded, 'the whole ship's
    company was employed this afternoon in the
    skinning and cleaning of kangaroos. After four
    months' privation they stewed half a
    hundredweight of heads, forequarters and tails
    down into soup for dinner, on this and the
    succeeding days, and as much steak given,
    moreover to both officers and men as they could
    consume by day and night. In gratitude for so
    seasonable a supply, I named this south land
    KANGAROO ISLAND'.

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Kangaroo Island
The human history of the island, which started
many thousands of years ago, is rich and
colourful. At the same time it is also full of
suffering, endurance, privation, success,
failure, courage and bravery. Its Aboriginal
occupation ended about five thousand years ago
and was not renewed until the early 1800's when
escaped convicts, from New South Wales and
Tasmania, whalers and sealers kidnapped
Aboriginal women from the mainland and forced
them to live with them on the island.
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Map of Kangaroo Island
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Kangaroo Island
  • No sooner had Flinders left the island or it was
    visited, circumnavigated and mapped, by the
    French Captain Nicholas Baudin who named it
    L'Isle Decres. Kangaroo Island only just escaped
    being a French colony!! A year later a group of
    American sealers, under command of Captain
    Pemberton, arrived aboard the brig Union and
    established themselves at what is now known as
    American River. They stayed for four months to
    build their new ship and kill as many seals, for
    their skins, as possible. The sailors sawed
    timber from the local pine trees near Pelican
    Lagoon and carried out the first ship building
    enterprise in South Australia. The first official
    settler at American River was Frank Potts. This
    boat builder arrived in 1842 but eventually
    returned to the mainland and established
    vineyards at Langhorne Creek.

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Kangaroo Island
  • When the Americans left in their 35 ton schooner
    Independence, Kangaroo Island remained a
    favourite hunting ground for this commodity and
    between 1806 and 1836 it was not only occupied by
    whalers and sealers for short periods but also
    permanently by runaway convicts, ship deserters,
    farmers and other settlers. They made their
    living by hunting, fishing, skin and salt trading
    and even growing some vegetables. A report of
    1819 described the islanders as 'complete
    savages, living in bark huts, clothed in kangaroo
    skins and smelling like foxes'.
  • A similar report was written by Major Lockyer in
    1827. He wrote, 'The lawless manner in which
    these sealing gangs are ranging about requires
    some immediate measures to control them. From
    what I have learnt and witnessed, they are a
    complete set of pirates going from island to
    island along the southern coast, making
    occasional descents on the mainland and carrying
    off by force females. The great scene of villainy
    is at Kangaroo Island, where, to use the terms of
    one of them, a great number of graves are to be
    seen, and where some desperate characters are,
    many of them runaways from Sydney and Van
    Dieman's Land'.

34
Kangaroo Island
  • For many years the island's white beaches were
    stained with the blood of tens of thousands of
    whales, seals, kangaroos, wallabies and possums.
    For a few years there was a whaling station at
    Point Tinline. Both the seals and kangaroos were
    almost hunted to extinction. During Captain
    George Sutherland's short stay on the island in
    1819, more than 4500 seals and 1500 kangaroos
    were killed for their skins or meat. As late as
    the 1950s seals were killed for shark bait. The
    Kangaroo Island Emu was wiped out by the 1830s.
  • In his report to the South Australian Company
    Sutherland wrote, 'This large island containing
    the finest pastures, with timber suited for ship
    and house building, will afford secure
    protection'. It was probably, among the whaling
    and sealing prospects, a contributory factor in
    the settlement of the island by the company.

35
Kangaroo Island
  • The Rapid
  • When Colonel William Light arrived on the brig
    Rapid in August 1836, Dr John Woodforde recorded
    in his diary 'There must have been a great
    mortality among the kangaroos on this Isle since
    Flinder's time or he must have mistaken the
    wallaby for them as we have not seen one and the
    sealers say there are none'.
  • One of the island's most famous and colourful
    charactors was Henry Wallen, better known as 'The
    Governor'. He settled near Cygnet River in 1816
    and was the first farmer in South Australia to
    raise a crop. With the arrival of Captain Morgan
    on the barque Duke of York on 27 July 1836 at
    Kingscote, Wallen's governorship came to an end.
    It was replaced by Samuel Stephens, manager of
    the South Australian Company.
  • Woodforde reported that Wallen had a farm about
    thirteen kilometres up the river which 'does him
    great credit as he has several acres of
    flourishing wheat and most of the English
    vegetables. He has also two native wives'.

36
Kangaroo Island
  • The South Australian Company had its money
    printedbefore arriving on Kangaroo Island.
  • When the Duke of York anchored at Nepean Bay, the
    Beare family of six where among its migrants.
    Within hours of arrival, Lucy Beare gave birth to
    a girl. Sadly she died after only two days. When
    Lucy had another daughter a year later, the
    daughter survived but Lucy died. The first
    settlement at Reeves Point lasted for nearly four
    years when it was abandoned by the South
    Australian Company in favour of Adelaide. However
    Kingscote survived, as did one of the Mulberry
    trees planted in 1836 in the Company's garden.
  • The first school in South Australia was
    established on Kangoroo Island by Captain Bromley
    who lived on the island until 19 May 1839. During
    this time he instructed some twenty children
    under a tree until he had built a hut for them.
    When appointed Protector of Aborigines he moved
    to the mainland. Among Kangaroo Island's earliest
    industries, apart from the whaling and sealing,
    were shipbuilding, salt harvesting, quarrying and
    the production of eucalyptus oil.

37
Kangaroo Island
  • The first of many shipwrecks, after official
    occupation of the island, was at Hog Bay Reef
    where the locally built William sank in 1847. The
    first lighthouse in South Australia, at Cape
    Willoughby, started operating in 1852. This was
    followed in 1858 by one at Cape Borda, 155 metres
    above sea level and manually operated until 1989.
    The Lighthouse at Cape Du Couedic was not started
    until 1909. The materials for the building, and
    later the goods for the keepers, were supplied
    from nearby Weirs Cove. At first they were
    carried 90 metres up the cliffs until 1907 when a
    flying fox was used.
  • Since the sinking of the William, more than fifty
    shipwrecks have been recorded around the island.
    The largest was the 5,800 ton Portland Maru in
    1935. It began taking water near Cape Du Couedic
    before finally sinking at Cape Torrens.

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Views of Kangaroo Island
39
Victor Harbour
  • Named in 1838 by Governor Gawler after HMS
    Victor, commanded by Captain Richard Crozier, who
    surveyed the area in 1837. That same year a
    whaling station was established on Granite
    Island, managed by Captain Blenkinsopp. The first
    ship to load at Victor Harbor was the Goshawk
    taking on a cargo of whale oil in 1838. Although
    one of the very first harbours in South
    Australia, the town did not come into being until
    1863 when it was surveyed as a private town by
    L.J. Hyndman.

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Warrawong Earth Sancturary
  • Ecotourism at its best! Warrawong is totally
    unique and offers the ultimate wildlife
    experience! See endangered animals thriving in
    their natural habitat as it was 200 years ago
    with experienced, professional guides. Tours are
    90 minutes in duration. Dawn tours take you on a
    journey into the misty rainforest with
    honeyeaters and lorikeets trailing along in the
    canopy. Day tours depart at 2.00 pm on weekends
    and public holidays to explore special wildlife
    habitats. Dusk tours departures vary according to
    sunset times to experience the famous Australian
    nocturnal wildlife waking up. All walks meander
    along walking trails, and follow boardwalks
    around the Platypus lakes. Bookings are essential
    for all guided tours, just contact Warrawong
    Earth Sanctuary for costs, times and any other
    details. (http//www.warrawong.com)

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Map of Victor Harbor
42
Victor Harbour
  • During the early days of settlement, Victor
    Harbour was considered as the site for the
    colony's capital by several of its influential
    citizens, including Governor Hindmarsh. As an ex
    navy man Hindmarsh was anxious that sailors
    should report any parts of the coastline which
    might offer protection for ships.
  • In 1838 it was reported that the land was
    extremely rich, and the site most picturesque,
    and well calculated for a town. It was bounded by
    two rivers from seventeen to thirty metres wide,
    and navigable for boats three to five kilometres.
    We consider this site the most eligible that we
    have seen so far in the colony for the first
    town. However six months later another report
    stated that the plan for a proposed town was
    utterly useless and absurd.

43
Victor Harbour
  • The first thirty-four settlers arrived with the
    Rev Ridgeway W. Newland in 1839 and settled at
    Yelki, near the Bluff. Newland was regarded as a
    man of good standing and character. Life was very
    hard for these early pioneers and they had to
    overcome many problems. They were forced to live
    in tents for nearly two years before the first
    houses were built. Land for farming, covered with
    giant blue gums, was hard to clear. As early as
    1840 Lutheran Missionary H. Meyer had established
    a school for the local Aborigines, to give them
    some European Education'. He was later
    transferred to Bethany in the Barossa Valley.

44
Victor Harbour
  • During the early 1840s, Newland cultivated his
    land with the help of his family and some
    Aborigines. They ploughed, sowed and reaped and
    had made enough progress for the Adelaide
    Observer to conclude that the Aboriginal race was
    capable of a high degree of civilised life.
  • From its early days the town had close
    connections with Goolwa and the River Murray.
    After 1850 river steamers carried wool and wheat
    up and down the river to Goolwa but could not
    make it through the river mouth to the sea.
    Instead goods had to be transported to the
    nearest sea port which was Victor Harbor.

45
Victor Harbour
  • Port facilities created employment with many
    workers needed to load and unload the cargo from
    ships, trains or bullock wagons. Once there was a
    small community other services followed rapidly.
    Soon there were the usual churches, hotel,
    school, post office and police station. In August
    1863 two bridges, one over the Hindmarsh and the
    other across the Inman River, were opened making
    it much easier for people to visit the town.

During that year several stone houses were built
and a year later a telegraph station and large
railway sheds to cater for the traffic on the
original horse drawn railway. With increasing
traffic a new jetty and a breakwater were built
but when the town of Morgan was connected by rail
to Adelaide in 1880, Victor Harbor ceased to be a
port.
46
Victor Harbour
  • Even so, Victor Harbor continued to grow despite
    the loss of the river trade. With the hinterland
    now well established, farmers and graziers came
    to Victor to buy or sell their goods. When
    connected by rail to Adelaide the town and
    harbour became a tourist attraction which has
    kept on growing to such an extent that today
    Victor Harbor is one of the major tourist
    destinations in South Australia.

47
Getting Around Adelaide
  • An airport bus runs from the airport to city
    hotels and hostels - the bus also calls in at the
    interstate train station. Adelaide has an
    integrated local transport system that includes
    metropolitan buses and trains, as well as the
    tram which operates between the city centre and
    Glenelg, and the O-Bahn busway which runs on
    concrete tracks between the city centre and the
    Tea Tree Plaza shopping centre. The airport is
    8km (5mi) west of the city and is serviced by an
    airport bus. Adelaide is a relatively
    cyclist-friendly city, with good cycling tracks
    and bicycle lanes on many city streets.

48
Getting to Adelaide
  • Virtually all visitors to Australia arrive by
    air. The main international airports are Sydney,
    Melbourne and Brisbane, followed by Perth,
    Adelaide, Hobart, Darwin and Cairns. There are
    plenty of connections to Asia, Europe and the
    USA, but Australia's remoteness makes flights
    relatively expensive and long. Australia's
    current international popularity also means that
    many flights are heavily booked. Make plans well
    in advance. Departure tax on international
    flights is US19. This tax is collected by travel
    agents and entered on your airline ticket.

49
Getting to Adelaide
  • International flights arrive in Adelaide from all
    over the world, many of them flying directly to
    the city. Australia's two airlines fly into
    Adelaide from every other capital city, although
    you may have to make a stopover if you're coming
    from Brisbane or Sydney - Adelaide is a long way
    from Australia's other capitals, so flying is
    often the best option.
  • Bus travel is cheaper than flying, but be
    prepared for a long haul. Services run to all
    major cities - you can go with one of the major
    lines and do the quick-but-dull trip, or take a
    smaller bus and meander around a bit. Buses also
    run to Alice Springs and to regional centres in
    South Australia. Interstate trains run from
    Adelaide to Alice Springs, Perth, Melbourne and
    Sydney.

50
Adelaide Orientation
  • Adelaide sits on the eastern shore of Gulf St
    Vincent, in the far south of South Australia. The
    streets of Adelaide's central business district
    follow a grid pattern, which makes it very easy
    for visitors to find their way around. Victoria
    Square sits in the centre of the grid, and the
    main street, King William, runs through it.
    Although not the geographical centre of town,
    Rundle Mall is the shopping centre of the city,
    with the big department stores - Rundle St's
    eastern end has some of the city centre's best
    dining and boutique shopping. North Terrace,
    running parallel to Rundle St, is the city's
    cultural centre, a grand boulevard lined with a
    gallery, museum, state library and university.
    The River Torrens separates the city centre from
    North Adelaide, and a green belt of parkland
    surrounds both areas.
  • The Adelaide airport is about 6km (3.7mi) west of
    the city centre, the interstate train terminal is
    just south-west of the city centre in the suburb
    of Keswick, and interstate buses arrive at
    Central, almost smack in the middle of town. Most
    hostels are in the south-eastern corner of the
    city centre Hindley St in the city has mid-range
    options, North Terrace has the top-end hotels.
    Rundle St, Hindley St and North Terrace are the
    main food centres.

51
Activities
  • There are several bushwalking clubs in the
    Adelaide area which organise weekend walks in the
    Mt Lofty Ranges. There is good sailing all along
    the Adelaide shoreline of the Gulf of St Vincent.
    Beaches close to the city, such as Seacliff,
    Brighton, Somerton and Glenelg offer excellent
    swimming, though you have to go a litte further
    afield for surfing. There's an artificial reef
    designed for divers off Glenelg beach. You can go
    ice-skating or skiing year-round at the indoor
    rink and slope in Thebarton.

52
Attractions
  • South Australian Museum
  • This museum, which has a huge whale skeleton in
    the front window, is one of Adelaide's landmarks.
    Although its primarily a natural history museum,
    with the usual array of stuffed, glassy-eyed
    critters, it also has a good collection of
    Aboriginal artefacts, including an Aboriginal
    Dreamtime exhibition. You'll find the museum on
    North Terrace.
  • Other museums nearby include the excellent
    Migration Museum, which tells the story of groups
    from over 100 nationalities who've migrated to
    South Australia, and the University's Museum of
    Classical Archaeology, which has a fascinating
    collection of antiquities dating from the third
    millennium BC.

53
Attractions
  • Art Gallery of SA
  • The free Art Gallery, next to the South
    Australian Museum, contains one of the nation's
    most comprehensive collections of Australian,
    Asian and European art. It boasts the largest
    display of Australian art, including a fine
    selection of paintings by great colonial and
    contemporary Australian artists. There's a
    magnificent collection of South-East Asian
    ceramics, and a lovely display of decorative
    arts.The gallery also has the second-largest
    collection of Rodin sculptures in the world.

54
Attractions
  • Festival Centre
  • Looking uncannily like a squared-off version of
    the Sydney Opera House, the Festival Centre is
    the home of the Adelaide Festival. Inside, there
    is a variety of performance spaces and galleries,
    and there are free rock concerts in the outside
    amphitheatre on Sundays during summer. One of the
    most pleasant aspects of the Festival Centre is
    its riverside setting people picnic on the grass
    out the front and paddleboats can be hired nearby.

55
Attractions
  • Glenelg
  • The magnificent white, sandy beach here is the
    most popular in Adelaide, despite the occasional
    rumour of giant white pointer sharks. There's not
    much in the way of surf, but the swimming is
    certainly pleasant. If sand holds no interest for
    you, head for the shooting games, scary rides and
    test-your-luck machines of Glenelg's old-style
    amusement park. Just east of the ferris wheels
    you find the more modern fun of Magic Mountain,
    with its waterslides, mini-golf and arcade games.

56
Attractions
  • For the more seriously minded, Glenelg holds a
    number of relics from Adelaide's early days. The
    Old Gum Tree marks the spot where the
    proclamation of South Australia was read in 1836.
    A replica of the HMS Buffalo, the ship which
    brought the first settlers, is moored in
    Glenelg's boat harbour. On board you'll find one
    of the city's best seafood restaurants, and a
    museum telling the story of the ship's voyage
    from England to South Australia. A vintage tram
    runs from the city centre right to Glenelg beach.

57
Off the Beaten Track
  • Hahndorf
  • The oldest surviving German settlement in
    Australia, Hahndorf, 29km (18mi) south-east of
    Adelaide, is a popular day trip. Settled in 1839
    by Lutherans who left Prussia to escape religious
    persecution, Hahndorf still has an honorary
    burgermeister (mayor). These days it's a major
    tourist attraction, with more stuffed koalas than
    you can shake a eucalyptus leaf at.
  • There are many old German-style buildings in
    town. The German Arms Hotel dates from 1839 and
    is one of the best pubs in the Adelaide hills.
    The Hahndorf Academy was established in 1857 and
    houses an art gallery, craft shop and museum,
    with several paintings by Sir Hans Heysen, the
    famous landscape artist who lived in the town for
    many years. If you're keen to indulge in a stein
    or seven, visit the town on Founders Day, held
    over a weekend in March. Buses run to Hahndorf
    from Adelaide several times a day.

58
Off the Beaten Track
  • McLaren Vale
  • Although the Barossa Valley is the best-known of
    South Australia's winery destinations, McLaren
    Vale is much more accessible from Adelaide. The
    area is particularly well-suited to red wines,
    but a trend towards white wine consumption in the
    tasteful 70s prompted growers to stick in a few
    of the paler grapes. There are around two dozen
    wineries with cellar-door sales in the McLaren
    Vale area and about 50 in the surrounding
    countryside. The first winery was established
    here in 1838, and plenty of plonk-sellers still
    reside in fine old buildings.
  • The McLaren Vale Wine Bushing Festival goes on in
    late October, with wine tastings and tours,
    finished off with a grand feast. During the
    festival a bus runs between the wineries, so you
    can tipple to your heart's content without
    worrying about driving. Around three buses a day
    do the 30km (19mi) trip south to McLaren Vale.

59
Map of Australia
60
Australian Culture
  • Australia is a multicultural society. Until WWII,
    Australians were predominantly of British and
    Irish descent, but that has changed dramatically.
    Large immigrations from Greece, Italy,
    Yugoslavia, Lebanon and Turkey followed the war
    and have been supplemented by more recent
    influxes of immigrants from Asia. There are also
    about 230,000 Aborigines and Torres Strait
    Islanders. Many Australians speak Italian, Greek,
    Lebanese, Vietnamese or Turkish as a first
    language. English-speaking Australians are liable
    to use a hotchpotch of indigenous slang and
    shortened words that often makes their speech
    impenetrable.

61
Australian Culture
  • Australia has a rich artistic heritage and a
    vibrant contemporary art scene. Aboriginal rock
    carvings and paintings date back at least 30,000
    years. European settlers began to produce
    distinctively Australian art forms towards the
    end of the 19th century. Australia's mid-20th
    century artists were world figures (Sidney Nolan,
    Arthur Boyd, Patrick White) and its modern
    practitioners have excelled in painting (Brett
    Whiteley, Fred Williams), literature (Peter
    Carey, Thomas Keneally), opera (Joan Sutherland),
    film (Peter Weir, Bruce Beresford, George Miller,
    Gillian Armstrong), acting (Mel Gibson, Nicole
    Kidman) comedy (Barry Humphries), dance (Graeme
    Murphy, Paul Mercurio) and popular music (Nick
    Cave, INXS, Midnight Oil, silverchair). Modern
    Aboriginal art has undergone a revival in the
    last decade as Aboriginal artists have explored
    ways to both preserve their ancient values and
    share them with a wider community.

62
Australian Culture
  • Sport is the Australian religion and Aussies are
    worldbeaters in cricket, rugby league, rugby
    union, swimming and cycling. Other popular sports
    are basketball, yachting, soccer and Aussie Rules
    - a unique Australian sport, similar to Gaelic
    football. The Olympic Games were held in Sydney
    in 2000, and were declared by IOC head Juan
    Antonio Samaranch the best Games ever.

63
Australian Environment
  • Australia is a vast island continent situated
    south of Indonesia and Papua New Guinea between
    the Pacific and Indian oceans. The world's sixth
    largest country, Australia measures some 4000km
    (2500mi) east to west and 3200km (2000mi) north
    to south. Much of the interior of the country is
    flat, barren and extremely sparsely populated.
    The bulk of the population lives on the narrow,
    fertile eastern coastal plain and on the
    south-eastern coast. The continent-long Great
    Dividing Range runs north-south down the eastern
    seaboard, separating the coastal plain from the
    drier inland areas. The Great Barrier Reef lies
    between 50-300km (30-185mi) offshore and extends
    2000km (1240mi) from the Torres Strait to
    Gladstone.

64
Australian Environment
  • Australia is blessed with a fascinating mix of
    native flora and fauna. Its distinctive plants
    include the ubiquitous gum tree or eucalypt, of
    which there are some 700 species. Other common
    plants are wattle, banksia, waratahs,
    bottlebrushes, paperbarks and tea trees. Endemic
    animals include the iconic kangaroo, koala and
    emu, and the platypus, echidna, possum, wombat
    and dingo. There are also a number of interesting
    birds, such as parrots, cockatoos and
    kookaburras. Fauna to be wary of include
    Australian spiders (especially the redback and
    funnel-web), snakes (notably the venomous brown,
    tiger, death adder, copperhead and red-bellied
    black varieties) and both salt and freshwater
    crocodiles. There are more than 500 national
    parks, incorporating rainforests, deserts,
    mountain ranges and coastal dunes.

65
Australian Environment
  • Australian seasons are the antithesis of those in
    Europe and North America summer starts in
    December, autumn in March, winter in June and
    spring in September. Seasonal variations are not
    extreme and it's rare for temperatures to drop
    below zero on the mainland except in the
    mountains. As you head north, the seasonal
    variations become even less distinct. Darwin, in
    the far north, is in the monsoon belt, where
    there are just two seasons hot and wet, and hot
    and dry.
  • The southern states are popular during the summer
    months, but the best time to visit is probably
    the shoulder seasons of spring or autumn when the
    weather in the south is mild, Queensland is still
    warm, the humidity is not too draining in the
    north and there are less flies in the bush.
    Spring in the outback can be spectacular if rains
    encourage wildflowers.

66
Facts for Travellers
  • Visas Every nationality except New Zealanders
    need visas. Tourists visas are generally valid
    for six months and cost US22. Visas for less
    than three months are free.Health risks
    Sunburn, spider bites, snake bitesTime There
    are three time zones Eastern Standard Time is
    UTC plus 10 hours Central Time is UTC plus 9.5
    hours and Western Time UTC plus eight
    hours.Electricity 220-240VWeights measures
    metric

67
Money Costs
  • Currency Australian dollar Relative Costs
    MealsBudget US3-5 Mid-range US5-15 Top-end
    US15 and upwardsLodgingBudget US6-15
    Mid-range US15-60 Top-end US60 and upwards
  • If you're coming from Europe or the USA,
    Australia is going to look pretty cheap. Food, in
    particular, is great value. Accommodation is also
    reasonably priced, and if you're staying in
    hostels or on-site caravans or camping, and
    mostly making your own meals you could
    conceivably get by on about US18 a day. Travel
    will be your biggest expense - distances are
    long, so if you're moving around a bit, eating
    out once or twice a day and staying in low-end
    hotels, budget around US50 a day. If you're only
    coming for a couple of weeks and plan to take a
    few internal flights, you'll be looking at more
    like US100 a day.

68
Money Costs
  • You'll have no problems changing foreign
    currencies or cash at almost any bank or exchange
    agent. Travellers cheques generally get a better
    rate than cash. Credit cards are widely accepted
    (and pretty much compulsory if you're going to
    rent a car), and ATMs all over the country accept
    credit and Cirrus cards.
  • Tipping is getting a foothold in Australia,
    particularly in cafes and restaurants in the
    bigger cities - 10-15 is the usual. However, you
    won't be looked down upon if you don't tip. Taxi
    drivers are always grateful if you leave the
    change.

69
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70
Belair National Park
  • If you're interested in early South Australian
    History, why not visit Old Government House, the
    summer residence of our states early Governor's.
    This living piece of history, with it's
    magnificent gardens, is open between 1230 pm and
    400 pm on Sundays and Public Holidays. A small
    entrance fee is charged. Special bookings can be
    made for weddings, school group and bus tours.
  • Fancy a game of tennis, cricket or football?
    We've got a ground to suit and 54 courts
    available in a variety of natural settings.
    Belair has always been Adelaide's favourite
    bushland playground so bring the family soon and
    enjoy getting back to nature.

71
Belair National Park
  • Belair National Park is open every day from 800
    am and closes just before sunset. There is an
    admission fee per vehicle of 6.00 (price
    includes GST) and there are not too many places
    where you can experience so much for such a small
    cost. For further information and enquiries
    please call
  • The Information Officer on (08) 8278 5477.For
    bookings please contact the booking office on
    (08) 8278 8279.

72
Belair National Park
73
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74
Cleland Wildlife Park
  • Cleland Wildlife Park is nestled in the beautiful
    natural bushland of the Adelaide Hills, only 25
    minutes drive from the Adelaide city centre.
  • Cleland is about getting close to nature and
    enjoying the opportunity to interact with
    Australian animals such as Kangaroos, Koalas and
    emus and see favourites like the wombats, dingos
    and many reptile species. The park also has a
    variety of rare and endangered species such as
    the Yellow-footed Rock Wallaby, Southern Stone
    Curlew and Brush-tailed Bettong.

75
Cleland Wildlife Park
  • While at Cleland, why not join an Aboriginal
    guide on a Cultural Tour of the Yurridla
    Aboriginal Trail, bringing to life Dreaming
    stories of dingoes, emus, koalas and Yurrabilla,
    the creation ancestor, or even a nightwalk,
    uncovering the secrets of the bush (bookings are
    essential for both tours).
  • You can pack a picnic, have a BBQ, or enjoy the
    view of the Rainbow Lorikeets feeding as you dine
    in the Cleland Café.
  • Opening times are from 9.30 a.m. to 5.00 p.m.
    daily, no admission after 4.30 p.m. We are open 7
    days per week but do close on Christmas day.
  • Contact Us
  • Visit Us at Summit Road, Mt Lofty, in the
    Adelaide Hills Region of South Australia (Via the
    South Eastern Freeway, take the Crafers exit or
    Via Greenhill)
  • Snail Mail UsPO Box 245, STIRLING, South
    Australia 5152
  • Phone Us 61(0)8 8339 2444 On the web
    www.cleland.sa.gov.au

76
Southern Right Wales
The Head of Bight was visited in 1998 by over 100
southern right whales. The whales are usually
present from late May to early October and can be
viewed from the spectacular cliffs. Victor Harbor
is also a favoured spot for the whales and is
usually visited by several whales each season.
77
  • The Whale Trail
  • The southern right whale trail is a trail of
    interactive signs dotted around the South
    Australian coast. Each sign has a different theme
    and features a "rubbing panel". By placing a
    piece of paper over the panel and rubbing with a
    soft pencil you can collect an image. There are
    ten to collect at the locations shown on the map.

78
ADELAIDE BOTANIC GARDEN
  • Is a beautiful heritage garden with many fine
    trees and historic buildings located at the
    eastern end of North Terrace, within easy walking
    distance of the Adelaide City centre.
  • Restored C19 Palm House - thought to be the only
    one of its kind in the world. 

79
ADELAIDE BOTANIC GARDEN
  • Formal rose garden.
  • Australian native plants and the Australian
    Forest
  • Wisteria arbors
  • Restaurant and Kiosk open every day
  • Free guided walks with the Garden Guides leave
    from under the Plane trees outside the Restaurant
    at 10.30am.

Tropical rainforest in the world renowned
Bicentennial Conservatory.
80
Jam Factory
  • JamFactory Contemporary Craft and Design is
    Australia's unique, integrated organisation for
    the design, production, exhibition and sale of
    work by both leading and emerging Australian
    designer / makers. In 1998 it celebrated 25 years
    of successful operation.
  • A career development and professional training
    organisation, the accomplishments of JamFactory's
    artists and designers have gained an
    international reputation for quality and
    creativity. The emphasis is on fostering the best
    in South Australian craft and design.

81
Festival Theatre
  • The Centre comprise four theatre venues - the
    Festival Theatre, The Playhouse, The Space and
    the Amphitheatre - and we also manage Her
    Majesty's Theatre, a heritage-listed building in
    the centre of the city. We present about half of
    all the performances in these venues with the
    rest being presented by other arts organisations,
    private promoters and community groups who hire
    the theatres.

The Festival Theatre is the largest proscenium
arch theatre in Adelaide, seating close to 2000
people.  It was designed as both a lyric theatre
and concert hall, and is used not only for
theatrical productions and large concerts, but
also for graduation ceremonies, seminars and many
other functions.  Its huge backstage area makes
the stage area one of the largest in the southern
hemisphere and a hot favourite of companies with
large sets.
82
Central Market
  • Central Market, buzzing with sounds, colours and
    wonderous smells is truly the destination for
    foodies.
  • Offering not only fresh fruit and vegetables,
    most of which are grown within 1 hours drive of
    the Market, you will also find one of the largest
    ranges of meat and fish along with gourmet
    specialities introduced by the waves of
    immigrants and their families who call Adelaide
    home. Every stall has its own special story
    making your visit to the Adelaide Central Market
    a fantastic journey.
  • It's more than a market, it's unique to South
    Australia!
  • Contact Details
  • For more information on the Market and its
    activities, please contact the City of Adelaide
    Customer Centre. Phone (61) 8 8203 7203.After
    Customer Centre Hours (8.30am to 5.30pm, Monday
    to Friday), please contact the Adelaide Central
    Market on (61) 8 8203 7494. Email
    centmkt_at_camtech.nete.au

83
Adelaide City Walk
  • Enjoy Adelaide on foot with this 3 hour city walk
    - follow the route indicated via Rundle Mall and
    North Terrace starting at
  • HOLY TRINITY CHURCH - The State's oldest church,
    features a fully restored clock.
  • JAM FACTORY CRAFT DESIGN CENTRE - Superb South
    Australian design and manufacture jewellery,
    furniture, ceramics and glass on exhibition and
    for sale.
  • ADELLA GALLERY - Authentic aboriginal art and
    craft.
  • TATTERSALLS HOTEL Est. 1882 - Kelly's Heritage
    Bar-with original period decor.
  • THE BEEHIVE CORNER - Adelaide's historic retail
    and social icon, now under-going restoration
    until September '98.
  • RENAISSANCE TOWER.
  • RUTHVEN MANSIONS - Adelaide's oldest apartment
    block, built in 1911.
  • SCOTS CHURCH - Built in 1850.
  • TANDANYA - Aboriginal Cultural Institute, Museum
    and Gallery.
  • AYERS HOUSE  - A stately house open to the
    public, formerly the home of Sir Henry Lady
    Ayers (State Premier for 7 terms)
  • BOTANIC GARDENS.

84
Adelaide City Walk
  • UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA.
  • ADELAIDE UNIVERSITY.
  • ART GALLERY OF S.A.
  • S.A. MUSEUM.
  • STATE LIBRARY OF S.A.
  • MIGRATION MUSEUM.
  • NATIONAL WAR MEMORIAL. Erected in 1931.
  • GOVERNMENT HOUSE. The oldest part dates back to
    1839.
  • FESTIVAL CENTRE.
  • PARLIAMENT HOUSE - The first part, the western
    portion opened in 1889. The remainder was
    completed in 1939.
  • OLD PARLIAMENT HOUSE - South Australia's original
    Parliament House.
  • ADELAIDE CASINO - in the Adelaide Railway
    Building built in 1928.

85
Conference Information23rd INTERNATIONAL
CONFERENCE ON APPLICATION AND THEORY OF PETRI
NETS 24-28 June, 2002
  • Conference Website
  • http//www.unisa.edu.au/eie/csec/pn2002
  • Call for Papers
  • http//www.daimi.au.dk/PetriNets/meetings/pn2002/
  • Email
  • pn2002_at_unisa.edu.au

86
Look forward to seeing you Adelaide in 2002
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Title: 23rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON APPLICATION AND THEORY OF PETRI NETS


1
CONFERENCE VENUE
Organised
School of Electrical and Information Engineering
Department of Computer Science
2
23rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON APPLICATION AND
THEORY OF PETRI NETS
24-28 June, 2002
Venue City West
Campus University of South Australia
Organised
School of Electrical and Information Engineering
Department of Computer Science
3
University Accommodation
  • Lincoln College (http//www.adelaide.edu.au/Lincol
    n/)
  • St. Mark's College Inc.
  • (http//www.adelaide.edu.au/stmarks)

4
Adelaide Accommodation
  • Adelaide Paringa Motel (http//www.macbitz.net.au/
    paringa/)
  • Govt Rate AUS80 single and AUD95 double/twin
    (including GST)
  • Adelaide Regent Apartments (http//www.AdelaideReg
    ent.com.au/)
  • 81-91 Melbourne Street, North Adelaide 4 Days
    AUS67.50 (1br/night)) and AUD 87.50
    (2br/night)
  • The Grosvenor Vista Hotel (http//www.grosvenorvis
    tahotel.com.au/grosvenor.htm)
  • AUS95 (Standard)) and AUD115 (Twin/double)
  • Hilton International Adelaide (http//www.hilton.c
    om/)
  • Hotel Adelaide International (http//www.hoteladel
    aide.com.au/)
  • Superior Room Rack rate - single, double or twin
    AUD199
  • Hyatt Regency Adelaide (http//www.adelaide.hyatt.
    com/)
  • AUD250 (1br/night) and AUD450 (2br/night)

5
Adelaide Accommodation
  • Novotel Adelaide on Hindley (http//www.accorhotel
    .com)
  • AUD192 (1br and 2br per night)
  • Raddison Playford (http//www.radisson.com/adelaid
    e.au)
  • Saville Park Suites Adelaide (http//www.savillesu
    ites.com.au)
  • AUD138 pn (2 people) and AUD182 pn (4 people)
  • Stamford Plaza Adelaide (http//www.stamford.com.a
    u)
  • AUD 180 (1br only)
  • The Townhouse on Hindley (http//www.barrontownhou
    se.com.au)

6
Conference Venue
Conference Venue The Conferences will be held on
the University campus, which is located in the
North Terrace, Adelaide. City West - located at
the western end of the North Terrace educational
and cultural precinct. Reflecting its location in
Adelaide's central business district next to the
community arts facilities of the Lion Arts Centre
and the Roma Mitchell Arts Centre, the campus
houses the University's undergraduate and
postgraduate programs and research activities in
the disciplines of art, architecture, design,
accounting, commerce, economics, finance,
business, international business, property,
commercial law, administrative management,
marketing, management information systems,
e-business, management, tourism and hospitality,
justice administration and wine marketing, as
well as Australian and Indigenous studies. The
University's Chancellery, International Relations
Office, the Bob Hawke Prime Ministerial Library,
the University's Art Museum and Learning
Connection are also located at City West.
7
Conference Venue
Conference Venue The Conferences will be held on
the University campus, which is located in the
North Terrace, Adelaide.
  • Lecture Theatres and Seminar Rooms

8
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9
Adelaide
  • Adelaide City Council website http//www.adelaide.
    sa.gov.au/City_Council/default.htm
  • The Adelaide City Council has produced seven
    walking trails which encourage both residents and
    visitors to explore the wonders of the City. Each
    of these self-guided walks has its own handy
    brochure which contains historical and cultural
    information. 
  • The seven walks have been designed to capture
    some of the great sites and stories of Adelaide.
    Three historic walks commence in beautiful
    Wellington Square North Adelaide, with another
    two embracing the splendour of lower North
    Adelaide.
  • A separate walk highlights the transformation of
    the paddocks in the South Park Lands into the
    manicured and picturesque Veale Gardens of today.
    Finally a cultural walking trail reveals the
    stories behind some of the magnificent statues
    and monuments found along North Terrace and in
    nearby Park Lands.

10
Map of the World
  • Adelaide

11
Adelaide
  • To Get to Adelaide
  • There are daily international and interstate
    flights to an airport complex no more than 15
    minutes from the city centre. Daily coach
    services link Adelaide with regional cities and
    interstate destinations. Adelaide is the hub on
    the Australian rail system and is on National
    Highway One.
  • Adelaide Domestic and Adelaide International
    Airports
  • The Adelaide Domestic and Adelaide International
    Airports are located just 5 kilometres west of
    the city centre. Both airports provide a city bus
    service, public car parking, valet car parking,
    taxi ranks, car rental, bureau de change and the
    International Airport also has duty free
    shopping.

12
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13
Getting Around in Adelaide
  • Buses from out of town, including the airport
    bus, will drop you off at the Central Bus
    Station, 101111 Franklin St, which, compared to
    bus terminals in other major cities, is very
    basic. The international airport, 7km southwest
    from the centre, is small, modern and easy to
    handle theres a currency exchange and
    information booth. The domestic terminal is about
    half a kilometre southwest. Both are serviced by
    the airport bus (Transit Regency Coaches depart
    hourly between 6.20am 9.20pm and every 30min at
    busier times to book a return trip call 08/8381
    5311 6), which will drop you off at most city
    accommodation on request its set route stops at
    Victoria Square and North Terrace, as well as the
    bus station. A taxi costs around 15 to either
    the city or the beachside suburb of Glenelg, 11km
    from the centre. Arriving by train at the Keswick
    Interstate Terminal, you can also take the
    airport bus, which stops here en route (3 to
    city or airport), or walk to the suburban
    platform and catch a train into Adelaide Train
    Station on North Terrace. Taxis to the city from
    the Interstate Terminal charge about 8.

14
Getting Around in Adelaide
  • Public Transport
  • The city of Adelaide and its environs are
    serviced by a public transport network operated
    by a variety of operators using a ticketing
    system called Metroticket. The network includes
    metropolitan buses, trains, the O-Bahn busway,
    and a tram line to Glenelg.
  • Ticket Purchase
  • Metrotickets are valid on and for transfers
    between all services, Single Trip and Daytrip
    Metrotickets can be purchased on board buses,
    trams and some trains (train vending machines are
    coin operated - no notes). The entire range of
    Metrotickets is available from bus depots,
    staffed railway stations, and from many post
    offices, newsagents, delis and service stations
    as well as the Passenger Transport Information
    Centre.
  • Timetable and Ticket Information
  • The Passenger Transport Information Centre is
    located on the corner of King William and Currie
    Streets in the city centre. The centre provides
    tickets, information and free timetables about
    public transport services, as well as the sale of
    Metrotickets and Public Transport Maps. There is
    also a Passenger Transport InfoLine for telephone
    enquiries on (08) 8210 1000, operating daily from
    7am to 8pm.

15
Getting Around in Adelaide
  • Adelaide Metro
  • Adelaide Metro is the largest public transport
    provider of bus, train, tram and O-Bahn services
    in Adelaide, South Australia. Adelaide Metro
    invite you to come aboard...and take a journey
    with them on their Internet site and discover
    timetable and customer information. Adelaide
    Metro Internet site. (http//www.adelaidemetro.com
    .au)
  • Special Features
  • The Adelaide O'Bahn is the fastest and longest
    suburban guided busway in the world. Specially
    adapted buses run at speeds of up to 100km/h
    along a concrete track from the city centre
    following the picturesque Linear Park to the
    north eastern suburbs, stopping along the way at
    Paradise, Klemzig and Modbury Interchanges. Take
    the O-Bahn for a day trip to the Tea Tree Plaza
    Shopping Centre and cinemas.

16
Getting Around in Adelaide
  • Special Features
  • The beautiful wood-panelled Glenelg tram built in
    1929 links Victoria Square in the city centre
    with the seaside resort of Glenelg and is the
    only survivor from the hey-day when Adelaide had
    25 electric trams. The trip to Glenelg takes
    around 25 minutes.
  • Adelaide city centre has two free bus services,
    the BeeLine and the City Loop. Every five minutes
    during shopping hours, the BeeLine travels the
    1km length of King William Street between
    Victoria Square and the Railway Station and the
    Casino and North Terrace. The City Loop links
    the city's major cultural, entertainment, retail,
    educational centres and Rundle Street
    restaurants. Both services stop at Victoria
    Square, near the Central Market.
  • Adelaide and South Australia has the largest
    fleet of fully accessible buses in Australia. The
    low floor buses feature a ramp that extends from
    beneath the centre doors to allow easier access
    for people with wheelchairs, pushers, trolleys
    and small children. Trains are also wheelchair
    accessible - ask the driver to use the ramp.
    CityFree buses are fully accessible.

17
Getting Around in Adelaide
  • Taxis
  • There are taxi ranks at strategic points
    throughout the city centre, or you can call a cab
    by ringing any of the major taxi companies-
  • Yellow Cabs - 13 2227
  • Suburban - 13 1008
  • Car Hire
  • Adelaide has all major car rental car companies,
    as well as a wide selection of smaller, locally
    based companies, all providing a range of
    vehicles for hire. Car rental firms require a
    current driver's license and a deposit or credit
    card imprint. The minimum age requirement is 25
    years of age, however many local companies have a
    minimum age requirement of 21.
  • Some local companies include
  • Thrifty Car Rental (Adelaide Airport) (08) 8234
    4554
  • Avis Australia 1800 225 533
  • Smart Car (chauffeur driven) (08) 8285 8555



18
General Information
  • Please feel free to visit the Australian Tourist
    Commission's web site http//www.southaustralia.
    com/home.asp
  • Australian Currency
  • The Australian Dollar (AUD) is a decimal
    currency with units in dollars and cents.
  • Notes Denominations 100, 50, 20, 10,
    5Coins Denominations 2, 1, 50, 20, 10, 5
  • Voltage
  • The Australian electricity supply operates on 240
    volts AC at 50 Hertz. All 110V require
    transformers. Most hotels have 110V AC sockets.
  • Visas
  • Visas are required from many countries. Please
    check with your travel agent. Application can be
    made via Australian Government representatives in
    major cities around the world.

19
General Information
  • Duty Free
  • Arrival passengers are allowed 400 per adult
    (200 per child) of duty free items, plus one
    litre of alcohol and 250 cigarettes or tobacco
    equivalent. Group allowances may be combined.
  • Banking
  • Banking hours are usually 930am to 400pm Monday
    to Thursday and 930am to 500pm Friday. A few
    are open Saturday mornings. Most international
    banks or their agents can be found in Adelaide.
    Automatic Teller Machines (ATMs) are open 24
    hours. Most branches are not open Sundays or
    Public Holidays.
  • Time Zone
  • Australian Central Standard Time is GMT plus 9
    1/2 hours.

20
General Information
  • Credit/Charge Cards
  • MasterCard, VISA, American Express, ITB, Diners
    Club and Bankcard are widely accepted.
  • Mobile Phones
  • Australia's mobile phone network operates on GSM.
    Coverage is available in all cities and most
    regional areas.
  • Tipping Gratuities
  • Not required or expected in Australia. This
    includes taxis. However, if you feel you have
    been given superior service, a gratuity would be
    welcome.
  • Goods Services Tax (GST)
  • A GST of 10 applies across Australia.

21
General Information
  • Car Rental
  • Rental cars are available across Australia with
    pick-up points at all domestic and international
    terminals. You may wish to visit the following
    major car rental companies.
  • Avis
  • Budget
  • Hertz
  • Thrify

22
South Australia - Tourism
  • South Australia's population of 1.4 million live
    mostly along the coast and in the capital city,
    Adelaide.
  • With its Mediterranean climate, fine food and
    wines, numerous festivals and events, kilometres
    of clean, sandy beaches and more sunshine than is
    decently allowed, South Australia is a great
    holiday destination.
  • South Australia boasts most of the world's opals.
    Coober Pedy, the main opal mining town, produces
    90 per cent of Australia's opals.

23
South Australia - Tourism
  • Adelaide
  • Adelaide is set on a narrow coastal plain between
    between the rolling hills of the Mt Lofty Ranges
    and the blue waters of Gulf St Vincent.
  • Surrounded by parkland, Adelaide combines the
    vitality of a large modern city with an easygoing
    Australian lifestyle.
  • The city centre is completely surrounded by
    parklands, with beautiful flower-beds,
    playgrounds and sportsfields. There are barbecues
    with tables and chairs under shady trees.
  • The beautiful formal Botanic Gardens have 16
    hectares of Australian and imported plants with
    lakes where children can feed ducks and swans.

24
South Australia - Tourism
  • Wine regions
  • South Australia provides about 65 per cent of the
    wines and 83 per cent of the brandy made in
    Australia. Kilometres of vineyards stretch over
    valleys, plains and hillsides of the southern and
    eastern regions of the state.
  • The state has six distinct grape growing regions
    the Barossa Valley, the Fleurieu Peninsula, the
    Murray River, the Clare Valley, the Adelaide
    Hills and the Coonawarra area of the south-east.
  • The vineyards of the Clare Valley are about 130
    kilometres north of Adelaide, and produce fine,
    light table wines.

25
South Australia - Tourism
  • Flinders Ranges
  • The Flinders Ranges are part of a mountain chain
    which extends almost 800 kilometres from its
    seaward end at Gulf St Vincent.
  • There is something unique in the contrast of the
    dry, stony land and the richly lines rock faces -
    the characteristics of a desert range - with the
    rich vegetation of the river red gums. In spring,
    after rain, the display of wildflowers is
    breathtaking, carpeting the whole region with
    masses of reds, pinks, yellows, purples and
    white. The wildflowers, together with the natural
    beauty of the rock shapes, pools and caves and
    twisted trees which abound in the Flinders
    Ranges, make them a favourite haunt of
    photographers and artists.
  • The best known feature of the Flinders Ranges is
    the Wilpena Pound, an immense elevated basin
    covering about 50 square kilometres and encircles
    by sheer cliffs which are set in a foundation of
    purple shale and rise through red stone to
    white-topped peaks. Within the pound are low,
    rounded hills and folded ridges, grasslands and
    pine-clad slopes which run down to gums along
    Wilpena Creek.
  • There is a well organised resort at Wilpena,
    catering for levels of accommodation from camping
    to modern motel.

26
Adelaide Weather Chart Average temperature
(Celcius).
  • Adelaide is free from sleet and snow, and even
    during the wettest mid-year winter months, an
    overcoat and umbrella, is the only protection you
    will need from the elements. In fact, Adelaide's
    weather is refreshingly mild with a cool 15
    degrees Celsius (59F) average in July, mid
    winter, and a comfortable 29 degrees C (84F)
    average over the summer period.

27
South Australia
  • Did You Know That... some of the first European
    visitors to South Australia were Dutchmen Peter
    Nuyts and Francois Thijssen in 1627.
  • That Kangaroo Island was settled long before the
    official proclamation of South Australia by
    Captain John Hindmarsh.
  • That many students are convinced that Matthew
    Flinders, after charting the coast of South
    Australia in 1802, circumcised Australia !!!!
  • Still the Chairman of the Colonization Commission
    for South Australia, Robert Torrens, said in 1835
    that South Australia was washed by the waters of
    the Pacific.
  • This same Chairman was very much in favour of the
    establishment of South Australia. Living there he
    said was far preferable to rambling over the back
    settlements of America or mixing with Catholics
    in the bleak unhealthy wilds of Canada or to
    enduring the depraved society of New South Wales.

28
South Australia
  • Torrens hoped that South Australia would become
    the great rice and wool growing country of the
    world and that its climate would make it possible
    to produce opium for the China trade. Last but
    not least he predicted that New South Wales would
    lose its supremacy and probably become a
    provincial appendage to South Australia.
  • That South Australia was not settled by convicts
    but that is was a convict, E.G. Wakefield, whose
    efforts finally led to the birth of South
    Australia.
  • That The Buffalo, which brought the first
    Governor and free settlers to South Australia,
    was later used to transport Canadian convicts to
    New South Wales and Tasmania.
  • That the first Lutheran College and Seminary in
    the Southern Hemisphere was opened at Lobethal in
    the Adelaide Hills in 1845.
  • That South Australia was the first to appoint an
    Archivist. In 1919 George Henry Pitt was
    appointed to that position by the South
    Australian Public Library Board.

29
Kangaroo Island
  • Captain Matthew Flinders, and his hungry crew
    members, discovered Kangaroo Island on 2 March
    1802. They found no inhabitants but were
    compensated for this by the discovery of what
    they needed most of all - fresh food! In his
    journal Flinders recorded, 'the whole ship's
    company was employed this afternoon in the
    skinning and cleaning of kangaroos. After four
    months' privation they stewed half a
    hundredweight of heads, forequarters and tails
    down into soup for dinner, on this and the
    succeeding days, and as much steak given,
    moreover to both officers and men as they could
    consume by day and night. In gratitude for so
    seasonable a supply, I named this south land
    KANGAROO ISLAND'.

30
Kangaroo Island
The human history of the island, which started
many thousands of years ago, is rich and
colourful. At the same time it is also full of
suffering, endurance, privation, success,
failure, courage and bravery. Its Aboriginal
occupation ended about five thousand years ago
and was not renewed until the early 1800's when
escaped convicts, from New South Wales and
Tasmania, whalers and sealers kidnapped
Aboriginal women from the mainland and forced
them to live with them on the island.
31
Map of Kangaroo Island
32
Kangaroo Island
  • No sooner had Flinders left the island or it was
    visited, circumnavigated and mapped, by the
    French Captain Nicholas Baudin who named it
    L'Isle Decres. Kangaroo Island only just escaped
    being a French colony!! A year later a group of
    American sealers, under command of Captain
    Pemberton, arrived aboard the brig Union and
    established themselves at what is now known as
    American River. They stayed for four months to
    build their new ship and kill as many seals, for
    their skins, as possible. The sailors sawed
    timber from the local pine trees near Pelican
    Lagoon and carried out the first ship building
    enterprise in South Australia. The first official
    settler at American River was Frank Potts. This
    boat builder arrived in 1842 but eventually
    returned to the mainland and established
    vineyards at Langhorne Creek.

33
Kangaroo Island
  • When the Americans left in their 35 ton schooner
    Independence, Kangaroo Island remained a
    favourite hunting ground for this commodity and
    between 1806 and 1836 it was not only occupied by
    whalers and sealers for short periods but also
    permanently by runaway convicts, ship deserters,
    farmers and other settlers. They made their
    living by hunting, fishing, skin and salt trading
    and even growing some vegetables. A report of
    1819 described the islanders as 'complete
    savages, living in bark huts, clothed in kangaroo
    skins and smelling like foxes'.
  • A similar report was written by Major Lockyer in
    1827. He wrote, 'The lawless manner in which
    these sealing gangs are ranging about requires
    some immediate measures to control them. From
    what I have learnt and witnessed, they are a
    complete set of pirates going from island to
    island along the southern coast, making
    occasional descents on the mainland and carrying
    off by force females. The great scene of villainy
    is at Kangaroo Island, where, to use the terms of
    one of them, a great number of graves are to be
    seen, and where some desperate characters are,
    many of them runaways from Sydney and Van
    Dieman's Land'.

34
Kangaroo Island
  • For many years the island's white beaches were
    stained with the blood of tens of thousands of
    whales, seals, kangaroos, wallabies and possums.
    For a few years there was a whaling station at
    Point Tinline. Both the seals and kangaroos were
    almost hunted to extinction. During Captain
    George Sutherland's short stay on the island in
    1819, more than 4500 seals and 1500 kangaroos
    were killed for their skins or meat. As late as
    the 1950s seals were killed for shark bait. The
    Kangaroo Island Emu was wiped out by the 1830s.
  • In his report to the South Australian Company
    Sutherland wrote, 'This large island containing
    the finest pastures, with timber suited for ship
    and house building, will afford secure
    protection'. It was probably, among the whaling
    and sealing prospects, a contributory factor in
    the settlement of the island by the company.

35
Kangaroo Island
  • The Rapid
  • When Colonel William Light arrived on the brig
    Rapid in August 1836, Dr John Woodforde recorded
    in his diary 'There must have been a great
    mortality among the kangaroos on this Isle since
    Flinder's time or he must have mistaken the
    wallaby for them as we have not seen one and the
    sealers say there are none'.
  • One of the island's most famous and colourful
    charactors was Henry Wallen, better known as 'The
    Governor'. He settled near Cygnet River in 1816
    and was the first farmer in South Australia to
    raise a crop. With the arrival of Captain Morgan
    on the barque Duke of York on 27 July 1836 at
    Kingscote, Wallen's governorship came to an end.
    It was replaced by Samuel Stephens, manager of
    the South Australian Company.
  • Woodforde reported that Wallen had a farm about
    thirteen kilometres up the river which 'does him
    great credit as he has several acres of
    flourishing wheat and most of the English
    vegetables. He has also two native wives'.

36
Kangaroo Island
  • The South Australian Company had its money
    printedbefore arriving on Kangaroo Island.
  • When the Duke of York anchored at Nepean Bay, the
    Beare family of six where among its migrants.
    Within hours of arrival, Lucy Beare gave birth to
    a girl. Sadly she died after only two days. When
    Lucy had another daughter a year later, the
    daughter survived but Lucy died. The first
    settlement at Reeves Point lasted for nearly four
    years when it was abandoned by the South
    Australian Company in favour of Adelaide. However
    Kingscote survived, as did one of the Mulberry
    trees planted in 1836 in the Company's garden.
  • The first school in South Australia was
    established on Kangoroo Island by Captain Bromley
    who lived on the island until 19 May 1839. During
    this time he instructed some twenty children
    under a tree until he had built a hut for them.
    When appointed Protector of Aborigines he moved
    to the mainland. Among Kangaroo Island's earliest
    industries, apart from the whaling and sealing,
    were shipbuilding, salt harvesting, quarrying and
    the production of eucalyptus oil.

37
Kangaroo Island
  • The first of many shipwrecks, after official
    occupation of the island, was at Hog Bay Reef
    where the locally built William sank in 1847. The
    first lighthouse in South Australia, at Cape
    Willoughby, started operating in 1852. This was
    followed in 1858 by one at Cape Borda, 155 metres
    above sea level and manually operated until 1989.
    The Lighthouse at Cape Du Couedic was not started
    until 1909. The materials for the building, and
    later the goods for the keepers, were supplied
    from nearby Weirs Cove. At first they were
    carried 90 metres up the cliffs until 1907 when a
    flying fox was used.
  • Since the sinking of the William, more than fifty
    shipwrecks have been recorded around the island.
    The largest was the 5,800 ton Portland Maru in
    1935. It began taking water near Cape Du Couedic
    before finally sinking at Cape Torrens.

38
Views of Kangaroo Island
39
Victor Harbour
  • Named in 1838 by Governor Gawler after HMS
    Victor, commanded by Captain Richard Crozier, who
    surveyed the area in 1837. That same year a
    whaling station was established on Granite
    Island, managed by Captain Blenkinsopp. The first
    ship to load at Victor Harbor was the Goshawk
    taking on a cargo of whale oil in 1838. Although
    one of the very first harbours in South
    Australia, the town did not come into being until
    1863 when it was surveyed as a private town by
    L.J. Hyndman.

40
Warrawong Earth Sancturary
  • Ecotourism at its best! Warrawong is totally
    unique and offers the ultimate wildlife
    experience! See endangered animals thriving in
    their natural habitat as it was 200 years ago
    with experienced, professional guides. Tours are
    90 minutes in duration. Dawn tours take you on a
    journey into the misty rainforest with
    honeyeaters and lorikeets trailing along in the
    canopy. Day tours depart at 2.00 pm on weekends
    and public holidays to explore special wildlife
    habitats. Dusk tours departures vary according to
    sunset times to experience the famous Australian
    nocturnal wildlife waking up. All walks meander
    along walking trails, and follow boardwalks
    around the Platypus lakes. Bookings are essential
    for all guided tours, just contact Warrawong
    Earth Sanctuary for costs, times and any other
    details. (http//www.warrawong.com)

41
Map of Victor Harbor
42
Victor Harbour
  • During the early days of settlement, Victor
    Harbour was considered as the site for the
    colony's capital by several of its influential
    citizens, including Governor Hindmarsh. As an ex
    navy man Hindmarsh was anxious that sailors
    should report any parts of the coastline which
    might offer protection for ships.
  • In 1838 it was reported that the land was
    extremely rich, and the site most picturesque,
    and well calculated for a town. It was bounded by
    two rivers from seventeen to thirty metres wide,
    and navigable for boats three to five kilometres.
    We consider this site the most eligible that we
    have seen so far in the colony for the first
    town. However six months later another report
    stated that the plan for a proposed town was
    utterly useless and absurd.

43
Victor Harbour
  • The first thirty-four settlers arrived with the
    Rev Ridgeway W. Newland in 1839 and settled at
    Yelki, near the Bluff. Newland was regarded as a
    man of good standing and character. Life was very
    hard for these early pioneers and they had to
    overcome many problems. They were forced to live
    in tents for nearly two years before the first
    houses were built. Land for farming, covered with
    giant blue gums, was hard to clear. As early as
    1840 Lutheran Missionary H. Meyer had established
    a school for the local Aborigines, to give them
    some European Education'. He was later
    transferred to Bethany in the Barossa Valley.

44
Victor Harbour
  • During the early 1840s, Newland cultivated his
    land with the help of his family and some
    Aborigines. They ploughed, sowed and reaped and
    had made enough progress for the Adelaide
    Observer to conclude that the Aboriginal race was
    capable of a high degree of civilised life.
  • From its early days the town had close
    connections with Goolwa and the River Murray.
    After 1850 river steamers carried wool and wheat
    up and down the river to Goolwa but could not
    make it through the river mouth to the sea.
    Instead goods had to be transported to the
    nearest sea port which was Victor Harbor.

45
Victor Harbour
  • Port facilities created employment with many
    workers needed to load and unload the cargo from
    ships, trains or bullock wagons. Once there was a
    small community other services followed rapidly.
    Soon there were the usual churches, hotel,
    school, post office and police station. In August
    1863 two bridges, one over the Hindmarsh and the
    other across the Inman River, were opened making
    it much easier for people to visit the town.

During that year several stone houses were built
and a year later a telegraph station and large
railway sheds to cater for the traffic on the
original horse drawn railway. With increasing
traffic a new jetty and a breakwater were built
but when the town of Morgan was connected by rail
to Adelaide in 1880, Victor Harbor ceased to be a
port.
46
Victor Harbour
  • Even so, Victor Harbor continued to grow despite
    the loss of the river trade. With the hinterland
    now well established, farmers and graziers came
    to Victor to buy or sell their goods. When
    connected by rail to Adelaide the town and
    harbour became a tourist attraction which has
    kept on growing to such an extent that today
    Victor Harbor is one of the major tourist
    destinations in South Australia.

47
Getting Around Adelaide
  • An airport bus runs from the airport to city
    hotels and hostels - the bus also calls in at the
    interstate train station. Adelaide has an
    integrated local transport system that includes
    metropolitan buses and trains, as well as the
    tram which operates between the city centre and
    Glenelg, and the O-Bahn busway which runs on
    concrete tracks between the city centre and the
    Tea Tree Plaza shopping centre. The airport is
    8km (5mi) west of the city and is serviced by an
    airport bus. Adelaide is a relatively
    cyclist-friendly city, with good cycling tracks
    and bicycle lanes on many city streets.

48
Getting to Adelaide
  • Virtually all visitors to Australia arrive by
    air. The main international airports are Sydney,
    Melbourne and Brisbane, followed by Perth,
    Adelaide, Hobart, Darwin and Cairns. There are
    plenty of connections to Asia, Europe and the
    USA, but Australia's remoteness makes flights
    relatively expensive and long. Australia's
    current international popularity also means that
    many flights are heavily booked. Make plans well
    in advance. Departure tax on international
    flights is US19. This tax is collected by travel
    agents and entered on your airline ticket.

49
Getting to Adelaide
  • International flights arrive in Adelaide from all
    over the world, many of them flying directly to
    the city. Australia's two airlines fly into
    Adelaide from every other capital city, although
    you may have to make a stopover if you're coming
    from Brisbane or Sydney - Adelaide is a long way
    from Australia's other capitals, so flying is
    often the best option.
  • Bus travel is cheaper than flying, but be
    prepared for a long haul. Services run to all
    major cities - you can go with one of the major
    lines and do the quick-but-dull trip, or take a
    smaller bus and meander around a bit. Buses also
    run to Alice Springs and to regional centres in
    South Australia. Interstate trains run from
    Adelaide to Alice Springs, Perth, Melbourne and
    Sydney.

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Adelaide Orientation
  • Adelaide sits on the eastern shore of Gulf St
    Vincent, in the far south of South Australia. The
    streets of Adelaide's central business district
    follow a grid pattern, which makes it very easy
    for visitors to find their way around. Victoria
    Square sits in the centre of the grid, and the
    main street, King William, runs through it.
    Although not the geographical centre of town,
    Rundle Mall is the shopping centre of the city,
    with the big department stores - Rundle St's
    eastern end has some of the city centre's best
    dining and boutique shopping. North Terrace,
    running parallel to Rundle St, is the city's
    cultural centre, a grand boulevard lined with a
    gallery, museum, state library and university.
    The River Torrens separates the city centre from
    North Adelaide, and a green belt of parkland
    surrounds both areas.
  • The Adelaide airport is about 6km (3.7mi) west of
    the city centre, the interstate train terminal is
    just south-west of the city centre in the suburb
    of Keswick, and interstate buses arrive at
    Central, almost smack in the middle of town. Most
    hostels are in the south-eastern corner of the
    city centre Hindley St in the city has mid-range
    options, North Terrace has the top-end hotels.
    Rundle St, Hindley St and North Terrace are the
    main food centres.

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Activities
  • There are several bushwalking clubs in the
    Adelaide area which organise weekend walks in the
    Mt Lofty Ranges. There is good sailing all along
    the Adelaide shoreline of the Gulf of St Vincent.
    Beaches close to the city, such as Seacliff,
    Brighton, Somerton and Glenelg offer excellent
    swimming, though you have to go a litte further
    afield for surfing. There's an artificial reef
    designed for divers off Glenelg beach. You can go
    ice-skating or skiing year-round at the indoor
    rink and slope in Thebarton.

52
Attractions
  • South Australian Museum
  • This museum, which has a huge whale skeleton in
    the front window, is one of Adelaide's landmarks.
    Although its primarily a natural history museum,
    with the usual array of stuffed, glassy-eyed
    critters, it also has a good collection of
    Aboriginal artefacts, including an Aboriginal
    Dreamtime exhibition. You'll find the museum on
    North Terrace.
  • Other museums nearby include the excellent
    Migration Museum, which tells the story of groups
    from over 100 nationalities who've migrated to
    South Australia, and the University's Museum of
    Classical Archaeology, which has a fascinating
    collection of antiquities dating from the third
    millennium BC.

53
Attractions
  • Art Gallery of SA
  • The free Art Gallery, next to the South
    Australian Museum, contains one of the nation's
    most comprehensive collections of Australian,
    Asian and European art. It boasts the largest
    display of Australian art, including a fine
    selection of paintings by great colonial and
    contemporary Australian artists. There's a
    magnificent collection of South-East Asian
    ceramics, and a lovely display of decorative
    arts.The gallery also has the second-largest
    collection of Rodin sculptures in the world.

54
Attractions
  • Festival Centre
  • Looking uncannily like a squared-off version of
    the Sydney Opera House, the Festival Centre is
    the home of the Adelaide Festival. Inside, there
    is a variety of performance spaces and galleries,
    and there are free rock concerts in the outside
    amphitheatre on Sundays during summer. One of the
    most pleasant aspects of the Festival Centre is
    its riverside setting people picnic on the grass
    out the front and paddleboats can be hired nearby.

55
Attractions
  • Glenelg
  • The magnificent white, sandy beach here is the
    most popular in Adelaide, despite the occasional
    rumour of giant white pointer sharks. There's not
    much in the way of surf, but the swimming is
    certainly pleasant. If sand holds no interest for
    you, head for the shooting games, scary rides and
    test-your-luck machines of Glenelg's old-style
    amusement park. Just east of the ferris wheels
    you find the more modern fun of Magic Mountain,
    with its waterslides, mini-golf and arcade games.

56
Attractions
  • For the more seriously minded, Glenelg holds a
    number of relics from Adelaide's early days. The
    Old Gum Tree marks the spot where the
    proclamation of South Australia was read in 1836.
    A replica of the HMS Buffalo, the ship which
    brought the first settlers, is moored in
    Glenelg's boat harbour. On board you'll find one
    of the city's best seafood restaurants, and a
    museum telling the story of the ship's voyage
    from England to South Australia. A vintage tram
    runs from the city centre right to Glenelg beach.

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Off the Beaten Track
  • Hahndorf
  • The oldest surviving German settlement in
    Australia, Hahndorf, 29km (18mi) south-east of
    Adelaide, is a popular day trip. Settled in 1839
    by Lutherans who left Prussia to escape religious
    persecution, Hahndorf still has an honorary
    burgermeister (mayor). These days it's a major
    tourist attraction, with more stuffed koalas than
    you can shake a eucalyptus leaf at.
  • There are many old German-style buildings in
    town. The German Arms Hotel dates from 1839 and
    is one of the best pubs in the Adelaide hills.
    The Hahndorf Academy was established in 1857 and
    houses an art gallery, craft shop and museum,
    with several paintings by Sir Hans Heysen, the
    famous landscape artist who lived in the town for
    many years. If you're keen to indulge in a stein
    or seven, visit the town on Founders Day, held
    over a weekend in March. Buses run to Hahndorf
    from Adelaide several times a day.

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Off the Beaten Track
  • McLaren Vale
  • Although the Barossa Valley is the best-known of
    South Australia's winery destinations, McLaren
    Vale is much more accessible from Adelaide. The
    area is particularly well-suited to red wines,
    but a trend towards white wine consumption in the
    tasteful 70s prompted growers to stick in a few
    of the paler grapes. There are around two dozen
    wineries with cellar-door sales in the McLaren
    Vale area and about 50 in the surrounding
    countryside. The first winery was established
    here in 1838, and plenty of plonk-sellers still
    reside in fine old buildings.
  • The McLaren Vale Wine Bushing Festival goes on in
    late October, with wine tastings and tours,
    finished off with a grand feast. During the
    festival a bus runs between the wineries, so you
    can tipple to your heart's content without
    worrying about driving. Around three buses a day
    do the 30km (19mi) trip south to McLaren Vale.

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Map of Australia
60
Australian Culture
  • Australia is a multicultural society. Until WWII,
    Australians were predominantly of British and
    Irish descent, but that has changed dramatically.
    Large immigrations from Greece, Italy,
    Yugoslavia, Lebanon and Turkey followed the war
    and have been supplemented by more recent
    influxes of immigrants from Asia. There are also
    about 230,000 Aborigines and Torres Strait
    Islanders. Many Australians speak Italian, Greek,
    Lebanese, Vietnamese or Turkish as a first
    language. English-speaking Australians are liable
    to use a hotchpotch of indigenous slang and
    shortened words that often makes their speech
    impenetrable.

61
Australian Culture
  • Australia has a rich artistic heritage and a
    vibrant contemporary art scene. Aboriginal rock
    carvings and paintings date back at least 30,000
    years. European settlers began to produce
    distinctively Australian art forms towards the
    end of the 19th century. Australia's mid-20th
    century artists were world figures (Sidney Nolan,
    Arthur Boyd, Patrick White) and its modern
    practitioners have excelled in painting (Brett
    Whiteley, Fred Williams), literature (Peter
    Carey, Thomas Keneally), opera (Joan Sutherland),
    film (Peter Weir, Bruce Beresford, George Miller,
    Gillian Armstrong), acting (Mel Gibson, Nicole
    Kidman) comedy (Barry Humphries), dance (Graeme
    Murphy, Paul Mercurio) and popular music (Nick
    Cave, INXS, Midnight Oil, silverchair). Modern
    Aboriginal art has undergone a revival in the
    last decade as Aboriginal artists have explored
    ways to both preserve their ancient values and
    share them with a wider community.

62
Australian Culture
  • Sport is the Australian religion and Aussies are
    worldbeaters in cricket, rugby league, rugby
    union, swimming and cycling. Other popular sports
    are basketball, yachting, soccer and Aussie Rules
    - a unique Australian sport, similar to Gaelic
    football. The Olympic Games were held in Sydney
    in 2000, and were declared by IOC head Juan
    Antonio Samaranch the best Games ever.

63
Australian Environment
  • Australia is a vast island continent situated
    south of Indonesia and Papua New Guinea between
    the Pacific and Indian oceans. The world's sixth
    largest country, Australia measures some 4000km
    (2500mi) east to west and 3200km (2000mi) north
    to south. Much of the interior of the country is
    flat, barren and extremely sparsely populated.
    The bulk of the population lives on the narrow,
    fertile eastern coastal plain and on the
    south-eastern coast. The continent-long Great
    Dividing Range runs north-south down the eastern
    seaboard, separating the coastal plain from the
    drier inland areas. The Great Barrier Reef lies
    between 50-300km (30-185mi) offshore and extends
    2000km (1240mi) from the Torres Strait to
    Gladstone.

64
Australian Environment
  • Australia is blessed with a fascinating mix of
    native flora and fauna. Its distinctive plants
    include the ubiquitous gum tree or eucalypt, of
    which there are some 700 species. Other common
    plants are wattle, banksia, waratahs,
    bottlebrushes, paperbarks and tea trees. Endemic
    animals include the iconic kangaroo, koala and
    emu, and the platypus, echidna, possum, wombat
    and dingo. There are also a number of interesting
    birds, such as parrots, cockatoos and
    kookaburras. Fauna to be wary of include
    Australian spiders (especially the redback and
    funnel-web), snakes (notably the venomous brown,
    tiger, death adder, copperhead and red-bellied
    black varieties) and both salt and freshwater
    crocodiles. There are more than 500 national
    parks, incorporating rainforests, deserts,
    mountain ranges and coastal dunes.

65
Australian Environment
  • Australian seasons are the antithesis of those in
    Europe and North America summer starts in
    December, autumn in March, winter in June and
    spring in September. Seasonal variations are not
    extreme and it's rare for temperatures to drop
    below zero on the mainland except in the
    mountains. As you head north, the seasonal
    variations become even less distinct. Darwin, in
    the far north, is in the monsoon belt, where
    there are just two seasons hot and wet, and hot
    and dry.
  • The southern states are popular during the summer
    months, but the best time to visit is probably
    the shoulder seasons of spring or autumn when the
    weather in the south is mild, Queensland is still
    warm, the humidity is not too draining in the
    north and there are less flies in the bush.
    Spring in the outback can be spectacular if rains
    encourage wildflowers.

66
Facts for Travellers
  • Visas Every nationality except New Zealanders
    need visas. Tourists visas are generally valid
    for six months and cost US22. Visas for less
    than three months are free.Health risks
    Sunburn, spider bites, snake bitesTime There
    are three time zones Eastern Standard Time is
    UTC plus 10 hours Central Time is UTC plus 9.5
    hours and Western Time UTC plus eight
    hours.Electricity 220-240VWeights measures
    metric

67
Money Costs
  • Currency Australian dollar Relative Costs
    MealsBudget US3-5 Mid-range US5-15 Top-end
    US15 and upwardsLodgingBudget US6-15
    Mid-range US15-60 Top-end US60 and upwards
  • If you're coming from Europe or the USA,
    Australia is going to look pretty cheap. Food, in
    particular, is great value. Accommodation is also
    reasonably priced, and if you're staying in
    hostels or on-site caravans or camping, and
    mostly making your own meals you could
    conceivably get by on about US18 a day. Travel
    will be your biggest expense - distances are
    long, so if you're moving around a bit, eating
    out once or twice a day and staying in low-end
    hotels, budget around US50 a day. If you're only
    coming for a couple of weeks and plan to take a
    few internal flights, you'll be looking at more
    like US100 a day.

68
Money Costs
  • You'll have no problems changing foreign
    currencies or cash at almost any bank or exchange
    agent. Travellers cheques generally get a better
    rate than cash. Credit cards are widely accepted
    (and pretty much compulsory if you're going to
    rent a car), and ATMs all over the country accept
    credit and Cirrus cards.
  • Tipping is getting a foothold in Australia,
    particularly in cafes and restaurants in the
    bigger cities - 10-15 is the usual. However, you
    won't be looked down upon if you don't tip. Taxi
    drivers are always grateful if you leave the
    change.

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70
Belair National Park
  • If you're interested in early South Australian
    History, why not visit Old Government House, the
    summer residence of our states early Governor's.
    This living piece of history, with it's
    magnificent gardens, is open between 1230 pm and
    400 pm on Sundays and Public Holidays. A small
    entrance fee is charged. Special bookings can be
    made for weddings, school group and bus tours.
  • Fancy a game of tennis, cricket or football?
    We've got a ground to suit and 54 courts
    available in a variety of natural settings.
    Belair has always been Adelaide's favourite
    bushland playground so bring the family soon and
    enjoy getting back to nature.

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Belair National Park
  • Belair National Park is open every day from 800
    am and closes just before sunset. There is an
    admission fee per vehicle of 6.00 (price
    includes GST) and there are not too many places
    where you can experience so much for such a small
    cost. For further information and enquiries
    please call
  • The Information Officer on (08) 8278 5477.For
    bookings please contact the booking office on
    (08) 8278 8279.

72
Belair National Park
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74
Cleland Wildlife Park
  • Cleland Wildlife Park is nestled in the beautiful
    natural bushland of the Adelaide Hills, only 25
    minutes drive from the Adelaide city centre.
  • Cleland is about getting close to nature and
    enjoying the opportunity to interact with
    Australian animals such as Kangaroos, Koalas and
    emus and see favourites like the wombats, dingos
    and many reptile species. The park also has a
    variety of rare and endangered species such as
    the Yellow-footed Rock Wallaby, Southern Stone
    Curlew and Brush-tailed Bettong.

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Cleland Wildlife Park
  • While at Cleland, why not join an Aboriginal
    guide on a Cultural Tour of the Yurridla
    Aboriginal Trail, bringing to life Dreaming
    stories of dingoes, emus, koalas and Yurrabilla,
    the creation ancestor, or even a nightwalk,
    uncovering the secrets of the bush (bookings are
    essential for both tours).
  • You can pack a picnic, have a BBQ, or enjoy the
    view of the Rainbow Lorikeets feeding as you dine
    in the Cleland Café.
  • Opening times are from 9.30 a.m. to 5.00 p.m.
    daily, no admission after 4.30 p.m. We are open 7
    days per week but do close on Christmas day.
  • Contact Us
  • Visit Us at Summit Road, Mt Lofty, in the
    Adelaide Hills Region of South Australia (Via the
    South Eastern Freeway, take the Crafers exit or
    Via Greenhill)
  • Snail Mail UsPO Box 245, STIRLING, South
    Australia 5152
  • Phone Us 61(0)8 8339 2444 On the web
    www.cleland.sa.gov.au

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Southern Right Wales
The Head of Bight was visited in 1998 by over 100
southern right whales. The whales are usually
present from late May to early October and can be
viewed from the spectacular cliffs. Victor Harbor
is also a favoured spot for the whales and is
usually visited by several whales each season.
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  • The Whale Trail
  • The southern right whale trail is a trail of
    interactive signs dotted around the South
    Australian coast. Each sign has a different theme
    and features a "rubbing panel". By placing a
    piece of paper over the panel and rubbing with a
    soft pencil you can collect an image. There are
    ten to collect at the locations shown on the map.

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ADELAIDE BOTANIC GARDEN
  • Is a beautiful heritage garden with many fine
    trees and historic buildings located at the
    eastern end of North Terrace, within easy walking
    distance of the Adelaide City centre.
  • Restored C19 Palm House - thought to be the only
    one of its kind in the world. 

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ADELAIDE BOTANIC GARDEN
  • Formal rose garden.
  • Australian native plants and the Australian
    Forest
  • Wisteria arbors
  • Restaurant and Kiosk open every day
  • Free guided walks with the Garden Guides leave
    from under the Plane trees outside the Restaurant
    at 10.30am.

Tropical rainforest in the world renowned
Bicentennial Conservatory.
80
Jam Factory
  • JamFactory Contemporary Craft and Design is
    Australia's unique, integrated organisation for
    the design, production, exhibition and sale of
    work by both leading and emerging Australian
    designer / makers. In 1998 it celebrated 25 years
    of successful operation.
  • A career development and professional training
    organisation, the accomplishments of JamFactory's
    artists and designers have gained an
    international reputation for quality and
    creativity. The emphasis is on fostering the best
    in South Australian craft and design.

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Festival Theatre
  • The Centre comprise four theatre venues - the
    Festival Theatre, The Playhouse, The Space and
    the Amphitheatre - and we also manage Her
    Majesty's Theatre, a heritage-listed building in
    the centre of the city. We present about half of
    all the performances in these venues with the
    rest being presented by other arts organisations,
    private promoters and community groups who hire
    the theatres.

The Festival Theatre is the largest proscenium
arch theatre in Adelaide, seating close to 2000
people.  It was designed as both a lyric theatre
and concert hall, and is used not only for
theatrical productions and large concerts, but
also for graduation ceremonies, seminars and many
other functions.  Its huge backstage area makes
the stage area one of the largest in the southern
hemisphere and a hot favourite of companies with
large sets.
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Central Market
  • Central Market, buzzing with sounds, colours and
    wonderous smells is truly the destination for
    foodies.
  • Offering not only fresh fruit and vegetables,
    most of which are grown within 1 hours drive of
    the Market, you will also find one of the largest
    ranges of meat and fish along with gourmet
    specialities introduced by the waves of
    immigrants and their families who call Adelaide
    home. Every stall has its own special story
    making your visit to the Adelaide Central Market
    a fantastic journey.
  • It's more than a market, it's unique to South
    Australia!
  • Contact Details
  • For more information on the Market and its
    activities, please contact the City of Adelaide
    Customer Centre. Phone (61) 8 8203 7203.After
    Customer Centre Hours (8.30am to 5.30pm, Monday
    to Friday), please contact the Adelaide Central
    Market on (61) 8 8203 7494. Email
    centmkt_at_camtech.nete.au

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Adelaide City Walk
  • Enjoy Adelaide on foot with this 3 hour city walk
    - follow the route indicated via Rundle Mall and
    North Terrace starting at
  • HOLY TRINITY CHURCH - The State's oldest church,
    features a fully restored clock.
  • JAM FACTORY CRAFT DESIGN CENTRE - Superb South
    Australian design and manufacture jewellery,
    furniture, ceramics and glass on exhibition and
    for sale.
  • ADELLA GALLERY - Authentic aboriginal art and
    craft.
  • TATTERSALLS HOTEL Est. 1882 - Kelly's Heritage
    Bar-with original period decor.
  • THE BEEHIVE CORNER - Adelaide's historic retail
    and social icon, now under-going restoration
    until September '98.
  • RENAISSANCE TOWER.
  • RUTHVEN MANSIONS - Adelaide's oldest apartment
    block, built in 1911.
  • SCOTS CHURCH - Built in 1850.
  • TANDANYA - Aboriginal Cultural Institute, Museum
    and Gallery.
  • AYERS HOUSE  - A stately house open to the
    public, formerly the home of Sir Henry Lady
    Ayers (State Premier for 7 terms)
  • BOTANIC GARDENS.

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Adelaide City Walk
  • UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA.
  • ADELAIDE UNIVERSITY.
  • ART GALLERY OF S.A.
  • S.A. MUSEUM.
  • STATE LIBRARY OF S.A.
  • MIGRATION MUSEUM.
  • NATIONAL WAR MEMORIAL. Erected in 1931.
  • GOVERNMENT HOUSE. The oldest part dates back to
    1839.
  • FESTIVAL CENTRE.
  • PARLIAMENT HOUSE - The first part, the western
    portion opened in 1889. The remainder was
    completed in 1939.
  • OLD PARLIAMENT HOUSE - South Australia's original
    Parliament House.
  • ADELAIDE CASINO - in the Adelaide Railway
    Building built in 1928.

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Conference Information23rd INTERNATIONAL
CONFERENCE ON APPLICATION AND THEORY OF PETRI
NETS 24-28 June, 2002
  • Conference Website
  • http//www.unisa.edu.au/eie/csec/pn2002
  • Call for Papers
  • http//www.daimi.au.dk/PetriNets/meetings/pn2002/
  • Email
  • pn2002_at_unisa.edu.au

86
Look forward to seeing you Adelaide in 2002
Organised
School of Electrical and Information Engineering
Department of Computer Science