South West Asia and North Africa Chapters 23 - 25 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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South West Asia and North Africa Chapters 23 - 25

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South West Asia and North Africa Chapters 23 - 25 SSWG3 The student will describe the interaction of physical and human systems that have shaped contemporary North ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: South West Asia and North Africa Chapters 23 - 25


1
South West Asia and North Africa Chapters 23 - 25
  • SSWG3 The student will describe the interaction
    of physical and human systems that have shaped
    contemporary North Africa/Southwest Asia.

a. Describe the location of major physical
features and their impact on North
Africa/Southwest Asia. b. Describe the major
climates of North Africa/Southwest Asia and how
they have affected the development of North
Africa/Southwest Asia. c. Analyze the impact
natural resources, especially oil, have on North
Africa/Southwest Asia. e. Explain the impact of
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam on the
development of the regions culture. f. Explain
why this region contains areas on two different
continents. g. Describe the major ethnic and
cultural groups in North Africa/Southwest Asia
include major customs and traditions.
2
f. Explain why this region contains areas on two
different continents.
3
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4
e. Explain the impact of Judaism, Christianity,
and Islam on the development of the regions
culture.
5
Pg. 448
  • a. Agricultural Revolution when hunters and
    gatherers first began to raise plants and animlas
    for food around 8,000 B.C.
  • b. Civilization 3000 B.C. when people began to
    write and live in cities in Mesopotamia
  • c. monotheism belief in one God
  • d. protectorate when a country has its own
    government but is still controlled, or protected
    by an outside power most Middle Eastern
    countries were once protectorates of a European
    country
  • Judaism Israel Christianity Europe, North
    and South America Islam Middle East (N. Africa
    and S.West Asia)
  • How has movement contributed to culture change in
    Central and South west Asia? - When Islamic
    cultures took over other cultures in the Middle
    east, the people they conquered became Muslim
    too.

6
Page 440
  • Caspian Depression - lies below sea level area
    surrounding Caspian Sea and areas along Northern
    Iran
  • What parts of this region provide most of the
    water for the rivers that cross the dry lowlands?
    -Caucus Mts. Armenia and Georgia Kirgiz
    Range Kyrgystan and Tajikistan Pontic Mts -
    Turkey

Page 442
  • Which part of Iraq has the largest amount of
    preciptiation? North Eastern
  • What relationship do you see between elevation
    and climate? The higher the elevation, the cooler
    the climate.

Page 444
  • a. Chapparal - desert-like ecosystem with short
    shrubs and trees used to little water
  • b. poaching illegal hunting
  • What reasons might there be for the lack of
    chaparral along the Persian Gulf and Red Sea? -
    These climates have arid climates and are located
    closer to the equator

7
Page 446
  • a. mosque Islamic place of worship
  • b. muezzin the man who calls Muslims
    to pray
  • c. minaret the tower where he calls
    them to prayer
  • Which countries have the highest population
    densities? Turkey, Iran, Georgia, Kyrgystan,
    Uzbekistan, Tajikistan
  • Why do you think that the regions largest cities
    lie in river valleys or along the coast? - no
    matter what culture, access to water for
    industry, crops, and trade is always where the
    first civilizations and largest cities are built

Page 448
  • a. Desalination plant factory where water is
    taken out of sea water
  • b. nomad people who travel from
    place to place take tents with them usually are
    animal herders
  • Which countries have supplies of petroleum or
    natural gas? Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia
  • Why might water be a source of conflict in this
    region? Because you need it for everything
    industry, agriculture, and home use

8
Islam Unites Region
  • Founded by Muhammad in 632 A.D.
  • After his death, split into two sects, or
    denominations
  • Sunni
  • Shiite
  • For next 1,000 years, different Muslim Empires
    control this area of the world
  • They rule according to SHARIA
  • Laws based on the teachings of Muhammad and Quran
  • Many Countries have sharia courts for marriage,
    family issues, and social issues
  • These laws are still in effect tody

9
Beliefs
  • Five Pillars (Foundational beliefs) of Islam
  • Salah - Pray 5 times a day facing Mecca
  • Shahadah - Statement of Faith
  • Zakat - Give 2 of income to the poor
  • Hajj Pilgrimage to Mecca
  • Sawm - Fasting
  • Shiites believe that the caliph, or Islamic
    leader, should be a descendant of him
  • Sunnis believe that the successor should be
    elected
  • If a country Sunni today, it might have problems
    with a country that is not, and vice versa.
  • Iran Shiite
  • Iraq Sunni

10
Islamic Countries Government and Economy
  • Most countries have elected leaders
  • Most countries depend on industry, such as
    chemicals made from oil, for their economies
  • Gulf countries depend on oil or products made
    from oil
  • TOD Write on a sheet of paper
  • Your name.
  • The two main Islamic sects.
  • One way in which S.W. Asia and Northern Africa
    are connected.

11
Major Middle East Issues
  • Problem Access to Water - Iraq, Saudi Arabia
    and other Persian Gulf Countries, North Africa
  • Solution setting up desalination plants that
    remove salt from the ocean water for drinking
  • Problem Middle East Issue Palestinians want
    their own govt. Israel wants to control the
    area
  • Solution Diplomacy with United States and other
    countries acting as negotiator
  • Problem Disagreement between Islamic Sects
    Iraq, Lebanon, Syria
  • Solution Secular Governments guarantee a
    percentage of leadership positions to a certain
    sect people will still disagree
  • Problem Lack of Natural Resources like
    agricultural lands or forests
  • Solution Countries invest in other industries
    like chemical manufacturing or technology

12
Notes/CNN Quiz
E
  • Why does this unit contain countries located on
    two different continents?
  • Name a solution to the lack of water that
    countries located on the Persian Gulf use.
  • What is Sharia?
  • Where do the majority of people who believe in
    Christianity live?
  • Where do the majority of people who believe in
    Judaism live?
  • Briefly describe the Middle East Issue.

D
C
5
4
3
2
6
B
1
A
  • What is one geographical feature that many of
    these countries have in common?
  • Who is the caliph?
  • What are the two main Islamic sects?
  • What county just recently announced it built a
    uranium enrichment plant?
  • Extra Credit
  • Which letter identifies the Red Sea?
  • Which letter identifies the Persian Gulf?

13
Pop Quiz
  • What is the most important political
    characteristic/issue of SW Asia and North Africa?
  • When and why was the nation state of Israel
    created?
  • What has happened in the last 65 years in that
    area of the world?
  • What geographical feature in North Africa
    determines where people live?
  • What common cultural attribute, or trait, do
    people in SW Asia and North Africa share?

14
Common History
  • In the last 100 years most of the Saudi Arabian
    Peninsula and North Africa struggled for
    independence from Great Britain, France, or Italy
  • 1945- After WWII Arabic speaking countries
    decided to unite
  • Formed the Arab League, an organization of Arabic
    speaking nations with common interests
  • Passes political and economic resolutions
  • Has little real power because has no military
  • Many Islamic countries feel ignored or betrayed
    by English speaking countries
  • Broken promises to help them with financing new
    governments
  • Our Allies Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Algeria,
    Tunisia, Pakistan, Iraq, Oman, United Arab
    Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar
  • Non-allies Iran, Afghanistan, Sudan, Lebanon,
    Yemen

15
Middle East Issue
  • Creation of Israel after the Holocaust
  • 1949 Great Britain set the boundaries
  • Promised Arabs a government of their own
  • Reneged on the promise
  • Since then, Arabs and Israelis have had problems

16
  • Complete the Study Guide on your own and for
    homework.

17
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Egypt
  • Israel
  • Iran
  • Iraq

26
28
29
25
27
18
WATER RESOURCES in the Middle East
19
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20
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21
Home Work
  • Take Notes on Chapter 23 Section 4
  • Be prepared for quiz based on oil in the Saudi
    Arabian Peninsula!!!

22
TOD Ch 23
  • What do Zionists believe?
  • How is drip irrigation better than regular
    irrigation?
  • Where is the fertile crescent?
  • Desalination takes salt out of what?

23
  • The most important defining characteristic in
    this region is the creation of Israel after WWII.
    This is known as the MidEast Conflict.

24
News from the Mid-East
  • NY Times Middle East

25
CNN QUIZ
  • How did one rock band get punished for playing to
    loud?
  • What do economists hope Americans will do during
    the Holiday season?
  • What happened in Mumbai, India last week?
  • How much will the big three execs make a year if
    the government gives them a bailout?
  • What is one major problem for students who want
    to go to college?
  • How does Jessica Cox fly her airplane?
  • Approximately how much money does it cost per
    year to go to an Ivey League school like Columbia
    University in NY?

26
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27
Israel vs. Palestine
  • Gaza Strip Smuggling

28
South Asia India, Nepal, Afghanistan, Pakistan,
Bangladesh Chapter 28
Look at the map on 599 why do you think there
is a population concentration in that area?
  • Major Geographic Features
  • Deccan Plateau semi-arid and tropical
  • Himalayan Mountains creates monsoon season
  • Tropical Rainforest of Bangladesh
  • Estuary System Ganges, Ghaghara, Brahmaputra
    Rivers
  • Cultures and Religions
  • Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam
  • Hindi, Urdu, Dravidians, Pashtu, Dari, Pakistani
  • India
  • main religion is Hinduism
  • Highest population density on earth except for
    China
  • Land use subsistence farming

29
East Asia China, Mongolia, Indonesia, Thailand,
Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, Japan, New Guinea,
Mongolia Chapter 30
  • Major Geographic Features
  • Gobi Desert
  • Cultures and Religions
  • Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam
  • Hindi, Urdu, Dravidians, Pashtu, Dari, Pakistani
  • India
  • main religion is Hinduism
  • Highest population density on earth except for
    China
  • Land use subsistence farming

30
  • What is the condition Sen. Dodd says should be in
    place before Congress gives the big three a
    bailout?
  • What is Illinois Gov. Blagojevich accused of?
  • What ethnicity made this man the first to be
    recently elected to Congress?
  • What does the front ogranization for
    Lashkar-e-Tayyiba purport to be?
  • Why do some English universities ask random
    questions of applicants?
  • Why are youth rioting in Greece?
  • What occupations are continuing to add jobs
    during a time of economic recession?
  • What disease is taking place in Zimbabwe that
    could be easily eliminated by boiling water?
  • What is ecotourism?
  • What happened to one boy recently while he was
    snow boarding on a golf course?
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