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2008 NYC Fire Code

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2008 NYC Fire Code New Hazardous Materials Regulations (Laboratory & Non-Laboratory) History Legislation was signed by Mayor Bloomberg on June 3, 2008. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 2008 NYC Fire Code


1
2008 NYC Fire Code
  • New Hazardous Materials Regulations (Laboratory
    Non-Laboratory)

2
History
  • Legislation was signed by Mayor Bloomberg on June
    3, 2008.
  • New Fire Code took effect on July 1, 2008 with
    maintenance operational requirements
    immediately enforceable. Among these requirements
    were permits and certificates of fitness,
    recordkeeping, signage, safety shower
    installation, housekeeping, periodic testing and
    maintaining means of egress.
  • On July 1, 2009, the FDNY began enforcing new
    certificate of fitness, new permit and new design
    requirements of the new code. These included
    installation of fire suppression systems, fire
    alarm systems, mechanical ventilation systems and
    quantity limitations.
  • The new Fire Code is codified as Title 29 of the
    Administrative Code of the City of New York. Fire
    Code sections are to be referenced by the letters
    FC followed by the section number. For example,
    section 2706 of the NYC Fire Code would be cited
    as FC 2706.

3
History (continued)
  • From July 2008 through October 2009, the Fire
    Department began repealing old rules, writing new
    rules and re-promulgating existing rules to
    augment and supplement the new Code. These rules
    are compiled in Title 3 of the Rules of the City
    of New York.
  • The new Fire Department rules have been
    renumbered to parallel the new Fire Code
    sections, and terms defined in the Fire Code or
    the rules appear in italics. For example, the
    Fire Code section dealing with labs is section
    2706 while the rules applicable to labs is known
    as section 2706-01.
  • Rule sections are to be referenced by the letter
    R or 3RCNY followed by the section number.
    For example, section 2706-01 of the rules would
    be cited as R 2706-01 or 3RCNY 2706-01. 

4
History (continued)
  • The Fire Department has established a Frequently
    Asked Questions web page about the new Fire Code
    and rules. 
  • To view the Frequently Asked Questions, click on
    this.
  • Questions about the new Fire Code and rules may
    be submitted to the Fire Department using the
    Fire Code Inquiry Form on this website. 
  • To submit a Fire Code question, click on this.
  • The new Code, Rules and the FAQ can be accessed
    via our Departments website at www.nyc.gov/fdny.

5
Applicability
  • Facilities that were lawfully existing under
    the old code (prior to July 1, 2008) will have
    most of the new design criteria waived
    (grandfathered).
  • New installations, facilities, and new
    construction (including substantial alterations)
    and those that were not lawfully existing under
    the old Code (prior to July 1, 2008) will be
    required to fully comply with the new Code.

6
Lawfully Existing
  • Using two examples cited in the new Rules, under
    the heading, pre-existing facilities and
    conditions I offer the following
  • an existing below-grade storage facility for
    flammable liquids lawfully designed and installed
    .. prior to July 1, 2008 .. in compliance with
    the design and installation requirements for such
    facilities set forth in ... New York City Fire
    Prevention Code, is a pre-existing facility which
    may be continued in compliance with the
    provisions of the New York City Fire Prevention
    Code and the rules in effect .. notwithstanding
    the fact that such below-grade facility would not
    be allowed or approved in a control area under
    the Fire Code.
  • an existing LPG storage facility that was
    lawfully designed and installed on a premises
    pursuant to Fire Prevention Directive 2-88, ..
    may be continued in compliance with said
    directive, notwithstanding the fact that the
    quantity of LPG storage authorized by said
    directive exceeds the quantity that would be
    allowed or approved under the Fire Code.

7
HazMat Permits, COFs and Regulations
  • The following hazardous materials are now
    regulated by the FDNY and, in certain quantities,
    require a permit and supervision by a C-91
    Certificate of Fitness holder
  • Corrosives Fire Code chapter 31
  • Flammable Solids Fire Code chapter 36
  • Highly Toxic and Toxic Materials Fire Code
    chapter 37
  • Ozone Generators Fire Code chapter 37
  • Organic Peroxides Fire Code chapter 39
  • Oxidizers Fire Code chapter 40
  • Pyrophoric Materials Fire Code chapter 41
  • Pyroxylin Plastics Fire Code chapter 42
  • Unstable (Reactive) Materials Fire Code chapter
    43
  • Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids Fire Code
    chapter 44
  • Note Requirements for other previously
    regulated hazardous materials can be found in the
    new Code as follows Compressed Gases (chapter
    30), Cryogenic Gases (chapter 32),
    Flammable/Combustible Liquids (chapter 34)
    Flammable Gases (chapter 35) and LPG/Propane
    (chapter 38).

8
What is a Certificate of Fitness?
  • A certificate issued to individuals who pass a
    test administered by the FDNY (at FDNY
    Headquarters in Downtown Brooklyn) and are
    authorized to perform certain regulatory
    functions mandated by the Fire Code.
  • Study Materials, Notice of Examination,
    Memorandum of Understanding, Applications,
    Directions, Sample Letters of Recommendation,
    Requirements and Instructions are available at
    FDNY Headquarters (9 Metrotech Center, Brooklyn,
    11201) or online at the FDNY website,
    www.nyc.gov/fdny look for the Certificate of
    Fitness link.

9
Certificate of Fitness Process
  • A completed application (A20) and letter of
    recommendation from the employer.
  • Government-issued identification.
  • 25 in check, cash, money order, or credit card
    (no debit cards accepted).
  • Monday -Fridays, 830am - 230pm (no appointment
    necessary unless more than 5 employees from the
    same facility are taking the test at one time).
  • Must achieve a score of at least 70 on multiple
    choice exam.
  • Upon completion of test, individuals receive COF
    card or failure report on the spot.

10
How is a Permit obtained?
  • Permits are issued upon satisfactory completion
    of an on-site inspection by Fire Prevention
    Inspectors. Permits are sent out by mail after
    receipt of permit fee and renewable on an annual
    basis after a satisfactory re-inspection of the
    premises.
  • Requests for inspections may be submitted to the
    FDNY by mail, phone, fax or email as follows
  • Bureau of Fire Prevention, 9 Metrotech Center,
    Brooklyn, NY 11201
  • Sandy Camacho, Deputy Chief Inspector, Laboratory
    Inspection Unit
  • Work Phone (718) 999 2502, Fax (718) 999 1015
  • camachs_at_fdny.nyc.gov

11
Permits (continued)
  • The following documents should be submitted
    and/or available prior to our onsite inspection
  • NYC Department of Buildings approved plans and/or
    Certificate of Occupancy (CofO).
  • Certificates of Fitness.
  • NYC DEP Tier II Report (NYC Right to Know Law) or
    a Chemical Inventory List.
  • NYSDEC Chemical Bulk Storage (CBS) Registration
    (for tanks)
  • MSDS (only for uncommon chemicals and/or
    mixtures)

12
Permits (continued)
  • Issuance of permits contingent upon
    compliance with the following
  • Applicant must meet all applicable requirements
    of the Fire Code and Rules for the specific
    hazardous material, including signage,
    certificates of fitness, fire extinguishers, test
    affidavits, etc.
  • Payment of permit fee (dependent on types of
    hazardous materials and quantities).
  • Satisfactory examination of DOB approved plans or
    acceptance of CofO in lieu of plans.

13
FDNY fee exemption removal
  • On June 29, 2009 Mayor Bloomberg signed
    legislation passed by the City Council narrowing
    the non-profit fee exemption for inspections
    performed by the Fire Department.
  • Organizations exempted from fees are
  • City Agencies fully funded by the City of New
    York (DEP, NYPD, DOS, FDNY, DOB)
  • State Agencies
  • All Kindergarten through 12th Grade schools
  • Religious Institutions
  • Organizations not exempted from fees include
  • CUNY, Hospitals (including HHC), Nursing Homes,
    Libraries, Zoos, Museums, Charities

14
Hazardous Materials
  • Non Laboratory application

15
Corrosive Materials
  • Corrosive Material A material that causes full
    thickness destruction of human skin at the site
    of contact within a specified period of time when
    tested by methods set forth in Department of
    Transportation (DOT) regulations 49 CFR Sections
    173.136 and 173.137 or a liquid that has a
    severe corrosion rate on steel or aluminum based
    on the criteria set forth in DOT regulations 49
    CFR Section 173.137(c)(2).
  • Corrosives can be either Acids or Bases
  • Acid -A solution that has a pH less than 7.0
  • Base - A solution that has a pH greater than 7.0.
    Basic materials or solutions are sometimes called
    caustic or alkaline

16
Corrosive Materials (continued)
  • pH Scale

17
Corrosive Materials (continued)
  • Some common corrosive materials
  • Acids Sulfuric Acid, Nitric Acid, Hydrochloric
    (Muriatic) Acid, Hydrofluoric Acid,
    Acetic Acid, Chromic Acid
  • Bases Ammonium Hydroxide, Sodium Hydroxide
    (Lye), Sodium Hypochlorite (Bleach), Soda
    Lime, Calcium Hypochlorite
  • Gases Chlorine, Ammonia

18
Corrosive Materials (continued)
  • Corrosives may have serious health risks
    (including death) upon exposure or inhalation.
  • Corrosives can corrode metals and cause damage to
    property.
  • Corrosives, if exposed to incompatible materials,
    can lead to dangerous reactions such as
    explosions, release of toxic gas, and/or extreme
    fire conditions.

19
Corrosive Materials (continued)
20
Corrosive Threshold Quantities
  • Permit Thresholds
  • Liquids - 55 gallons
  • Solids - 1,000 lbs
  • Gases - 400 SCF
  • Certificate of Fitness Thresholds
  • Liquids - 550 gallons
  • Solids - 1,000 lbs
  • Gases - 400 SCF

21
Flammable Solids
  • FLAMMABLE SOLID A solid, other than a blasting
    agent or other explosive, whether in elemental or
    alloy form, that is capable of causing fire
    through friction, absorption of moisture,
    spontaneous chemical change, or heat retained
    from manufacturing or processing, or which has an
    ignition temperature below 212F (100C) or which
    burns so vigorously and persistently when ignited
    as to create a serious hazard.
  • Many flammable solids may react violently or
    explosively on contact with water.
  • Flammable Solids may be ignited by friction,
    heat, sparks, or flame and burn vigorously.
  • Flammable Solids may cause explosions when heated
    under confinement or when dusts are released in
    the air.

22
Flammable Solids
  • Some common examples of flammable solids
  • Aluminum powder
  • Camphor
  • Magnesium
  • Matches
  • Naphthalene
  • Nitrocellulose
  • Phosphorus
  • Sulfur
  • Picric Acid (wetted with not less than 10
    water).

23
Flammable Solids
24
Flammable Solids
  • Permit and Certificate of Fitness Threshold

25
Toxic Materials
  • Toxic Material A chemical that is lethal at the
    following doses or concentration
  • A chemical that has a median lethal dose (LD50)
    of more than 50 milligrams per kilogram, but not
    more than 500 milligrams per kilogram of body
    weight when administered orally to albino rats
    weighing between 200 and 300 grams each or
  • A chemical that has a median lethal dose (LD50)
    of more than 200 milligrams per kilogram but not
    more than 1,000 milligrams per kilogram of body
    weight when administered by continuous contact
    for 24 hours (or less if death occurs within 24
    hours) with the bare skin of albino rabbits
    weighing between 2 and 3 kilograms each or
  • A chemical that has a median lethal concentration
    (LC50) in air of more than 200 parts per million
    but not more than 2,000 parts per million by
    volume of gas or vapor, when administered by
    continuous inhalation for 1 hour (or less if
    death occurs within 1 hour) to albino rats
    weighing between 200 and 300 grams each or
  • A chemical that has a median lethal concentration
    (LC50) in air of more than 2 milligrams per liter
    but not more than 20 milligrams per liter of
    mist, fume or dust, when administered by
    continuous inhalation for 1 hour (or less if
    death occurs within 1 hour) to albino rats
    weighing between 200 and 300 grams each.

26
Highly Toxic Materials
  • Highly Toxic Material a chemical that is lethal
    at the following doses or concentration,
    including the following
  • A chemical that has a median lethal dose (LD50)
    of 50 milligrams or less per kilogram of body
    weight when administered orally to albino rats
    weighing between 200 and 300 grams each or
  • A chemical that has a median lethal dose (LD50)
    of 200 milligrams or less per kilogram of body
    weight when administered by continuous contact
    for 24 hours (or less if death occurs within 24
    hours) with the bare skin of albino rabbits
    weighing between 2 and 3 kilograms each or
  • A chemical that has a median lethal concentration
    (LC50) in air of 200 parts per million by volume
    or less of gas or vapor, when administered by
    continuous inhalation for one hour (or less if
    death occurs within 1 hour) to albino rats
    weighing between 200 and 300 grams each or
  • A chemical that has a median lethal concentration
    (LC50) in air of 2 milligrams per liter or less
    of mist, fume or dust, when administered by
    continuous inhalation for one hour (or less if
    death occurs within 1 hour) to albino rats
    weighing between 200 and 300 grams each.

27
Toxic and Highly Toxic Materials
  • Toxicity is often measured by Median Lethal Dose
    (LD50) or Median Lethal Concentration (LC50).
  • LD50 - LD50 value is the amount of a solid or
    liquid material that it takes to kill 50
    of test animals (for example, mice or rats) in
    one dose.
  • LC50 - A LC50 value is the amount of a gas, dust
    or mists that it takes to kill 50
    of test animals (for example, mice or rats) in
    one dose.
  • Toxic and Highly Toxic materials are chemicals
    that can produce injury or death when inhaled,
    ingested, or absorbed through the skin.
  • Exposure may enter the body through three routes
    inhalation, ingestion, or contact with the skin
    and eyes.

28
Toxic and Highly Toxic Materials (continued)
29
Toxic and Highly Toxic Materials
  • Some common examples of Toxic Materials include
  • Phenol
  • Acrylonitrile
  • Aniline
  • Some common examples of Highly Toxic Materials
    include
  • Inorganic Cyanides (Sodium, potassium)
  • Chlorine gas

30
Toxic and Highly Toxic Materials
31
Toxic and Highly Toxic Materials (continued)
  • Toxic Permit and Certificate of Fitness
    Thresholds
  • Liquids 10 gallons
  • Solids 100 lbs
  • Gases Any amount
  • Highly Toxic Permit and Certificate of Fitness
    Thresholds
  • Liquids Any amount
  • Solids Any amount
  • Gases Any amount

32
Ozone Gas Generators
  • Ozone (O3 or tri-oxygen) is a highly unstable gas
    that can readily decompose into oxygen (O2).
  • Ozone gas is extremely (highly) toxic and can
    cause a decrease in lung function, cheat pain,
    shortness of breath, throat irritation, higher
    susceptibility to respiratory infection, and
    inflammation of the lungs.
  • Ozone is also strong oxidizer and is especially
    dangerous because it supplies a large oxygen
    source that can fuel a fire.
  • Ozone gas can explode on contact with organic
    substances.

33
Ozone Gas Generators
  • Regulations covering the use of Ozone generators
    can be found within the Toxic and Highly Toxic
    chapter in the new Code.
  • Permits and Certificates of Fitness are not
    required for use of Ozone generators.

34
Oxidizers
  • Oxidizer A material that readily yields oxygen
    or other oxidizing gas, such as bromine, chlorine
    and fluorine, or that readily reacts to promote
    or initiate combustion of combustible materials,
    classified as follows
  • Class 1. An oxidizer whose primary hazard is that
    it slightly increases the burning rate but which
    does not cause spontaneous ignition when it comes
    in contact with combustible materials. Examples
    include
  • Inorganic Nitrates
  • Nitric Acid (lt40) LEAST HAZARDOUS CLASS
  • Ammonium Persulfate
  • Class 2. An oxidizer that will cause a moderate
    increase in the burning rate or that causes
    spontaneous ignition of combustible materials
    with which it comes in contact. Examples include
  • Barium Bromate
  • Barium Chlorate
  • Solid Calcium Hypochlorite (lt50)

35
Oxidizers (continued)
  • Class 3. An oxidizer that will cause a severe
    increase in the burning rate of combustible
    materials with which it comes in contact or that
    will undergo vigorous self-sustained
    decomposition caused by contamination or exposure
    to heat. Examples include
  • Solid Calcium Hypochlorite (gt50)
  • Ammonium Dichlorimate
  • Perchloric Acid (lt72.5)
  • Class 4. An oxidizer that can undergo an
    explosive reaction due to contamination or
    exposure to thermal or physical shock and can
    cause spontaneous ignition of combustibles.
    Examples include
  • Ammonium Perchlorate
  • Ammonium Permanganate MOST HAZARDOUS CLASS
  • Perchloric Acid (gt72.5)

36
Oxidizers (continued)
37
Oxidizers (continued)
  • Oxidizer Permit and Certificate of Fitness
    Thresholds
  • Liquids
  • Any amount of Class 4 (most hazardous)
  • 1 gallon Class 3
  • 10 gallons Class 2
  • 55 gallons Class 1 (least hazardous)
  • Solids
  • Any amount of Class 4 (most hazardous)
  • 10 lbs Class 3
  • 100 lbs Class 2
  • 500 lbs Class 1 (least hazardous)
  • Gases
  • 504 SCF (not broken down into classes)

38
Organic Peroxides
  • Organic Peroxide An organic compound having a
    double oxygen or peroxy
  • (-O-O-) in its chemical structure. Organic
    peroxides can present an explosion hazard
    (detonation or deflagration), can be shock
    sensitive, can be susceptible to decomposition
    into various unstable compounds over an extended
    period of time and are classified as follows
    based upon their hazardous properties
  • Class I. Organic peroxides that are capable of
    deflagration but not detonation. Examples
    include
  • t-butyl hydroperoxide (90)
  • Fulfonyl Peroxide MOST HAZARDOUS CLASS
  • Benzoyl Peroxide (gt98)
  • Class II. Organic peroxides that burn very
    rapidly and that pose a moderate reactivity
    hazard.
  • Peroxyacetic acid (43)
  • Di-sec-butyl peroxydicarbonate 75
  • 3,5,5-trimethylecylohexane

39
Organic Peroxides (continued)
  • Class III. Organic peroxides that burn rapidly
    and that pose a moderate reactivity hazard.
  • Acetyl Cyclohexane sulfonal peroxide
  • Benzoyl peroxide (78)
  • Cumene hydroperoxide (86)
  • Class IV. Organic peroxides that burn in the same
    manner as ordinary combustibles and that pose a
    minimal reactivity hazard.
  • Benzoyl peroxide (70)
  • Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide (9 in water and
    glycols)
  • T-butyl hydroperoxide (70)
  • Class V. Organic peroxides that burn with less
    intensity than ordinary combustibles or do not
    sustain combustion and that pose no reactivity
    hazard.
  • Benzoyl peroxide (35) LEAST HAZARDOUS CLASS
  • While organic peroxides are considered strong
    oxidizers, they are regulated by a separate
    chapter in the Fire Code due to their unique
    characteristics. Most organic peroxides are also
    flammable, combustible or explosive in nature.

40
Organic Peroxides (continued)
  • Organic Peroxide Permit and Certificate of
    Fitness Thresholds
  • Liquids
  • Any amount of Class I (most hazardous class)
  • Any amount of Class II
  • 1 gallon of Class III
  • 2 gallons of Class IV
  • No permit required for Class V (least hazardous
    class)
  • Solids
  • Any amount of Class I (most hazardous class)
  • Any amount of Class II
  • 10 lbs of Class III
  • 20 lbs of Class IV
  • No permit needed for Class V (least hazardous
    class)

41
Organic Peroxides (continued)
42
Pyrophoric Materials
  • A material that is so chemically unstable that it
    may ignite spontaneously at a temperature at or
    below 130F.
  • Examples of common pyrophoric materials
  • Lithium metal
  • White or yellow phosphorus
  • Potassium metal
  • Sodium metal
  • Diborane gas
  • Phosphine gas
  • Silane gas

43
Pyrophoric Materials (continued)
44
Pyrophoric Materials (continued)
  • Pyrophoric Material Permit and Certificate of
    Fitness Thresholds
  • Liquids Any amount
  • Solids Any amount
  • Gases Any Amount

45
Pyroxylin Plastics
  • Pyroxylin Plastic Any plastic substance,
    material or compound, other than cellulose
    nitrate film, that has soluble cotton or similar
    cellulose nitrate as a base, by whatever name
    known, in the form of blocks, sheets, tubes or
    other fabricated shapes, including raw pyroxylin
    plastics and finished pyroxylin plastic products.
  • When dry, pyroxylins can ignite readily and burn
    explosively.
  • Unstabilized pyroxylins decompose at relatively
    low temperatures and evolve large volumes of
    toxic and flammable gases with rapid heat
    generation.
  • Old items may lose plasticizing elements and
    become more brittle and flammable over time.
  • Even residues of nitrocellulose in production
    machinery may ignite.

46
Pyroxylin Plastics
  • Pyroxylin Plastics Permit and Certificate of
    Fitness Thresholds
  • Storage, handling and use of 25 lbs or more of
    raw pyroxylin plastic (not used in a
    manufacturing or assembly process).
  • Any amount of raw pyroxylin plastic used in a
    manufacturing or assembly process.

47
Unstable (Reactive) Material
  • Unstable (Reactive) MaterialA material, other
    than an explosive, that will vigorously
    polymerize, decompose, condense or become
    self-reactive and undergo other violent changes,
    including explosion, when exposed to heat,
    friction or shock, or in the absence of an
    inhibitor, or in the presence of contaminants, or
    in contact with incompatible materials. Unstable
    (reactive) materials shall be classified as
    follows
  • Class 1- Materials that in themselves are
    normally stable but which can become unstable at
    elevated temperatures and pressure. Examples
    include
  • Hydrogen Peroxide 35-52
  • Acetic Acid LEAST HAZARDOUS CLASS
  • Tetrahydrofuran

48
Unstable (Reactive) Materials (continued)
  • Class 2- Materials that in themselves are
    normally unstable and readily undergo violent
    chemical change but do not detonate. This class
    includes materials that can undergo chemical
    change with rapid release of energy at normal
    temperatures and pressure, and that can undergo
    violent chemical change at elevated temperatures
    and pressures. Examples include
  • Acrolein
  • Acrylic Acid
  • Hydrazine
  • Class 3- Materials that in themselves are capable
    of detonation or of explosive decomposition or of
    explosive reaction but which require a strong
    initiating source or which must be heated under
    confinement before initiation. This class
    includes materials that are sensitive to thermal
    or mechanical shock at elevated temperatures and
    pressures. Examples include
  • Hydrogen peroxide gt52
  • Hydroxylamine
  • Perchloric acid

49
Unstable (Reactive) Materials (continued)
  • Class 4- Materials that in themselves are readily
    capable of detonation or of explosive
    decomposition or of explosive reaction at normal
    temperatures and pressures. This class includes
    materials that are sensitive to mechanical or
    localized thermal shock at normal temperatures
    and pressures. Examples include
  • Acetyl peroxide
  • Dibutyl peroxide MOST HAZARDOUS CLASS
  • Ethyl nitrate
  • The classification of unstable (reactive)
    material is problematic for the following
    reasons
  • Not recognized as a separate class by US DOT
    (no placard assigned) and MSDS sheets tend to use
    the terms unstable or reactive but rarely do
    they classify a hazardous material as both
    unstable and reactive.
  • Some of the hazardous materials classified as
    unstable (reactive) materials by the ICC (their
    International Fire Code was the model for our
    Code) are subject to interpretation, especially
    in the Class 1 and Class 2 categories ( acetic
    acid and hydrogen peroxide).
  • Thankfully, most of these hazardous materials are
    dual hazard materials and can be classified in
    their most recognizable class (hydrogen peroxide
    as a corrosive or oxidizer).

50
Unstable (Reactive) Materials (continued)
  • Unstable Reactive permit and certificate of
    fitness thresholds
  • Liquids
  • Any amount of Class 4 (most hazardous class)
  • Any amount of Class 3
  • 5 gallons of Class 2
  • 10 gallons of Class 1 (least hazardous class)
  • Solids
  • Any amount of Class 4 (most hazardous class)
  • Any amount of Class 3
  • 50 lbs of Class 2
  • 100 lbs of Class 1 (least hazardous class)
  • Gases
  • Any amount (not broken down into classes)

51
Water-Reactive Solids Liquids
  • Water-Reactive Material A material (solid,
    liquid, or gas) that has a dangerous chemical
    reaction when reacting with water. Upon coming in
    contact with water, a water reactive material may
    explode, violently react, produce flammable,
    toxic, or other hazardous gases, and/or generate
    enough heat to cause ignition of the material or
    nearby materials. Water reactive materials shall
    be classified as follows
  • Class 1- Materials that may react with water to
    release some energy, but not violently. Examples
    include
  • Acetic anhydride
  • Sodium Hydroxide LEAST HAZARDOUS CLASS
  • Titanium Tetrachloride
  • Class 2- Materials that may form potentially
    explosive mixtures with water. Examples include
  • Calcium Carbide
  • Calcium Metal
  • Potassium Metal

52
Water-Reactive Solids Liquids (continued)
  • Class 3- Materials that react explosively with
    water without requiring heat or confinement.
    Examples include
  • Aluminum alkyls
  • Bromine pentafluoride MOST HAZARDOUS CLASS
  • Diethylzinc
  • Water-Reactive materials pose an extreme hazard
    due to the fact that they
  • May react with water to produce energy, oxygen,
    and a heat source
  • May produce extremely hazardous gases on contact
    with water
  • Cannot be extinguished with water

53
Water-Reactive Solids Liquids (continued)
54
Water-Reactive Solids Liquids
  • Water-Reactive Permit and Certificate of Fitness
    Thresholds
  • Liquids
  • Any amount of Class 3 (most hazardous class)
  • 5 gallons of Class 2
  • 55 gallons of Class 1 (least hazardous class)
  • Solids
  • Any amount of Class 3 (most hazardous class)
  • 50 lbs of Class 2
  • 500 lbs of Class 1 (least hazardous class)

55
Determining Hazard Types and Classifications
  • Many hazardous materials belong to more than one
    hazard type, sometimes referred to as dual or
    triple hazard materials. For the purpose of
    issuing a permit, only one hazard classification
    can be selected, However, for the purpose of
    regulation, the material specific requirements
    for all hazards will apply.
  • Facilities can determine the hazard type and
    classification by the following methods
  • Consulting an MSDS.
  • Contacting the chemical manufacturer.
  • Having the material tested by an independent
    testing lab.
  • The FDNY will have final say on how the hazardous
    material is eventually classified. Any dispute
    over our classification will require
    documentation to show otherwise.

56
MSDS
57
MSDS
58
MSDS
59
MSDS
60
MSDS
61
MSDS
62
MSDS
63
MSDS
64
MSDS
65
MSDS
66
MSDS
67
MSDS
68
MSDS
69
MSDS
70
MSDS
71
MSDS
72
MSDS
73
Flammable Combustible Liquids
  • Please note than a permit is required for the
    storage of flammable and/or combustible liquids
    under the following conditions
  • To store, handle or use amounts in excess of 5
    gallons of liquids with a flash point below
    100F, other than paints, varnishes, lacquers,
    gasoline and other petroleum-based liquids.
  • To store, handle or use amounts in excess of 10
    gallons of liquids with a flash point above 100F
    and below 300F, other than paints, varnishes and
    lacquers.
  • To store, handle or use amounts in excess of 20
    gallons of liquids having a flash point of 300F
    or less that are commonly used for painting,
    varnishing, staining or other similar purposes,
    including paint, varnish and lacquer.
  • To store, handle or use amounts in excess of 70
    gallons of petroleum based liquids with a flash
    point exceeding 300F.
  • To store, handle or use amounts of gasoline and
    other petroleum-based Class I liquids
  • other than paints, varnishes and lacquers, in
    excess of 2½ gallons.

74
Flammable Combustible Liquids (continued)
  • Please note than a C-98 certificate of fitness is
    required for anyone who stores flammables and
    combustible liquids under the following
    conditions
  • The manufacture of flammable and combustible
    liquids (in any quantity) shall be under the
    personal supervision of a certificate of fitness
    holder.
  • The storage of liquids with flash points at or
    below 300ºF, in quantities exceeding 275 gallons,
    or in any building or structure classified as
    Group H occupancy regardless of quantity, shall
    be under the general supervision of a certificate
    of fitness holder.
  • The handling, use and/or dispensing of liquids
    with flash points at or below 300ºF, in
    quantities exceeding 275 gallons, or in any
    building or structure classified as Group H
    occupancy regardless of quantity, shall be under
    the personal supervision of a certificate of
    fitness holder.

75
Flammable Combustible Liquids (continued)
76
Cryogenic Gases and Flammable Compressed Gases
  • PERMIT AMOUNTS FOR CRYOGENIC GASES
  • TYPE OF CRYOGEN INDOORS (gals)
    OUTDOORS (gals)
  • Flammable More than 1 10
  • Nonflammable 60 100
  • Oxidizing (includes oxygen) 10 50
  • Physical or Health hazard Any Amount Any
    Amount
  • PERMIT AMOUNTS FOR FLAMMABLE COMPRESSED GASES
  • 400 SCF (this translates into more than 1
    hydrogen cylinder, more than 1 of large acetylene
    cylinder or more than two 20 lb LPG cylinders).

77
Compressing of gases
  • A permit and certificate of fitness is required
    to compress
  • 1. A flammable gas to a pressure exceeding 6
    psig.
  • 2. A nonflammable, corrosive or oxidizing gas,
    including air, to a pressure exceeding 100 psig.
  • NOTE Pressure testing of air compressors and
    compressed gas cylinders no longer required by
    the new Code. Compressed gas cylinders shall be
    tested by supplier prior to filling when retest
    is due as per US DOT regulations.

78
Concept of Control Area
  • A control area is a space within a building or
    structure that is enclosed and bounded by
    exterior walls, fire walls, fire barriers and
    roofs, or a combination thereof, (or an outdoor
    area) where quantities of hazardous materials not
    exceeding the maximum allowable quantities per
    control area are stored, handled or used,
    including any dispensing.
  • Control areas shall be separated from each other
    by not less than a 1-hour fire barrier
    constructed in accordance with the construction
    codes, including the Building Code.
  • The maximum number of control areas within a
    building or structure and the required
    fire-resistance rating for fire barrier
    assemblies shall be in accordance with Table
    2703.8.3.2 of the new Code.
  • The floor construction of the control area and
    construction supporting the floor of the control
    area shall have a minimum 2-hour fire resistance
    rating.

79
Control area (continued)
80
Control Area (continued)
  • Outdoor control areas for hazardous materials in
    amounts not exceeding the maximum allowable
    quantity per outdoor control area shall be in
    compliance with the following requirements
  • 1. Outdoor control areas shall be located at
    least 15 feet from vegetation, rubbish and
    combustible materials 5 feet from a building
    opening at least 15 feet from places of public
    assembly and at least 20 feet from a lot line,
    public street or private road.
  • Exception A 2-hour fire-resistance-rated wall
    providing line of sight interruption is allowed
    in lieu of the required distance from a building
    opening, lot line, public street or private road.
  • 2. Where a property exceeds 10,000 square feet,
    there may be two outdoor control
  • areas separated by a minimum distance of 50
    feet, when approved.
  • 3. Where a property exceeds 35,000 square feet,
    there may be multiple outdoor
  • control areas, separated a minimum distance of
    50 feet, when approved.

81
Control area (continued)
82
Hazardous Materials
  • Laboratory application

83
Applicable FDNY Regulations
  • Laboratories are regulated by Fire Code section
    2706 (FC 2706).
  • NFPA 45 (2004) with some limitations as set forth
    in FC section 2706.
  • 3 RCNY 10-01 (old Lab Rule) was re-promulgated in
    the new set of Rules within the pre-existing
    installations section. This section would apply
    to pre-existing (and lawfully existing)
    laboratories.
  • Re-promulgated lab Rule, section 4827-01(g)
    repealed the old lab Rule (3 RCNY 10-01).
  • A laboratory is defined as an enclosed space of a
    minimum one-hour fire rated construction,
    designed or used as a non-production laboratory.

84
Applicable DOB Regulations
  • Buildings or portions thereof occupied as a
    non-production laboratory may be classified as a
    Group B or Business occupancy (as opposed to an
    Industrial or Group F occupancy).
    Non-production laboratories not in compliance
    with the provisions of Fire Code for laboratory
    chemical quantity limitations shall be classified
    as Group H (High Hazard) occupancy.
  • Laboratory units shall be provided throughout
    with an automatic sprinkler system and the entire
    building shall be provided throughout with an
    automatic sprinkler system when the aggregate
    floor area of all laboratory units within any
    building exceeds 20,000 square feet.
  • In all non-production laboratory buildings that
    are two or more stories above or below the grade
    level (level of exit discharge), standpipes shall
    be installed.
  • A manual fire alarm system shall be installed.

85
Other applicable Fire Code and NFPA regulations
  • Where more than 5 gallons of corrosive liquids or
    flammable liquids are stored, handled, or used,
    safety showers must be available within 25 feet.
  • A tag must be affixed to all fixed overhead
    showers indicating proper performance. We will
    require that testing be done annually.
  • Where more than 5 gallons of corrosive liquids
    are stored, handled or used, neutralizing or
    absorbing agents shall be provided.
  • A tag must be affixed to all fume hoods
    indicating proper face velocity. Testing must be
    done annually at a 12 to 18 sash height, with a
    minimum face velocity of 80 fpm and a maximum of
    120 fpm. A maximum of 150 fpm in pre-existing
    hoods is allowed. Face velocities out of range
    will require ASHRAE 110 testing.
  • Fume hood exhaust ducts from different laboratory
    units are now allowed to connect to a common
    exhaust duct system when the connection is made
    within an approved mechanical room, a protected
    shaft or a point outside the building. Fume hood
    ducts must be noncombustible.

86
Other applicable Fire Code and NFPA regulations
(continued)
  • Occupied laboratories should operate at 8 room
    air changes per hour while ventilation rates in
    unoccupied labs can be reduced to 4 room air
    changes per hour (NFPA 45).
  • Curtains and drapes used in laboratories must be
    documented as flame proof. Documentation must
    be provided by a person holding a flame proofing
    certificate of fitness. Curtains may be
    chemically treated (good for 3 years) or must be
    inherently flame resistant (good for the life
    of the curtain).
  • A secondary means of egress must be provided in a
    laboratory when
  • A compressed gas cylinder or a cryogenic
    container is located such that it could prevent
    safe egress in the event of accidental release of
    its contents. (Only applicable to flammable,
    oxidizing or health hazard gases).
  • A fume hood is located adjacent to the primary
    means of egress.
  • A laboratory work area exceeds 1000 ft2
  • Note A door to an adjoining laboratory work
    area (of equal or lower fire hazard
    classification) is considered to be a second
    means of egress.

87
Other applicable Fire Code and NFPA regulations
(continued)
  • Oxygen sensors equipped with an audible alarm
    shall be provided in cryogenic gas dispensing
    areas to continuously monitor the level of oxygen
    in the area. The alarm shall actuate when oxygen
    concentration drops below 19.5 percent.
  • The transferring of cryogenic gas or the use of
    equipment connected to cryogenic gases should be
    monitored by an oxygen meter with a low oxygen
    alarm.
  • Note Applicable only when the total cryogenic
    gas capacity in one fire area exceeds the permit
    limit of 60 gallons.

88
Other applicable Fire Code and NFPA regulations
(continued)
  • While not specifically prohibited by Code,
    compressed gas cylinders should not be stored in
    corridors. However, we can limit the amounts
    stored to those requiring a permit. As such,
    compressed gas cylinder storage in corridors
    shall be limited to non-flammable and non-health
    hazard gases in quantities not requiring a permit
    (3000 SCF, except that oxidizing gases are
    limited to 504 SCF).
  • Cryogenic container storage in corridors shall be
    limited to non-flammable, non-oxidizing and
    non-health hazard gases in quantities not
    requiring a permit (up to 60 gallons).
  • Note Storage in linear equipment rooms (LERs)
    designed to be fire separated from
    lab spaces and not designed to be a primary
    means of egress corridor shall be treated like
    a lab space.

89
Other applicable Fire Code and NFPA regulations
(continued)
  • NFPA 45 does not recommend the use of NFPA 704
    diamond signs for entrances to lab units or
    storage rooms, preferring a lettered sign
    instead.
  • As such, the existing Laboratory Potentially
    Hazardous Substances sign
  • or the sign required by the new R 2706-01
    lab rule sign requirement, Laboratory Caution
    Hazardous Materials in addition to the basic
    Radioactive, Biohazard and Water Reactive
    signage shall be maintained. No Smoking signs
    shall be required even in institutions that
    totally prohibit smoking.

90
Other applicable Fire Code and DOB regulations
  • Chemical Storage Rooms
  • 2-hr fire rated construction with a 1½ hr fire
    door
  • Automatic sprinkler system
  • Safety shower
  • Ventilation at 6 air changes/hr
  • Sill at doorway
  • No flammable gas storage below grade
  • Class 1, Division 2 explosion proof electrical
    equipment
  • (all these conditions unchanged from old
    Rule)

91
Other applicable Fire Code and DOB regulations
(continued)
  • Chemical Storage Rooms (continued)
  • Capacity shall not exceed a total volume of 300
    gallons of chemicals or a liquid density of 5
    gallons per square foot of floor area.
  • Chemicals shall not be used within the storage
    room.
  • Flammable gas storage shall not exceed 2500 SCF.
  • Class I (flammable) liquids prohibited below
    grade.
  • (these are new requirements)

92
Other applicable DOB regulations
  • Storage rooms shall be classified as a group S-1
    (Storage) occupancy.
  • Storage rooms not in compliance with the
    laboratory chemical quantity limitations shall be
    classified as a group H (High Hazard) occupancy.
  • Storage rooms shall not open directly to an exit
    or any enclosed exit access corridor.
  • (these are new
    requirements)

93
Laboratory Permits
  • A permit is required to store, handle or use
    hazardous materials in a laboratory unit in
    amounts exceeding one gallon of flammable liquid,
    one gallon of combustible liquid or 75 scf of
    flammable gas (an 8.5x 31 cylinder or ½ the
    size of a standard H size laboratory cylinder).
  • Laboratories that do not store or use flammable
    or combustible liquids or flammable gases in
    quantities requiring a permit but do store or use
    other types of hazardous materials (oxidizers,
    flammable solids, etc.) may choose to comply with
    this section of the Code to avoid
    reclassification of such laboratory occupancy as
    a control area.

94
C-14 (Lab) Certificate of Fitness
  • Non-production laboratory operations requiring a
    permit shall be under the personal supervision of
    a certificate of fitness holder.
  • At least one certificate of fitness holder shall
    be present on each floor of the laboratory unit
    on which laboratory operations are being
    conducted while the laboratory is in operation.
  • Interpretation Where you have a group of
    laboratories on one floor run by different
    Principal Investigators (PI) or Departments, each
    lab or group of labs will require a
    representative certificate of fitness holder for
    each PI or Department.
  • Accessory laboratory chemical storage rooms
    shall be under the general supervision of a
    certificate of fitness holder.

95
C-14 COF via Alternative Issuance Program
  • MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING
  • This memorandum provides the procedures to
    follow in order to obtain a Certificate of
    Fitness for The Supervision of Chemical
    Laboratories (C-14) without a written test
    administered by the New York City Fire
    Department.
  • SUBMIT TWO NOTARIZED STATEMENTS
  • (1) A NOTARIZED statement from the applicants
    supervisor stating that the applicant has a
    reasonable understanding of and has received
    training in 3RCNY 10-01, Fire Code Sections 2701
    - 2703 2706, the C-14 exam study material and
    applicable sections of NFPA 45 (2004 Edition).
    The statement must include the applicants full
    name, character, physical condition, experience,
    and address of premises where the applicant will
    be employed. Additionally, this statement must
    affirm that the applicant is thoroughly familiar
    with the fire protection and fire suppression
    systems in the premises where he/she is to be
    employed.

96
COF Alternative Issuance Program (continued)
  • (2) A NOTARIZED statement from the applicant
    stating that he/she is being issued a Certificate
    of Fitness for The Supervision of Chemical
    Laboratories by the New York City Fire Department
    on the basis of his/her experience, education,
    and understanding of the specific facilities
    requirements governing the operation of chemical
    laboratories. The statement must include the
    applicants full name, experience, and address of
    the premises where the applicant will be
    employed. Additionally, this statement must
    affirm that he/she has received training in 3RCNY
    10-01, Fire Code sections 2701-2703 2706, the
    C-14 exam study material and applicable sections
    of NFPA 45 (2004 Edition).and that he/she is
    thoroughly familiar with the fire protection and
    fire suppression systems in the premises where
    he/she is to be employed.
  • COMPLETE FORM A-20
  • All applicants must complete a Certificate of
    Fitness Application (Form A-20).
  • APPLICATION FEES
  • A check or money order for 25.00 must accompany
    each application.

97
COF Alternative Issuance Program (continued)
  • PHOTOS
  • All applicants must submit (or email) a recent
    2x2 color photo
  • SPECIAL QUALIFICATIONS
  • Applicants must hold a
  • license as a Clinical Laboratory Director from
    the NYS Dept. of Health, Or
  • Masters or Doctoral degree in Chemistry,
    Biology, Biochemistry, Environmental or Health
    Sciences, Medical Technology, Chemical or
    Environmental engineering, or related field Or
  • Bachelors degree in Chemistry, Biology,
    Biochemistry, Environmental or Health Sciences,
    Medical Technology, Chemical or Environmental
    Engineering, or related field plus 2 years of
    experience in the operation of chemical
    laboratories may apply for alternative issuance.

98
COF Alternative Issuance Program (continued)
  • SPECIAL QUALIFICATIONS (CONTINUED)
  • All claimed experience must be post
    baccalaureate. Any experience gained prior to the
    receipt of the degree will not be accepted toward
    meeting the AIP requirements. Applicants must
    submit proof of experience, education, including
    evidence of completion of training, diplomas,
    certificates, licenses, etc.
  • ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  • Applicants who have failed the written exam will
    not be allowed to take advantage of this policy.
    Qualified applicants must submit all
    documentation by mail only! (to the Public
    Certification Unit).

99
COF requirements for those who do not qualify
under the Alternative Issuance Program
requirements
  • To take the written exam, applicant must hold a
    BS, MS or PhD in Chemistry, Biology,
    Biochemistry, Environmental or Health Sciences,
    Medical Technology and Chemical, Environmental,
    Mechanical or Biomedical Engineering, or related
    field or
  • an A.A.S degree AND completion of a course on
    laboratory safety
  • provided by the employer or
  • 60 college credits with minimum of 21 credits in
    FDNY approved science courses AND completion of a
    course on laboratory safety provided by the
    employer.
  • Applicant must present evidence of academic
    degree and/or transcript to verify credentials in
    person on date of testing.

100
Laboratory Flammable/Combustible Quantity
Limitations
101
Sample calculations for allowable flammable
liquid storage in laboratories
  • 1,000 ft2 research lab, 1 hour rated,
    sprinklered, flammable liquids only, no approved
    storage cabinets.
  • Using the Class D density of 1 gal/100 ft2
    10 gallons
  • Using the Class B density of 10 gals/100 ft2
    100 gallons (exceeds Fire Code limit)
  • As per Fire Code, a Class B density in this type
    of lab will limit quantities to 25 gallons
  • 1,000 ft2 research lab, 2 hour rated,
    sprinklered, flammable liquids only, with all
    storage within approved cabinets.
  • Using the Class D density of 2 gals/100 ft2
    20 gallons
  • Using the Class B density of 20 gals/100 ft2
    300 gallons (exceeds Fire Code limit)
  • As per Fire Code, a Class B density in this
    type of lab will limit quantities to 30 gallons

102
Calculations (continued)
  • 2,500 ft2 research lab, 1 hour rated,
    sprinklered, flammable liquids only, with no
    approved storage cabinets.
  • Using the Class D density of 1 gal/100 ft2
    25 gallons
  • Using the Class B density of 10 gals/100 ft2
    600 gallons (exceeds Fire Code limit)
  • As per Fire Code, a Class B density in this
    type of lab will limit quantities to 25 gallons
  • 2,500 ft2 research lab, 2 hour rated,
    sprinklered, flammable liquids only, with all
    storage within approved cabinets.
  • Using the Class D density of 2 gals/100 ft2
    50 gallons
  • Using the Class B density of 20 gals/100 ft2
    300 gallons (exceeds Fire Code limit)
  • As per Fire Code, a Class B density in this type
    of lab will limit quantities to 30 gallons.
    However, the use of Class D densities will allow
    up to 50 gallons n this type of lab.

103
Other Laboratory Hazardous Material Quantity
Limitations
104
Laboratory Compressed Gas Cylinder Limitations
  • Maximum allowable quantities of gases per lab
    unit as per NFPA 45
  • Oxidizing and Flammable gases
  • 1000 SCF per 250 ft2 of lab with 2000 SCF of gas
    allowed per lab regardless of lab size.
  • Gases with a health hazard rating of 3 or 4
  • 250 SCF per 500 ft2 of lab
  • Cylinders not in use (not connected to a
    regulator not connected to a manifold or not
    stored alongside a connected cylinder) shall not
    be stored within a laboratory.
  • (Only applied to flammable, oxidizing and health
    hazard gases).

105
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