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The Writing Process

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The Writing Process: Stage 1 Prewriting * Writing Process: Overview Focus is on what students think and do as they write. It is a process. It is not linear, but ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Writing Process


1
The Writing Process
  • Stage 1
  • Prewriting

2
Writing Process Overview
  • Focus is on what students think and do as they
    write.
  • It is a process.
  • It is not linear, but recursive.
  • The stages merge and recur as students write.

3
Stage 1 Prewriting
  • It is the getting-ready to write stage.
  • Up to 70 of writing time needs to be spent in
    prewriting.
  • Teach the structure of the form (narrative,
    poetry, biography, correspondence, or another
    written language form).

4
Stage 1 - Prewriting Choosing a Topic
  • Teachers should not supply topics for students --
    "writing welfare" (Graves, 1976).
  • Specify writing form function (i.e., share what
    you have learned about ...), but have students
    choose their own specific content.

5
Stage 1 PrewritingPurpose
  • Students think about purpose of writing
  • To entertain?
  • To inform?
  • To persuade?
  • Important because it influences decisions
    students make about audience and form

6
Stage 1 - PrewritingAudience
  • Student authors may write for themselves or for
    others.
  • Writing for others requires adapting writing to
    fit the audience.

7
Stage 1 - PrewritingForm
  • Six Writing Genres
  • Descriptive
  • Informational (Expository)
  • autobiography/biography
  • Journals / Letters (Correspondence)
  • Persuasive
  • Poetry
  • Story (Narrative)

8
Stage 1 PrewritingGPS Forms of Writing
  • Narrative
  • Expository
  • Persuasive
  • Response to literature

9
Stage 1 PrewritingGraphic Organizers Purposes
  • to plan writing using words and/or phrases rather
    than complete sentences
  • to plan writing in sequenced steps and/or in
    precise locations on the organizer
  • to see the content of writing as a whole

10
Stage 1 PrewritingGraphic Organizers Purposes
  • to see interrelationships among the content of
    the writing
  • to see where additional planning is needed
  • to see the structure of written language forms

11
Stage 1 PrewritingTypes of Graphic Organizers
  • story maps
  • poetic graphic organizers
  • correspondence graphic organizers
  • auto/biographic graphic organizers
  • compare contrast organizers
  • sequence organizers
  • expository organizers

12
GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS
  • http//www.edhelper.com/teachers/graphic_organizer
    s.htm
  • http//www.teachervision.fen.com/page/6293.html
  • http//www.eduplace.com/graphicorganizer/

13
Stage 1 PrewritingTeaching
  • 1.Model the use of a graphic organizer or other
    prewriting strategy.
  • 2.Have students use the strategy.
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