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In your Poetry Packet answer the following questions: What

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Title: In your Poetry Packet answer the following questions: What


1
In your Poetry Packet answer the following
questions
  • What is poetry?
  • Name a few places you could find poetry if you
    were told to bring in 5 examples of it.

2
Your poetry study will be divided into two parts
(two tests). This first section is on figurative
language. What is figurative language?
  • figurative language is a type of language
  • that varies from literal language, in which
  • words mean exactly what they say. Also
  • known as the "ornaments of language,
  • Figurative language does not mean exactly
  • what it says, but instead forces the reader
  • to make an imaginative leap in order to
  • comprehend an author's point. It usually
  • involves a comparison between two things
  • that may not, at first, seem to relate to one
  • another.

3
Steps to Reading Poetry
  • Read the poem more than once and aloud at least
    once.
  • Pay attention to the punctuation
  • , stop briefly at commas and semicolons
  • . stop longer after periods
  • -- if you see hyphens, expect a shift in thought
  • None if you see no punctuation at the end of a
    line, dont stop
  • Feel the poems mood.
  • Create a picture in your mind.
  • What is the poem trying to tell you? Does it
    make you look at something in a new way?

4
Figurative Language
  • Term Simile
  • Definition
  • A comparison of two distinctly different things
    linked by words such as like or as.
  • Example
  • Ryan likes early mornings as much as Ms. Carter
    likes repeating herself.

5
In your Poetry Packet, write down 2 similes from
the following poem
  • When I wake up in the morning
  • I am like a grouchy grizzly bear
  • Growling and roaring at all those around
  • After a lengthy shower
  • I am like a butterfly landing on a fresh petal
  • I am sweet to everyone
  • When I arrive at school
  • I am like a tornado turned loose
  • I am all over looking for my friends
  • In Ms. Pearmens Algebra class
  • I am like a calculator without batteries
  • I am unable to function
  • At the end of the school day
  • I am like a loaf of molded bread
  • I have been sitting around too long.
  • After a good supper and lots of phone calls
  • I am like a collector's Corvette
  • I am in good shape and I am ready to go.

6
  • In your Poetry Packet, finish these lines with
    similes.
  • When I am tired, I am as _________________________
    ____
  • When I am sad, I am like ________________________
    ____
  • When I am annoyed, I am as _______________________
    ___
  • When I am sleepy, I am like ______________________
    _____
  • Now come up with two of your own

7
Add this definition to your poetry definitions.
  • Term Metaphor
  • Definition A direct comparison of one thing
    with something completely different using is, are
    or were. Indicates that one thing is another.
  • Example
  • My life is a dream.

8
In your poetry packet, write at least one poem
containing two similes.
9
  • Langston Hughes
  • 1902-1967
  • Langston Hughes
  • was first recognized
  • as an important
  • literary figure during
  • the 1920s, a period known
  • as the "Harlem
  • Renaissance because of
  • the number of emerging
  • black writers.
  • A Dream DeferredLangston Hughes
  • What happens to a dream deferred?
  • Does it dry up
  • like a raisin in the sun?
  • Or fester like a sore
  • And then run?
  • Does it stink like rotten meat?
  • Or crust and sugar over
  • like a syrupy sweet?
  • Maybe it just sags
  • like a heavy load.
  • Or does it explode?

10
Sleeping FatherDavid Chin
  • My father sits in his chair and snores.
  • Inhaling, he rasps like an anchor chain
  • Rattling off a ship, dropping into the sea.
  • When he exhales, waves hiss on distant shores.
  • In his dream, he carries the kite
  • His uncle made for him and walks the village path
  • Thinking of his father who sailed for America
    years ago.
  • I wonder if it has to be this way with fathers.
  • As he sleeps with his head tipped back,
  • His mouth half open, behind shut eyelids
  • The frailest of objects climbs the sky and a
    string slides though his fingers.

11
In your Poetry Packet, determine whether each of
the following is a metaphor or a simile.
  • No one invites Harold to parties because hes a
    wet blanket.
  • As the teacher entered the room she muttered
    under her breath, This class is a three-ring
    circus!
  • The giants steps were thunder as he ran toward
    Jack.
  • The pillow was a cloud when I put my head upon it
    after a long day.
  • I feel like a limp dishrag.
  • Those girls are like two peas in a pod.
  • The fluorescent light was the sun during our
    test.
  • The baby was like an octopus, grabbing at all the
    cans on the grocery store shelves.
  • The bar of soap was a slippery eel during the
    dogs bath.
  • 10.Ted was as nervous as a cat with a long tail
    in a room full of rocking chairs.

12
Shall I Compare Thee To A Summer's Day?William
Shakespeare
  • Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
  • Thou art more lovely and more temperate.
  • Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
  • And summer's lease hath all too short a date.
  • Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
  • And often is his gold complexion dimmed
  • And every fair from fair sometime declines,
  • By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed.
  • But thy eternal summer shall not fade
  • Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st
  • Nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade,
  • When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st.
  • So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
  • So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

13
Add this definition
  • Term Alliteration
  • Definition
  • The same sounds at the beginning of words
  • Example
  • Paula picked a pickled pepper.

14
How fast can you read these alliterations?
  • Angela Abigail Applewhite ate anchovies and
    artichokes.
  • Bertha Bartholomew blew big, blue bubbles.
  • Clever Clifford Cutter clumsily closed the closet
    clasps.
  • Dwayne Dwiddle drew a drawing of dreaded Dracula.
  • Elmer Elwood eluded eleven elderly elephants.
  • Floyd Flingle flipped flat flapjacks.
  • Greta Gruber grabbed a group of green grapes.
  • Hattie Henderson hated happy healthy hippos.
  • Ida Ivy identified the ivory iris.
  • Julie Jackson juggled the juicy, jiggly jello.

15
  • Karl Kessler kept the ketchup in the kitchen.
  • Lila Ledbetter lugged a lot of little lemons.
  • Milton Mallard mailed a mangled mango.
  • Norris Newton never needed new noodles.
  • Patsy planter plucked plump, purple, plastic
    plums.
  • Quinella Quist quite quickly quelled the
    quarreling quartet.
  • Randy Rathbone wrapped a rather rare red rabbit.
  • Shelly Sherman shivered in a sheer, short, shirt.
  • Trina Tweety tripped two twittering twins under a
    twiggy
  • tree.

16
  • Vicky Vince viewed a very valuable vase.
  • Walter Whipple warily warned the weary warrior.
  • Xerxes Xenon expected to xerox extra x-rays.
  • Yolana Yvonne Yarger yodeled up yonder yesterday.
  • Zigmund Zane zig-zagged through the zany zoo
    zone.

17
  • The use of alliterations in poetry may not be as
    obvious as the tongue twisters. They may be more
    subtle and add to the sound and rhythm of the
    poem.

18
  • No Thank You
  • -Shel Silverstein
  • No I do not want a kitten,
  • No cute, cuddly kitty-poo,
  • No more long hair in my cornflakes,
  • No more midnight meowing mews.
  • No more scratchin, snarlin, spitters,
  • No more sofas clawed to shreds,
  • No more smell of kitty litter,
  • No more mousies in my bed.
  • No I will not take that kitten
  • Ive had lice and Ive had fleas,
  • Ive been scratched and sprayed and bitten,
  • Ive developed allergies.
  • If youve got an ape, Ill take him,
  • If you have a lion, thats fine,
  • If you brought some walking bacon,
  • Leave him here, Ill treat him kind.

19
THE VALIANT VOYAGERSJacinta Ramayah, Malaysia
  • Venturing out in vessels from theVikings to
    Victorian timesVigilantes with valour and
    visionand of vengeance and vice.The likes of
    Vasco da Gama andVespucci and Vadino
    Vivaldi,From Venice to Venezuela,of viceroys
    and victory.Through oceans and variables
    viciousthe vast world their homeNo valuables or
    valise to vex themthro vales and valleys they
    roam.From villages to veld they visitbeing
    valorous and versatile,A vagrant of sorts, a
    vagabondsometimes vicious and vile.

20
  • In your poetry packet, write your own poem
    demonstrating the SUBTLE use of alliteration.

21
You PromisedBy Sara HolbrooksI gave you
private thoughtsto hold.You promised not to
tell.You told.I trusted friendshiplike a
bank.Now they knowIve got you to thank.When
secrets have my name on them,dont pass them
outto her or him.My secrets are a loanto
bereturned upon request to me. ANSWER THE
QUESTIONS IN YOUR POETRY PACKET.
22
Add this to your definitions
  • Consonance the repetition of consonants (or
    consonant patterns) especially at the ends of
    words.
  • Example
  • dawn goes down
  • Or
  • some mammals are clammy

23
The consonance of the hard sounds in Wes Magee's
'The Boneyard Rap' might be said to echo the
rattle of bones in the poem.
  • http//www.poetryarchive.org/poetryarchive/singleP
    oem.do?poemId382

24
Add this to your definitions
  • Term Symbol
  • Definition Something that has meaning in
    itself, while at the same time representing or
    standing for something else.
  • Examples

25
I Am A RockSimon Garfunkel
  • As you listen to the song and follow along with
    the lyrics in your poetry packet, think about the
    use of symbolism in the music.
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vPKY-smJ6aBQsafety_
    modetruepersist_safety_mode1safeactive

26
In your packet write about a symbol that would
best represent you. Explains why it is a good
symbol for you.
  • A laughing cat would be my symbol. I love all
    animals, but I would have to say that cats are
    one of my favorites. I like the fact that they
    are independent yet can be very loving. I also
    think that they know how to enjoy life (sleeping
    in the sun, yoga-like stretching). Ive been
    through some tough times in my life and, after
    spending many years being angry, Ive realized
    that for me laughter is much more enjoyable!

27
Autobiography in Five Short ChaptersPortia Nelson
Chapter 1 I walk down the street. There is a
deep hole in the sidewalk. I fall in. I am lost
. . . I am helpless It takes forever to find a
way out. Chapter 2 I walk down the same
street. There is a deep hole in the sidewalk. I
pretend I dont see it. I fall in again. I cant
believe that I am in this same place. But it
isnt my fault. It still takes a long time to get
out. Chapter 3 I walk down the same
street. There is a deep hole in the
sidewalk. I see it is there. I still fall in. .
. Its a habit . . . but, My eyes are open.
I know where I am. It is my fault. I get out
immediately. Chapter 4 I walk down the same
street. There is a deep hole in the sidewalk. I
walk around it. Chapter 5 I walk down another
street.
28
Add this to your definitions
  • Term Imagery
  • Definition
  • A sensory experience put into words/ this
    connects with one of the five senses.

29
The SharkBy E. J. Pratt
  • And a double row of white teeth,And eyes of
    metallic grey,Hard and narrow and slit.
  • Then out of the harbor,With that three-cornered
    finShearing without a bubble the
    waterLithely,Leisurely,He swam--That strange
    fish,Tubular, tapered, smoke-blue,Part vulture,
    part wolf,Part neither-- for his blood was cold.
  • He seemed to know the harbor,So leisurely he
    swamHis fin,Like a piece of sheet-iron,Three-c
    ornered,And with knife-edge,Stirred not a
    bubbleAs it movedWith its base-line on the
    water.
  • His body was tubularAnd taperedAnd
    smoke-blue,And as he passed the wharfHe turned,
  • And snapped at a flat-fishThat was dead and
    floating.And I saw the flash of a white throat,

30
Those Winter Sundays Robert Hayden
  • Sundays too my father got up early
  • And put his clothes on in the blueback
  • cold,
  • then with cracked hands that ached
  • from labor in the weekday weather
  • made banked fires blaze. No one ever
  • thanked him.
  • I'd wake and hear the cold splintering,
  • breaking.
  • When the rooms were warm, he'd call,
  • and slowly I would rise and dress,
  • fearing the chronic angers of that house,
  • Speaking indifferently to him,
  • who had driven out the cold
  • and polished my good shoes as well.
  • What did I know, what did I know
  • of love's austere and lonely offices?

31
  • In your packet, write a poem that demonstrates
    imagery

32
Dust of Snow-- Robert Frost
The way a crow Shook down on meThe dust of
snowFrom a hemlock treeHas given my heartA
change of moodAnd saved some partOf a day I had
rued.
33
Add this to your definitions
  • Term Personification
  • Definition Giving human qualities or
    characteristics to a non-human thing.
  • Example There was nothing more that Fluffy the
    cat enjoyed then having dinner with the family.

34
The _____________-- William Jay Smith
  • silver-scaled Dragon with jaws
  • flaming red
  • Sits at my elbow and toasts my bread
  • I hand him fat slices, and then, one by one,
  • He hands them back when he sees
  • they are done.
  • ANSWER THE QUESTIONS IN YOUR POETRY PACKET.

35
Steam ShovelCharles Malam
  • The dinosaurs are not all dead.
  • I saw one raise its iron head
  • To watch me walking down the road
  • Beyond our house today.
  • Its jaws were dripping with a load
  • Of earth and grass that it had chopped.
  • It must have heard me where I stopped,
  • Snorted white steam my way,
  • And stretched its long neck out to see,
  • And chewed, and grinned quite amiably.

36
Add this to your definitions
  • Term Onomatopoeia
  • Definition A word that sounds the same as the
    noise it represents.
  • Example Crunch, crunch, crunch, was the
    sound of the snow under my feet.

37
AnkylosaurusJack Prelutsky
  • Clankity Clankity Clankity
  • Clank! Ankylosaurus was built like a
  • tank, Its hide was a fortress as sturdy
  • as steel. It tended to be an inedible
  • meal. It was armored in front, it was
  • armored behind. There wasnt a thing
  • on its miniscule mind, It waddled
  • about on its four stubby legs, nibbling
  • on plants with a mouthful of
  • pegs. Ankylosaurus was best left
  • alone, its tail was a cudgel of gristle
  • and bone. Clankity Clankity Clankity
  • Clank! Ankylosaurus was built like a
  • tank.
  • ANSWER THE QUESTIONS IN YOUR POETRY PACKET.

38
  • In your packet, write your own poem using either
    personification or onomatopoeia (or both!).
  • This is an example of . . .

39
Something to think about
  • This is a Reverse Poem
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?v42E2fAWM6rAsafety_
    modetruepersist_safety_mode1safeactive

40
Poetry Review(I foresee a test in your future.)
  • 1. The pan clattered to the floor.
  • What is clattered an example of? Why?
  • Give an example of a symbol and explain what it
    symbolizes.
  • What is imagery?
  • Write a simile for your day today.
  • Write a metaphor for your smile.
  • Write an alliteration describing your
  • summer plans.

41
According to the cards
  • You will need to be able to write the definition
    for each of the words we have covered so far.
  • You will need to be able to give an ORIGINAL
    example of each of the words that we covered.
  • You will need to be able to identify each of the
    elements we covered in a poem.

42
Poetic Elements Characteristics
43
Add this to your definitions
  • Term Rhythm
  • Definition The music in poetry.
  • Example When Kendall read her poem out loud,
    David felt the rhythm and began to dance.

44
  • Rhythm is a musical quality.
  • The most obvious kind of rhythm is the regular
    repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables
    found in some poetry.
  • Writers also create rhythm by repeating words and
    phrases or even by repeating whole lines and
    sentences.
  • Think of some of the picture books that were read
    to you. What one do you remember as having a
    strong rhythm to the writing?

45
BEES
  • You voluble,
  • Velvety,
  • Vehement fellows
  • That play on your
  • Flying and Musical cellos,
  • All goldenly
  • Girdled you
  • Serenade clover,
  • Each artist in Bass,
  • but a Bibulous rover!
  • You passionate,
  • Powdery Pastoral bandits,
  • Who gave you your Roaming and Rollicking
    mandates?
  • Come out of my Foxglove come
  • Out of my roses
  • You bees with the
  • Plushy and Plausible noses!
  • -- Norman Rowland Gale

46
Add this to your definitions.
  • Definition Free Verse
  • DEFINITION A poem that doesnt have a regular
    meter.
  • Example The trick is to sound like familiar
    speech without all the ums and ahs.

47
Good Hotdogs by Sandra Cisneros
  • Fifty cents apiece
  • To eat our lunch
  • We'd run
  • Straight from school
  • Instead of home
  • Two blocks
  • Then the store
  • That smelled like steam
  • You ordered
  • Because you had the money
  • Two hotdogs and two pops for here
  • Everything on the hotdogs
  • Except pickle lily
  • Dash those hotdogs
  • Into buns and splash on
  • All that good stuff
  • Yellow mustard and onions
  • And french fries piled on top all
  • Rolled up in a piece of wax
  • Paper for us to hold hot
  • In our hands
  • Quarters on the counter
  • Sit down
  • Good hotdogs
  • We'd eat
  • Fast till there was nothing left
  • But salt and poppy seeds even
  • The little burnt tips
  • Of french fries
  • We'd eat
  • you humming
  • And me swinging my legs
  • ANSWER THE QUESTIONS IN YOUR POETRY PACKET

48
  • Elation to maturing despair. No friend is
    everAlone in action or reaction, leftWithout a
    silent commiserating presence of Invisible
    brick, a personal wailing wallFor those who need
    its strengthAnd stability. FriendsIs a loaded
    word and pointed. It limbos out fromUnder walls,
    vaults barricades, threads mazesTo erect
    cellophane boundaries of its own.It lets you see
    what could lie beyondBut that you gave upWhen
    you spoke its name.--by Katherine Foreman.
  • Connotation
  • FriendsMeans sharing, bittersweetA brand name
    of love. It is a tie for all time,Longer than
    the shadows we forgetYet shorter and better than
    life, or for some longer,Stronger. It balances
    you, with a pole inOne hand and a rope in the
    other, you choose what to use it for.It is
    forever.
  • FriendsRemembers everything anyone ever
    felt,Holds it in a cubbyhole somewhere for next
    timeWhen it is spoken or thought, from
    kindergarten


49
Free Verse
  • Winter Poem
  • Nikki Giovanni
  • once a snowflake fell
  • on my brow and i loved
  • it so much and i kissed
  • it and it was happy and called its cousins
  • and brothers and a web
  • of snow engulfed me then
  • i reached to love them all
  • and i squeezed them and they became
  • spring rain and i stood perfectly
  • still and was a flower
  •  

50
Free Verse Poem
  • Write a Free Verse Poem. You may write on your
    own or with a partner but you each need to have
    it written in your packet.
  • Possible topics
  • Walking out of school the last day this school
    year
  • Your first day in one of your 6th grades classes.
  • A bad hair day.

51
Add this to your definitions
  • Term Allusion
  • DEFINITION A reference to a work of literature
    or person, place or event.
  • EXAMPLES A Pearl Harbor sneak-attack.
  • If you take his parking place, you can expect
    World War II all over again.

52
The Builders --Sara Henderson Hay I told them
a thousand times if I told them once Stop
fooling around, I said, with straw and
sticks They wont hold up youre taking an
awful chance. Brick is the stuff to build with,
solid bricks. You want to be impractical, go
ahead. But just remember, I told them wait and
see. Youre making a big mistake. Awright, I
said, But when the wolf comes, dont come running
to me. The funny thing is, they didnt. There
they sat, One in his crummy yellow shack, and
one Under his roof of twigs, and the wolf
ate Them, hair and hide. Well what is done is
done. But Id been willing to help them, all
along, If only theyd once admitted they were
wrong. PLEASE ANSWER THE QUESTIONS IN YOUR
POETRY PACKET.

53
Add this to your definitions.
  • Term Rhyme
  • Definition Repeating of two or more words that
    sound alike. They can be within a line or at the
    end of a line.
  • Example
  • D.J. offered Ms. Carter a dime
  • if she would only give him more time.
  • To finish his book
  • So his mother would not give him that look.

54
Adventures of Isabel by Odgen Nash
  • Isabel met a hideous giant, Isabel continued
    self reliant. The giant was hairy, the giant was
    horrid, He had one eye in the middle of his
    forehead. Good morning, Isabel, the giant said,
    Ill grind your bones to make my bread. Isabel,
    Isabel, didnt worry, Isabel didnt scream or
    scurry. She nibbled the zwieback that she always
    fed off, And when it was gone, she cut the
    giants head off.
  • Isabel met a troublesome doctor, He punched and
    he poked till he really shocked her. The
    doctors talk was of coughs and chills And the
    doctors satchel bulged with pills. The doctor
    said unto Isabel, Swallow this, it will
  • Isabel, Isabel, didn't worry,Isabel didn't
    scream or scurry.She took those pills from the
    pill concocter,And Isabel calmly cured the
    doctor.
  • Isabel met an enormous bear, Isabel, Isabel,
    didn't care The bear was hungry, the bear was
    ravenous, The bear's big mouth was cruel and
    cavernous. The bear said, Isabel, glad to meet
    you, How do, Isabel, now I'll eat you! Isabel,
    Isabel, didn't worry. Isabel didn't scream or
    scurry. She washed her hands and she
    straightened her hair up, Then Isabel quietly
    ate the bear up.
  • Once in a night as black as pitch Isabel met a
    wicked old witch. the witch's face was cross and
    wrinkled, The witch's gums with teeth were
    sprinkled. Ho, ho, Isabel! the old witch crowed,
    I'll turn you into an ugly toad! Isabel,
    Isabel, didn't worry, Isabel didn't scream or
    scurry, She showed no rage and she showed no
    rancor, But she turned the witch into milk and
    drank her.

55
Messy RoomShel Silverstein
  • Whosever room this is should be ashamed!
  • His underwear is hanging on the lamp.
  • His raincoat is there in the overstuffed chair,
  • And the chair is becoming quite mucky and damp.
  • His workbook is wedged in the window,
  • His sweater's been thrown on the floor.
  • His scarf and one ski are beneath the TV,
  • And his pants have been carelessly hung on the
    door.
  • His books are all jammed in the closet,
  • His vest has been left in the hall.
  • A lizard named Ed is asleep in his bed.
  • And his smelly old sock has been stuck to the
    wall.
  • Whosever room this is should be ashamed!
  • Donald or Robert or Willie or
  • Huh? You say it's mine? Oh, dear,
  • I knew it looked familiar!

56
Be Glad Your Nose is on Your FaceJack Prelutsky
  • Be glad your nose is on your face,
  • not pasted on some other place,
  • for if it were where it is not,
  • you might dislike your nose a lot.
  • Imagine if your precious nose
  • were sandwiched in between your toes,
  • that clearly would not be a treat,
  • for you'd be forced to smell your feet.
  • Your nose would be a source of dread
  • were it attached atop your head,
  • it soon would drive you to despair,
  • forever tickled by your hair.
  • Within your ear, your nose would be
  • an absolute catastrophe,
  • for when you were obliged to sneeze,
  • your brain would rattle from the
  • breeze.
  • Your nose, instead, through thick and
  • thin,
  • remains between your eyes and chin,
  • not pasted on some other place
  • be glad your nose is on your face!

57
  • In your packet, write your own rhyming poem or a
    poem that contains an allusion.

58
Add this to your definitions
  • Term Rhyme Scheme
  • DEFINITION The pattern of end rhyme in a poem.
    First sound is represented as a, the second sound
    is designated by b, and so on.
  • EXAMPLE
  • Little Bug
  • In these days of indigestion a
  • It is often times a question a
  • As to what to eat and what to leave alone b
  • For each microbe and bacillus c
  • Has a different way to kill us c
  • And in time they always claim us for their own.
    B
  • Rhyme Scheme baabccb

59
  • A Happy Time
  • There was a young fellow named Hall,
  • Who fell in the spring in the fall
  • Twould have been a sad thing
  • If hed died in the spring,
  • But he didnthe died in the fall.
  • What is the rhyme scheme for this poem?

60
Add this to your definitions
  • Term Near Rhyme
  • DEFINITION Rhyme that is close in sound, but
    not exactly alike
  • EXAMPLE
  • As he walked around the place
  • His head was in a daze

61
Add this to your definitions
  • Term End Rhyme
  • DEFINITION Rhyme that occurs at the end of a
    line.
  • Plum and GrapeSome people search the aisle for
    plum,Some shop for grape.The expeditions I have
    doneHave largely rallied round the plumBut if
    the stocker boy was late,To leave me fruitless
    with my cart,And not a plum to grace my
    plate,I've got some smarts,I'd gulp a grape.

62
Add this to your definitions
  • Term Internal Rhyme
  • DEFINITION Rhyme that occurs within a line.
  • EXAMPLE
  • Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered,
    weak and weary.
  • --Edgar Allen Poe
  • The Raven

63
  • Write a poem of your choice in your packet. You
    may want to try out a limerick or other type of
    rhyming poem
  • Limerick
  • A humorous poem of five
  • lines. Look at the rhyming pattern.The
    syllabification is 8, 8, 5, 5, 8.
  • .
  • An Old Man from Peru
  • There was an old man from Peru
  • Who dreamed he was eating a shoe,
  • He woke up in a fright
  • In the middle of the night
  • And found it perfectly true!

64
Add this to your definitions.
  • Term Stanza
  • DEFINITION A group of consecutive lines in a
    poem that form a single unit.
  • Stanzas based on form are marked by their rhyme
    scheme.
  • Stanzas are known by the number of lines they
    contain.
  • Couplet 2 line stanza
  • Triplet 3 line stanza
  • Quatrain 4 line
  • Quintet 5
  • Sestet 6
  • Septet 7
  • Octave 8
  • Paragraph Essay Stanza ________

65
Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872-1906) We Wear the
Mask
  • WE wear the mask that grins and lies,     It
    hides our cheeks and shades our eyes,     This
    debt we pay to human guile     With torn and
    bleeding hearts we smile,     And mouth with
    myriad subtleties.
  • Why should the world be over-wise,     In
    counting all our tears and sighs?     Nay, let
    them only see us, while            We wear the
    mask.
  • We smile, but, O great Christ, our cries     To
    thee from tortured souls arise.     We sing, but
    oh the clay is vile     Beneath our feet, and
    long the mile     But let the world dream
    otherwise,             We wear the mask!
  • ANSWER THE QUESTIONS IN YOUR PACKET.

66
Add this to your definitions.
  • A couplet of friends ?
  • Couplet
  • DEFINITION Two consecutive, rhymed lines of
    poetry rhyme pattern aa.

67
Write a poem on the topic of your choice. Any
style!
  • Want to try a haiku?
  • Haiku form
  • 5 syllables
  • 7 syllables
  • 5 syllables
  • A Rainbow
  • Donna Brock
  • Curving up, then down.
  • Meeting blue sky and green earth
  • Melding sun and rain. 

68
Review - Try it first without your notes!
  • 1. What does it mean to have rhythm in poetry?
  • 2. What is a free verse poem?
  • 3. What is an allusion?
  • 4. What is the rhyme scheme of the following
    poem?
  • There was an Old Man with a beard,Who said, 'It
    is just as I feared!Two Owls and a Hen,Four
    Larks and a Wren,Have all built their nests in
    my beard!'
  • 5. What is a near rhyme?
  • 6. Write two couplets that have end rhyme.
  • What is internal rhyme?
  • What is similar to a paragraph, but used in
    poetry?
  • Be ready to write any of the different types of
    poems that we have written since the last test
    and/or identify any of the elements we have
    covered since the last test within a poem.

69
Warm-Ups
70
Cynthia in the SnowGwendolyn Brooks
  • It SHUSHESIt hushesThe loudness in the road.It
    flitter-twitters,And laughs away from me.It
    laughs a lovely whiteness,And whitely whirs
    away,To beSome otherwhere,Still white as milk
    or shirts,So beautiful it hurts.

71
Answer the following questions about Cynthia in
the Snow.
  • What does the author do to make you think of
    snow?
  • 2. Give an example of onomatopoeia in this poem.
  • 3. Give an example of personification.
  • 4. Give an example of a simile.
  • 5. Give an example of a metaphor

72
Emily Dickinson1763
  • Fame is a bee. It has a song
  • It has a sting  Ah, too, it has a wing.
  • In your Poetry Packet (near the back), answer the
    following questions
  • 1. What do you think is the meaning of this
    poem?
  • 2. Do you agree with it? Why or why not?
  • 3. Write the line that is the metaphor for
    this poem.

73
  • Using context clues, what do you think amiably
    means?
  • Why might a steam shovel remind the author of a
    dinosaur.
  • 3. How do you think the author feels about
    dinosaurs? What makes you think that?

74
Long Trip
  • The sea is a wilderness of waves.
  • A desert of water,
  • We dip and dive,
  • Rise and roll,
  • Hide and are hidden
  • On the sea.
  • Day, night,
  • Night, day,
  • The sea is a desert of waves.
  • A wilderness of water
  • --Langston Hughes

75
POETIC FORMS
  • Haiku
  • (HI-coo)
  • The Rose Donna Brock
  • The red blossom bends
  • and drips its dew to the ground.
  • Like a tear it falls 

76
Fill in the seven syllable line.
  • 5 syllables Green elms in the woods
  • 7 syllables _______________________________
  • 5 syllables Standing tall and proud
  •  
  • Fill in the two five syllable lines.
  •  
  • 5 syllables ___________________________
  • 7 syllables The petals bend to the earth
  • 5 syllables ___________________________
  •  

77
  • Now write at least two of your own
  • 5 syllables ___________________________
  • 7 syllables ___________________________
  • 5 syllables ___________________________
  • 5 syllables ___________________________
  • 7 syllables ___________________________
  • 5 syllables ___________________________
  • 5 syllables ___________________________
  • 7 syllables ___________________________
  • 5 syllables ___________________________

78
Concrete Poem
  • A concrete poem takes on the shape of what it
    describes.

79
More Concrete Poems
80
Diamante Poem
  • A diamante is a seven line poem, shaped like a
    diamond.
  • squaresymmetrical, conventionalshaping,
    measuring, balancingboxes, rooms, clocks,
    halosencircling, circumnavigating,
    enclosinground, continuouscircle
  • Line 1 one word (subject/noun that is
    contrasting to line 7
  • Line 2 two words (adjectives) that describe line
    1
  • Line 3 three words (action verbs) that relate to
    line 1
  • Line 4 four words (nouns) first 2 words relate
    to line 1last 2 words relate to line 7
  • Line 5 three words (action verbs) that relate to
    line 7
  • Line 6 two words (adjectives) that describe line
    7
  • Line 7 one work ( subject/noun that is
    contrasting to line 1)

81
Cinquain
  • Spaghetti
  • Messy, spicy
  • Slurping, sliding, falling
  • Between my plate and mouth
  • Delicious
  • (by Cindy Barden)
  • Line1 A noun
  • Line2 Two adjectives
  • Line 3 Three -ing words
  • Line 4 A phrase
  • Line 5 Another word for the noun

82
The Wall Pig
  • There was a pig by a wall
  • Who was frightened when guests came to call
  • At the sound of their chatter
  • His shape became flatter

83
Hippo Ballet
  • A hippo decided on day
  • That she would take up ballet
  • So she stood on her toes
  • And said, Okay here goes!
  • And fell back with a splash in the bay.

84
  • A lady who was smelling a rose
  • Found a parakeet perched on her nose.
  • The rose made her sneeze
  • Which buckled her knees
  • Now the parakeet sits on her toes.

85
Bio Poem
  • Allison Nicole
  • Creative, intelligent, fun, responsible,
    self-disciplined, and enthusiastic
  • Sister of Meghan Darby, Melinda, Chris and
    Harrison
  • Loves to create art, make up plays and
    commercials, ride Daddy's Harley, and run track
  • Who needs the telephone, her hair brush, macaroni
    and cheese, her friends and family
  • Who gives her MeMaw much joy, her father and
    mother much pride brother and sister love
  • Who feels joy with her friends, creating art
    work, running, watching movies and eating
  • Who fears going from one room to another, not
    doing well on tests, zits and coming in last
  • Who would like to own a Harley, win the 880, see
    her room neat and tidy, win the lottery
  • Who shares her secrets, her worries, and her love
    with MeMaw
  • Who is an honor roll student, a typical 13-year
    old, a friend to Amber, Melissa and Christy
  • Who is a resident of Jacksonville, Florida
  • Chase

86
Bio Poem
  • Line 1 Your first name
  • Line 2 4 traits that describe you
  • Line 3 brother/sister/son/daughter
  • Line 4 Lover of (3 people or ideas)
  • Line 5 Who feels (3 items)
  • Line 6 Who needs (3 items)
  • Line 7 Who gives (3 items)
  • Line 8 Who fears (3 items)
  • Line 9 Who would like to see (3 items)
  • Line 10 Resident of your city/ road
  • Line 11 Your last name

87
POETIC FORMS
  • Add this to your definitions.
  • Epic
  • DEFINITION A long narrative poem that tells of
    the deeds of a heroic character.

88
Add this to your definitions.
  • Lyric
  • DEFINITION A poem that expresses the personal
    feelings or thoughts of a speaker.
  • Choose a song that has lyrics that have
    particular meaning to you. Explain the meaning
    of the song in your own words. Explain how the
    song connects to you on a personal level.

89
The Secret Heart --Robert Tristram
Coffin Across the years he could
recall His father one way best of all. In the
stillest hour of night The boy awakened to a
light. Half in dreams, he saw his sire With his
great hands full of fire. The man had struck a
match to see If his son slept peacefully. He held
his palms each side the spark His love had
kindled in the dark. His two hands were curved
apart In the semblance of a heart. He wore it
seemed to his small son, A bare heart on his
hidden one, A heart that gave out such a glow No
son awake could bear to know. It showed a look
upon a face Too tender for the day to trace. One
instant, it lit all about, And then the secret
hear went out. But it shone long enough for
one To know that hands held up the son.
90
Add this to your definitions.
  • Ballad
  • DEFINITION A song or poem that tells a story.

91
BALLAD
  • The first ballads appeared in the 15th century
    telling a story. They were often in the form of
    popular songs and have simple rhyme schemes and
    regular rhythm. They are iambic and some have a
    chorus or refrain. Popular rhyme schemes are a b
    c b and a b c b d b. Some famous ballads are The
    Man From Snowy River by A.B. (Banjo) Patterson)
    The Walrus and the Carpenter by Lewis Caroll and
    The Rime of The Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor
    Coleridge. In Australia the 'Bush' ballad is
    still popular. No matter what the country, the
    folk ballad is quite often the earliest form of
    literature and was orally passed down through
    generations.

92
Add this to your definitions.
  • Elegy
  • DEFINITION Poetic form lamenting the death of a
    person or decline of a situation.

93
MirrorSylvia Plath
I am silver and exact. I have no
preconceptions. Whatever I see, I swallow
immediately. Just as it is, unmisted by love or
dislike I am not cruel, only truthful The eye
of a little god, four-cornered. Most of the time
I mediate on the opposite wall. It is pin, with
speckles. I have looked at is so long I think it
is a part of my hear. But it flickers. Faces and
darkness separate us over and over. Now I am a
lake. A woman bends over me. Searching my
reaches for what she really is. Then she turns to
those liars, the candles or the moon. I see her
back, and reflect it faithfully She rewards me
with tears and agitation of hands. I am important
to her. She comes and goes. Each morning it is
her face that replaces the darkness. In me she
has drowned a young girl, and in me an old
woman Rises toward her day after day, like a
terrible fish.
94
Mother to Son by Langston Hughes
  • Well, son, I'll tell you
  • Life for me ain't been no crystal stair.It's had
    tacks in i,And splinters,And boards torn up,And
    places wth no carpet on the floorBare.But all
    the time I'se been a-climbin' on,And reachin'
    landin's,And turnin' corners,And sometimes
    goin' in the darkWhere there ain't been no
    light.So, boy, don't you turn back.Don't you
    set down on the steps.'Cause you finds it's
    kinder hard.Don't you fall nowFor I'se still
    goin', honey,I'se still climbin',And life for
    me ain't been no crystal stair.

95
Some Shakespeare
Cowards die many times before their deaths The
valiant never taste of death but once. Of all the
wonders that I yet have heard. It seems to me
most strange that men should fear Seeing that
death, a necessary end, Will come when it will
come. --Shakespeare
96
The Road Not Taken-Robert Frost
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,And sorry I
could not travel bothAnd be one traveler, long I
stoodAnd looked down one as far as I couldTo
where it bent in the undergrowth.Then took the
other, as just as fair,And having perhaps the
better claim,Because it was grassy and wanted
wearThough as for that the passing thereHad
worn them really about the same.And both that
morning equally layIn leaves no step had trodden
black.Oh, I kept the first for another day!Yet
knowing how way leads on to way,I doubted if I
should ever come back.I shall be telling this
with a sighSomewhere ages and ages henceTwo
roads diverged in a wood, and I--I took the one
less traveled by,And that has made all the
difference.
97
Identity---Julio Noboa Polanco
Let them be as flowers, always watered, fed,
guarded, admired, but harnessed to a pot of
dirt. I'd rather be a tall, ugly weed, clinging
on cliffs, like an eagle wind-wavering above
high, jagged rocks. To have broken through the
surface of stone, to live, to feel exposed to
the madness of the vast, eternal sky. To be
swayed by the breezes of an ancient sea,
carrying my soul, my seed, beyond the mountains
of time or into the abyss of the bizarre I'd
rather be unseen, and if then shunned by
everyone, than to be a pleasant-smelling flower,
growing in clusters in the fertile valleys,
where they're praised, handled, and plucked by
greedy, human hands. I'd rather smell of musty,
green stench than of sweet, fragrant lilac. If
I could stand alone, strong and free, I'd rather
be a tall, ugly weed.
98
All the world's a stage, And all the men and
women merely players, They have their exits and
entrances, And one man in his time plays many
parts, His acts being seven ages. At first the
infant, Mewling and puking in the nurse's
arms. Then the whining schoolboy, with his
satchel And shining morning face, creeping like
snail Unwillingly to school. And then the
lover, Sighing like a furnace, with a woeful
ballad Made to mistress' eyebrow. Then a
soldier. Full of strange oaths, and bearded like
the pard, Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in
quarrel, Seeking the bubble reputation Even in
the cannon's mouth. And then the justice, In fair
round belly with good capon lined, With eyes
severe and beard of formal cut, Full of wise saws
and modern instances And so he plays his part.
The sixth age shifts Into the lean and slippered
pantaloon, With spectacles on nose and pouch on
side, His youthful hose, well saved, a world too
wide, For his shrunk shank and his big manly
voice, Turning again towards the childish treble,
pipes And whistles in his sound. Last scene of
all, That ends this strange eventful history, Is
second childishness and mere oblivion, Sans
teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.
The Seven Ages of Man-William Shakespeare
99
We Real CoolGwendolyn Brooks
We real cool. We  Left school. We Lurk late.
We  Strike straight. We Sing sin. We  Thin gin.
We Jazz June. We  Die soon.
100
As you read today, make a list of words and
phrases that are important to the story your are
reading.
  • From Beastly
  • my sanctuary
  • bathed in moonlight
  • Id lost everything there was to loose
  • I wanted him to fear
  • you can have her
  • beautiful
  • sometimes, unexpected things can happen
  • its my only chance

101
Found Poem
  • Sanctuary Lost, Hope Found
  • my only sanctuary
  • violated
  • an intruder
  • bathed in moonlight
  • Id lost everything
  • there was to loose
  • I wanted him to fear
  • I drew near
  • you can have her he offered
  • beautiful
  • sometimes, unexpected things can happen
  • my only chance

102
  • Look back over your list and cut out everything
    that is dull, or unnecessary --think about the
    tone that you want to convey
  • Make any minor changes necessary to create your
    poem. You can change punctuation and make little
    changes to the words to make them fit together
    (such as change the tenses, possessives, plurals,
    and capitalizations).
  • If you absolutely need to add a word or two to
    make the poem flow more smoothly.
  • Arrange the words so that they make a rhythm you
    like. You can space words out so that they are
    all alone or all run together.
  • You can also put key words on lines by
    themselves.
  • Emphasize words by playing with boldface and
    italics, different sizes of letters, and so
    forth.
  • Choose a title not Found Poem!
  • Write a final copy of your poem and keep it for
    later use.
  • At the bottom of the poem, tell where the words
    in the poem came from.

103
Grue
  • Is a comically sadistic and grisly little poem of
    four lines. Coined by Robert Louis Stevenson, the
    word comes from gruesome.
  • Rhyme scheme is aabb. 
  •   
  • Henry Graham wrote a collection of grues called
    Ruthless Rhymes for Heartless Homes under the
    pseudonym Col. D. Streamer.
  • Father heard his children scream,
  • So he threw them in the stream
  • Saying as he drowned the third,
  • "Children should be seen, not
    heard!"               

104
Grue
  • Billy, in one of his nice new sashes,
  • Fell in the fire and was burned to ashes.
  • Now, although the room grows chilly,
  • I haven't the heart to poke poor Billy.
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