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The Middle Colonies Lesson 1: Geography of the Middle

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The Middle Colonies Lesson 1: Geography of the Middle Colonies By Tyler, Kevin, Juliet, and Gabby Plains, Hills, and Rivers The Middle Colonies formed a region of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Middle Colonies Lesson 1: Geography of the Middle


1
The Middle Colonies
  • Lesson 1 Geography of the Middle Colonies
  • By Tyler, Kevin, Juliet, and Gabby

2
Plains, Hills, and Rivers
  • The Middle Colonies formed a region of contrasts
    because New Jersey and Delaware lie on the
    Atlantic Coastal Plain and New York and
    Pennsylvania stretch across the Appalachians. So
    they had different land and lifestyles.
  • There was a fall line created as the rivers
    dropped from the hills to the coastal plain.
    This caused rapids and waterfalls.

3
Plains, Hills, and Rivers cont.
  • The middle colonies had beaver-filled streams,
    thick forests and rich farm land.
  • Colonist used the rivers to transport these
    goods.
  • The fall line was used to power mills and saws.

4
Plains, Hills, and Rivers cont.
  • The most important rivers in the Middle Colonies
    were the Delaware and the Hudson rivers.
  • They were large enough for ships which promoted
    port cities for trade.
  • Example New York City

5
Farming the Middle Colonies
  • There was rich soil and a 6 to 7 month growing
    season that made farming easy in the middle
    colonies.

6
The Riches of the Middle Colonies
  • The middle colonies on the coast of piedmont
    offered good farmland which England envied.
  • The piedmonts forests were fulfilled with lumber
    and beaver.
  • The navigable river flowed through each of these
    colonies and rivers tumbling down the fall line
    provided water power for mills.

7
The Middle Colonies
  • Lesson 2 New York and New Jersey
  • By Tyler, Kevin, Juliet, and Gabby

8
New Amsterdam surrenders
  • In 1664, 4 English warships demanded that New
    Amsterdam surrender.
  • At first Stuyvesant did not surrender, but after
    the colonists saw guns pointed at them they did,
    so Stuyvesant had no chance of winning so he
    surrendered.

9
The Duke Of York
  • King Charles II gave the Dutch colony to his
    brother James, the Duke of York.
  • New Netherlands became New York and New Amsterdam
    became New York City.

10
John Berkeley and George Carteret
  • James gave a large part of his colony to two
    friends Lord John Berkeley and Sir George
    Carteret.
  • They started the colony of New Jersey on land
    between the Hudson and the Delaware rivers.

11
Land For Rent
  • Berkeley and Carteret rented land for money in
    New Jersey. They offered colonists rich soil and
    religious freedom, soon all kinds of people were
    coming there to farm along New Jerseys Coastal
    Plain.

12
Farmland Along the Hudson River
  • Colonists in New York and New Jersey wanted to
    govern themselves.
  • The fought and won to elect and assembly, or law
    making body.)

13
John Peter Zinger
  • Zinger published a weekly newspaper called The
    New York Weekly journal.
  • Zinger was arrested because he published a
    newspaper about the governor being dishonest. His
    defender (lawyer) was Andrew Hamilton.
  • The trial helped to establish freedom of the
    press.
  • As long as it was true, you could find fault with
    public officials.

14
A Mixed Medley
  • New Netherlands became New York and New Jersey.
  • They welcomed all.
  • People had access to
  • Land
  • Religious Freedom
  • And the right to govern themselves

15
Chapter 9
  • Lesson 3
  • Pennsylvania and Delaware
  • By
  • Caroline, Victoria, Gable, Corey, and Tyler.

16
William Penn becomes a Quaker
  • William grew up in a rich, English family.
  • He joined a religious group called the Quakers or
    Society of Friends. It was founded by George Fox.
  • The English government disliked the Quakers.
    Unlike the Church of England, the Quakers said
  • you didnt need preachers or churches
  • and all people are equal
  • Thou Shall not Kill They wouldnt serve in the
    army or navy

17
Penns Holy Experiment
  • In 1681 King Charles granted William Penn land in
    Pennsylvania.
  • It was called Pennsylvania, that means Penns
    Woods.
  • There were not any bodies of water on the land he
    was granted, so Duke of York granted him more
    land on a river. (Why is water important?) This
    area broke away and became Delaware.
  • Pennsylvania offered complete religious freedom.
  • He said, You shall be governed by the laws of
    your own making.

18
Penn Visits His Colony
  • On the Delaware he founded the city of
    Philadelphia, which means brotherly love in
    Greek.
  • Penn treated the Delaware people as his equal
    because of his beliefs. (The Delaware were Native
    Americans.)
  • He paid them for their land.

19
The Seed of a Nation
  • William Penn began Pennsylvania as a holy
    experiment.
  • He offered colonists freedom of religion and
    self-government.
  • He treated the Delaware as equals and kept the
    peace.
  • He hoped it would become the seed of a nation.

20
Chapter 9
  • Lesson 4
  • The People in the Middle Colonies
  • By
  • Caroline, Victoria, Gable, Corey, and Tyler.

21
Quakers in North America
  • Many of the first colonists in New Jersey and
    Pennsylvania were English Quakers.
  • They were a lot like the Puritans, idleness was a
    sin.
  • In 1688, the Quakers were the first people to
    speak up about slavery. They did not like
    bringing men here against there will.

22
Pennsylvania Dutch
  • Early 1700, thousands of Germans came to Middle
    Colonies. They were called Dutch because the
    German word for their language was Deutsch
    (doich).
  • They were said to be the best farmers in the
    colonies.
  • They built the first Conestoga wagon.
  • They were immigrants, someone who leaves one
    country to come and live in another

23
Scots-Irish
  • They were called the Scots-Irish because they
    moved from Scotland to Ireland because they were
    promised land and freedom of religion.
  • In 1720, people from northern Ireland began
    arriving in the middle colonies.
  • They went to the Appalachian mountain because all
    the good land was taken. They cleared land along
    the frontier, the edge of settlement.

24
Self-Sufficient Farm Family
  • Whether they lived in villages or on lonely
    farms. Most people were farmers.
  • They were self-sufficient, able to meet almost
    all their needs with the farm.
  • Most self-sufficient people grew too much grain
    which was sent to New York. The middle colonies
    were called the bread basket of America because
    of this.

25
The Promise of the Middle Colonies
  • 1700 the Middle Colonies grew rapidly.
  • The Middle Colonies promised land and chance of
    better life if people came to the colonies.
  • Poor people from Europe could establish
    themselves and flourish.

26
Chapter 9
  • Lesson 5
  • Ben Franklins Philadelphia

By Corey, Tyler, Gable
27
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1 of 17 children born in Boston. (15 out of 17)
  • Worked at his brothers printing press.
  • His brother made money while he worked so he ran
    away for Philadelphia.
  • Philadelphia was nosy and exciting to him.
  • It was busy all day long.

28
A City of Opportunity
  • In Philadelphia, Ben owned a print shop and
    published his own paper by the age of 24.
  • Franklin wrote the Poor Richards Almanac which
    was the best selling book in the colonies.
  • An almanac is a book of facts on many subjects.
    His taught farmers how when to plant crops.

29
A City of Opportunity
  • Workshops lined the streets of Philadelphia.
  • Craftworkers made good to be sold.
  • The Delaware River was lined with docks built by
    merchants.
  • Ships left Philadelphia with, fur, meat, lumber,
    and grain.
  • They returned with goods, from England like,
    silks, lace, swords, and mouse traps.

30
Franklins Improvements on Philadelphia
  • Benjamin Franklin started Americas first public
    library in Philadelphia in 1731. Any money
    collected was used to buy more books for the
    library.
  • Franklin also started fire companies.
  • Benjamin worked for paved streets and street
    lights so it would be safer at night.
  • The largest city in the colony was Philadelphia
    in 1760.
  • Philadelphia, being the center of a farming
    region, grew rapidly.
  • Visitors enjoyed Philadelphias well lit streets
    and fine appearance.
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