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Christ and the Tabernacle


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Title: Christ and the Tabernacle

Christ and the Tabernacle
  • Tabernacle
  • Defined
  • - tent, place of dwelling or sanctuary
  • - a sacred place where God chose to meet with
    His people

  • God created the garden and man served God in it.
  • God met with man in the cool of the day.
    Probably in the evening since cool means
    wind and in the East the wind generally rises
    in the evening
  • Adam and Eve hid from God (because of the guilt
    and shame of their sin) and God sought them out.
  • It is God that has initiated the search for lost
    mankind attempting to reconcile man to God and
    reestablish unbroken relationship between us.

  • Mans attempt to come into the presence of God
    mans own way
  • Made of brick for stone and slime for mortar
    no mention of any precious metals or anything
    about the structure of it except that it was a
  • Intent was to make us a name so that they
    would not be scattered abroad (man was supposed
    to replenish the whole earth and subdue and
    exercise dominion over it)
  • Because of the unique power of the tongue and
    mans misuse of this power by his wicked
    imagination man would have contaminated the
    whole earth.

  • Psalms 1271a.
  • Except the Lord build the house, they labor
    in vain that build it

  • The Wilderness Tabernacle
  • Design of the Tabernacle proper given to Moses
    by God.
  • Exodus 25 thru Exodus 27
  • The Tabernacle design included not only the
    building but also
  • - its furnishings
  • - its attendants (priesthood)
  • - the attendants apparel
  • - the pattern of service of the attendants
  • - the identity and purpose of feast days

Exodus 1511-13 Who among the gods is like you,
O LORD? Who is like you majestic in holiness,
awesome in glory, working wonders? In your
unfailing love you will lead the people you have
The Tabernacle
The Tabernacle
Heb. 9 2 There were two rooms in that
Tabernacle. In the first room were a lampstand,
a table, and sacred loaves of bread on the table.
This room was called the Holy Place. 3 Then
there was a curtain veil, and behind the
curtain was the second room called the Most Holy
The Most HolyPlace
The Veil
The HolyPlace
Holy Spirit
Gods Word
The Tabernacle with Gods Shekhina glory
Picture with permission of the Temple Institute,
Jerusalem The Tabernacle or Mishkan means tent
of meeting. It represents the Shekhina or
indwelling presence of God. Gods glory filled
the tabernacle. A cloud covered it by day and a
fire by night. (Exodus 4034, 38 Numbers 915)
Camp of Israel
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Numbers 24  1 Now when Balaam saw that it pleased
the LORD to bless Israel, he did not resort to
sorcery as at other times, but turned his face
toward the desert. 2 When Balaam looked out and
saw Israel encamped tribe by tribe, the Spirit of
God came upon him 3 and he uttered his oracle
?       "The oracle of Balaam son of Beor,
?       the oracle of one whose eye sees
clearly,  4 the oracle of one who hears
the words of God, ?       who sees a vision from
the Almighty, who falls prostrate, and
whose eyes are opened 5 How beautiful are your
tents, O Jacob, your dwelling places, O Israel!
W Moses Tabernacle S N E
It is Gods Intention to save a people unto
  • Exodus 14 demonstrates the redeemed being
    saved from the power of slavery through the
    Red Sea. What was the goal or point of
    redemption? - to bring the people into the land
    of milk and honey? - or to bring His people unto
    himself ?

The goal of redemption was for God to dwell among
His people!
  • Exodus 258-9 And let them make me a sanctuary
    that I may dwell among them. According to all
    that I shew thee, after the pattern of the
    tabernacle, and the pattern of all the
    instruments thereof, even so shall ye make it.

The journey from outside the tabernacle into the
Holy of Holies is a journey where Christ, our
perfect High Priest, leads each step of the way.
  • The Bronze Altar is a type of Christ our
    Substitute and Sacrifice.
  • The Laver is a type of Christ our cleansing and
  • The Candlestick is a type of Christ the Light of
    the World.
  • The Table of Shewbread is a type of Christ the
    Bread of Life.
  • The Incense Altar is a type of Christ our
    Intercessor and Advocate.
  • The Mercy Seat (Ark Cover) is a type of Christ
    our Propitiation.

Process represented by the Elements
  • The Brass Altar
  • The Brass Laver
  • The Golden Table
  • The Golden Lampstand
  • The Golden Altar
  • Blood - Redemption
  • Water - Sanctification
  • Bread - The Word
  • The Oil - Ministry of the Holy Spirit
  • Incense Prayer/Worship

  • The court fence was the outer border of the
    Tabernacle site. It consisted of the following
  • Linen curtains (probably white) (Exodus
  • Pillars, sockets, hooks, and fillets (tops
    and rods) (Exodus 2710-18)
  • Pins of bronze (brass) (Ex. 2719 3820)

Wooden Posts Copper Sockets
Gold Posts Silver Sockets
Gold Posts Copper Sockets
White Curtain
  • The gate separated people from the magnificent
    and holy God.
  • God could only be approached with repentance
    and sacrifice when the people came inside the
    gate. (Psalm 151, 2)

  • Jesus referred to himself as the gate (door).
    Anyone who enters through Jesus will receive
    eternal life. (John 109)

Burnt Offering Altar
  • Sacrifices
  • Fire never went out
  • Fire for altar of incense

The measurements of the bronze altar

  • 7.5 ft long
  • 7.5 ft wide
  • 4.5 ft high

  • The bronze altar was made of (acacia) wood.
  • The altar was square and covered with bronze
  • The four corners of the altar had horns
    overlaid with bronze.

  • Burnt offering (bull, sheep, goats without
    blemish, or birds) (Leviticus 11-17)
  • Grain offering (Leviticus 21-16)
  • Peace offering (goat or lamb) (Lev. 31-17)
  • Sin offering (bull, goat, or lamb) (Lev.
  • Trespass offering (female of the flock, lamb,
    goat kid, bird or grain) (Lev. 5 6)

  • A proper sacrifice was an animal that was
    valuable and perfect, not flawed.
  • Sin was serious. Only shed blood which stands
    for life, could pay for sin.
  • By laying his hand on it, the person
    identified with the animal sacrificed.

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  • Polish Brass
  • Cleansing
  • Reflective

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  • Priests bathed their entire body when they
    were ordained. (Exodus 294)
  • Following ordination, the priests had to wash
    their hands and feet every time they entered the
    Tabernacle or approached the bronze altar to
    minister, or they would die. (Exodus 3019-21)

Eph 525-26 Husbands, love your wives, just as
Christ also loved the church and gave Himself
for her, that He might sanctify and cleanse her
with the washing of water by the word, NKJV
Aaron had to be washed in order fitly to
represent the purity of the antitype, Jesus, who
knew no sin.
Tent of Meeting
  • 7 pieces of furniture
  • 3 courts of worship

  • Curtains of fine linen
  • Goat hair
  • Rams skins dyed red
  • Badger skin

  • The actual tent that God would dwell in, was
    separated into two compartments, the Holy Place
    and the Most Holy Place. In the Most Holy Place
    was the Ark the Mercy Seat. The Glory cloud
    which represented the very presence of God
    hovered over the Mercy Seat and remained there
    whenever the Tabernacle stood still. What a
    comfort it was for His people to know God was so
    near. As He protected His people from the heat of
    the sun by day and provided a fire by night to
    assure them He was there.

The Word became flesh, and dwelt among us...
Notice the word dwelt. The word in the original
Greek, skenoo, meaning to dwell, is connected to
the idea of living in a tent. The word tent in
Greek is skenos, and we are told that St. Paul
was a tentmaker by trade, a skenopoios. Some,
therefore, have translated the passage, ...and
tabernacled (or tented) among us. Now, in that
a tent or tabernacle is a temporary dwelling, the
word is used in our passage to denote the
temporariness of Christs earthly stay. But it is
doing more. John is, by the Holy Spirit, drawing
a connection between Christ and the Tabernacle of
the OT.
Holy Spirit
Gods Word
The Two Chambers
  • OT vs. NT

Holy Place
  • 3 stages of the almond plant
  • Oil of the lamp rests on the fruit
  • 7 branches
  • One shaft
  • 3 shoots on each side


  • The lampstand was made of one talent of pure
    hammered gold, one solid piece.
  • It had a central shaft with six branches,
    three on each side, making it a seven-branched
  • Each branch had knobs, flowers, and an
    almond-shaped bowl to hold pure olive oil.

  • The priests duty was to trim the wicks and
    keep the lamps lit.
  • The lampstand was designed to provide light
    for the Tabernacle.
  • The lampstand was the first item seen upon
    entering the Tabernacle as a reminder to his
    people that God is light.


  • The Word of God is a light for believers. It
    guides them through life, and protects them
    from evil and darkness. (Psalm 119105)
  • The Bible says that Jesus is Gods Word in
    human form. (John 11, 14)
  • Jesus referred to himself as the light of the
    world and those who follow him will never
    walk in darkness (John 812 95 1246)

Followers of Jesus are called to be lights in
dark places. Phil 215-16 In teaching the saints
and evangelizing the lost, through words and
actions, the light of Christ is projected from
believers.(Matthew 514-16)

The 7 branched Lampstand Menorah
It was decorated with almond buds which mean
watch/ be ready
  • Stood on the left (South).
  • Hammered out of one piece of gold.
  • The Hebrew word for watch sounds like the word
    for almond. (Jeremiah 111-12)

Rev 120 the seven lampstands
which you saw are the seven churches. NKJV
Golden Candlestick
Table of Shew Bread
  • Gold plated
  • 12 loaves
  • New each week
  • Old eaten by priest

  • 3 ft long
  • 1.5 ft wide
  • 2.25 ft. high

Table of Shew-bread

  • On the table of showbread, the priests placed
    twelve loaves of bread (six loaves in two
    stacks) made from fine flour. (Leviticus 245-9)
  • Wine was placed on the altar with the
  • These loaves represented the twelve tribes of


  • The Table with the loaves was a continual
    reminder of the everlasting covenant between
    God and the children of Israel.
  • Fresh bread was placed there every Sabbath as
    a memorial of Gods provision for them.
  • The bread was eaten by the priests.

  • All the furniture in the tabernacle on the way to
    God speaks of Christ because He is the only way
    to God. The spiritual level must be established
    when studying the tabernacle. To the ancient
    Israelites it was a means of approach to God, a
    pattern of heavenly things, and a shadow of
    coming things. The bread of life is offered to
    satisfy the hunger for life. The table is the
    basis of fellowship with God. A picture of our
    Lord as our basis of fellowship with God.

  • The table symbolizes fellowship. It shows a
    gesture of friendship, as inviting a friend to
    share a meal. The table in the tabernacle shows
    Gods desire for fellowship with us. Jesus was a
    friend of publicans and sinners because He sat
    and ate with them at the table. God wishes to
    satisfy our hunger. Gods salvation is likened to
    a banquet with the table spread for royalty.

A Fellowship Meal
  • The apostle John may have had this in mind as he
    penned, in 1st John 15-7. This then is the
    message which we have heard of him, and declare
    unto you, that God is light, and in him is no
    darkness at all. If we say that we have
    fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we
    lie, and do not the truth But if we walk in the
    light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship
    one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ
    his Son cleanseth us from all sin. (KJV)

Altar of Incense
  • Gold
  • Fire from bronze altar
  • Incense taken off altar and placed in priests

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  • The fire for the incense came from the Bronze
    Altar in the outer court.
  • The Lord required a special sweet incense, a
    mixture of spices, used only for the Tabernacle
    (Exodus 3035-37), to be burned on the altar of
  • The priest was in danger of death if any
    other incense was burned. (Lev. 101-2)

Incense Alter
Rev 83 Then another angel, having a golden
censer, came and stood at the altar. He was given
much incense, that he should offer it with the
prayers of all the saints upon the golden altar
which was before the throne. NKJV
Rev 58 golden bowls full of incense, which
are the prayers of the saints. NKJV
  • Jesus went away frequently to pray. (Matthew
    1423 Luke 516)
  • Jesus taught his disciples how to pray.
    (Matthew 65-15)
  • Believers in Jesus are told to pray
    constantly. (Acts 114 Romans 826)

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  • Exod 2631-33 And thou shalt make a veil of blue,
    and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen of
    cunning work with cherubims shall it be made
    And thou shalt hang it upon four pillars of
    shittim wood overlaid with gold their hooks
    shall be of gold, upon the four sockets of
    silver. And thou shalt hang up the veil under the
    taches, that thou mayest bring in thither within
    the veil the ark of the testimony and the veil
    shall divide unto you between the holy place and
    the most holy. (KJV)


  • The veil was a divider between the Holy Place
    and the Most Holy Place.
  • The veil was a barrier between God and man.
  • Once a year, on the Day of Atonement, the high
    priest would enter the Most Holy Place (Holy of
    Holies) through this veil. (Leviticus 2326-32)


  • When Jesus died on the cross, the veil in the
    Temple was torn from top to bottom. (Matthew
  • The torn veil symbolizes the ability of every
    believer, not just a high priest, to approach
    God through the death of Jesus.
  • Because of Jesus, sin no longer separates
    believers from God.

  • Heb 1019-22 Having therefore, brethren, boldness
    to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus,
    By a new and living way, which he hath
    consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to
    say, his flesh And having an high priest over
    the house of God Let us draw near with a true
    heart in full assurance of faith, having our
    hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our
    bodies washed with pure water.

  • The Veil is the last entrance that the priest had
    to go through to enter before he was in the
    Presence of God. The last enemy of Gods people
    was death. Christ has burst through the portals
    of death removing its sting. How good to know
    when we depart this scene we shall enter through
    the Veil and be accepted before God in love.

Holy of Holies
  • Overlaid with gold
  • Manna
  • Aarons rod
  • Stones with 10 Commandments
  • Mercy Seat

Tables of the Law
Aarons Rod
Golden Pot of Manna
Contents of the Ark of the Covenant
Contents of the Ark
  • Aarons Rod Acceptableness of the Royal
    Priesthood to Jehovah (Numbers 17)
  • Golden Pot of Manna (incorruptible Ex 1632)
    Immortality of Christ the Church (Rev 217)
  • Tables of the Law Christ met the full
    requirements of Gods perfect law.

The Ark and all of its contents are covered by
 Intercession1. Intercession strengthens the
believers in daily life as they face temptation.
  •  Heb 415-16 For we have not an high priest which
    cannot be touched with the feeling of our
    infirmities but was in all points tempted like
    as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come
    boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may
    obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of

That which the Levitical priests did day by day,
year by year, exactly in the way prescribed by
God, foreshadowed that which Jesus would do
perfectly, by virtue of His perfect life and
righteousness, thus providing a perfect, eternal
way of entrance into the presence of God the
Thus it was necessary for the copies of the
heavenly things to be purified with these rites,
but the heavenly things themselves with better
sacrifices than these. (Hebrews 923)
Jesus the Tabernacle
  • Hebrews 911,12 But when Christ appeared as a
    high priest of the good things to come, He
    entered through the greater and more perfect
    tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say,
    not of this creation

Heb 924-25 For Christ has not entered the
holy places made with hands, which are copies of
the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear
in the presence of God for us not that He should
offer Himself often, as the high priest enters
the Most Holy Place every year with blood of
another NKJV
This is, dare we say it.....?
.....Eschatological !!!
  • The whole point of the tabernacle system of
    worship was on the one hand to show Gods intent
    to have fellowship with his people, while on the
    other hand showing that the way for this was not
    yet open. The key phrase is not yet. Therein
    is summed up the entire Old Testament religion.
    No, the way was not open to God it was barred.
    But it was not simply not open, but not yet open
    not yet, that is, until the time of Christ.
  • - Richard
    D. Phillips
  • Hebrews (Reformed Expository Commentary)

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  • John 109, I am the gate whoever enters through
    me will be saved. He will come in and go out, and
    find pasture.

Burnt Offering Altar
Tent of Meeting
  • John 146, Jesus answered, "I am the way and the
    truth and the life. No one comes to the Father
    except through me.

  • Covering (Red Rams skins)
  • I Jn 22, He is the atoning sacrifice for our
    sins, and not only for ours but also for the sins
    of the whole world.
  • Righteousness (Linen)
  • 1 Cor 130, It is because of him that you are in
    Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from
    God-- that is, our righteousness, holiness and
  • Protection (Badger Skin)
  • II Th 33-4, But the Lord is faithful, and he
    will strengthen and protect you from the evil
    one. We have confidence in the Lord that you are
    doing and will continue to do the things we
  • Sin Offering (Goat Hair)
  • Rom 83 ,For what the law was powerless to do in
    that it was weakened by the sinful nature, God
    did by sending his own Son in the likeness of
    sinful man to be a sin offering. And so he
    condemned sin in sinful man,

Holy Place
John 812, When Jesus spoke again to the people,
he said, "I am the light of the world. Whoever
follows me will never walk in darkness, but will
have the light of life.
Table of Shew Bread
Altar of Incense
Holy of Holies- Veil
  • Heb 1020, by a new and living way opened for us
    through the curtain, that is, his body,
  • Matt 2750-51, And when Jesus had cried out
    again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit. At
    that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in
    two from top to bottom. The earth shook and the
    rocks split.

Holy of Holies-Ark
Holy of Holies- Mercy-Seat
Rom 325, God presented him as a sacrifice of
atonement, through faith in his blood. He did
this to demonstrate his justice, because in his
forbearance he had left the sins committed
beforehand unpunished
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now Gods dwelling place is with men.. (
Revelation 213)God Almighty and the Lamb are
its Temple (Revelation 2122)
  • The New Jerusalem
  • Will come down from heaven
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