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Vietnam Tourism Introduction Country Background Wendie Investment Statistics Alex Visitor Statistics Kenny War related Tourism Meredith Non- War related ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Vietnam

  • Tourism

  • Country BackgroundWendie
  • Investment StatisticsAlex
  • Visitor StatisticsKenny
  • War related TourismMeredith
  • Non- War related TourismTom

  • The Socialist Republic of Vietnam
  • 1990 the European Union established official
    diplomatic relations with Vietnam.
  • 1992 Vietnam signed a 1976 ASEAN agreement on
    regional amity and cooperation, regarded as the
    first step towards ASEAN membership
  • 1996 ASEAN membership
  • 1992 Vietnam established diplomatic relations
    with South Korea
  • 1995 Vietnam and the United States agreed to
    exchange low-level diplomats.
  • 1997, the U.S. and Vietnam established full
    diplomatic relations.
  • http//

Vietnam Background
  • Location
  • - Southeastern Asia
  • - bordering Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of
    Tonkin, the South China Sea, and Laos
  • - between China and Cambodia

Vietnam Background
  • Geographic Characteristics
  • - total land area is 325,360 sq. km
    (125,621.496 sq. mi.)
  • Terrain
  • - South and North, low flat delta
  • - Center, mostly highlands
  • - Far North and Northwest, hilly and

Vietnam Background
  • Climate
  • - tropical in South
  • - monsoonal in North
  • - hot, rainy season
  • - warm, dry season
  • - In Vietnam there exist a variety of ancient
    tropical fauna and about 200 species of animals,
    800 species of birds,100 species of amphibians
    and over 150 species of reptiles. 1,000 species
    live in the seas and rivers and 200 species live
    in fresh water- Embassy of Vietnam

Vietnam Background
  • Economy
  • - GDP is approx. 83.5 billion
  • - Agriculture makes up 36 of the GDP.
  • Currency
  • - new dong
  • - US 1 ND 11,000

Foreign Direct Investment FDI in first 7 months
focused on Industrial Zones
Total licensed projects 332 Total registered
investment capital US 794 million (81 in
projects, 0.5 in capital)
(Source Vietnam Economy Times)
Foreign Direct InvestmentInvestment Status
Investment by sector
Source VIR 7-13/Apr/2003)
Foreign Direct InvestmentRealized capital
Source SGT weekly (01/Apr/2003)
Foreign Direct InvestmentNumber of FDI projects
(1988-2000) licensed year
Source Vietnam General Department of Statistics
Foreign Direct InvestmentNumber of FDI projects
(1988-2000) licensed year
Foreign Direct InvestmentNumber of FDI projects
(1988-2000) licensed economic activity
Source Vietnam General Department of Statistics
Foreign Direct InvestmentNumber of FDI projects
(1988-2000) licensed province
Source Vietnam General Department of Statistics
Foreign Direct InvestmentNumber of FDI projects
(1988-2000) licensed main counterpart
Source Vietnam General Department of Statistics
Source Vietnam General Department of Statistics
Total Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 2002
ASEAN Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 2002
Other Asian Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 -
Europe Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002
North American Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 -
Oceania Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002
Other Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002
Comparison of Visitors from Different Markets
1999 - 2002
Percentage of Different Markets in 1999
Percentage of Different Market in 2002
Reasons for Increased Tourism
  • Modernizing and developing economy.
  • Tourist campaigns highlighting beaches, golf
    courses, adventure travel, and history.
  • Affordability

International Flights to Vietnam
Sample Tour Package to Vietnam
  • Twins sharing room at 2-3 star hotel. 12 nights
    in total.
  • Meals as mentioned the Program. 12 breakfasts,
    11 lunches and 12 dinners, 7USD / lunch or dinner
    / person. Special requirement ( vegetarian,
    Muslim food ) could be arranged with prior notice
    from guest.
  • Land transfer by A/C vehicle for whole trip
  • Domestic air ticket from Hanoi to Hue
  • Domestic air ticket from Danang to Sai Gon
  • Sailing boat trip in Halong bay
  • Dragon boat trip in Perfumer River in Hue
  • English/French speaking guides. Other languages
    are available upon request.
  • Admission fees for all tourist places.
  • International flight from/to Vietnam
  • Visa arrangement
  • Personal expenses (laundry, phone calls etc.)
  • Drinks
  • Tips and gratuities

War Tourism
  • Vietnam is most prominently known as a place of
    war and political strife. However, as the
    country opens up to foreign investment, war
    tourism has become an increasing attraction.

Places of Interest
  • Ho Chi Minh Trail
  • Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)
  • Hue

Ho Chi Minh Trail
  • The Ho Chi Minh Trail was a supply route used by
    the Vietcong during the war. It consisted of
    mazes of jungle, paths, tunnels, and canals which
    the Americans and South Vietnamese failed to
  • Currently, a 42 kilometer section is under
    restoration to become a sightseeing trail. This
    is estimated to cost 3.5 million and should be
    completed by 2005.

Ho Chi Minh Trail Tourism
  • Tourists will stop at war sites as well as learn
    about the ecology and culture of the area.
  • Ta Con airport
  • Troung Son cemetery
  • Includes a memorial for the soldiers who kept the
    trail opened
  • Dakroung forest
  • Van Kieu-Pa Ko ethnic groups
  • http//

Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)
  • War Remnants Museum (Museum of American War
  • Displays illustrations of violent crimes
    committed against civilians by American soldiers
    during the Vietnam War, such as the spreading of
    toxic defoliant and torturing of prisoners.
    Includes a mock prison with emaciated models that
    are beheaded and dismembered. 6 million visitors
    (1 million from abroad) have entered the museum
    in the past 29 years.

Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)
  • Military Museum
  • Collection of tanks, shells, bombs and wreckage
    from American and Vietnamese troops.
  • Rex Hotel
  • A popular hangout for American soldiers during
    the war. Preserved to look much as it did during
    the war.
  • Apocalypse Now Nightclub
  • One of many nightclubs that have emerged with a
    war theme to attract tourists.
  • Cu Chu Tunnels

Cu Chi Tunnels
  • The Cu Chi tunnels, a 75-mile-long underground
    maze where thousands of fighters and villagers
    could hide, are at the top of the list of tourist
    spots for Ho Chi Minh City, 45 miles to the
    southeast. New York Times
  • Besides housing a huge guerilla garrison that
    operated safely yet within easy striking distance
    of the American forces in Danang, the mountain
    caves also offered sleeping quarters, kitchen and
    a full field hospital. New York Times

War Tourism
  • Cu Chi Tunnels

War Tourism
  • Cu Chi Tunnels What to expect
  • Following the man in green fatigues, the
    tourists arrive at an open-sided hut, where the
    women in black show them to their seats. There,
    on a big-screen television set, the Vietnam War
    plays on B-52's drop strings of bombs, villagers
    run for cover, communist guerrillas fight back.
    (New York Times)
  • A sign outside the tunnels reads "Please try to
    be a Cu Chi guerrilla. Wear these uniforms before
    entering tunnel." Black pajamas, pith helmets,
    rubber sandals and old rifles are available.
  • (New York Times)

War Tourism
  • Cu Chi Tunnels What to expect
  • Visitors can
  • Pay 1 a bullet to shoot an AK-47 rifle.
  • View reproductions of American GI Zippo lighters
    that say such things as
  • "Death is my business and business has been
  • "I know I'm going to heaven because I've already
    been to hell Vietnam.
  • Purchase dog tags and jewelry made from bullet
  • New York Times and

  • Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)
  • A 5 kilometer patch of land stretching from the
    Laotian Border to the South China Sea that was
    desecrated by bombs and battles.
  • Trucks take the tourists around the battlefield
    area where there are guns lying next to the road
    in a downward position, symbolic of American
    defeat. Along the tour, one will see bombed
    churches, old bridges, and rotting tanks.

  • It is impressed upon the tourists that the fields
    were planted with mines, which still go off
    occasionally, thus continuing Americas
    destruction on Vietnam. The people living around
    the area, however, have been creative with the
    wreckage. Old shells have become flowerpots and
    parts of fences, and tarnac from airfields now
    appears nailed into roofs.

  • Quang Tri Tunnels
  • Vinh Moc was the first city in North Vietnam to
    be hit by US bombs. These tunnels were built by
    local villagers in order to escape bombings by
  • Each family was entitled to 4 meters squared of
    space, which then connected to other families
    spaces to form webs of tunnels.
  • The tunnels included meeting rooms and a clinic,
    where 17 babies were born underground.

  • Khe Sang Base
  • Located in the DMZ, this base was the sight of
    pivotal fighting in the war. Used to deploy US
    soldiers into North Vietnam.
  • Ta Con Airport
  • Important airport of the Khe Sang Base, which had
    the most modern equipment and best soldiers.

  • Today, Khe Sang Base and the Ta Con Airport are
    being renovated to better attract war buffs since
    most of the actual war remnants no longer exist.

Tourism (not war related)
  • Vietnam possesses variety of tourist attractions
  • Hanoi
  • Capital of Vietnam
  • History, Museums, Temples etc
  • Ha Long Bay
  • Recognized by UNESCO as natural wonder
  • Over 3,000 Islands
  • 165 km from Hanoi
  • Sapa
  • Sapa is still a must-see on any northern Vietnam
    itinerary. On a clear day you will treated to
    views of steeply terraced rice fields, towering
    verdant ridgelines, primitive mud-thatched
    villages, raging rivers and astounding
    waterfalls. (

  • Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam
  • Large city
  • Located in East Plains of North VN.
  • European City
  • Population 2 million

  • Where to stay?
  • Sofitel Metropole Hanoi
  • 200 per night for a single or double.
  • Classic French Colonial Hotel recently

Before the recent building boom in upscale
hotels, the Metropole was The Place to stay in
Hanoi. For many, it still is. This classic French
colonial hotel in the center of Hoan Kiem
District was restored and remodeled a few years
ago by the Sofitel chain. Today the Metropole is
as much a hub for business and society as it is a
hotel. (
  • Places of Interest
  • The Ba Dinh Square Zone
  • Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum
  • Uncle Hos house-on-stilts
  • Ho Chi Minh Museum
  • The West Lake Zone
  • Area of over 800 hectares

Ha Long Bay
  • Main Attractions of Ha Long Bay
  • Calm clear waters
  • 3000 Islands and Limestone Mountains
  • Sandy Beaches
  • Location
  • 165km from Hanoi
  • Northern part of VN

Ha Long Bay
  • Bai Chay (Scorched Beach)
  • Dark Sand, 70 deg F
  • Named Scorched Beach b/c of historical event.
  • Perfect place to start a tour of Ha Long Bay

Ha Long Bay
  • Hang Dau Go (Wooden Stakes Cave)
  • One of most beautiful caves at Ha Long
  • 3 Chambers to the caves
  • Outer Chamber
  • Largest Capacity (3000 people)
  • 25 m high ceilings
  • Middle Chamber
  • Famous for colorful stalagmites and stalactites
  • Inner Chamber
  • Much Smaller than others
  • Stone wells full of fresh water year round

Ha Long Bay
  • Sung Sot Cave
  • Path to cave is quite steep
  • 2 Chambers
  • Outer Chamber
  • Square in shape
  • Referred to as waiting room
  • 30 m high ceiling with perfectly smooth walls
    (appears manmade)
  • Inner Chamber
  • Known as Serene Castle
  • Formations appear to resemble a general looking
    over his troops.
  • Light reflected from moving water outside makes
    formations in the chamber seem alive

Ha Long Bay
  • Characteristics
  • Originally created as a retreat for locals from
    Hanois stifling summers
  • Located in Tonkinese Alps near the Chinese border
  • There are eight ethnic groups that inhabit this
  • Hmong, Dao, White Thai, Giay, Tay, Muong, Hao and
    Xa Pho
  • Most prominent are the Red Dao

  • Reasons to visit
  • Love Market
  • Courting Ritual every Saturday night
  • Beautiful Mountains
  • Waterfalls

  • Things to know about Sapa
  • Times to visit
  • Spring Fall is best
  • Summers are muddy/rainy
  • Winter can be very cold
  • Locals
  • Quaint town
  • Do not like to have pictures taken unless paid
    for it