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SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION

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SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION A way of understanding human behavior. Human behavior as the product of social forces. The Sociological Imagination MACRO-ENVIRONMENT ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION


1
SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION
  • A way of understanding human behavior.
  • Human behavior as the product of social forces.

2
The Sociological Imagination
3
MACRO-ENVIRONMENT
  • PHYSICAL - All the flora, fauna, geography, and
    climate of the area.
  • SOCIAL - All the people and their patterns of
    interaction of the area.
  • The macro-environment has a direct influence on
    the culture people create.

4
The Sociological Imagination
5
CULTURE - All of the material and non-material
products people produce in response to their
environment.
  • MATERIAL - The concrete things that people make
    in response to their environment.
  • Concrete objects, such as cars, clothes, and
    houses.
  • NON-MATERIAL- The abstract constructs people
    produce in response to their environment.
  • Abstract products, such as norms, values, and
    language.

6
The Sociological Imagination
7
SOCIETY - A group of people who share culture and
live within a geographic boundary.
  • People in society share most of the products of
    culture.
  • What distinguishes one society from another is
    not culture, language, or ethnicity, but rather
    the SOCIAL STRUCTURE of the society.

8
The Sociological Imagination
9
SOCIAL STRUCTURE - The pattern of relationships
between the basic components of a society.
  • All societies have the same basic components.
  • Each society has a unique pattern of
    relationships between the basic components.

10
SOCIAL STRUCTURE
  • INSTITUTIONS - A cluster of norms and values that
    develop around some basic
  • human need.
  • GROUP - Two or more people who interact on the
    basis of shared expectations about each others
    behavior, and have a SENSE OF BELONGING.
  • PRIMARY
  • SECONDARY -
  • STATUS - A socially defined position that a
    person occupies.
  • ACHIEVED -
  • ASCRIBED
  • ROLE - The expected behavior from someone who
    occupies a specific status position.
  • IMPLICIT -
  • EXPLICIT -

11
The Sociological Imagination
12
The Sociological Imagination
13
The Sociological Imagination
14
The Sociological Imagination
15
MICRO - ENVIRONMENT - All of the immediate
physical and social surroundings of the
individual.
  • Physical - The concrete objects of the immediate
    surroundings.
  • Social - The people and group culture (norms and
    values) of the small group.

16
The Sociological Imagination
17
GROUP CULTURE - The material and non-material
products produces by the group, in response to
the micro-environment.
  • Group culture includes the norms and values of
    the specific group to which the individual
    belongs.

18
The Sociological Imagination
19
INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR
  • All human behavior is the product of social
    forces.
  • Human capacity may be biological or
    physiological, but human ability is the product
    of social forces that influence the individual.
  • In turn, the individuals behavior has a minor
    influence on the macro-environment, and a more
    significant influence of the micro-environment to
    which the person belongs.

20
The Sociological Imagination
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