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West African Culture Powerpoint presentation created

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West African Culture Powerpoint presentation created by: Sally Horowitz Library Media Specialist Northside Elementary Midway, KY * * Why study West Africa? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: West African Culture Powerpoint presentation created


1
West African Culture
Powerpoint presentation created by Sally
Horowitz Library Media Specialist Northside
Elementary Midway, KY
2
Why study West Africa?
  • In exchange for guns and other European goods,
    West Africans sold slaves, usually either
    captured in war or accepted as tribute from
    conquered peoples.
  • The slave trade displaced millions of Africans
    from their native lands. Uprooted from their
    societies, the Africans brought with them their
    family values, beliefs, traditions, and religious
    practices.

3
Where is West Africa?
  • West Africa is the region of western Africa that
    includes the countries of Benin, Burkina Faso,
    Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana,
    Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger,
    Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo.
  • It is on what is known as the Bulge of Africa.

4
Regional Overview
(Click for movie)
5
African People and Culture
  • There are many different people and tribes in
    western Africa - with their culture varying from
    tribe to tribe. We are going to learn about one
    group the Ashanti people.

6
Who are the Ashanti people?
  • The Ashanti live in central Ghana in western
    Africa. They are the largest tribe in Ghana.
  • In each village, the Chief and Elders maintain
    traditional customs and ceremonies and deal with
    disputes.
  • The Ashanti religion is a mixture of spiritual
    and supernatural powers. They believe that
    plants, animals, and trees have souls. Does that
    remind you of any other culture?
  • The Ashanti are known for their gold and metal
    crafts, woodcarving, and brightly colored woven
    cloth called kente.

7
  • The Ashanti are known for their intricate kente
    cloth

8
  • Ashanti

9
An Ashanti ceremony
10
Ashanti people
11
African Drums
  • Drums are used for sending messages to the people
    in town, for ceremonies such as weddings or
    naming ceremonies, and even for healing sick
    people.
  • There are many different kinds of drums. Here
    is an example of some drums from Ghana

http//www.aviarts.com/demos/flash/abadjarhythm/in
dex.html
12
Why do people tell stories?
  • Every human culture in the world has created
    stories as a way of making sense of the world.
  • Sharing the human experience - to express or
    communicate emotion, feelings, ideas, and
    information.
  • Passing on tradition and culture - (e.g.,
    storytelling, folktales, myths and legends)
  • Recreational drama for entertainment

13
What are some popular forms of telling stories in
our culture today?
  • Books
  • Movies
  • Television shows
  • Plays
  • Broadway musicals
  • YouTube videos
  • Magazines

14
West African Storytelling
  • Africans love a good story and a good
    storyteller. They are primarily an oral people
    (their stories are not written down, but told
    verbally), and are often created to be performed
    with music and dance.
  • Histories and stories of a people that come to us
    in a spoken and sung form are part of what is
    called an oral tradition. Oral tradition means
    that the stories are told rather than written
    down.
  • Because people hold the oral tradition in their
    memory, sometimes the story changes with the
    telling. Have you ever played telephone?

15
African Storytelling
(Click for movie)
16
Who is Ananse?
  • Ananse (also spelled Anansi) is one of the most
    popular characters in West African storytelling.
  • He is a trickster. Trickster tales use animal
    characters with human features to help us
    understand human nature.

17
Bibliography
  • Background downloaded from Backgrounds
    Etc. http//www.geocities.com/Heartland/Ranch/4842
    /africa.html
  • An introduction by Professor Cora Agatucci to the
    nature of storytelling in Africa
    http//web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/afrst
    ory.htm
  • Map and article on West Africa from Wikipedia
    free encyclopedia http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wes
    t_Africa
  • African and African-American Folktales. United
    Learning (1993). Retrieved February 26, 2007,
    from Unitedstreaming http//www.unitedstreaming.c
    om
  • Anansi image http//www.anansi.org/webwalker/intr
    o.html
  • Regional overview of West Africa World
    Geography Africa. Discovery Channel School
    (2004). Retrieved February 26, 2007, from
    Unitedstreaming http//www.unitedstreaming.com
  • Information about the Ashanti people
  • http//www.ashanti.com.au/
  • http//www.africaguide.com/culture/tribes/ashanti
    .htm
  • http//www.pbs.org/wonders/Episodes/Epi3/3_wondr1
    .htm
  • http//www.si.umich.edu/CHICO/UMS/Drummers/oraltr
    adition.html
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