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Keith J. Karren, PhD


The Gift of Positive Energy for Optimal Health Keith J. Karren, PhD Dept. of Health Science, BYU FOCUS ON WHAT YOU VE GOT Use your thoughts to increase your happiness. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Keith J. Karren, PhD

The Gift of Positive Energy for Optimal Health
  • Keith J. Karren, PhD
  • Dept. of Health Science, BYU

  • Does positive energy and positive psychology
    really impact our health? Is positiveness a gift
    that only some people are blessed with, or can it
    be developed? Current research gives us the
    answers to these questions!
  • The impact of positive energy and positive
    psychology on our health. It is a gift for all.
    It is a gift given by a loving God to all his
    children who seek it.

  • Examples
  • Zeezrom burning fever (wickedness) Mind/Body
    Alma believe in Christ, Have mercy and heal
    him according to his faith. Zeezrom was healed
  • Isrealites healed of serpent bites
  • Alma 4640 Nephites dying of fevers but health
    because of the excellent qualities of the many
    plants and roots which God had prepared to remove
    the cause of diseases.

  • Positive Psychology and Authentic Happiness
    Martin Seligman
  • Dr. Seligman the new psychology
  • The things in life that make it worthwhile!
  • Martin Seligman ...there is a set of human
    strengths that are the most likely buffers
    against mental illness courage, optimism,
    interpersonal skill, work ethic, hope, honesty
    and perseverance.
  • A new science of strength and resilience
  • Move from helpless and hopeless to helpful and
  • PP Making normal people stronger and more
    productive as well as making high human potential

  • As I listened to his presentations, this champion
    of learned optimism and the new psychology gave
    me a new vision of a very rich and fulfilling
    second half of life through high self-efficacy,
    learned optimism and hope, the development of
    wisdom and courage, and a vision of optimal human
    functioning through the impact of mindfulness
    living, flow and spirituality, attachment and
    connectedness, love and flourishing
    relationships. Dr. Seligman was giving us the
    concept of living well at every stage of life,
    and I was fascinated by this new, positive

  • High-energy positive emotions like joy make
    people playful, and play is deeply implicated in
    the building of physical resources. There is
    direct evidence that positive emotion predicts
    health and longevity.
  • Positive emotion also protects people against the
    ravages of aging. You will recall that beginning
    nuns who wrote happy autobiographies when in
    their twenties lived longer and healthier lives
    than novices whose autobiographies were devoid of
    positive emotion, and also that optimists in the
    Mayo Clinic study lived significantly longer than
    pessimists. Happy people, furthermore, have
    better health habits, lower blood pressure, and
    feistier immune systems than less happy people.

  • Not only do happy people endure pain better and
    take more health and safety precautions when
    threatened, but positive emotions undo negative
  • Happy people were more likely to demonstrate that
    trait. They display more empathy and are willing
    to donate more money to others in need. When we
    are happy, we are less self-focused, we like
    others more, and we want to share our good
    fortune even with strangers. When we are down,
    though, we become distrustful, turn inward, and
    focus defensively on our own needs. Looking our
    for number one is more characteristic of sadness
    than of well-being.

  • A meaningful life is one that joins with
    something larger than we are and the larger
    that something is, the more meaning our lives
    have. Partaking in a process that has the
    bringing of a God who is endowed with
    omniscience, omnipotence, and goodness as its
    ultimate end joins our lives to an enormously
    large something.
  • You are vouchsafed the choice of what course to
    take in life. You can choose a life that forwards
    these aims to a greater or lesser degree. Or you
    can, quite easily, choose a life that has nothing
    to do with these aims. You can even choose a life
    that actively impedes them. You can choose a
    life built around increasing knowledge learning,
    teaching, educating your children, science,
    literature, journalism, and so many more

  • You can choose a life built around increasing
    power through technology, engineering,
    construction, health services, or manufacturing.
    Or you can choose a life built around increasing
    goodness through the law, policing, firefighting,
    religion, ethics, politics, national service, or
  • The good life consists in deriving happiness by
    using your signature strengths every day in the
    main realms of living. Using these same
    strengths to forward knowledge, power, or
    goodness. A life that does this is pregnant with
    meaning, and if God comes at the end, such a life
    is sacred.

  • There are many studies that correlate positivity
    with later health, longevity, sociability, and
    success, the balance of the evidence suggests
    that in some situations negative thinking leads
    to more accuracy. Where accuracy is tied to
    potentially catastrophic outcomes (for example,
    when an airplane pilot is deciding whether to
    de-ice the wings of her airplane), we should all
    be pessimists.

  • Health is an attitude or orientation comprising
    our basic values and beliefs about ourselves and
    the world around us. It is an inner quality that
    gives rise to particular health practices but
    cannot in itself be reduced to those practices.

  • As cardiologist, Dr. Paul Dudley
    White explained, Body,
    mind, and
    soul are inextricably woven together,

    and whatever helps or hurts any
    of these three sides of the whole
    helps or hurts the other two.

Rediscovering love
Reaching forgiveness
Building self-esteem
Enjoyable exercise
Einstein energy diet
Supportive of Health and Well-Being
Non-Supportive of Health and Well-Being
  • Our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors influence a
    virtual orchestra of biological responses that
    can promote health and prevent disease. This is
    a symphony played by mind, emotion, brain,
    behavior, and body. (ME-B3)

  • Do you exude a sense of support and compassion
    with others?
  • Yes No
  • Do you think others feel safe and relaxed with
  • Yes No
  • Are you a generally positive person?
  • Yes No
  • Are you non-judgmental with yourself and others?
  • Yes No
  • Are you compassionate with your own shortcomings
    and try to heal them?
  • Yes No
  • Do you feel peaceful much of the time?
  • Yes No
  • Are you able to let resentments go rather than
    harbor them?
  • Yes No
  • Do you laugh frequently?
  • Yes No
  • Are you kind to family, friends and people you
    dont know well?
  • Yes No

  • Healthy, optimistic thinking can help you
  • Improve your mood, self-esteem, and overall
  • Decrease depression, anxiety and hostility
  • Lessen pain and other bodily symptoms
  • Speed recovery from surgery
  • Enhance your immune function
  • Possibly extend your life

  • Do you agree or disagree with the following
    statements? Dont respond with what you think
    you should say, but how you typically view your
  • In uncertain times, I expect the best
  • Im optimistic about my future
  • Every cloud has a silver lining
  • If something can go wrong, it will
  • Things never work out the way I want them to
  • I rarely count on good things happening to me
  • If you agree with the first three statements and
    disagree with the last three, you are an
  • If you disagree with the first three statement
    and agree with the lass three, you are more

  • Principle investigator Dr. Martin Seligman, U.
    of Pennsylvania
  • Positive health predicts increased longevity,
    decreased health costs, better mental health in
    aging, and better prognosis when illness strikes.

  • A focus on health rather than illness will be
    cost saving and life saving.
  • Bringing about well-beingpositive emotion,
    engagement, purpose, positive relationships,
    positive accomplishmentmay be one of our best
    weapons against mental disorder.

  • Women who flashed Duchenne (genuine) smile in
    their yearbook positive photos as freshman have
    more marital satisfaction twenty-five years later
    (Harker Keltner, 2001)
  • Brief raising of positive mood enhances creative
    thinking and makes positive physicians more
    accurate and faster to come up with the proper
    liver diagnosis (Fredrickson, 2001 Isen, 2005)
  • The relation of national wealth to life
    satisfaction is dramatically curvilinear after
    the safety net is met, increases in wealth
    produce less and less life satisfaction (Diener,
    Sandvik, Seidlitz, Diener, 1993).
  • In business meetings a ratio of greater than
    2.91 for positive and negative statements
    predicts economic flourishing (Fredrickson
    Losada, 2005).
  • Peripheral attention is superior under positive
    emotion (Fredrickson Branigan, 2005).

  • A state of positive health will increase
    longevity and improve prognosis.
  • High optimism produced a remarkably low hazard
    ratio of 0.23 for CVD death.
  • A high correlation was found between high levels
    of optimism and increased protection against
    cardiovascular events.

  • Depression significantly increases the risk for
    cardiac events.
  • Optimism and positive emotions are linked to
    recovery after a major cardiac event.
  • Optimism and positive affect may be protective
    against other physical deterioration.
  • Positive emotional style may also act as
    preventive against the onset of the common cold.
  • There seems to be a strong link between positive
    psychology and positive health
  • So, you can learn to take control of your health
    just by changing the way you feel about yourself
    and the way you look at certain situations.

  • All of us can benefit from applying a little
    common sense to our everyday life, reaping the
    rewards in better relationships, healthier bodies
    and active minds.
  • Your future should be better than your past
    because you can shape your future but the past is
  • To make changes to your life you first need to
    recognize that changes have to be made. It may be
    that your doctor has told you your cholesterol is
    too high or you have bad blood pressure.
  • One of the greatest tools that you can use to
    make changes in your life is a diary, where you
    write down your goals, thoughts and feelings then
    record what positive steps you undertake each day
    to meet your goals.

  • Reduce stress by surrounding yourself with
    Positive Energy.
  • Negative self-talk and negative energy can create
    many health problems.
  • Developing positive self-talk reduces stress and
    increases health.
  • Maintain a positive frame of mind (which will
    help with positive self-talk), by surrounding
    yourself with positive energy in your life.

  • You can get that by adding the following elements
    to your life
  • 1. Uplifting music soothing, melodious and
    uplifting messages (e.g. Wilson Phillips Hold
  • 2. Inspirational Books Books on strength,
    personal power, enlightenment, or self help can
    be good resources to help you change your outlook
    and the things you say to yourself. Rather than
    triggering habitual self-defeating thoughts, you
    can find yourself thinking of new can-do concepts
    when times get tough. (For shifting your
    paradigm, I love Gary Zukavs The Heart of the
    Soul, or Sarah Ban Breathnachs classic Simple

  • 3. Positive People One of the most important
    ways you can get (and keep) positive energy in
    your life is with the company you keep. Do your
    friends uplift you, or bring you down? Are they
    critical, or complementary? Ideal friendships
    provide support when youre down, fun when youre
    up, wisdom when youre lost, and positive regard.
    Good friends can inspire you to reach greater
    heights, and see your strengths even when you
    dont always. Pay attention to how your friends
    make you feel, and if theyre less than
    supportive, start putting your energy and time
    toward people who are better suited to be your
  • 4. Practice Affirmations Positive affirmations
    can subtly but pervasively change your self talk
    from negative to positive. See this article for
    some creative ways to begin working positive
    affirmations into your life.

  • Positive people shine with energy, goodwill and
    vivacity. They have an aura of confidence and
    success they smile and appear confident they
    enjoy life.
  • Each time you think negatively, a neurological
    pathway in your brain fires and that negative
    thought, plus the mood associated with it, is
    activated. The more negatives you think, the
    more frequently negative pathways are activated
    and the worse you feel about yourself.
  • Thought Stopping is a technique for replacing
    negative thoughts with positive ones. Habitual
    thoughts have well-established neurological
    pathways and, just like using a pathway in a
    forest, the more traffic the pathway gets, the
    bigger it becomes. Establishing a new pathway
    takes work. If every time you trigger a negative,
    you use this to consciously replace it with a
    positive and make that positive more powerful,
    you can create new neurological pathways that
    change your thinking habits.

  • Every time a negative thought strikes, you
    replace it with a reasonable, alternative,
    positive thought. You repeat this positive
    thought aloud, and if possible, write it down.
    Saying positive thoughts employs multiple brain
    processes the frontal lobes for decision-making
    language centers for expressing and comprehending
    speech auditory centers for hearing lower brain
    centers for breathing and coordination motor
    strip for muscle movement temporal lobes,
    hypothalamus and limbic system for mood and
    memory. When we write, we activate visual
    processing, eye-hand coordination, spatial skills
    and the kinesthetic feel of reading and writing.
  • Next time any nasty, negative thoughts strike
    you create realistic alternatives. "I'm ugly,"
    can change to "I look okay," or "I have a nice
  • After two or three weeks of practice it becomes
    second nature to self-correct. If you have
    thoughts like No-one likes me I'm never good
    enough I'm stupid I'm a rotten person who'd
    want to be my friend, try these kinds of
    substitutes I have friends I am likeable
    It's normal to make mistakes I'm not stupid.
    I'm not perfect I have good qualities.
  • Make creating positives your new feel-good habit!
    Positive self-talk nourishes not only your
    emotional and psychological health but also your
    physical health and well-being via the body-mind

  • Energy Psychiatry the subtle energetic
    components of health and behavior
  • It blends the practice of mainstream medicine
    with subtle energies our life force (Qi or Chi
    or Prana)
  • Dr. Orlof has formulated ten essential
    prescriptions for boosting energy, improving
    relationships, and combating energy vampires.

  • Awaken your intuition and rejuvenate yourself
    and learn the cure for techno despair and
    overload from emails, computers, and phones.
  • Find a nurturing spiritual path that fits your
    own beliefs and inner stirrings.
  • Design an energy-aware approach to diet,
    exercise, and health and learn how to avoid the
    energetic overeating that sabotages attempts to
    lose weight.
  • Generate positive emotional energy to counter
  • Develop a heart-centered sexuality.
  • Open yourself to the flow of creativity and
    inspiration to achieve greater job.
  • Celebrate the sacredness of laughter, pampering,
    and the replenishment of retreat its not
    selfish to take care of yourself.
  • Discover how to attract positive people and
  • Protect your energy vampires with specific
    shielding techniques.
  • Create abundance and a continuing flow of energy.

  • The signs of positive energy in people
  • They exude an inviting sense of heart,
    compassion, and support.
  • You intuitively feel safe, relaxed, wanting to
    get closer to them.
  • They emanate a peaceful glow.
  • You feel better around them.
  • Your energy and optimism increases.

  • Rehearse success
  • When you arent happy with the way you handled a
    particular situation, try this exercise
  • Write down three ways that it could have gone
  • Write down three ways it could have gone worse
  • If you cant think of alternatives to the way you
    handled it, imagine what someone whom you greatly
    respect would have done
  • Or think what advice you would give to someone
    else facing a similar situation
  • Remember that mistakes arent failures. Theyre
    good to learn. Mistakes give you the chance to
    rehearse other ways of handling things. This is
    great practice for future crises.

  • Use your thoughts to increase your happiness.
    Make it a goal to think about positive events and
    experiences in your daily life as much as
    possible. Focus on what you have, not what you
    lack. Rather than mulling over your shortcomings
    or difficulties, think about the good things in
    your life. It might be your family, your friends,
    your work, or something you are looking forward
    to. Every one of us can find something to be
    grateful for.

  • By taking positive steps to improve your health
    and looks, you gain a feeling of control over
    your life and body.
  • That sense of accomplishment and confidence will
    carry over to other areas of your life, raising
    your overall self-esteem.

  • Passions lead to good health
  • A positive attitude to life contributes to joy
    and health
  • For positive psychological health
  • Be authentic with your feelings
  • Let go of blame, guilt, and fault
  • Keep your attention on what feels good
  • Happiness the life force and energy that keeps
    us vital and healthy

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  • Remember, spend time with your loved ones,
    because they are not going to be around forever.
    Remember, say a kind word to someone who looks up
    to you in awe, because that little person soon
    will grow up and leave your side.
  • Remember to give a warm hug to the one next to
    you, because that is the only treasure you can
    give with your heart and it doesnt cost a cent.
  • Remember to say, I love you to your partner and
    your loved ones, but most of all mean it. A kiss
    and an embrace will mend hurt when it comes from
    deep inside of you.
  • Remember to hold hands and cherish the moment for
    someday that person will not be there again.
    Give time to love, give time to speak, and give
    time to share the precious thoughts in your mind.

  • Live beneath your means and within your seams.
  • Return everything you borrow.
  • Donate blood.
  • Stop blaming other people.
  • Admit it when you make a mistake.
  • Give all the clothes you havent worn in the last
    three years to charity.
  • Every day do something nice and try not to get
  • Listen more talk less.
  • Every day take a 30-minute walk in your
  • Skip two meals a week and five the money to the
  • Strive for excellence, not perfection.
  • Be on time.
  • Dont make excuses.
  • Dont argue.
  • Get organized.
  • Be kind to kind people.
  • Be even kinder to unkind people.
  • Let someone cut ahead of you in line.
  • Take time to be alone.
  • Reread a favorite book.
  • Cultivate good manners.
  • Be humble.
  • Understand and accept that life isnt always
  • Know when to say something.
  • Know when to keep your mouth shut.
  • Dont criticize anyone for 24 hours.
  • Learn from the past, plan for the future, and
    live in the present.
  • Dont sweat the small stuff.

  • The longer I live, the more I realize the impact
    of attitude on life. Attitude, to me, is more
    important than facts. It is more important than
    the past, than education, than money, than
    circumstances, than failures, than successes,
    than what other people think or say or do. It is
    more important than appearance, giftedness, or
    skill. It will make or break a company...a
    church...a home. The remarkable thing is we have
    a choice every day regarding the attitude we will
    embrace for that day. We cannot change our
    past...we cannot change the fact that people will
    act in a certain way. We cannot change the
    inevitable. The only thing we can do is play on
    the one string we have, and that is our
    attitude...I am convinced that life is 10 what
    happens to me and 90 how I react to it. And so
    it is with you...
  • we are in charge of our attitudes.

  • What Cancer Cant Do there is a natural body,
    and there is a spiritual body. One of the most
    dreaded sentences a patient might hear is, You
    have cancer. these words bring a chill to the
    heart. Although great progress has been made in
    treating cancer, recovery can be long and
    painful, and some people do not survive. An
    enthusiastic believer in Christ, Don Boggs, lost
    his battle with cancer. But his life demonstrated
    that even though the physical body may be
    destroyed by disease, the spirit can remain
    triumphant. This poem was distributed at his
    memorial service
  • Cancer is so limited...It cannot cripple
    love,It cannot shatter hope,It cannot corrode
    faith,It cannot eat away peace,It cannot
    destroy confidence,It cannot kill a
    friendship,It cannot shut out memories,It
    cannot silence courage,It cannot invade the
    soul,It cannot reduce eternal life,It cannot
    quench the Spirit,It cannot lessen the power of
    the resurrection.

Mother Theresa
  • People are often unreasonable, illogical, and
    self-centered Forgive them anyway.
  • If you are kind, people may accuse you of
    selfish, ulterior motives Be kind anyway.
  • If you are successful you will win some false
    friends and true enemies Succeed anyway.
  • If you are honest and frank, people may cheat
    you Be honest and frank anyway.
  • What you spend years building, someone could
    destroy overnight Build anyway.
  • If you find serenity and happiness, they may be
    jealous Be happy anyway.
  • The good you do today, people will often forget
    tomorrow Do good anyway.
  • Give the world the best you have, and it may
    never be enough Give the world the best you've
    got anyway
  • You see, in the final analysis, it is between you
    and God It was never between you and them

Nelson Mandelas Inaugural Speech (1994)
  • Our deepest fear is not that we are
    inadequate.Our deepest fear is that we are
    powerful beyond measure.It is our light, not our
    darkness that most frightens us.We ask
    ourselves, Who am I to be brilliant,gorgeous,
    talented, fabulous?Actually, who are you not to
    be?You are a child of God.Your playing small
    does not serve the world.There is nothing
    enlightened about shrinkingso that other people
    won't feel insecure around you.We are all meant
    to shine, as children do.We were born to make
    manifest the glory of God that is within us.It
    is not just in some of us it is in everyone.And
    as we let our own light shine, we
    unconsciouslygive other people permission to do
    the same.As we are liberated from our own
    fear,our presence automatically liberates others.

AGING WELL (Harvard Study) Dr. George Vaillant
  • Iris Joy, the healthiest ager
  • She chose loving parents.
  • Did not smoke or abuse alcohol.
  • Knew how to savor joy.
  • Knew how to turn lemons into lemonade.
  • Learned from her children, but Biology flows
  • Remembered that all life is a journey.
  • Knew the seeds of love must be eternally resown.
  • Knew how to give, to serve.

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  • Life is not measured by the number of breaths we
    take but the number of moments that take our
    breath away.

The Wind, One Brilliant Day
  • The wind, one brilliant day, called to my soul
    with an odor of jasmine."In return for the odor
    of my jasmine, I'd like all the odor of your
    roses.""I have no roses all the flowers in my
    garden are dead." "Well then, I'll take the
    withered petals and the yellow leaves and the
    waters of the fountain."The wind left. And I
    wept. And I said to myself,"What have you done
    with the garden that was entrusted to you
    ?"Antonio Machado