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An integrated value chain of onion and shallot in west africa: strengths and weaknesses

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Title: An integrated value chain of onion and shallot in west africa: strengths and weaknesses


1
An integrated value chain of onion and shallot
in west africa strengths and weaknesses
SECOND WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA AGRICULTURAL
SCIENCE WEEK
Albert Rouamba Sanjeet Kumar Paul Gniffke Peter
Hanson
Presented by Dov Pasternak
Cotonou, 24 May 2010
2
Contents
  • 1. Onion in the world, Africa and West Africa
  • 2. Onion and shallot value chain
  • 3. Analyze of the components of onion and
    shallot value chain
  • 4. Interactions and links between the actors of
    the value chain
  • 5. Strengths and weaknesses
  • 6. Recommendations

3
Statistics of onion production
4
Characteristics of onion and shallot chain
  • Low degree of organization
  • Limited cooperation,
  • High transactional costs,
  • Unfair markets,
  • Significant post harvest loss,
  • Un-trained actors,
  • Insufficient use of research results
  • Absence of use of improved storage facilities,
  • Poor road networks
  • Insufficient transport facilities leading to
  • loss of the product value

5
Analyze of the components of onion and shallot
value chain
Components of onion and shallot value chain and
flow of goods and services
6
Research
  • Generator of technologies
  • Performing varieties Foundation seeds,
    certified seeds (Violet de Galmi, V28, FBO1,
    V13, AC980.
  • Development of good cultural practices
  • Development of best storage structures
  • and bulb management
  • Training

Bulb production to High value
7

8
Input supply
Seeds Fertlizers Crop protection
products Tool/equipment suppliers Bags
Good seeds
Bad seeds
9
Productions
Period October to April Zones Arid and
semi-arid zones in preference Total production
1.2 million of tons Yield (t/ha) 18 tons for
onion Biggest producers Nigeria and Niger
10
Storage and processing
Onion is perishable but could be saved up to 6-8
months with a loss rate of 20
IF
Good seeds are used Good cultural practices
used Good technical harvest and post harvest
techniques used Bulb store in good storage
structures and correctly manage
80 of bulbs could be saved
11
Development of storage structures of onion
considerably reduce the looses after harvest in
West Africa
Improved shed about 5 to 10 tons, type
ISRA-Senegal
Traditional shed can store 2-7 tons
12
Development of storage structures of onion
considerably reduce the looses after harvest in
West Africa (Ctd)
Improved house for bulbs storage
Improved house for bulbs storage at 50-100 tones
Industrial type for bulb storage at 500 tones
Performances of these structures are conditioned
by the quality of produced bulbs
13
Processing allows to reduce also the looses after
onion harvest
Bulbs are sliced and dried
Bulbs crushed, dried and ground
14
Export, import and transporation
Onion is a factor of regional integration
Producing countries
Consumer countries
Legend Shallot Onion
Marketing intra-regional channels of onion and
shallot in West Africa
Import from EUEgypt
15
Relationship between the actors
70
  • Absence or weak dialogue
  • Interest group loans, inputs
  • Limited profits and cohesion fragile.
  • Lack of professionalism

30 of the added value is generated by the product
MARKET 70
PRODUCTION 30
70 of the added value is generated by the
market
Distribution of the added value between the
market and production.
16
Strengths
The intra-regional trade of onion and shallot
constitutes a powerful tool for economic
integration Onion is the most important source
of incomes for most farmers, notably the
smallholders, and improves the livelihoods of the
poorest, women and young. The onion and shallot
processing is exclusively for women who are more
affected by unemployment
17
Weaknesses
The informal nature of relationship among the
actors, inadequate capacity of organizations,
limited access to formal credit and poor
investment on productivity and profit
enhancement The poor social and physical
infrastructures (like roads) in the region
exacerbate the risks associated with marketing
and increased costs of transportation to the
destination. The lack of organization market and
forces the producers to sell their products to
the traders at a low and unpaid cost The
ignorance or the insufficient use of agricultural
research results constitutes serious barriers to
the value chain of onion and shallot promotion
18
Recommendations
70
Today
Tomorrow
30 of the added value is generated by the product
70 of the added value is generated by the product
PRODUCTION 30
MARKET 30
PRODUCTION 70
MARKET 70
30 of the added value is generated by the
market
70 of the added value is generated by the
market
The trend should be reversed like this
Distribution of the added value between the
market and production.
19
Recommendations
  • The recommendations aim to lead the producers to
    acquire a force capable of reversing the trend.
    For that, farmers have to
  • Produce their own quality seed and comply with
    good agricultural practices to submit onions and
    shallots unbeatable.
  • - Generalize the use of technical performances of
    storage and processing of onions and shallots in
    order to make available in markets processed
    products or not according to demand while keeping
    prices at remunerative levels.

20
Thanks for your attention
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