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DISASTER MANAGEMENT AN OVERVIEW

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disaster management an overview by brig. d.v.rao, v.s.m., (ret d) centre for management of environment & disasters a. p.a.r.d. scale of disaster elements at risk ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: DISASTER MANAGEMENT AN OVERVIEW


1
DISASTER MANAGEMENT AN OVERVIEW
  • BY
  • BRIG. D.V.RAO, V.S.M., (Retd)
  • CENTRE FOR MANAGEMENT OF ENVIRONMENT DISASTERS
  • A. P.A.R.D.

2
CYCLONE
Damage Potential
Poorer than before
Society
Elements at Risk
Disruption of Normal life Development Suffers
Huge Losses/ Damages
3
HAZARD
Damage Potential
Awareness- Effect on Elements
Quicker Recovery
Society
Action Plans
Elements at Risk
Communities More Resilient
Huge Losses/ Damages
More Stable Society
Reduced Losses
4
HAZARD
Damage Potential
Elements at Risk
5
Scale of Disaster
  • Is Dependent on
  • Lead Time Available.
  • Intensity of Hazard.
  • Duration.
  • Spatial Extent.
  • Density of Population Assets.
  • Time of Occurrence.
  • Vulnerabilities existing in the Elements at Risk.
  • Hazard X Vulnerability Disaster

6
ELEMENTS AT RISK
  • People
  • Livestock
  • Rural Housing Stock
  • Houses Vulnerable
  • Crops, Trees,Telephone, Electric poles
  • Boats, Looms, Working Implements
  • Personal Property
  • Electricity, Water and Food Supplies
  • Infrastructure Support

7
AIMS OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT
  • Reduce (Avoid, if possible) the potential losses
    from hazards.
  • Assure prompt and appropriate assistance to
    victims when necessary.
  • Achieve rapid and durable recovery.

8
 
DISASTER MANAGEMENT CYCLE
PRE-DISASTER
DURING DISASTER
                                   

Preparation
Emergency Phase
Rescue Relief

Normal Phase
POST- DISASTER
Rehabilitation
Mitigation
Reconstruction
Integration into NDP
 

 
9
Stages of Disaster
BEFORE
AFTER
DURING
Jan - Apr
MAY
June- Oct
Well Before Weeks-Months
Just Before - Hours
Actual Time Period
10
Role Players in Disasters
  • People Individuals, House -Holds,
  • Volunteers
  • Gram Panchayat Sarpanch, Panchayati
  • Secretary, Panchayati Members
  • Village Elders Caste/Community/Religious
  • Leaders, Teachers, Doctors, Engineers,
  • Retired Army Police Personnel
  • Govt. Deptl. Officers Agriculture,
    Medical,
  • Engineers (Housing, Roads Buildings,
  • Irrigation) Revenue Department, Public
  • Health, Police etc. NGOs

11
DEFINITIONS OF VULNERABILITY
  • The extent to which a community, structure,
    service or geographic area is likely to be
    damaged or disrupted by the impact of particular
    disaster hazard
  • Vulnerability is the propensity of things to be
    damaged by a hazard.

12
DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
  • Disaster preparedness aims at minimizing the
    adverse effects of a hazard -
  • Through effective precautionary actions
  • Ensure timely, appropriate and efficient
    organisation and delivery of emergency response
    following the impact of a disaster.

13
PREPAREDNESS
  • Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping to include
    Resources.
  • Assess strengthening requirements and execute.
  • Funding for preparedness must be arranged.
  • Peoples cooperation through Political leaders,
    elders, Volunteers and NGOs
  • Create lead time by interpreting Warnings
  • Plan to include movement of resources with time
    frame.
  • Aim to reduce the destructive potential of
    cyclones, timely appropriate relief to victims
    and quick durable recovery

14
Disaster Preparedness Framework
15
Disaster Response Activities
  • Warning
  • Evacuation/Mitigation
  • Search and Rescue
  • Assessment
  • Emergency Relief
  • Logistics and Supply
  • Communication and information Management
  • Survivor Response and coping
  • Security
  • EOC coordination
  • Expedite rehabilitation and reconstruction.

16
Floods and Water Hazards
  • Elements at Risk
  • Everything in the flood plain.
  • Earthen or soluble structures
  • Buried services and utilities
  • Food stores
  • Crops and livestock
  • Main Mitigation Strategies.
  • Land use control
  • Engineering of strictures
  • Elevation of structures
  • Flood control structures
  • Reforestation projects (watershed management)

17
Strong Winds
  • Main Mitigation Strategies.
  • Structural engineering measures.
  • Planting of windbreaks.
  • Elements at Risk
  • Lightweight structures.
  • Elevated utilities (Power and communication
    lines)
  • Fishing boats and other maritime industries.
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