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Strategies for Teaching Anatomy & Physiology

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Strategies for Teaching Anatomy & Physiology Hugh W. Harling EdD, LAT, ATC Methodist College, Fayetteville NC hharling_at_methodist.edu www.methodist.edu/athtraining/ – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Strategies for Teaching Anatomy & Physiology


1
Strategies for Teaching Anatomy Physiology
  • Hugh W. Harling EdD, LAT, ATC
  • Methodist College, Fayetteville NC
  • hharling_at_methodist.edu
  • www.methodist.edu/athtraining/

2
Overview
  • Learning Process
  • Critical Thinking
  • Text / Book Based Resources
  • Internet Resources
  • Fun Ideas / Explanations
  • Q A

3
Learning
  • Process of change
  • Acquisition of new knowledge, skills or attitudes
  • From study or life experiences
  • Occurs over a period of time
  • Lifelong process
  • American Red Cross Fundamentals of Instructor
    Training, 2001

4
MARS
  • Motivation
  • Association
  • Repetition
  • Senses
  • American Red Cross Fundamentals of Instructor
    Training, 2001

5
Motivation
  • Any suggestions here I would appreciate !
  • Difficult since students come to class with
    variety of backgrounds.
  • One of the hardest things to do is motivate ALL
    students.
  • Even harder to sustain motivation everyone has
    good days and bad.
  • Contract for Grade ?

6
Association
  • One of the big keys to learning.
  • Describes how things fit together and effect each
    other.
  • Often Study systems in isolation and fail to
    connect from one to others.
  • As we know, when one system of the body fails, it
    affects the others, some very quickly (AMI)
    others very slowly (Osteoporosis)

7
Repetition
  • No substitute for repetition
  • Athletes spend hours fielding, throwing or
    hitting, They are training their BRAIN and
    body.
  • You are asking your students to train their
    brains and one must practice to be able to
    perform when needed.

8
Senses
  • The more hands-on the better
  • More about this later

9
Technology has limits ?
  • Free iPods for Duke students College says
    popular MP3 music players will be used to
    download lectures and books as well as songs.
  • Stretch students

10
Use games
  • Brings out competitiveness / pre-test preparation
  • Jeopardy multiple levels, teams
  • Word Search
  • Newspaper accuracies inaccuracies (Bonus points
    ?)
  • Wrong word use correction
  • Crossword puzzles
  • Songs / sayings let them make up their own

11
Use Pictures Video / DVD
  • A picture (or graph, or) is worth a thousand
    words
  • Make use of textbook graphic packages
  • Lippincott Williams Wilkins (www.lww.com)
    Aclunds Atlas of Human Anatomy
  • http//www.lww.com/product/?0-7817-4068-1

12
Textbook Resources
  • Scott Fong, Body Structures and Functions
  • Delmar's Anatomy Physiology Challenge CD-ROM
    included free with each book.
  • Gross anatomy photos with the line illustrations
    presented throughout the book for a side-by-side
    comparison.
  • New Online Companion includes exercises, quizzes,
    animations, and additional teaching hints. A
    Powerpoint presentation with 25-30 slides per
    chapter is also included.
  • Lab Activities have been added to each chapter to
    bring a new interactive dimension to learning.

13
Textbook Resources
  • Gary A. Thibodeau, PhD and Kevin T. Patton, PhD,
    The Human Body in Health Disease
  • Included FREE with the softcover text is Body
    Spectrum Mosby's Electronic Anatomy Coloring
    Book CD-ROM
  • Study Guide - Designed to help students master
    basic anatomy and physiology, this study guide
    provides students with additional self-study
    aids, including chapter overviews, topic reviews,
    application and labeling exercises, as well as
    answers to the questions.
  • Softcover text includes FREE CD-ROM and MERLIN
    website atwww.harcourthealth.com/MERLIN/Thibodeau
    Patton/humanbody/) Study Guide by Swisher

14
Other Text Resources
  • Anatomy Coloring Book
  • Physiology Coloring Book
  • Memory Notebook of Nursing A collection of
    Visual Images and Mnemonics to increase memory
    and learning (Zerwekh, Claborn Miller, ISBN
    0-9628210-5-5)
  • CD-ROMs textbook, ADAM,

15
Using the Internet
16
Evaluate Your Sources
  • Information versus marketing blurring
  • Pharmaceutical ads are they informational or
    ads or both.
  • Skepticism should hold true for the internet just
    like TV if it is to good to be true it probably
    is just that or very expensive.

17
Evaluate Your Sources
  • Does the author have authority on the topic?
  • What are the authors credentials?
  • Is the information accurate for when it was
    written?
  • Is there a consensus of opinion on this topic?
  • What are the important ideas?
  • What is the purpose of the source?
  • Is the purpose to inform, to entertain, to teach,
    or to influence?

18
Evaluate Your Sources
  • Who is the author writing for?
  • Is it biased in any way?
  • Has the author looked at the material
    objectively?
  • Does the author offer several points of view?
  • How does the source help answer your question?
  • Does the source provide valuable, relevant
    information?

19
Internet
  • Google Search Anatomy - 5,130,000 for Anatomy
    (0.16 seconds)
  • Froogle Search Anatomy - 27,000 confirmed /
    204,000 total results for Anatomy. (0.46 seconds)
  • Google Search - Physiology - 6,150,000 for
    Physiology (0.14 seconds)
  • Froogle Search - Physiology - 4,280 confirmed /
    101,000 total results for Physiology. (0.58
    seconds)

20
Numerous Useful Websites
  • Teach Strategies Newsletter http//www.aw-bc.com/e
    vents/strategies/newsletters/index.html
  • Advances in Physiology Education
    http//advan.physiology.org/
  • Visible Human http//www.meddean.luc.edu/lumen/Med
    Ed/GrossAnatomy/cross_section/index.html

21
More Helpful Internet Websites
  • Emory Medical School Biological Physical
    Sciences http//www.medweb.emory.edu/medweb/
  • Radiology - http//www.netanatomy.com/
  • Radiology - http//www.szote.u-szeged.hu/Radiology
    /Anatomy/
  • Anatomy of the Eye http//www.allaboutvision.com/r
    esources/anatomy.htm

22
Multiple Organ System Quiz
  • University of Minnesota WebAnatomy
    http//www.gen.umn.edu/faculty_staff/jensen/1135/w
    ebanatomy/default.htm

23
Using Other Peoples Listings
  • British Association of Clinical Anatomists
    http//www.liv.ac.uk/HumanAnatomy/phd/baca/bacalin
    ks.htm

24
FUN Ideas
25
Doorway
  • Need appropriate key to enter room just as
    certain molecules need doorways (channels) and
    keys (carrier protein) to enter a cell.
  • Alter key and door no longer opens (insulin
    diabetes)

26
Idea Time - GI
  • Sock or stockinette golf balls Shows
    peristalsis
  • Chew food and swallow shows why chew and cut
    foods Fill stomach
  • Open end of sock now Pyloric Sphincter cant
    empty entire contents at once, but one piece at a
    time.
  • Can now discuss what is added by what to tract to
    break stuff down.

27
Idea Time - Cardiac
  • PVC pipe - clogging of artery same as how a
    drain clogs with hair, grim, Happens over time,
  • Use playdough for plaque build-up
  • Critical thinking what would cause the clog ?
  • How long to show versus completely clog ?
  • If clog shifts / breaks free now anatomically
    what is called , where will it go, ?
  • By-pass cut section out and reroute
  • Use drain cleaner to represent drugs
  • Use pipe (or bottle cleaner) to represent
    angioblasty

28
Idea Time Respiratory System
  • Balloons Garbage bag
  • Balloons represent alveoli and garbage bag the
    lung.
  • Pop balloon lose capacity (alveoli) but lung
    stays inflated
  • Use water in balloon to represent mucous or
    debris
  • Two Garbage bags hold corners of outermost, suck
    in inner (Pneumothorax)

29
Idea Time Filtration / Diffusion
  • Filtration occurs through the body (Liver,
    Kidneys, Spleen, nutrients from blood into cells,
    )
  • Rocks over drain small materials slip in and
    out of vascular system and large (proteins must
    stay in) unless can change shape
  • Can also use a mesh screen formed like a tube to
    show flow into or out of (Tube within a tube)
  • Watch out for the mess

30
Diffusion
  • Classic Experiment
  • Color / matter moves from high concentration
    toward areas of low concentration.
  • Food coloring (or tea sun tea anyone ?) into
    water

31
Idea Time Musculoskeletal System
  • 1 rope pulling hand over hand like bring up
    anchor
  • 2 Ropes and four groups
  • One group back to back each holding pull (shorten
    toward each other representing accordion
    action)

32
Ideas from Others
  • Cell light colored jello in cup add candies
    to represent different organelles
  • Layers of skin cake or jello cool wipe.

33
Bridging Summarizing
  • Bridging connecting concepts
  • Summarizing bring together facts concepts
  • MUST bring example back to its technical
    terminology
  • Will often remember the example but not why it
    was done or exactly what it showed
  • Remember, Everyone will experience the lesson
    differently.

34
Final Stop
  • Methodist College Athletic Training Website
  • http//www.methodist.edu/athtraining/

35
References
  • American Red Cross. (2001). Fundamentals of
    Instructor Training.
  • Bailey, D. (1997). Research for the Health
    Professional A Practical Guide, Second Edition.
    F.A. Davis.
  • Blessing, J. (2001). Physician Assistants Guide
    to Research and Medical Literature. F.A. Davis.
  • Zybeck, K. Methodist College Reference Librarian,
    Portions Adapted from Teaching Information
    Literacy. Burkhardt, MacDonald, and Rathemacher.
    Chicago ALA, 2003
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