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Mixed Emotions on: Basic Emotions, Relations Among Emotions

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Mixed Emotions on: Basic Emotions, Relations Among Emotions, and Emotion-Cognition Relations by Carroll E. Izard A Lead Discussion by Lauren Lloyd – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mixed Emotions on: Basic Emotions, Relations Among Emotions


1
Mixed Emotions onBasic Emotions, Relations
Among Emotions, and Emotion-Cognition Relations
by Carroll E. Izard
  • A Lead Discussion by
  • Lauren Lloyd
  • Cristal Elwood

2
Emotions a la Evolutionary Biopsychological
Perspectives
  • Emotions are called basic because of
  • Their hypothesized role in evolution
  • Their biological and social functions
  • Their primacy in human development
  • Emotions are the basis for coping strategies and
    adaptation.

3
Differential Emotions Theory (DET)
  • An Evolutionary Biosocial Theory
  • Emotion is a motivational condition, a direct and
    immediate product of specific neural
    associations.
  • Emotions exist separate from cognition.
  • I do not think, therefore I feel.

4
DET Criteria for Basic Emotions
  • Assumed to have neural substrates.
  • Unique and universally recognized facial
    expressions for each emotion.
  • A unique feeling state for each emotion.

5
Emotion Experience
  • DET defines emotional experience as feeling.
  • DET holds that feeling states must be studied by
    multiple methods, not just self-report.
  • Psychophysiological indexes
  • Data from microanalytic coding of facial behavior
  • Behavioral ratings of coping actions.

6
Ortony Turner (1990)Emotion from Another
Perspective
  • Cognitive Theory emotions are cognition
    dependent.
  • Activating appraisals
  • Subsequent desires
  • Intentions
  • I think, therefore I can feel.
  • Subject to cultural influences.
  • Researchers cannot find basic emotions because
    we do not have, and probably cannot have, a
    satisfactory criterion of basicness. (?)

7
Izard vs. Ortony Turner
  • Emotions as a separate system vs. cognition
    induced.
  • Few basic emotions vs. Overinclusiveness of
    emotions.
  • Experiencing multiple emotions at one time vs.
    just naming a new emotion. (color mixing)
  • Facial Expressions
  • Both agree that primates also have facial
    expressions.
  • They disagree on how many specific different
    facial expressions there are, based on their
    differing views on defining of emotions.

8
Things that made us go Hmmmmmmmm..
  • I feel sad, but do I know why?
  • Conscious vs. unconscious cognition.
  • Children only dislike food when they think its
    been contaminated?
  • Can we experience emotions without the underlying
    concept of why the emotion would be adaptive?
  • Which came first the chicken or the egg?
  • Anger or distress?
  • Happy or excited?
  • Lonely or sad?

9
Other things that made us goHmmmmmm
  • Cognitive independent or not?
  • Affective-cognitive structuring transform a
    joy-image bond to Love ?
  • How does one feel uncanny when one has never
    been canned in the first place?
  • Pairing of emotions vs. new emotion altogether.

10
The EndWe hope you feel happy, and
understand why.
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