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- Abnormal Psychology - - Eating Disorders -


- Abnormal Psychology - - Eating Disorders - - Thomas Fast-Sittler - - HSP - 3MI Before we begin Key terms Binge eating: To eat uncontrollably a (seemingly) large ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: - Abnormal Psychology - - Eating Disorders -

- Abnormal Psychology -- Eating Disorders -
  • - Thomas Fast-Sittler - -
  • HSP - 3MI

Before we begin
  • Key terms
  • Binge eating To eat uncontrollably a (seemingly)
    large amount of food
  • Purge To remove recently eaten food, either
    through vomiting or laxatives
  • To cleanse or remove
  • Nervosa

  • According to a 2002 survey, 1.5 of Canadian
    women aged 15 24 years had an eating disorder
  • FemaleMale 81
  • Children learn (unhealthy) mainstream attitudes
    towards food and weight at a very young age. In a
    study of five-year-old girls, a significant
    proportion of girls associated a diet with food
    restriction, weight-loss and thinness.
  • Thirty-seven percent of girls in grade nine and
    40 in grade ten perceived themselves as too fat.
    Even among students of normal-weight (based on
    BMI), 19 believed that they were too fat, and
    12 of students reported attempting to lose

  • General Eating Disorder A problem with food in
    some way
  • Anorexia Nervosa (Anorexia, or AN)
  • an eating disorder where a person does not have a
    healthy body weight because they are scared of
    becoming overweight.
  • They will refuse to eat enough and always see
    themselves as fat
  • Bulimia Nervosa (BN)
  • out of control eating, followed by a desire to
    get rid of the calories eaten, and will purge or
    use laxatives to remove it.
  • Eating Disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS)

Other eating disorders
  • Purging Disorder Frequent purging (no binging)
  • Binge eating disorder Frequent binging
    escapades (no purging)
  • Diabulimia Manipulation of Insulin to control
  • Rumination Syndrome involves regurgitation of
    food and re-eating or discarding it

  • General Eating Disorder
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Environment
  • Society
  • Fashions and expectations for looks
  • Low self-Esteem
  • Feel bad about yourself
  • Feel guilty about eating
  • Eating Disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS)

What causes Anorexia?
  • Usually caused by a diet or starvation too
    little food.
  • Genetic predisposition is thought to run in
  • Dysfunctional Family
  • Traumatic Experiences, such as rape
  • People with Anorexia are often overachievers and
    focus on pleasing people, and view themselves
    more harshly.
  • Control

Brad I felt very empowered by being able to do
it. I felt like my personal hero for being able
to control my body in that way and deny myself
food and the enjoyment of eating.
Development of Bulimia Nervosa
  • Culture what society thinks is beautiful
  • Hereditary genetic predisposition
  • Stress from life and can trigger it
  • Personality low self-worth
  • Changes in hormones

Marya The first time I ever threw up, I had been
hating my body, hating my body and hating my
body-for years... I stopped watching TV, put down
my bag of Fritos and just sort of, in this
drugged stupor, walked downstairs and pulled back
my braids and threw up.
Psychologists theories
  • Freud considered eating disorders to be some form
    of oral fixation, but didnt elaborate on it very
  • Maslow thought that eating disorders occurred in
    people who had low self-esteem (level 4)

  • Anorexia
  • Anorexia can cause menstruation to stop, it often
    leads to bone loss, and loss of skin health. The
    disorder stresses the heart and increases the
    risk of death
  • This is caused by malnutrition
  • AN has the highest mortality rate of any
    psychiatric illness it is estimated that 10 of
    individuals with AN will die within 10 years of
    the onset of the disorder.

AN symptoms continued .
  • Russells signs from purging

Heart rate problems Slow heart rate (bradicardia)
  • Bulimia Nervosa
  • Out of control eating
  • Purging follows
  • People are afraid they will gain weight and this
    leads to
  • Holding off on food
  • Then the need to gorge because of the great
  • Now all the calories taken in lead to the need to
    get rid of them by purging.
  • Eating becomes very irregular and it feels out of
    control for the person

Bulimia Symptoms
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fatigue
  • Energy Loss
  • Loss of menstrual cycle in women
  • Plus health problems like
  • Teeth decay and gum disease, voice damage, face
  • Dehydration, muscle loss, brittle skin, hair
    loss, ? BP, anemia - malnutrition
  • Old
  • Bulimia also causes great health problems, which
    include dehydration, hyponatremia, laxative

  • Treatment involves
  • A person has to want to do it
  • Getting the anorexic to a healthy weight through
    proper eating that meets dietary needs
  • Treating the psychological issues related to
  • Getting rid of the behaviors that could cause the
    person to become anorexic again.
  • A stay in a hospital can take upwards of a month
    for full treatment

  • Treatments for bulimia involve
  • Counseling and support
  • Anti-depressant and anti-psychotic drugs
  • Usually must be in rehab for at least a month
  • This could be expensive in the U.S.

Virginia Part of the journey of getting better
for the child or the spouse, or whomever has the
eating disorder... that person is going to have
to find herself or himself. And that's the
journey to recovery.
  • It is important to support people who might have
    a tendency to develop an eating disorder.
  • People who are at risk of developing eating
    disorders need encouragement and positive
    reinforcement from family and friends
  • If there is less pressure to look a certain way,
    then I believe that people would feel less
    pressured to look a certain way

  • Both bulimia and anorexia are the misuse of food
    to resolve emotional problems.
  • Bulimia Nervosa, just like Anorexia Nervosa,
    takes peoples lives. We need to be very
    observing of our family members and our friends,
    especially because these conditions are easy to
    hide and patients never admit to anything.

  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eating_disorder
  • http//www.eatingdisordershelpguide.com/types.html
  • http//www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/nedaDir/fil
  • This is something I havent used yet,
  • http//www.pbs.org/perfectillusions/index.html -
    personal stories
  • http//www.state.sc.us/dmh/anorexia/statistics.htm
    - US stats
  • http//www.umm.edu/patiented/articles/how_serious_
    anorexia_nervosa_000049_5.htm - QRS
  • http//findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0887/is_8_1
    9/ai_64714672/ - study
  • http//www.nedic.ca/knowthefacts/statistics.shtml
    - Canadian stats and thoughts
  • http//www.medscape.com/viewarticle/711212
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anorexia_nervosa
    -self explanatory
  • http//helpguide.org/mental/anorexia_signs_symptom
  • http//jubave.com/2007/08/15/what-is-bulimia/
  • http//www.indianwomenshealth.com/Eating-Disorders
  • http//www.zimbio.com/pictures/Jvx1LwENJop/2009Mi
  •  http//www.umm.edu/patiented/articles/what_cause
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