Culture and Psychology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

About This Presentation
Title:

Culture and Psychology

Description:

Culture and Psychology of Arab-Muslim Societies Spring Protests Tunisia 2010 - 2011 Egypt 1970s - 2011 1970s: liberal-leftist opposition crushed; gov t supports ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:162
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 75
Provided by: peopleKzo
Learn more at: http://people.kzoo.edu
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Culture and Psychology


1
Culture and Psychology
of Arab-Muslim Societies
2
Course Topics
  • Introduction to Middle East North Africa
    culture area
  • Social structure, family organization code of
    honor and modesty
  • Islam and Islamism
  • Modernization, underdevelopment identity
  • Gender, children, development
  • Arab Spring protests revolutions

3
Readings
  • Naguib Mahfouz Palace Walk
  • The Middle East A Cultural Psychology
  • Henry Munson Islam and Revolution in the Middle
    East
  • Ryszard Kapucinski Shah of Shahs
  • Excerpts from books articles
  • ( many on electronic reserve )

4
Assignments
  • Key concept papers (3-4 pgs.) on each section
    of the course
  • Participation in class discussions
  • Research Paper
  • paper
  • teach-in

5
Culture Area Concept
  • Political organization (tribes)
  • Language
  • Subsistance economy
  • Kinship, family organization, marriage
  • Ritual religion

6
Early Culture-Area map(Wissler)
7
Native AmericanCulture Areas
8
Middle East as a Culture Area?
  • Middle East ?
  • Arab ?
  • Muslim ?
  • Arab Muslim ?
  • Mediterranean ?

9
Middle East
10
Arab EthnicityArabian Penn.
present-daySyriaIraqJordanPalestine
11
Islam
12
(No Transcript)
13
M.E.N.A.Middle East North Africa
  • Border areas
  • Turkey?
  • Iran?
  • Sudan?
  • Pakistan?
  • Afghanistan?

14
A Mediterranean culture area?
15
Mediterranean Basin
16
Mediterranean Basin
17
Germain Tillion Republic of Cousins
  • Circum-Mediterranean formed culture area
  • Industrial revolution transformed Europe
  • Enabled Europe to colonize MENA
  • MENA underdevelops
  • Nationalist response defends traditions against
    colonizers
  • Patriarchy religion embraced (by some) as core
    of cultural authenticity

18
Westerners Study the Orient
  • Knowledge created to
  • Colonize and administer
  • Imagine primitive contrast to civilization
  • Imagine freedom sensuality repressed by
    civilization

1978
19
Mini-Stereotypes(Katherine Tidrick)
  • Primitive Savage Brutal Tyrant
  • Noble Savage -- Bedouin
  • Exotic-Erotic Woman of the Harem
  • Patriarchal misogynist
  • Terrorist

20
1920s 1960s Exotic / Romantic
Rudolph Valentino The Sheikh
21
1920s 1960s Exotic / Romantic
22
The Real Lawrence
23
1970s - now Tyrants Terrorists
24
American Movie Arabs
25
Planet of the Arabshttp//www.youtube.com/watch?v
Mi1ZNEjEarw
26
Misunderstandings
  1. Despotism strife stem from a tribal mentality
    equipped with modern weapons
  2. The honor code monopolizes the Middle Eastern
    psyche and subverts modernization
  3. Islamic fatalism breeds passivity and stalls
    development
  4. The momentum of tradition resists modernization
  5. Terrorism springs from a vein of fanaticism in
    Arab culture and psyche

27
How to begin?Naguib Mahfouz, Palace Walk
28
Café Riche,Cairo 2003Mahfouz literati of
Egypt
29
History of modern Egypt
  • 16th 18th centuries Ottoman (Turkish) rule
  • 1798 Napoleon invades
  • 1882 British invade
  • 1910s Nationalist Movement
  • 1919 Egyptian revolt
  • 1922 limited Independence
  • 1952 Army Coup Nasser -- independence

30
Napoleon Invades Egypt 1798
31
Battle of the Pyramids
32
Napoleon liberatesEgypt from Ottoman Empire
33
Battle of Nile 1798British Adm. Nelson
defeats Napoleon
34
1882 British attack AlexandriaInvade Egypt
establish colony
35
After bombardment anti-European riots
36
Alexandria after attack 1882
37
Alexandria after attack British at Pyramids
38
World War I
  • Allies promise Arabs independence in exchange for
    cooperation against Germany
  • Britain and France secretly agreed to divide
    Middle East as colonies after WWI (Sykes-Picot
    pact)
  • Britain increased military in Egypt, forced
    Egyptians to sell cotton fodder below market
    price, conscripted 500,000 Egyptians

39
World War I
  • 1917 Bolshevik Revolution Sykes-Picot pact
    revealed
  • Occupation economic hardships Sykes-Picot
    betrayal fueled nationalist movement
  • Saad Zaghlul emerged as leader
  • Delegation wafd to negotiate independence at
    Paris Peace Conference, but exiled

40
1919 Saad Zaghlul Wafd
41
1919 Egyptian Revolution
42
Egyptian Independence
  • 1922 Britain granted Egypt independence
  • Created parliament monarchy on British model
  • Kept rights to military occupation that allowed
    control of Egyptian politics until 1952 coup by
    Gamal Nasser and Free Officers

43
1952 Free Officers Coup
Gamal Nasser
44
Nasser Era
  • Arab Nationalism
  • Unite M.E. as Arab nation inclusive of all
    religions
  • Many leaders were Arab Christians
  • Democracy and moderate socialism
  • Leader of newly-independent Third World
    non-aligned nations
  • Neutral in Cold War between U.S. and U.S.S.R.

45
Nasser Era cont
  • Social progress
  • Land reform
  • Education
  • Health care
  • Guaranteed jobs
  • Economic growth
  • Initial popular enthusiasm
  • Cult of personality ? dictatorship

46
1967
  • Crushing defeat by Israel showed failure of
    Nasser and of Arab nationalism
  • Period of self-criticism by intellectuals and
    artists
  • Youth begins turning to Islam
  • Mosques begin filling
  • Young women put on headscarves and veils
  • Govt supports Islamists to undermine leftists

47
Naguib Mahfouz
  • 1912 born in old quarter of Cairo
  • 1919 watched demonstrations protesters killed
    by British troops in Egyptian Revolution
  • 1934 University of Cairo
  • Worked on M.A. in philosophy
  • Began writing
  • 1939-1954 Ministry of Islamic Affairs bureaucrat
  • 1954-1969 govt foundation for cinema

48
Naguib Mahfouz
  • 1952 Completed Cairo Trilogy
  • A few months before Nassers coup
  • Written as 1500 page book then divided into 3
  • 1952 1959 stopped writing
  • 1960s wrote poetry, screenplays, novels
  • allegories critical of Islamism corrupt secular
    rulers
  • 1988 Nobel Prize
  • 1994 stabbed by Islamists, partly paralyzed
  • 2006 died

49
Cairo Nile River
50
Midan Tahrir
51
Cairo midan Tahrir
52
Cairo downtown
53
Downtown Cairo
54
Cairo neighborhood downtown
55
popular Cairo neighborhoods
56
villas in Cairo suburbs
57
Cairoold city
58
Cairo Khan al-khalili Naguib Mahfouz cafe
59
Rabat medina
60
Rabatmedina
61
Rabat medina
62
Rabat medina
63
Cairo al-Azhar mosque
64
(No Transcript)
65
Alaa al Aswany
66
Spring Protests
67
Tunisia 2010 - 2011
68
Egypt 1970s - 2011
  • 1970s liberal-leftist opposition crushed
    govt supports Islamists
  • 1981 Sadat assassinated by Islamists
  • 1990s Islamist attacks
  • 2000s increasing piety
  • decreasing Islamism

69
2004 Kifaya enough movement
70
January Midan TahrirFreedom Square
71
(No Transcript)
72
Mubarek President to prisoner
73
Warning ! ! !
  • The course focuses too much on traditional
    social organization culture.
  • Modernization is accelerating its mixed
    consequences are not known.

74
Wednesday
  • The Middle East
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1 Misunderstandings
  • Palace Walk Chapters 1 4
  • Bring discussion notes !!!
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com