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Title:

Supreme Court

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Supreme Court. Members. 9 justices. Serve for life. Lead by the Chief Justice ... Most cases appealed to the Supreme Court are not heard (4/9 justices needed) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Supreme Court


1
Supreme Court
2
Members
  • 9 justices
  • Serve for life
  • Lead by the Chief Justice
  • Appointed by the President, approved by the Senate

3
Jurisdiction(power to hear a case)
  • Original Jurisdiction
  • States
  • Ambassadors
  • Appellate Jurisdiction
  • Court of Appeals
  • State Supreme Courts
  • Armed Forces Appeals
  • Federal Circuit Appeals

4
Hearing a Case
  • Most cases appealed to the Supreme Court are not
    heard (4/9 justices needed)
  • Writ or Certiorari ordering court records
  • Certificate clarification for a lower court
  • Arguments
  • Oral arguments (usually a 30 minute limit)
  • Briefs (written and sent prior to oral argument)
  • Making a decision Conference
  • Chief Justice presides
  • Each justice explains view, all debate and vote
  • Opinions
  • Majority Opinion announces the decision
  • Concurring Opinion to add or emphasize the
    majority opinion
  • Dissenting Opinion Explains opinions not
    agreeing with majority opinion

5
Judicial Review
  • Power of the court to declare actions
    unconstitutional
  • Marbury v. Madison
  • On the eve of leaving office, John Adams appoints
    William Marbury JOP in D.C. Incoming Secretary
    of State, James Madison is told by incoming
    President, Thomas Jefferson, not to honor it.
    Angered, Marbury wants the Supreme Court to hear
    the case under original jurisdiction and bases
    this on a previous law, the Judiciary Act of
    1789. The Supreme Court refuses to hear the case
    and voids the section of the law, declaring it
    unconstitutional.
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