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A Brief Timeline of : The Americas and Africa North America

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Title: A Brief Timeline of : The Americas and Africa North America


1
A Brief Timeline of The Americas and Africa
2
World History by Region
North America
North Africa
South America
Sub-Saharan Africa
Sources
3
North America
  • -Foundations Eras
  • -600-1450
  • -1450-1750
  • -1750-1914
  • -1914-Present

Back to Regions
4
North America Foundations
  • Folsom people develop sophisticated tools and
    weapons
  • Agriculture begins in North America
  • People settle in Great Lakes region
  • Arctic people develop camp sites in Northern
    America
  • Hunter gatherers start villages
  • Hopewell people engage in trading
  • Anasazi civilizations in southwestern America
  • Temple mound builder in Mississippi valley
  • Native people in Colorado valley build pit houses

Back to North America
5
  • Indian mounds
  • http//www.newportsteakhouse.com/images/main-mound
    .jpg

Early Native American weapons, arrowhead
http//img.alibaba.com/photo/11084618/Arrowheads.j
pg
6
North America 600-1450
Aztec City http//images.google.com/img
res?imgurlhttp//lh3.google.com/_
Statue of Leif Erickson http//www.calvin.edu/ada
ms/iceland/Week2/Week2-Images/12.jpg
7
North America 600-1450
  • Pueblo people create dwellings and farming
  • 600 Mexican influence in southwest America,
    weapons, art, etc.
  • Mound building Caddo cultures flourish in Texas
    areas
  • 850 Anasazi begin to create urban centers
  • Hopewell dwellings and expansion
  • 950 Flourishing Pueblo agriculture
  • 1000 Leif Eriksson discovers America,
    agriculture spreads
  • 1050 mound builders in Mississippi Valley
  • 1085 Thole Eskimo Culture expand
  • 1100 Anasazi expansion in south west North
    America
  • 1115 Chaco canyon thriving in trade
  • 1325 Aztecs expand to, and found capital in
    Mexico city

Back to North America
8
North America 1450-1750
Anasazi Pottery http//www.thefurtrapper.com/image
s/Anasazi20Cup.jpg
Christopher Columbus http//www.bermudastory.info/
wp-content/uploads/Christopher-Columbus.jpg
9
North America 1450-1750
  • 1492 Columbus lands in America
  • 1500s Spanish explorers cover America,
    including conquering of Aztec empires in Mexico
  • 1598 Spanish bring new agriculture, wheat, rice,
    fruit
  • 1607 English travel to America
  • 1663 English enslave Native Americans
  • 1678 French explore Great Lakes region
  • 1700-1750 French trade and explore along
    Mississippi, ongoing conflict between French,
    English, and Native Americans
  • 1730s Great Awakening, religious revival

Back to North America
10
North America 1750-1914
Map of the English Colonies http//www.earl
yamerica.com/earlyamerica/maps/english_colonies/Co
lonies_1763.jpg
11
North America 1750-1914
  • 1754 French-Indian War
  • 1775 American Revolution (1776-Declaration of
    Independence)
  • 1778 France enters American revolution as an
    ally
  • 1783 Treaty of Paris, United States recognized
    by England
  • 1803 Louisiana purchase doubles U.S. size
  • 1812 War of 1812 (U.S. vs. Great Britain)
  • 1846 U.S.-Mexican War
  • 1849 California Gold Rush
  • 1861-1865 United States Civil War
  • 1876 Telephone invented, 1878 incandescent
    light bulb invented
  • 1898 U.S. wins Spanish-American War
  • 1901 Century of electricity begins (following
    century of steam)
  • 1903 Airplane invented by Wright brothers
  • 1904 Panama Canal constructed
  • 1910 African Americans migrate to northern U.S.

Back to North America
12
North America 1914-Present
Poster in Remembrance if 9/11 Terrorist Attack on
World Trade Centers http//homepage.mac.com/lagw
olf/.Pictures/9-11.jpg
Trench War Fare of WWI http//www.users.cloud9.net
/bradmcc/jpg/trenchWarfare.jpg
13
North America 1914-Present
  • 1914 World War I
  • 1917 United States enters WWI on Allied side
  • 1918 Influenza epidemic kills millions in North
    America
  • 1919-20 Prohibition in the U.S.
  • The Great Depression hits the United States
  • 1933 Roosevelt introduces New Deal
  • 1941 Japanese attack on pearl Harbor/World War
    II
  • 1961 Civil Rights movement gains momentum in the
    U.S.
  • Space Race with Soviet Union
  • 1964 The U.S. enters the Vietnam War
  • 1974 Watergate Scandal
  • 1990 U.S. boosts involvement in affairs in the
    Middle East
  • 1991 U.S. is involved in the Persian Gulf War
  • 2001 Muslim extremists launch terrorist attack
    on U.S, destroying World Trade Center in New York

Back to North America
14
South America
  • -Foundations
  • -600-1450
  • -1450-1750
  • -1750-1914
  • -1914-Present

Back to Regions
15
South America Foundations
  • Agriculture begins
  • Pottery first comes into use
  • Domestication of animals
  • Permanent fishing villages established in
    Peruvian coast
  • Maya calendar starts
  • Metallurgy begins in Peru
  • Olmecs spread culture, such as ritual
    bloodletting
  • Olmecs develop lunar calendar and writing
  • People use burials and mummify their dead
  • Olmec culture declines
  • Maya create agricultural system of levels

Back to Eras
16
http//www.mysticunicorn.com/graphics/P-13.jpg
Mayan Pottery
Olmec head sculptures
http//www.crystalinks.com/mayanpottery1.jpg
17
South America 600-1450
  • The Huari people excel in Peru
  • Tiahuanaco people rise in the coast South America
  • 700 The civilizations of the Nazca and Moche
    collapse
  • 850 Maya decline throughout the empire
  • 900 Toltecs expand in South America
  • 1100 Anasazi cliff dwellings flourish/Beginning
    of Incas
  • 1115 Chaco canyon thriving trade and society
  • 1175 Destruction of Toltec Civilization
  • 1120 Aztecs begin in Mexica Valley
  • 1150 Horses brought to new world by Spanish

Back to Eras
18
Anasazi Cliff Dwellings
http//www.scienceclarified.com/landforms/images/u
eol_01_img0013.jpg
http//farm1.static.flickr.com/195/484751672_7a0dd
9253c.jpg?v0
19
South America 1450-1750
  • Spanish exploration in south America
  • 1500s Encomienda System
  • 1519 Cortés on Yucatan Peninsula
  • 1521 Cortés defeats Aztecs
  • 1532 Pizarro overthrows Incan empire
  • 1541 Coronado explores Mesoamerica
  • 1550 Cattle introduced into Mesoamerican
    pampas/Portuguese import slaves into Brazil
  • 1612 Tobacco first grown as a commercial crop
  • 1675 Spanish persecution of Pueblo people
  • 1711 Portuguese conflict in Brazil

Back to Eras
20
South America1450-1750
Tobacco plants in South America, new agriculture
lt- Explorer and Conqueror Hernan Cortes
http//www.dkimages.com/discover/previews/813/5011
4146.JPG
http//jg.socialsciences.manchester.ac.uk/Ostula/i
mages/cortez-2.gif
21
South America 1750-1914
  • 1782 Revolts against Spanish rule in Americas
  • 1804 Haiti begins to become independent state
    after Slave Rebellion
  • 1808 Independence movements in Spanish and
    Portuguese America
  • 1810 Start of Revolutions in Spanish America
  • 1815 Reconquering of Venezuela
  • 1821 Simon Boliviar leads Colombian independence
    movement/Peru declares independence
  • 1826 All Spanish American colonies gain
    independence
  • 1844 Dominican/Haitian conflicts
  • 1850 end of Slave trade in Brazil
  • 1870 war of the Pacific, Peru, Chile, and
    Bolivia are involved
  • 1897 Cuban uprising against Spanish rule
  • 1899 Cession of Puerto Rico and Cuba to the U.S.
    by the Spanish

Back to Eras
22
South America 1750-1914
http//www.flotte2.com/1800AD_files/image007.jpg
South America Pre-Independence movements
http//www.witiger.com/marketing/MapSouthAmerica.g
if
Post Independence Movements
23
South America1914-Present
  • 1915 Haiti and the Dominican Republic are
    invaded by the U.S.
  • 1918 Influenza Epidemic kills millions
  • 1924 Pan American treaty signed to prevent
    conflict between various nations
  • 1930 revolutions in Argentina and Brazil
  • 1936 Paraguay is the first Fascist nation in the
    Americas
  • 1939-1945 South America stays away from WWII and
    most conflict
  • 1967 Cae Guevera is killed by troops in Bolivia
  • 1977 U.S. returns the Panama Canal back to
    Panama
  • 1994 Polio is whipped out in the Americas
  • 2000 drug trafficking continues to be a major
    problem in South America

Back to Eras
24
North Africa
  • -Foundations
  • -600-1450
  • -1450-1750
  • -1750-1914
  • -1914-Present

Back to Regions
25
North Africa Foundations
  • Sudanic cultivation and the beginnings of
    agriculture around the Nile
  • Egypt unified by Menes, invention of
    hieroglyphics, Pyramid of Khufu in Giza
  • Cattle domesticated in North Africa
  • Agriculture and pastoralism along Nile River,
    crops domesticated
  • Egyptian calendar divides day into 24 units
  • Various Egyptian kingdoms (Old, Middle, New)
  • Copper working and iron working (increase in
    agriculture)
  • Alexander the Great conquers Egypt and founds
    Alexandria (scientific capital of the scientific
    world)
  • Rome gains control over Egypt

Back to Eras
26
North Africa Foundations
The Region of North Africa
lt Alexander the Great
http//faculty-staff.ou.edu/L/A-Robert.R.Lauer-1/a
lexanderthegreat.jpe
http//content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en-comm
ons/thumb/d/d7/350px-LocationNorthernAfrica.png
27
North Africa 600-1450
  • 637-638 Non-Muslims retain protective status in
    Dar-al Islam
  • 801 Berber Kharijites found a Muslim state in
    North Africa
  • 861 Technological advancements such as the Great
    Nilometer are built and invented in Egypt
  • 935 Algiers is founded by Arabs
  • 970 Islam becomes the dominant religion in
    Northeastern Africa
  • 1050 Arab nomads migrate to the Sahara and North
    Africa in large numbers
  • 1123 Egyptian navy is defeated by Venetians
  • 1140 Forced conversions of Jews
  • 1200s Muslims make inroads from North Africa
    into interior
  • 1400s African sciences decline as Arab sciences
    decline

http//www.mccullagh.org/db9/1ds-4/sahara-desert-s
and-dune.jpg
Back to Eras
28
North Africa1450-1750
  • 1500-1520 European African Trade increases 1578
    Moroccans defeat the Portuguese as they tried to
    invade their territory
  • 1591 Morocco overthrows Songhay Empire
  • 1645 Ottomans invade Crete
  • 1677 Dutch Forts in Senegal seized by French
  • 1694 Sultun of Morroco Tangier from English
  • 1703 European inventions like the telescope
    become widespread
  • 1705 Foundation of Husaynid Dynasty in Tunis
  • 1750s European military expertise becomes
    popular in Muslim North Africa

Back to Eras
29
North Africa 1750-1914
  • 1769 Egypt declares indecency from Ottoman
    Turkey
  • 1780s U.S. conflict with Morocco
  • 1798 Napoleon invades Egypt
  • 1799 Rosetta Stone found in Egypt, a stone that
    has been very beneficial for Historians around
    the world
  • 1821 Egypt invades Sudan
  • 1830 French conquer Algeria
  • 1890s Arab trade, and slave trade decreases

Rosetta Stonegt http//developer.mozilla.org/presen
tations/xtech2006/layout/slides/images/Rosetta1.jp
eg
Back to Eras
30
North Africa 1914-Present
  • 1915 Allied troops lose campaign during WWI
  • 1922 Egypt declares independence under King Fuad
  • 1942 Allies start to win North African Campaign
  • 1954 Algerians rebel against French rule
  • 1960 16 former colonies gain independence from
    France, Britain, Germany, etc.
  • 1962 French colonial empire dies off
  • 1981 Egyptian president Anwar Sadat is
    assassinated
  • 1990s-Present North Africans migrate to Western
    Europe

Back to Eras
31
  • North Africa 1914-Present

Present Day Map of North Africa
http//www.mytravelguide.com/g/maps/North-Afric
a-map.gif
King Fuad of Egypt
http//www.travelinstyle.com/egypt/King_Farouk/Fua
d_I.jpg
32
Sub-Saharan Africa
  • -Foundations
  • -600-1450
  • -1450-1750
  • -1750-1914
  • -1914-Present

Back to Regions
33
Sub-Saharan Africa Foundations
  • Bantu people expand and take iron working with
    them, along with their language, and knowledge of
    agriculture.
  • Nubians spread iron
  • Agriculture and villages
  • Trade between East Africa and Arabs
  • Nok people create clay sculptures
  • Camels come to Africa, domestication begins
  • Kingdom of Axum is founded in Ethiopia
  • Christianity is spread throughout Sub-Saharan
    Africa
  • Ghana rises and becomes important center for gold
  • Increase in trade, especially with gold

Bantu Migration
Back to Eras
http//images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/aencmed/ta
rgets/maps/mhi/000f2413.gif
34
Sub-Saharan Africa 600-1450
  • 600s Islam spreads to Africa
  • 700 Arabs settle in East Africa
  • Many societies now Patriarchal
  • 750-760 African farmers cause deforestation and
    erosion
  • 750 African slave trade increases
  • 800 Jews migrate to Africa
  • 1000-1400 Swahili Empires dominate east coast of
    Africa
  • 1200-1400 Mali Empire reigned with leaders
    Sudiata and Mansu Musa, conneted North and
    Sub-Saharan Africa

Art Work depicting leader Mansu Musa
Back to Eras
http//www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/learning_history/
1492/mansa_musa.jpg
35
Sub-Saharan 1450-1750
  • 1506 King Alfonzo of Congo introduces Western
    customs
  • 1530-1540 Songhay Empire dominates west Africa
  • 1560s Slave Trade increases
  • 1600-1620 Muslims attack Christian Ethiopia
  • 1626 France est. settlement along Senegal River
  • 1677 Dutch expand in southern Africa
  • 1713 Small Pox decimates south Africa
  • 1750 Kingdom of Darfur expands in east Africa

Back to Eras
http//www.musicforchange.org/slaveryimages/slaves
hip.jpg
36
Sub-Saharan Africa 1750-1914
  • 1758 British capture Senegal form France
  • 1780s U.S. conflict with Morocco
  • 1807 Slave Trade abolished by Great Britain
  • 1851 immigrants flock to South Africa when gold
    is discovered
  • 1866 Diamonds are found in South Africa
  • 1890s Arab slave trade in East Africa stops
  • 1914 North and South Nigeria Unite

http//www.brunswick.k12.me.us/bjh/depart/curric/s
lavejourney/images/map1.jpg
Back to Eras
37
Sub-Saharan Africa1914-Present
  • 1915 Allied troops loose Gallipoli campaign in
    WWI
  • 1930 Theiler invents yellow fever vaccine
  • 1936 white colonists do not allow black to hold
    office in south Africa
  • 1942 Allies begin to win African campaign in
    WWII
  • 1949 Apartheid begins in South Africa
  • 1960 Sixteen former colonies gain independence
  • 1974 Drought threatens millions in Africa
  • 1991 Apartheid ends in South Africa
  • 2000 AIDS becomes and epidemic
  • 2003 ethnic/religious conflict in Darfur (Sudan)
  • Genocide continues in Darfur today, continues to
    be an ignored problem by the African government
    and the World

Back to Eras
38
Sub-Saharan Africa Present Day
http//www.aids.harvard.edu/images/conferences/wom
en_and_aids/womenandaidslogo.gif
Islam in Present Day Africa
http//www.erdkunde-wissen.de/erdkunde/kontinent/a
frika/gif/islam.jpg
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