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Learning & The Brain Notes from 2/10 Conference Lynn Fishman

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Learning & The Brain Notes from 2/10 Conference Lynn Fishman Hellerstein, O.D., FCOVD, FAAO Dr.H_at_LynnHellerstein.com 303-850-9499 Neuroplasticity Research Our brain ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Learning & The Brain Notes from 2/10 Conference Lynn Fishman


1
Learning The Brain Notes from 2/10 Conference
  • Lynn Fishman Hellerstein, O.D.,
  • FCOVD, FAAO
  • Dr.H_at_LynnHellerstein.com
  • 303-850-9499

2
Neuroplasticity Research
  • Our brain is a dynamic system that has the
    capability of significant growth.
  • Rudraprosad Chakraborty, M.D.
  • J Indian Med Assoc 2007105(9)

3
Neuroplasticity Research
  • Neuroplasticity research has established,
    beyond doubt, that instead of being a static cell
    mass, our brain is actually a dynamic system of
    neural networks that has the capability of
    significant growth under favorable circumstances.
  • Rudraprosad Chakraborty, M.D.
  • J Indian Med Assoc 2007105(9)

4
Neuroplasticity Research
  • Research shows that adults do, in fact, exhibit
    neuroplasticity. You can use this innate ability
    to treat a variety of visual system disorders.
  • Dominick M. Maino, O.D., M.Ed.
  • Review Optometry (1/09)

5
Neuroplasticity Visual System Disorders
  • Neuroplasticity as a Proposed Mechanism for the
    Efficacy of Optometric Vision Therapy and
    Rehabilitation
  • Huang JC. J Behav Optom 20092096-100
  • 70 all sensory input fibers to brain is
    related to vision and visual processing,
    optometrists can play a major role in the
    rehabilitation of visually-related deficits

6
Research - Stress
  • Relaxation response
  • physical and emotional responses
  • to stress can be changed
  • State of deep rest that decreases metabolism,
    slows the heart beat, relaxes the muscles, slows
    breathing, reduced BP, increases nitric oxide

7
Research Stress
  • If practiced-lasting effects
  • Herbert Bensons Harvard Relaxation Response
  • http//www.mbmi.org/basics/whatis.asp

8
Research Emotions, Mind Body - Candace Pert PhD
  • Emotions are both energy and matter and are the
    communication bridge between the mind and body.
  • Suggests the body is the subconscious
  • Emotions and thoughts effect our body, but are
    not permanently hard- wired

9
The 2nd Brain
  • Dr. Michael Gerson
  • Chair Anatomy Physiology Columbia Medical
    Center
  • 100M Neurons in the gut
  • Esophagus-Anus
  • Gut does much more than digests
  • Impacts emotions moods

10
Research - Visualization
  • Same parts of the brain light up on MRI when
    person looks at an actual object,
  • or if they imagine the same object
  • in their mind
  • Basketball Study
  • Evolve Your Brain The Science of Changing Your
    Mind by
  • Dr. Joe Dispenza 2007
  • What the Bleep
  • http//www.drjoedispenza.com

11
Research - Visualization
  • We can release our emotions and thoughts and
    rewire our neuro-networks
  • This is how visualization can affect
    physical/brain changes

12
Is Vision Therapy Just for Kids?
  • Dr. Susan Barry

13
12 Brain Rules John Medina Ph.D.
The brain is an amazing thing. Most of us have no
idea whats really going on inside our heads. Yet
brain scientists have uncovered details every
business leader, parent, and teacher should know.
Dr. John Medina- Developmental Molecular
Biologist
14
12 Brain Rules
  • Exercise boosts brain power
  • Human brain evolved too
  • Every brain is wired differently
  • We dont pay attention to boring things
  • Repeat to remember
  • Remember to repeat

15
12 Brain Rules
  • Sleep well, think well
  • Stressed brains dont learn the same way
  • Stimulate more of the senses
  • VISION trumps all other senses
  • WE SEE WITH OUR BRAINS
  • Male and female brains are different
  • We are powerful natural explorers

16
Brain Research
  • Create an education environment opposed to what
    the brain is good at
  • Classroom
  • Create a business environment opposed to what the
    brain is good at doing
  • Cubicle
  • Want to change things?
  • Start over!

17
Intelligence Is Biology Richard Haier, PhD
  • Brain structure and metabolic efficiency may
    underlie individual differences in intelligence
  • Imaging research is pinpointing which regions are
    key players

18
Intelligence Is Biology Richard Haier, PhD
  • Smart brains work in different way Women and
    men with same IQ show different underlying brain
    architectures
  • Individuals pattern of gray and white matter
    might underlie his specific cognitive strengths
    weaknesses

19
Intelligence Is Biology Richard Haier, PhD
  • What about new drugs tools for cognitive
    enhancement?
  • Scans instead of SAT?

20
Heredity, Environment, Race Differences in IQ
21
Heredity, Environment, Race Differences in IQ
  • Black white IQ gap is NOT hereditary
  • Adoption and intervention programs produce
    substantial lasting effects on black IQ
  • At-risk kids- need intervention

22
Mindset Robert Brooks
23
Mindset Robert Brooks
  • Assumptions Expectations we have about self and
    others guide our behavior
  • Strategies are worthless unless you believe in
    them yourself

24
Mindset Robert Brooks
  • With kids with learning problems, need to change
    their mindsets
  • Motivating environment
  • People being cooperative
  • Willing to learn from each other
  • Willing to take risks because they feel safe
    secure
  • All parties feel a sense of ownership

25
Cultivating Emotional Intelligence
26
Charlotte Reznick, Ph.D
27
Cultivating Emotional Intelligence
  • Emotions guide cognitive learning
  • Helps kids to build a set of academic
    intuitions about how, when, and why to use
    their new knowledge

28
Cultivating Emotional Intelligence
  • 11 increase in standardized testing with Social
    Emotional Learning
  • Bathing suit study
  • Relaxation

29
How Your Child Learns Best
30
How Your Child Learns Best
  • What is the biggest fear of students?
  • Not being liked by the teacher
  • Bad grades
  • Making a mistake in front of the class

31
How Your Child Learns Best
  • What is the biggest fear of students?
  • Making a mistake in front of the class

32
How Your Child Learns Best
  • Everything we learn comes to the brain through
    our senses
  • Brain cant process billions of bits of info
    every sec.
  • Equipped with filters to protect from overload
    focus on the data most critical for survival.

33
How Your Child Learns Best
  • Helping your child turn information into
    KNOWLEDGE
  • RAD Learning
  • RAS Amygdala Dopamine

34
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35
How Your Child Learns Best
  • RAS Reticular activating system
  • Located at brain stem (lower back of brain)
  • Receives input from nerves from arms, legs,
    trunk, neck, face, internal organs
  • Sets the state of arousal alerts brain to change
    gets it primed

36
How Your Child Learns Best
  • Selects for intake the sensory input (info) it
    values for survival or pleasure
  • RAS responsive to novelty, surprise, color,
    curious events
  • Lectures, drills worksheets are NOT novel or
    engaging- dont power info thru RAS brain filter

37
How Your Child Learns Best
  • Amygdala next filter
  • Sensory data passes through brains emotional
    core, limbic system (amygdala hippocampus)
  • Emotional significance is linked to info
  • Kennedy

38
How Your Child Learns Best
  • When stress is high, amygdala diverts info to the
    reflex automatic system, non-thinking reactions
    (flight/fight)
  • When amygdala is in a safe state and emotions are
    positive, info is passed on to the memory-making
    and thinking networks in the brain

39
How Your Child Learns Best
  • Stress, boredom, frustration or confusion block
    the flow of info through amygdala to the thinking
    brain
  • When learning is associated with pleasure, the
    amygdala stamps that info with increased memory
    impact

40
How Your Child Learns Best
  • Dopamine Neurotransmitter
  • Carry info across synapses
  • Released when experience is pleasurable

41
How Your Child Learns Best
  • Dopamine Neurotransmitter
  • Elicited through humor, friends, achievement
  • Increases focus, attention and executive function
    in the frontal lobes

42
How Your Child Learns Best
  • You need brain-friendly strategies to empower
    your child to respond to the most useful sensory
    input from the environment and turn that data
    into retained knowledge

43
Dr. Judith Willis
I guide students in activities that help them
focus and achieve positive moods to prime
themselves for learning. We practice techniques
to increase mindfulness.
44
Dr. Judith Willis
For example, students learn to do
visualizations, deliberately recalling in
detail a place where they felt happy, calm, and
safe.
45
Dr. Judith Willis
The more learners practice visualizing their
particular calming place, the stronger the
neural network holding that memory becomes
46
Dr. Judith Willis
Eventually, the students can easily return to
that memory whenever they feel stressed.
47
Dr. Judith Willis
Returning to that safe place enables learners to
let new information that someone is presenting
flow into their thinking brain rather than
being filtered out.
48
Neuroplasticity
  • When the action is repeated, the more dendrites
    sprout to connect new memories to old ones,
    stronger the connections become, the more
    efficient the brain becomes at retrieving that
    memory or action

49
How Your Child Learns Best
  • This teaches students how they can change their
    intelligence by teaching them about their brains
  • I study because
  • I CAN CHANGE MY BRAIN

50
How Your Child Learns Best
  • http//www.ascd.org/ASCD/pdf/journals/ed_lead/el
    200912_willis.pdf
  • http//www.ascd.org/publications/educational_lead
    ership/dec09/vol67/num04/How_to_Teach_Students_Abo
    ut_the_Brain.aspx

51
Practice Makes
  • PERMANENCE

52
Neuroplasticity
  • Neurons that fire together,
  • Wire together

53
Learning Promotes
Learning!
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