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Habitats for Plants and Animals by Denise Carroll

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Habitats for Plants and Animals by Denise Carroll What is an environment? Plants and animals live together in many different environments all around the world. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Habitats for Plants and Animals by Denise Carroll


1
Habitats for Plants and Animalsby Denise Carroll
2
What is an environment?
  • Plants and animals live together in many
    different environments all around the world.
  • An environment is all the living and nonliving
    things in a place.
  • The environment is the surroundings air, water,
    plants, and animals.
  • Each kind of environment has many different kinds
    of animal habitats.

3
What is a habitat?
  • Every animal has a habitat.
  • The place where an animal or plant lives and
    grows is called its habitat.
  • A habitat is where an animal finds the food,
    water, and shelter it needs to live.
  • For example, a toucans habitat is the rainforest.

4
Different Land Habitats
Tundra
Desert
Forest
Grasslands
Rainforest
5
Desert Habitats
  • A desert is a very warm place. The air is very
    hot and dry.
  • There is very little rain. The soil is very
    sandy.
  • Most animals that live in the desert sleep during
    the day because it is too hot. They come out at
    night to eat. They are called nocturnal.
  • Some desert animals burrow in the ground during
    the day
  • Many plants have thick leaves in the desert to
    retain water.
  • Most desert animals get their water from the food
    they eat.

6
Rain Forest Habitats
  • A rain forest is an environment where rain falls
    almost every day.
  • A rain forest has warm weather year round.
  • A rain forest has millions of plants and animals.
  • Many of these plants are used to make medicines
    to fight diseases and illnesses.
  • Rain forests are located along the equator.

7
Forest Habitats
  • A forest is an environment that gets enough rain
    and warm temperatures for lots of trees to grow.
  • When the fall arrives, the leaves will turn red,
    orange, and yellow.
  • Once winter comes, the trees lose their leaves.

8
Tundra Habitats
  • A tundra is an environmentthat is very cold and
    windy.
  • It is a treeless area.
  • It is the coldest environment.
  • The land is covered with snow and ice most of
    the year.
  • Much of the land has ground that is permafrost,
    permanently frozen.
  • The summers are short.

9
Freshwater Habitats
  • Pond
  • Lake
  • Stream
  • River

You might find frogs, ducks, beavers, turtles,
dragonflies, and many kinds of fish in a
freshwater habitat.
10
Saltwater Habitats
  • Oceans

Sharks, starfish, whales, dolphins, lobster, and
coral are some of the animals found in the ocean.
11
ThinkWhat would happen if an animals habitat
were destroyed?
12
Animal Adaptations
  • An adaptation is anything about an animal that
    helps it live or survive in its environment.
  • Animals are always in danger of being eaten and
    have developed many ways of protecting themselves
    from hungry animals.
  • Animals may find winter shelter in holes in trees
    or logs, under rocks or leaves, or tunnel
    underground.
  • If animals do not adapt to their environment,
    they die!
  • Hibernate
  • Estivate
  • Camouflage
  • Migrate
  • Body Coverings

13
Camouflage
  • Camouflage is when the animal blends in with the
    surrounding environment to help it hide.
  • Some animals fur or skin can change color. This
    helps to protect them.

14
Some Animals Migrate
  • Some animals travel to far away places. This is
    called migration.
  • Animals move from one habitat to another to
    survive.
  • Animals are looking for warmer weather or
    searching for food.
  • Many birds migrate in the fall. Birds can fly
    very long distances.
  • Many fish migrate. They may swim south, or move
    into deeper, warmer water.
  • Many insects also migrate.
  • Whales, butterflies, bats, hummingbirds, robins,
    geese, ducks, salmon are some animals that
    migrate.

15
Click the animals that migrate.
16
OOPS, click the button to try again!
17
Correct!
18
Body Coverings
  • Some animals will grow new, thick fur in the
    fall to keep warm in the winter.
  • An armadillo has a covering of hard plates to
    protect its body.
  • The porcupine uses its quills for defense.
  • A turtle can pull its head, feet, and tail inside
    its shell for protection.

19
The Coming Winter
  • As the weather gets colder, people stay inside
    warm houses and wear heavy coats when they go
    outside. In the winter we get our food from the
    grocery store.
  • What happens to the animals?

20
Some Animals Hibernate
  • Hibernation is when an animal goes through the
    winter into a long, deep sleep.
  • One way animals can adapt to the changing
    environment is by hibernating.

Some animals hibernate for part or all of the
winter. The animal's body temperature drops, and
its heartbeat and breathing slow down. It uses
very little energy. In the fall, these animals
get ready for winter by eating extra food and
storing it as body fat. They use this fat for
energy while hibernating. Some also store food
like nuts or acorns to eat later in the winter.
Bears, skunks, chipmunks, and some bats
hibernate. Insects look for winter shelter in
holes in the ground, under the bark of trees,
deep inside rotting logs or in any small crack
they can find.
21
Click the animals that hibernate.
22
OOPS, click the button to try again!
23
Correct!
24
Some Animals Estivate
  • Estivate is when an animal sleeps during the
    summer.
  • What causes an animal to estivate? HEAT
  • Ground squirrels in the desert will estivate in
    their burrows to get out of the heat.
  • Some toads estivate to escape the hot, dry
    summer.
  • Many amphibians and reptiles estivate, as do some
    insects, snails, and fish.

25
How do plants help animals?
  • Plants provide food and shelter for many animals.
  • Plants are used to make medicines to fight
    disease and illnesses.
  • Animals use plants for shelter. For example,
    birds build nests and beavers build dams.
  • Plants provide oxygen that we need to live.
  • Plants provide protection for animals hiding.
  • Plants are used to make clothing, paper, and wood
    products.
  • Plants also provide beauty for the Earth.

26
How do animals help plants?
  • Animals help spread seeds.
  • Some animals, like squirrels, bury seeds when
    they store them and forget to go back to get
    them. Some of these seeds that are left in the
    ground will germinate.
  • Seeds attach to animals that have fur. Later the
    seeds will fall off the animal and grow in a new
    place.
  • Insects and birds help pollinate flowers.

27
Ecosystem
  • An ecosystem is how plants, animals, and
    nonliving things in an environment effect each
    other.

28
NEW WORDS TO LEARNBefore we discuss what a food
chain is, we need to learn these new words.
  • herbivore
  • carnivore
  • omnivore
  • producers
  • consumers

Lets Begin . . .
29
Herbivores
  • Some animals do not eat other animals. They
    survive on plants and are known as herbivores.

30
Carnivores
  • Some animals, like the kingfisher, eat only other
    animals. These animals are called carnivores.

31
Omnivores
  • Some animals, like us, eat both plants and
    animals.
  • These animals are called omnivores.

32
Producers
  • Plants are living organisms. They need
    nourishment to survive.
  • But
  • Plants do not eat other plants or animals.
  • Plants are called producers, because they produce
    their own food using sunlight.

33
Consumers
  • Consume means eat.
  • Animals are consumers because they eat
    (consume) food provided by plants or other
    animals.

34
What is a food chain?
  • Food chains show how each living thing gets its
    food.
  • A food chain is the order in which animals eat
    plants and other animals.
  • The sun is the primary source of a food chain.
    Plants get their energy from the sun. Without the
    sun, we would not have any plants. A food chain
    always starts with a plant.
  • Next in the food chain is an animal, because
    plants cannot eat plants.
  • A food chain always ends with an animal.

plant animal animal
animal
35
Food chains always start with a plant.
The beetle eats the plant.The frog eats the
beetle.The turtle eats the frog.
36
Food Chain
The lettuce is eaten by the rabbit. The rabbit
is eaten by the fox.
37
Food Chain
The plant is eaten by the small fish.The small
fish is eaten by a larger fish. The larger fish
is eaten by the man.
38
Food Chain
The fly is nibbling on the plant. The fly is
eaten by the bird. The bird is eaten by the cat.
39
Food Chains
  • Lets Think . . .
  • If we suddenly had no Sun, what effect would
    it have on the food chain?

40
Food Chains
  • Lets Think Again . . .
  • What would happen if there were no carnivores?

41
Where do the arrows point?
42
Congratulations!
  • You are now an expert on habitats, animal
    adaptations, and food chains.

43
Resources
  • http//images.search.yahoo.com
  • http//office.microsoft.com/clipart
  • http//www.timetoteach.co.uk/sciencepowerpoints.ht
    m
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