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Ministry of

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Mozambique Strategy of Science, Technology and Inovation Republic of Mozambique Gaborone, 24 September 2008 Ministry of Science and Technology ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ministry of


1
Mozambique Strategy of Science, Technology and
Inovation
Republic of Mozambique
Gaborone, 24 September 2008
2
Our Objective
  • To Share with you our vision on the development
    of Science, Technology and innovation in
    Mozambique

3
The vision of GoM on ST
  • Put Science and Technology as the prima
    productive force for the Development of
    Mozambique
  • Scientific Research should be geared to
    contribute to the poverty eradication and for the
    increase exports.

4
Science and Technology is a transversal issue. It
requires good inter-institutional coordination
and cooperation
5
Science and Technology Sector
  • 2005 - establishment of the Ministry of Science
    and Technology as the central organ of the
    Government that, in accordance with the
    principles, aims, policies and plans defined by
    the Government
  • determines,
  • regulates,
  • plans,
  • co-ordinates,
  • develops,
  • monitors and evaluates the activities dealing
    with science and technology.

6
MCT Vision for ST
7
The Strategic Areas
  • Vertical areas
  • Human Resource Development
  • Education
  • Agriculture
  • Health
  • Energy
  • Marine sciences and fishing
  • Construction
  • Water
  • Mineral resources

8
The Strategic Areas
  • Cross-cutting areas
  • Biotechnology
  • Environment
  • Ethno-botany
  • Gender Equity
  • HIV/Aids
  • Human Resources Development
  • Information and Communication Technologies

9
 Strategic Objectives
Objective 1 Foster a culture of innovation
throughout Mozambican society
Objective 2 Promote grass-roots innovation and
the use of ST-based approaches by poor and
disadvantaged communities
  • Achieving this objective will include
  • Popularising science and technology throughout
    Mozambican society, enabling Mozambicans to feel
    confident in participating in the knowledge and
    technology-oriented global society
  • Promoting an entrepreneurial outlook and
    innovative orientation throughout the ST system
  • Bringing awareness of science and technology and
    the role of innovation.
  • Programmes
  • Create awareness amongst the top leadership of
    the strategic role that ST can play for the
    development of the country, and of the high-level
    issues concerning ST for development
  • Create and nurture professional associations and
    institutions that will promote the use of ST at
    all levels in the country
  • Establish mechanisms for the diffusion and
    dissemination of ST information
  • Stimulate the development, codification, and
    diffusion of locally-generated knowledge (e.g.
    through the CRCTs)
  • Develop innovative ways of using technology in
    communicating and sharing information with
    illiterate communities (e.g. voice, video,
    animation)
  • Enhance and extend the science festival,
    currently held annually in Maputo
  • Establish mobile ST discovery centres
  • Identify the innovators in society that have
    inventions and create mechanisms for them to turn
    their inventions into products.
  • Achieving this objective will include
  • Finding creative ways of encouraging the use of
    the scientific approach to solution building by
    poor and disadvantaged communities
  • Establishing high-impact approaches and tools
    using ICTs to communicate and share information
    with illiterate communities, giving priority to
    the most vulnerable social groups.
  • Programmes
  • Encourage the use of the scientific approach to
    solution building in impoverished communities
    through ICT, and in particular, through
    interactive multimedia-based learning tools
  • Create and deploy ICT applications to address
    specific development issues, such as learning
    tools for building storage dams and pit latrines
  • Establish Regional Centres for Science and
    Technology (CRCTs)
  • Undertake a research programme in the social
    sciences to determine optimal ways of promoting
    grass-roots innovation amongst impoverished
    communities
  • Encourage collaborative approaches to addressing
    community problems using ST amongst impoverished
    communities
  • Run pilot projects amongst impoverished
    communities with the aim of stimulating
    wealth-creation initiatives.

10
 Strategic Objectives
Objective 3 Promote RD and innovation within
the industrial and public sectors
Objective 4 Promote the transfer of technology
  • Achieving this objective will include
  • Promoting partnerships between the public and
    private sectors to encourage innovation and the
    transfer of technology for product
    commercialisation
  • Establishing facilities that will encourage the
    incubation of higher-risk, higher-gain start-up
    SMEs
  • Stimulating excellence in multidisciplinary and
    collaborative research and innovation by
    individuals and institutions
  • Building a capability to manage and safeguard
    intellectual property rights
  • Strengthening SMEs and the competitiveness of
    local clusters.
  • Programmes
  • Establish incentives for public-private
    partnerships for innovation
  • Introduce measures to stimulate the private
    sector to undertake research in partnership with
    the academic institutions
  • Promote science parks, and local and trading
    clusters
  • Develop a national biotechnology strategy for
    Mozambique
  • Develop a national ethno-botanical strategy for
    Mozambique
  • Establish a networked centre of excellence for
    biotechnology
  • Establish a networked centre of excellence for
    ethno-botany
  • Establish an information base for ethno-botanical
    knowledge
  • Establish regional ST facilities with RD
    infrastructure and expertise that can be used by
    SMEs on a shared basis, thus enabling SMEs to
    engage in RD without the need for their own
    in-house infrastructure
  • Raise the level of awareness amongst researchers
    of the importance of environmental sustainability.
  • Programmes
  • Establish the capability for technology transfer
    in the CRCTs
  • Establish Community Technology Centres to promote
    technology transfer
  • Identify and pilot high-impact, technology
    transfer initiatives
  • Stimulate the development of the capability to
    adapt and absorb imported technologies,
    especially on the part of new companies
  • Disseminate and promote information relevant to
    technology transfer to SMEs, including concerning
    technologies and services available
  • Establish mechanisms to enable small-scale
    producers to move up the value chain
  • Establish mechanisms to subsidise training,
    research and development for new and small
    companies
  • Establish mechanisms to facilitate the transfer
    of new scientific knowledge from the universities
    to industry.

11
 Strategic Objectives
Objective 5 Promote the use of ICT for good
governance and service delivery, and for the
diffusion of knowledge, in support of poverty
reduction and economic growth
  • ICTs will
  • Remove physical distances and enhance real-time
    exchange of knowledge
  • Promote networking of institutions, individuals
    and geographic regions
  • Promote collaboration and sharing of knowledge
    between stakeholders
  • Introduce a new channel for service delivery
  • Promote economies of scale and replication of
    developed solutions
  • Promote transparency and openness
  • Promote open and multi-directional communication.
  • Programmes
  • Develop a range of multimedia-based learning
    material focused on ICT knowledge and skills, for
    use by youth and by impoverished communities
  • Establish an ST knowledge and communication
    portal
  • Establish a government data centre
  • Establish a FOSS Centre of Excellence within an
    appropriate institution
  • Establish information technology standards,
    national platforms and management mechanisms
  • Establish a national programme for ICT skills
    development, having a special focus on youth,
    trainers and ICT professionals
  • Identify business models to enable lower-cost
    connectivity for citizens, Internet Access
    Centres, private sector and government
  • Establish and scale up community access centres
  • Stimulate research programmes at academic
    institutions to study low-cost access solutions
    (wireless technologies, low-cost computers,
    etc.)

12
 Strategic Objective 6
Promote human resource development at all levels
in the areas of science, technology and
innovation
  • There is therefore a need to
  • Promote the education of youth in the fields of
    science, engineering and technology and ICT
  • Increase the number graduates earning advanced
    degrees in ST
  • Stimulate the education of women in the fields of
    science, engineering, technology and ICT
  • Reach a significant share of the economically
    active population with introductory and advanced
    ST education and training
  • Foster the interaction and collaboration of
    Mozambican researchers with their regional and
    international counterparts.
  • Programmes
  • Establish ST scholarship programmes for MSc and
    PhD students
  • Establish research-oriented, postdoctoral and
    sabbatical scholarship programmes
  • Establish new post-graduate ST degree programmes
    in line with national priorities
  • Upgrade the science laboratories at the
    universities
  • Create ST centres of excellence at selected
    universities
  • Upgrade the ST capability and infrastructure in
    the K-12 education system, including ST and ICT
    laboratories
  • Promote the popularisation of science amongst
    secondary school students, and identify and
    encourage those who show particular ST talent
  • Stimulate the development and deployment of
    informal ST learning programmes using
    interactive, multimedia-based learning tools
  • Establish collaborative relationships with
    regional and international educational and
    research institutions
  • Establish a programme to enable academic
    researchers to gain experience from an industrial
    environment
  • Carry out capacity-building activities and train
    teachers in the basic sciences at all levels,
    through the CRCTs
  • Set up extramural classes in the basic sciences
    for secondary students showing talent in the
    sciences. This should be done by the CRCTs

13
Strategic Objective 7
Build and improve the policy instruments,
institutions and infrastructure of the ST system
  • This requires
  • The addition of capabilities, capacities and
    infrastructure
  • A review and possible restructuring of the
    components of the system of ST
  • Greater alignment of the outputs of the system
    with national development priorities
  • Making the system more effective and efficient in
    pursuing the goal of poverty eradication, while
    also fostering socio-economic development.
  • Programmes
  • Review the functionality and performance of the
    national ST system as a whole, to identify
    missing components, and components that need to
    be strengthened
  • Re-organise the current ST institutions to
    improve the efficacy and efficiency of the
    national ST system
  • Enhance the performance of the ST system by
    adding new capabilities and processes
  • Improve the ICT infrastructure of the ST system
    by building a high-speed RD network
  • Build a knowledge sharing system suitable for
    ST-based knowledge
  • Draw up a national research agenda
  • Encourage the components of the ST system to
    become learning organisations
  • Run a technology Foresight programme for
    Mozambique
  • Establish a Foresight capability for Mozambique
  • Build the capability to respond to natural
    disasters and crises
  • Stimulate and support the creation of additional
    ST and RD facilities on a regional basis, and
    for priority sectors, that are accessible by
    SMEs
  • Develop a policy for Intellectual Property Rights.

14
 Strategic Objectives
Strategic Objective 8 Establish funding
policies and mechanisms for research and
innovation
Strategic Objective 9 Review, evaluate and
enhance the performance of the ST system
Strategic Objective 10 Promote the
mainstreaming of ST within all sectors
  • Programmes
  • Establish a national foundation for research and
    innovation
  • Establish a National ST Coordination meeting
    consisting of MCT, CRCT, the research
    institutions, and other ST stakeholders
  • Establish systems and forums that will engender
    confidence on the part of international funding
    partners in Mozambiques ST system
  • Establish funding partnerships with international
    funding sources.
  • Programmes
  • Establish a benchmarking baseline of performance
    for the institutions in the national ST system
  • Develop a set of indicators for measuring
    outcomes and impacts on poverty reduction that
    may be attributed to ST activities
  • Assess the performance of the ST system at
    regular intervals on an ongoing basis
  • Develop expertise in the MCT in areas such as
    leadership, people management, planning, and
    high-level project management, through running
    training courses.
  • Programmes
  • Stimulate a national debate on the crosscutting
    role of ST and the need for holistic solutions
  • Encourage all government ministries to appreciate
    the fundamental and holistic role of STI within
    their own mandates.
  • Establish frameworks and mechanisms to ensure
    coordination of ST activities across all
    ministries.

15
Research Approach
16
Human Resource Development Program
17
Science and Technology System
Establishes the National System of Science and
Technology to be consolidated through research
and innovation programmes but maintaining the
autonomy of individual institutions.
18
Coordination
  • MCT will play a lead role in coordination
  • To ensure the efficient use of ST funds
  • To avoid duplication
  • To promote synergies where these may exist.
  • Mechanisms
  • Realization of 2 National ST Coordination
    meetings
  • One for Harmonization of the annual plan
  • One for Evaluation
  • Realization of ST meeting with funding and
    supporting agencies
  • To Keep funding agencies fully appraised on
    results and accountability.

19
ICT Development
  • ICT Policy
  • Approved in December 2000
  • Implementation strategy launched in October 2001
  • ICT Policy Objectives
  • Contributing to fight against poverty
  • Expand citizens access to global network
    resources
  • Raising efficiency and effectiveness of public
    institutions
  • Improving governance and public administration
  • Transforming Mozambique into a producer and not
    only a consumer of ICTs
  • Linking the country into the global information
    system.

20
ICT Development
  • ICT in education
  • E-schools networking schools
  • Integration of ICT in curricula of Secondary
    education (2008)
  • Training content developer in ICT
  • Integrating ICT in learning and teaching
    environment
  • Connecting schools to internet

21
ICT Development
  • ICT industry
  • Computer illiteracy and equipment cost limited
    access and utilization of ICTs
  • Necessary to promote human resources development
    and promote equipment production
  • Option Promote solution through the Mozambique
    Communication and Technology Institute, MICTI.

22
ICT Development
  • MICTI is
  • Technology and Business Incubator
  • Tool for small business development
  • Entrepreneurs support services.
  • Part of the Science and Technology Park concept
  • Multi-disciplinary technology and industry sector
    organizations.
  • Research and Learning Institute
  • develop an innovative curriculum for developing
    ICT knowledge and skills
  • provide accreditation facilities for
    international standards related to ICTs
  • play a leading role in developing ICT users,
    technicians and managers in Mozambique

23
eGovernment Strategy
  • eGovernment Strategy contributes to the reaching
    of goals of the
  • Government 5 Year Plan
  • PARPA
  • Public Sector Reform Strategy
  • ICT Policy and ICT Policy Implementation Strategy
  • The strategy aims at
  • Better governance, transparency and
    accountability
  • Better integration of government sectors and
    collaboration
  • Increased efficiency of public sector
    organizations
  • Enhanced access to information and sharing of
    knowledge
  • Favourable environment for economic growth and
    introduction of new services (both private and
    public)

24
eGovernment Strategy Implementation
  • E-Gov Strategy Components
  • Common Communication Platform for the Public
    Sector
  • Human Resources Development
  • Policy and Regulations
  • Specific Flagship Projects
  • Common Communication Platform and
    Interoperability Framework
  • Citizen Identity Registration and Unique Identity
    Number
  • Land and Property Management
  • Local Government Horizontal Integration System
  • Business Entity Registration System
  • Transparent and Accountable Financial
    Transactions

25
Financing
  • The National research fund and sectoral funds
    will be applied for the following budget lines
  • Competitive funds for Research Projects
  • Research fund for Institutional Development
  • Research fund for projects requested by the
    Government
  • Research fund to promote innovation and
    technology transfer
  • Research fund to promote the culture of ST.

26
OUR Expectations
  • Contributions and advise on the development of
    MOSTIS
  • Advise on the implementation and the
    establishment of research linkages
  • Provide support on resources mobilization of the
    MOSTIS

27
OUR Expectations
  • Strengthening of on going activities
  • Education
  • Strategic plan for the education sector
    implemented
  • Community centers operational countrywide
  • E-Governance
  • Current e-Gov programmes supported and expanded
  • ICT Industry
  • ICT industry supported through MICT
  • Incubator and industrial park concepts
    implemented

28
OUR Expectations
  • Activate New areas
  • Support to cross cutting components
  • Development of human research
  • Training programs according to the existing Plan
  • Support to the National research Fund
  • Support to the Interactive virtual library
  • Support to the creation and Management of a Mega
    databank
  • Technology Transfer
  • Support to CRCT
  • Microsoft Technology Centre
  • Knowledge Management Centre

29
OUR Expectations
  • Support to specific programs (or cluster) program
    areas
  • Health, HIV-AIDS
  • Water, tourism, environment,
  • Agriculture, food processing
  • etnobotany

30

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