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ENERGY EFFICIENCY FOR HOTELS AND CARBON CREDIT POTENTIAL

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ENERGY EFFICIENCY FOR HOTELS AND CARBON CREDIT POTENTIAL Yuyun Ismawati * 50.000 Lighting-points 27.000 Rp/lamp Investment cost 1.350.000.000 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ENERGY EFFICIENCY FOR HOTELS AND CARBON CREDIT POTENTIAL


1
ENERGY EFFICIENCY FOR HOTELS AND CARBON CREDIT
POTENTIAL
  • Yuyun Ismawati

2
SUSTAINABLE HOTEL Triple Bottom Line
3
HOTEL, ELECTRICITY AND ENERGY
  • Hotels are large consumers of electricity and
    energy
  • Hotel face increasing costs to provide a high
    quality of service to guests

4
HOTEL, ELECTRICITY AND ENERGY......
  • Most of Balis electricity is supplied by 27
    diesel power generating plants located all over
    Bali, the remaining 40 comes from coal power
    plants in East Java
  • Most of this supply is absorbed by hotels in the
    Badung Regency and Denpasar City
  • In addition, the energy efficiency of buildings
    is often poor

Out of that 70 percent, some 35 percent is
utilized to power hotels in the Nusa Dua
area, Wayan Redika, Public Relation of PLN
Distribusi Bali, 2007
5
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6
STUDY REVEALED1
  • On energy conservation and efficiency, hotel
    operators generally recognize the cost reduction
    potential of energy conservation measures.
  • However, many of these potentials have not been
    implemented due to a number of barriers such as
  • Lack of information distribution regarding Energy
    Conservation Opportunities (ECOs), energy
    efficient equipment and services, and energy
    management practices and projects that actually
    demonstrate the financial benefit of energy
    efficiency measures
  • Chief engineers have limited capability in
    identifying and further communicating the
    financial benefit of energy conservation measures
    to top hotel management
  • Limited number of institutions who can provide
    necessary support in financing the investment for
    energy efficiency projects
  • No provisions of incentives such as tax credits
    specifically intended for energy efficiency
    measures

1Retno Gumilang Dewi, The Status of Energy
Efficiency Projects in the Indonesian Hotel
Industry, The Center for Research on Material and
Energy, Bandung Institute of Technology, March
2003
7
STUDY REVEALED......
  • Many businesses are beginning to recognize
    financial incentives to undertake energy
    conservation measures following sharp increases
    in energy prices in the Indonesia
  • However, to change this interest to a desire
    for change, staff training to conduct energy
    audits and cost benefit analysis of energy
    efficiency is required
  • Application would only be widespread when
    projects can actually demonstrate the cost
    benefit of energy efficiency measures

8
ANOTHER STUDY REVEALED2
  • The latest study on hotels contribution to
    global warming showed that lighting, eletricity,
    energy accounted for 70 of hotels contribution,
    compared to water 12 and waste 65
  • Data from the Bali office of state electricity
    company, PLN, reveals that hotels especially in
    Badung regency and Denpasar city -- consume 70
    of the total electricity supply, which reaches
    439 MW during peak hours
  • Nusa Dua resort area, the venue of the UN climate
    conference, alone consumes gt 1/3 of the power
    allocated for the hotels

2Greenpeace Study on Climate Change and Hotels
Contribution, Dec 2007
9
MINIMUM STANDARDS TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE HOTEL3
  • Policy and Framework
  • Staff Training and Awareness
  • Environmental Management
  • Purchasing
  • People and Communities
  • Destination Protection

3 Going Green, Minimum Standards Towards a
Sustainable Hotel, International Tourism
Partnership
10
MINIMUM STANDARDS TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE
HOTEL...............
  • Policy and Framework
  • Committment from everyone, starts from the top
  • Designate responsible persons
  • Set up Green Team
  • Setup indicators to measure accomplishments
  • Draw business policy
  • Staff Training and Awareness
  • Launch/introduce the program to staff
  • Maintain staff awareness
  • Encourage staff motivation
  • Include the program in every staff introduction
  • Communicate the results progress

11
MINIMUM STANDARDS TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE
HOTEL...............
  • Environmental Management
  • Assess your current environmental impact
  • List possible mitigation and management
    alternatives
  • Install necessary control measures such as water
    meters and monitor your program
  • Set improvement target
  • Work with others
  • Inform guest, vendors and local stakeholders
  • Purchasing
  • Work with suppliers, vendors to green your chain
  • Inform them about your program

12
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13
MINIMUM STANDARDS TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE
HOTEL...............
  • People and Communities
  • Look at the world outside your hotel and how you
    can take a more responsible, leadership role
  • Destination Protection
  • Maintain a sense of place that supports the
    geographical character of a placeits
    environment, culture, heritage, aesthetics, and
    the well-being of its citizens

14
GETTING THE MOST OF YOUR ENERGY EFFICIENCY
PROGRAM4
  • In a typical hotel, lighting, air conditioning,
    and water heating represent up to 70 percent of
    total energy use, making those systems the best
    targets for energy efficiency programs
  • Many full-service hotels can benefit from quick
    no- and low-cost solutions for energy efficiency.
  • Air Conditioner
  • Lighting
  • Boiler

4 Guidebook on Energy Efficiency for Hotels,
Pelangi, 2005
15
GETTING THE MOST OF YOUR ENERGY EFFICIENCY
PROGRAM........
  • In general, prior to 1997, energy would
    constitute 10 of a hotels total expenditure.
    This figure has now risen to approximately 25
  • Energy efficiency is a valuable resource that
    creates a win-win solution on multiple fronts
  • It saves energy consumers, money, increases
    comfort, protects the environment, and enhances
    the economy
  • When energy efficiency is combined with smart
    energy practices like turning off lights, air
    conditioners, and televisions that are not in use
    all of the benefits above are compounded

16
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17
THE LIGHTING SYSTEM
18
THE LIGHTING SYSTEM....
19
THE LIGHTING SYSTEM....
20
COMPARISON BETWEEN ILBs and CFLs
21
IMPORTANT NOTE ABOUT CFLs
  • The amount of mercury in a CFL or other
    fluorescent light bulb typically ranges between
    3.5 milligrams to 15 milligrams
  • The amount of mercury varies depending on the
    type of fluorescent light bulb, the company that
    makes the light bulb, and when the fluorescent
    light bulb was made
  • An average CFL contains 5 milligrams or about
    1/100th of the amount of mercury found in a
    mercury fever thermometer
  • Careful attention need to be taken when CFLs
    broken

22
BOILER
  • A boiler is a vessel that functions as a water
    heater
  • The fuel used to heat boilers can be either gas,
    oil, or coal
  • In Indonesia, most of fuel used for boiler is
    diesel fuel

23
SOME TIPS TO MAINTAIN THE EFFICIENCY OF A BOILER
  • Perform regular maintenance.
  • Use automatic controls to appropriately operate
    the boiler.
  • Ensure that control systems are maintenance
    properly. Improper operation of the control
    system can result in an inefficiency of up to
    20.
  • Properly insulate the system. Use insulated
    expansion tanks and heat exchangers.
  • Prevent scale accumulation in boiler tubes, which
    impedes flow and heat transfer, through effective
    water treatment. This also minimizes boiler
    blowdown and results in potential efficiency
    gains of 10-12.
  • Inspect steam distribution systems. Leaks, faulty
    valves, faulty steam traps, etc. can be costly.
    This could result in potential energy savings of
    up to 5.

24
SOME TIPS TO MAINTAIN THE EFFICIENCY OF A
BOILER.........
  • Regularly cleaning strainers upstream of steam
    traps to prevent particle accumulation can yield
    efficiency gains of 10-15
  • Insulating your pipes, valves, fittings, etc. can
    yield energy savings of 2-5
  • Minimize surplus combustion air by adjusting
    fans, dampers, seals and optimizing over- fire
    draft controls. Reducing air and oxygen by 15
    percent and 1.5, respectively, can provide a 1
    gain in efficiency
  • Lower the water temperature of boilers to reduce
    short-cycle convective and radiant heat losses. A
    potential increase in efficiency of 1 is gained
    by reducing stack temperatures by 4.5oC
  • Consider replacing your boiler if it is already
    more than 25 years old. Newer boilers are usually
    designed with highly efficient and cleaner
    technology, which can reduce fuel consumption by
    up to 30 or even more

25
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26
INVESTMENT IN CDM PROJECT
CDM project (Hybrid Supply Diesel- Wind power
station)
Buyer of CER is reliable and pays in hard
currency increase the bankable of the project
(IRR increase)
To adjust the main project, or to build something
new, or to turn the main project into a CDM
project
27
PROJECT CASH FLOW

Year
28
CARBON PRICES
Real Certified ER (from EB)
Future Project
Self Claiming Project
Claim Verified by others
Future Project
Source World Bank, 2006
29
WHAT IS CARBON PRICE OR CER?
  • Carbon price in the contract (ERPA) is not CER
    final price that should be consider as price
    without risk
  • Price without risk the price of fruit at its
    tree even where the tree is no planted yet
  • CER final price the fruit price in nice
    packaging, placed at the supermarket, ready to be
    consumed

30
CDM FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT
31
CDM FACILITIES
NL Netherland, DK Denmark, JP Japan, WB
World Bank, ADB Asian Development Bank, S
CDM private investors/developers, I Investment
Banks, P Private Company
32
CDM PROJECT CYCLE
Tonnes of CO2 per year
Baseline scenario (emissions without the CDM
project)
Emission reductions
Project scenario (emissions with the CDM project)
2006-2007
2008
2010
2012
2014
2016
Validation of baseline
Verification of emission reductions
33
LEGAL ISSUES OF CDM PROJECT ACTIVITIES IN ENERGY
SECTOR
Classification of sub-categories of CDM project
activities
34
SIMPLE CALCULATION OF EMISSION REDUCTION FROM
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
35
PROJECTS ELIGIBLE FOR CDM SCHEME IN INDONESIA
Main issues electricity generation and selling,
renewable energy, energy efficiency, recovery and
utilization of gas from oil wells
36
OVERVIEW ON 14 MULTILATERAL FUNDS
World Bank
37
FUNDS WITH GOVERNMENT INVESTORS
  • World Bank
  • Prototype Carbon Fund (veteran)
  • Community Development Carbon Fund (community
    benefits, SSP, regional portfolio)
  • Bio Carbon Fund (forest, agricultural,
    co-benefits)
  • Umbrella Carbon Facility (gt 10 mio tons CERs (HFC
    23))
  • (also Bilaterals Italian Carbon Fund,
    Netherlands CDM Facility, Netherlands European
    Carbon Facility, Danish Carbon Fund, Spanish
    Carbon Fund)
  • Others
  • KfW Carbon Fund
  • Multilateral Carbon Credit Fund (EBRD, EIB)
    under development

38
PRIVATE FUNDS
39
THE FUTURE OF BALI AND US
  • Foreign tourist arrivals to Indonesia between
    2005 and 2009 are projected to reach 10 million
    per year with spending amounting to 10billion
  • Green Globe Certification, Energy Efficient
    award, Tri-Hite Karana, Natural Guide
    recommendation, Eco-hotel rating and
    opportunities to get carbon credits on Voluntary
    Emission Reductions from the energy sector is
    possible
  • Retrofitting and installing energy efficient
    measures, or increasing the use of renewable
    energy sources replacing fossil fuel generators
    are now needed

40
THE FUTURE OF BALI AND US.....
  • Considering the islands resources and carrying
    capacity, the industry needs to set benchmarks,
    especially for the provision and more efficient
    public services such as public transport, water,
    electricity, solid waste management and waste
    water treatment to mitigate the potential impact
    and anticipate future scenarios
  • For a sustainable future of the island and its
    tourism industry, there is a need to shift the
    tourism strategy and orientation in Bali to
    responsible tourism

41
Thank you For your kind attention
YUYUN ISMAWATI Mandalawangi No.5 Jalan Tegal
Wangi - Sesetan DENPASAR 80223 Bali,
Indonesia Tlp/Fax 0361 233 520 0361 743
5796 Email yuyun_at_lead.or.id, balifokus_at_balifokus.
or.id URLhttp//www.balifokus.org
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