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Group on Earth Observations An Overview

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Group on Earth Observations An Overview Group on Earth Observations Global Earth Observing System of Systems An Overview January 2005 Earth Observation Summits I & II ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Group on Earth Observations An Overview


1
Group on Earth Observations An Overview
Group on Earth Observations Global Earth
Observing System of Systems An Overview
  • January 2005

2
Earth Observation Summits I II
  • Outcomes
  • Established GEO
  • Adopted Declaration
  • Adopted Framework Document
  • Agreed to Outline for 10-year Plan

3
AD HOC INTERGOVERNMENTAL GROUP ON EARTH
OBSERVATIONS (GEO)
  • 54 Countries EC and 33 International
    Organizations
  • Plenary
  • Secretariat
  • 5 Subgroups
  • Architecture
  • Capacity Building
  • Data Utilization
  • International Cooperation
  • User Requirements and Outreach
  • Implementation Plan Task Team

4
GEO FOCUS BENEFITS OF OBSERVATIONS
  • NINE AREAS OF SOCIETAL BENEFIT
  • Disasters Reducing loss of life and property
    from natural and human-induced disasters
  • Health Understanding environmental factors
    affecting human health and well being
  • Energy Improving management of energy resources
  • Climate Understanding, predicting, mitigating
    and adapting to climate variability and change
  • Water Improving water resource management
    through better understanding of the water cycle
  • Weather Improving weather information,
    forecasting and warning
  • Ecosystems Improving the management and
    protection of terrestrial, coastal and marine
    resources
  • Agriculture Supporting sustainable agriculture
    and combating desertification
  • Biodiversity Understanding, monitoring, and
    conserving biodiversity

5
Key Outputs
  • The Framework Document
  • A high-level synopsis of the GEO effort for
    senior policymakers, presenting the purpose,
    expected benefits, and broad framework for
    developing the 10-year Implementation Plan,
    establishing the Global Earth Observation System
    of Systems (GEOSS)
  • The 10-Year Implementation Plan
  • A 10-Year roadmap for creating GEOSS as a
    distributed system of systems, building
    step-by-step on current cooperation efforts among
    existing observing and processing systems within
    their mandates, while encouraging and
    accommodating new components. The GEOSS will be
  • comprehensive, by including observations and
    products gathered from all components required to
    serve the needs of participating members
  • coordinated, in terms of leveraging resources of
    individual contributing members to accomplish
    this system, whose total capacity is greater than
    the sum of its parts
  • sustained, by the collective and individual will
    and capacity of participating members.

6
GEO MEMBERS (53EC)
7
PARTICIPATING ORGANIZATIONS (33)
  • Association for the Development of Environmental
    Information (ADIE)
  • Central American Commission for the Environment
    and Development (SICA/CCAD)
  • Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS)
  • European Centre for Medium-Range Weather
    Forecasts (ECMWF)
  • European Environmental Agency (EEA)
  • European Space Agency (ESA)
  • European Organization for the Exploitation of
    Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT)
  • Federation of Digital Broad-Band Seismograph
    Networks (FDSN)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
    Nations (FAO)
  • Global Climate Observing System (GCOS)
  • Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS)
  • Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS)
  • Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
    (IEEE)
  • Integrated Global Observing Strategy Partnership
    (IGOS-P)
  • Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commissions (IOC)
  • International Association of Geodesy (IAG)

8
PARTICIPATING ORGANIZATIONS (contd.)
  • International Council for Science (ICSU)
  • International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP)
  • International Group of Funding Agencies for
    Global Change Research (IGFA)
  • International Institute for Space Law (IISL)
  • International Steering Committee for Global
    Mapping  (ISCGM)
  • International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
    (ISDR)
  • Network of European Meteorological
    Services/Composite Observing System
    (EUMETNET/EUCOS)
  • Partnership for Observation of the Global Ocean
    (POGO)
  • United Nations Convention on Biodiversity
  • United Nations Convention to Combat
    Desertification
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and
    Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
  • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
    Change (UNFCCC)
  • United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs
    (UNOOSA)
  • World Bank (IBRD)
  • World Climate Research Programme (WCRP)
  • World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

9
What is GEOSS?Global Earth Observing System of
Systems
  • GEOSS is a distributed system of systems built on
    current international cooperation among existing
    Earth observing and data management systems
  • GEOSS enables the collection and distribution of
    accurate, reliable Earth Observation data,
    information, products, and services in an
    end-to-end process

10
The Global Framework
  • A distributed system of systems
  • Improves coordination of strategies and
    observation systems
  • Links all platforms in situ, aircraft, and
    satellite networks
  • Identifies gaps in our global capacity
  • Facilitates exchange of data and information
  • Improves decision-makers abilities to address
    pressing policy issues

11
Attributes of an Integrated Global Observing
System
  • Comprehensive
  • Sustained
  • Integrated
  • Global

12
Benefits Focus
13
Why GEOSS?
  • GEOSS-Global System To Meet Societal Needs
  • Interdisciplinary focus
  • An integrated international system using remote
    sensing in situ systems
  • Foundation for sound decision-making global,
    regional, local level
  • Social, Economic, Science Concerns
  • More than half the worlds population lives
    within 60 km of the shoreline, this could rise
    to 3/4 by the year 2020
  • More than 90 of natural disaster-related deaths
    occur in developing countries
  • 25 of Earths biological productivity an
    estimated 80-90 of global commercial fish catch
    is concentrated in coastal zones
  • Worldwide agricultural benefits of better El Niño
    forecasts are conservatively estimated at
    450-550M/year

14
Global Earth Observation System of Systems
(GEOSS)
Global Observing Systems GCOS GOOS GTOS WHYCOS Wor
ld Weather IGBP IOOS CEOS IGOS
National/Multinational Observing
Systems Satellites Surface Obs. Radar Aircraft Oce
an Observations Paleo-data
Private Sector Observing Systems Satellites Mesone
ts Lightning Commercial Aircraft
Ongoing Analysis of the Climate System
Climate Variability and Change
Disasters
Health
Ecosystem
Agriculture
Ocean Resources
Energy
Water Resources
Weather
Societal Benefits
15
Implementation Approach
16
Data Management System for Earth Observations
  • Data Management Needs
  • New Systems mean 100-fold increase in data
  • Current systems already face challenges
  • Development of browser and visualization systems
    underpinned by core geospatial technologies
  • Interoperability through protocols and standards

17
Global Earth Observing System of Systems
  • United States
  • Integrated Earth Observation System
  • European Commission
  • Global Monitoring for Environment and Security
  • Asia
  • Asian Monsoon Observation Initiative
  • Africa
  • New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD)
    Environment Initiative

18
Near Term Opportunities
  • Improved Observations for Disaster Warnings
  • Global Land Observing System
  • Sea Level Observing System
  • National Integrated Drought Information System
  • Air Quality Assessment and Forecast System
  • Data Management System for Earth Observations

19
Coming SoonEarth Observation Summit III
  • Brussels, Belgium, February 16
  • Agreement on Implementation Plan and Resolution
  • Set up new GEO Structure and Secretariat
  • WMO offer to host
  • Near-term Opportunities Include
  • Data Management System for Earth Observations
  • Improved Observations for Disaster Warnings
  • Global Land Observing System

20
Challenge
  • Transformation of the Earth Observation System
    into the Earth Information System

21
Earth Observation Info...
  • Intergovernmental ad hoc Group on Earth
    Observations
  • http//earthobservations.org
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