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North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

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North Atlantic Treaty Organisation Introduction to NATO Introduction to NATO NATO Public Diplomacy Division NATO today? NATO today? NATO - Overview What is NATO? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation


1
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
Introduction to NATO
  • Introduction to NATO

NATO Public Diplomacy Division
2
NATO today?
3
NATO today?
  • political or military?
  • political or military?

COLLECTIVE
  • defensive or pre-emptive action?
  • defensive or pre-emptive action?

DEFENCE
  • North Atlantic, Euro-Atlantic or global?
  • north atlantic, euro-atlantic or global?

4
NATO - Overview
? What does NATO do?
? How does NATO work?
5
?What is NATO?

1.
A political military organisation
2.
Member countries
3.
Sharing common values
4.
The principle of collective defence
5.
A broad definition of security
6.
Maintaining the transatlantic link
OVERVIEW?
6
A political military organisation
OVERVIEW?
WHAT IS NATO??
7
A political military organisation
  • A military organisation

OVERVIEW?
WHAT IS NATO??
8
Member countries
WHAT IS NATO??
OVERVIEW?
9
Sharing common values
democracy
peace and stability
solidarity
well-being
OVERVIEW?
WHAT IS NATO??
10
The principle of collective defence
An armed attack against one or more members is
considered as an attack against all The right
to self-defence Article 51 UN Charter
  • Article 5 - Washington Treaty

No geographic limitation foreign ministers
at Reykjavik, May 2002
  • Operate when where necessary to fight
  • terrorism

OVERVIEW?
WHAT IS NATO??
11
A broad definition of security
  • Political
  • Economic
  • Social
  • Environmental
  • Military

The Alliances Strategic Concept (1999)
OVERVIEW?
WHAT IS NATO??
12
The transatlantic link
  • Linking North America and Europe
  • A unique security partnership
  • forum for strategic security discussions

OVERVIEW?
WHAT IS NATO??
13
?What does NATO do?


1.
Protects people
2.
Welcomes new members
1.
3.
Forges partnerships
4.
Builds peace and stability
Combats new threats
5.
OVERVIEW?
14
Protecting people
  • Stimulates consultation
  • Promotes dialogue and cooperation
  • Prevents conflicts through diplomacy
  • Helps to rebuild post-conflict areas

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
15

Welcoming new members
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
16
Membership Action Plan
  • Programme to help aspiring partner countries meet

NATO STANDARDS PREPARE FOR POSSIBLE FUTURE
MEMBERSHIP

Turkey recognises the Republic of Macedonia
with its constitutional name
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
NEW MEMBERS?
17
Forging partnerships
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
18
Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
19
Partnership for Peace
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
20
Partnership for Peace
  • Planning Review Process

  • Individual Partnership Programmes

  • Individual Partnership Action Plans
  • Partnership Action Plan Against Terrorism
  • Partnership for Peace Trust Funds

  • Partnership Action Plan on Defence Institution
    Building

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
21
NATO-Russia relations
  • NATO-Russia Council (2002)

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
22
NATO-Ukraine relations
  • NATO-Ukraine Commission (1997)

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
23
Mediterranean Dialogue
  • Initiated 1994 - currently seven participants
  • The Mediterranean Cooperation Group
  • Annual work programmes

Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Morocco,
Mauritania, Tunisia
PARTNERSHIPS?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
24
Istanbul Cooperation Initiative
  • Initiated 2004 - currently four participants
  • The Istanbul Cooperation Initiative Group
  • Annual work programmes

Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirats
PARTNERSHIPS?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
25
Other international organisations
  • United Nations
  • Organization for Security and Cooperation in
    Europe
  • Council of Europe
  • Non-governmental organisations
  • European Union

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
26
Building peace and stability
  • Crisis management operations and missions

Afghanistan
Kosovo
Iraq
Darfur (Sudan)
previous Balkan operations
Refugee crises
forest fires
floods
earthquakes, etc.
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
27
Crisis management operations
  • ARTICLE 5

Assistance to United States - 2001
Turkey recognises the Republic of Macedonia
with its constitutional name
PEACE STABILITY?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
28
Civil Emergency Planning
  • Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Capability
  • Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Capability


  • Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response
  • Coordination Center NATO HQ
  • Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response
  • Coordination Center NATO HQ

2. Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Unit A
deployable unit
2. Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Unit A
deployable unit
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PEACE STABILITY?
29
Combating new threats
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
30
Developing military capabilities
  • Prague Capabilities Commitment (2002)
  • Defence Capabilities Initiative (1999)
  • NATO Response Force (NRF)
  • Reforming the military command structure
  • Reform of the defence planning process
  • Allied Ground Surveillance planning process
  • Missile defence

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
NEW THREATS?
31
Fighting terrorism
  • International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)
  • Operation Active Endeavour
  • Military concept for defence against terrorism
  • Partnership Action Plan against terrorism
  • Terrorist Threat Intelligence Unit
  • Operation Eagle Assist (2001-2002)
  • AWACS surveillance missions

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
NEW THREATS?
32
Weapons of mass destruction
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
OVERVIEW?
NEW THREATS?
33
?How does NATO work?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
8. 9.
  • z

Consensus decision-making
1.
Civil and military structure
2.
Delegations
3.
Main bodies
4.
NATO Secretary General
5.
International Staff
6.
International Military Staff
7.
Military command structure
8.
Agencies
9.
Paying for NATO
10.
OVERVIEW?
34
Consensus decision-making
  • An inter-
  • governmental
  • organisation
  • where decisions are
  • taken jointly by each
  • member country
  • Principle of
  • consensus
  • applied at
  • every
  • committee
  • level

OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
35
Civil and military structure
National Authorities
Military Representatives to NATO
Permanent Representatives (Ambassadors to NATO)
Nuclear Planning Group (NPG)
Defence Planning Committee (DPC)
North Atlantic Council (NAC)
Military Committee (MC)
Secretary General
Committees subordinate to the Council, DPC and
NPG
International Military Staff
Strategic Commands
International Staff
Allied Command Transformation
Allied Command Operations
Integrated Military Command Structure
OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
36
Delegations
OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
37
Main bodies
  • North Atlantic Council
  • Defence Planning Committee
  • Nuclear Planning Group
  • Military Committee

OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
38
NATO Secretary General
OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
39
International Staff
OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
40
International Staff
Secretary General Deputy Secretary General
Senior Resource Board
Civil Military Budget Committees
International Board of Auditors
Political Affairs and Security Policy Division
Operations Division
Public Diplomacy Division
Defence Policy and Planning Division
Defence Investment Division
OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
41
International Military Staff
The NATO HQ Consultation, Command Control (3C)
Staff
OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
42
Military command structure
OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
43
Allied Command Operations (ACO)
Commander USEUCOM
Dual- hatted
OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
MILIT. COMMAND STRUCTURE?
44
Allied Command Transformation (ACT)
ACT Norfolk, USA
USJFCOM
Strategic Concepts Policy Requirements Identifi
cation
Joint Concept Development
Future Capabilities Research Technology
Education Training
Multi/ National Centres of Excellence
NATO Agencies/ Bodies
NATO Defense College Rome, Italy
ACT Staff Element Mons, Belgium
Joint Warfare Centre Stavanger, Norway
Undersea Research Centre La Spezia, Italy
NATO School Oberammergau, Germany
Capabilities Planning Implementation
Joint Force Training Centre Bydgoszcz, Poland
NATO Communications Information System School
Latina, Italy
Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre Monsanto
, Portugal
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
NATO Maritime Interdiction Operational Training
Centre Souda Bay, Greece
OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
MILIT. COMMAND STRUCTURE?
45
Reform of the military command structure
OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
MILIT. COMMAND STRUCTURE?
46
Agencies
OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
47
Paying for NATO
- Civil budget
- Military budget
- NATOs Security Investment programme
OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
48
The Alliances Strategic Concept
?
tra
  • Official document outlining
  • - purpose tasks of the Alliance
  • - strategic perspectives
  • - Alliance approach to security in 21st century
  • - guidelines for Alliance forces
  • Official document outlining
  • - purpose tasks of the Alliance
  • - strategic perspectives
  • - Alliance approach to security in 21st century
  • - guidelines for Alliance forces
  • First published in 1991
  • revised in 1999

WHAT IS NATO??
A BROAD DEFINITION OF SECURITY?
OVERVIEW?
49
Practical cooperation
?
tra
  • Defence reform
  • Defence reform
  • Demining
  • Modernisation of armed forces
  • Modernisation of armed forces
  • Flood prevention
  • Water management
  • Etc.

PFP?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
OVERVIEW?
PARTNERSHIPS?
50
Planning Review Process
?
tra
  • Identifies evaluates forces capabilities for
    multinational
  • training
  • exercises
  • operations
  • conducted with NATO forces

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
PFP?
51
Individual Partnership Programmes
?
tra
  • Two-year programmes
  • Defence reform
  • Activities drawn from Partnership Work Programme
  • Activities drawn from Partnership Work Programme
  • Activities
  • - defence policy planning
  • - civil-military relations
  • - education training
  • - air defence
  • - communications information systems
  • - crisis management
  • - civil emergency planning, etc.
  • Activities
  • - defence policy planning
  • - civil-military relations
  • - education training
  • - air defence
  • - communications information systems
  • - crisis management
  • - civil emergency planning

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
PFP?
52
Individual Partnership Action Plans
?
tra
  • Opportunity for deeper bilateral relations with
    NATO
  • Specific advice on defence security
  • Assistance with domestic reforms
  • Consultations on sensitive issues
  • Opportunity for deeper bilateral relations with
    NATO
  • Specific advice on defence security
  • Assistance with domestic reforms
  • Consultations on sensitive issues
  • Two-year plans
  • Launched at Prague Summit
  • Nov. 2002
  • Launched at Prague Summit Nov. 2002
  • So far, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan

WHAT DOES NATO DO??
OVERVIEW?
PARTNERSHIPS?
PFP?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
PFP?
53
Partnership Action Plan Against Terrorism
?
tra
  • Framework for NATO-Partner cooperation on
    terrorism
  • - improved intelligence-sharing
  • - cooperation in border security
  • - training exercises
  • - development of capabilities
  • - supports destruction of surplus
    - - munitions small arms light
    weapons
  • Defines partnership roles instruments to fight
    terrorism
  • Launched at Prague Summit Nov. 2002
  • Launched at Prague Summit
  • November 2002
  • So far, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan

WHAT DOES NATO DO??
OVERVIEW?
PARTNERSHIPS?
PFP?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
PFP?
54
Partnership for Peace Trust Funds
?
tra
  • Voluntary projects led by a NATO Partner country
  • Assist in safe destruction of
  • - stock-piled anti-personnel mines
  • - other stock-piled munitions
  • Albania, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine
  • Modernisation of armed forces
  • Established in 2000

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
PFP?
55
Partnership Action Plan on Defence Institution
Building
?
tra
  • Help implement reform restructuring of defence
    institutions to meet domestic international
    needs
  • - define common objectives
  • - exchange information
  • - help tailor bilateral defence assistance
    - - programmes
  • Objectives include
  • - democratic control of defence activities
  • - civilian participation in developing security
    policy
  • - transparent oversight of defence sector, etc
  • Launched at Istanbul Summit
  • June 2004
  • Launched at Istanbul Summit
  • June 2004

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
PFP?
56
NATO-Russia Council
?
tra
  • NATO at 27 equal partners
  • Defence reform
  • Consultation on
  • - struggle against terrorism
  • - crisis management
  • - non-proliferation
  • - arms control confidence-building measures
  • - theatre missile defence
  • - search rescue at sea
  • - military-to-military cooperation defence
    reform
  • - civil emergencies
  • - new threats challenges
  • Consultation on
  • - struggle against terrorism
  • - crisis management
  • - non-proliferation
  • - arms control confidence-building measures
  • - theatre missile defence
  • - search rescue at sea
  • - military-to-military cooperation defence
    reform
  • - civil emergencies
  • - new threats challenges

NATO-RUSSIA?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
57
NATO-Russia Founding Act
?
tra
  • The Founding Act on Mutual Relations, Cooperation
    Security between NATO and the Russian
    Federation (1997)
  • -  NATO and Russia do not consider - each
    other as adversaries
  • - wide agenda of topics for cooperation
  • - establishes the NATO-Russia - Permanent
    Joint Council

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
NATO-RUSSIA?
58
NATO-Russia practical cooperation
?
tra
  • Cooperation on
  • - struggle against terrorism
  • - crisis management
  • - non-proliferation
  • - arms control confidence-building measures
  • - theatre missile defence
  • - search rescue at sea
  • - military-to-military cooperation defence
    reform
  • - civil emergencies
  • - new threats challenges

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
NATO-RUSSIA?
59
NATO-Ukraine Commission
?
tra
  • Discusses issues of common interest
  • Defence reform
  • Adopts NATO-Ukraine Action Plans
  • Established by the  NATO-Ukraine Charter on a
    Distinctive Partnership between the North
    Atlantic Treaty Organisation and Ukraine  (1997)
  • Established by the  NATO-Ukraine Charter on a
    Distinctive Partnership between the North
    Atlantic Treaty Organisation and Ukraine  (1997)

NATO-UKRAINE?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
60
NATO-Ukraine Charter
?
tra
  •  NATO-Ukraine Charter on a Distinctive
    Partnership between the North Atlantic Treaty
    Organisation
  • and Ukraine  (1997)
  • Reaffirms NATO support for Ukrainian
  • sovereignty independence
  • territorial integrity democratic development
  • economic prosperity
  • status as a non-nuclear weapons state
  • Reaffirms NATO support for Ukrainian
  • sovereignty independence
  • territorial integrity democratic development
  • economic prosperity
  • status as a non-nuclear weapons state

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
NATO-UKRAINE?
61
NATO-Ukraine practical cooperation
?
tra
  • Defence reform
  • Civil-military relations
  • Civil emergency planning
  • Peacekeeping
  • Military exercises
  • Science
  • etc.
  • Defence reform
  • Civil-military relations
  • Civil emergency planning
  • Peace-keeping
  • Military exercises
  • Science

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
NATO-UKRAINE?
62
NATO-EU relations
?
tra
  • 1994 European Security Defence Identity
  • 1994 Combined Joint Task Force concept
  • 2001 beginning institutionalised relations
  • 2003 Berlin Plus Package
  • ? basis for practical cooperation in
    crisis management
  • 1994 European Security Defence Identity
  • 1994 Combined Joint Task Force concept
  • 2001 beginning institutionalised relations
  • 2003 Berlin Plus Package
  • ? basis for practical cooperation in
    crisis management

OTHERS?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PARTNERSHIPS?
63
NATO in Afghanistan
?
tra
  • International Security Assistance Force ISAF
    NATO-led since Aug. 2003
  • Establish secure environment in Kabul
    provinces under UN mandate
  • Provincial Reconstruction Teams
  • PRTs late 2003
  • Provide security for aid workers help
    reconstruction work in provinces
  • International Security Assistance Force ISAF
  • Establish secure environment in Kabul
    provinces under UN mandate
  • Provincial Reconstruction Teams
  • PRTs
  • Provide security for aid workers help
    reconstruction work in provinces

PEACE STABILITY?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
64
NATO in Kosovo
?
tra
  • NATO-led multinational peacekeeping force
  • KFOR - June 1999
  • UN Security Council Resolution 1244
  • June 1999
  • NATO air campaign against Serb forces
  • Operation Allied Force
  • 24 March 10 June 1999
  • International Security Assistance Force ISAF
  • Establish secure environment in Kabul
    provinces under UN mandate
  • Provincial Reconstruction Teams
  • PRTs
  • Provide security for aid workers help
    reconstruction work in provinces

PEACE STABILITY?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
65
NATO in Iraq
?
tra
  • NATO TRAINING MISSION IRAQ
  • trains personnel from Iraqi security forces
  • coordinates offers of equipment and
  • training from individual NATO and partner
  • Countries - 2004
  • NATO TRAINING MISSION IRAQ
  • trains personnel from Iraqi security forces
  • coordinates offers of equipment and
  • training from individual NATO and partner
  • Countries

PEACE STABILITY?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
66
NATO in Darfur
?
tra
  • Logistical support provided to African Union
    Mission in Sudan June 2005
  • Members agree to support the expansion of the
    African Union Mission in Sudan by providing
  • - strategic airlift
  • - training
  • Logistical support provided to African Union
    Mission in Sudan June 2005
  • Members agree to support the expansion of the
    African Union Mission in Sudan by providing
  • - strategic airlift
  • - training

PEACE STABILITY?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
67
Previous Balkan operations
?
tra
  • NATO-led implementation force
  • IFOR (1995) UNSCR 1031
  • NATO-led stabilisation force
  • SFOR (1996-2004) UNSCR 1088
  • Succeeded by EU-led Operation
  • Althea - December 2004
  • International Security Assistance Force ISAF
  • Establish secure environment in Kabul
    provinces under UN mandate
  • Provincial Reconstruction Teams
  • PRTs
  • Provide security for aid workers help
    reconstruction work in provinces

PEACE STABILITY?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
68
Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination
Centre
?
tra
  • Role
  • Coordinate responses to disasters, in
    consultation with UN Office for the Coordination
    of Humanitarian Affairs
  • Focal point for information sharing
  • Maintain liaison with UN-OCHA, EU
  • other organisations
  • Origins
  • established in 1998 on initiative of Russia
  • International Security Assistance Force ISAF
  • Establish secure environment in Kabul
    provinces under UN mandate
  • Provincial Reconstruction Teams
  • PRTs
  • Provide security for aid workers help
    reconstruction work in provinces

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PEACE STABILITY?
CEP?
69
Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Unit
?
tra
  • Non-standing, multinational mix of national civil
    military elements volunteered by members
    partners
  • Deployed in case of major natural or
    technological disaster
  • Size composition determined by each particular
    disaster

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
PEACE STABILITY?
CEP?
70
Prague Capabilities Commitment
?
tra
  • Improve capabilities in 400 areas covering eight
    fields
  • - Chemical, biological, radiological nuclear
    - defence
  • - intelligence, surveillance target
    acquisition
  • - air-to-ground surveillance
  • - command, control communications
  • - combat effectiveness
  • - strategic air sea lift
  • - air-to-air refuelling
  • - deployable combat support combat
    - service support units

CAPABILITIES?
NEW THREATS?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
71
NATO Response Force (NRF)
?
tra
  • Multinational joint force held at
  • high-readiness
  • Deployable after five days notice sustainable
    for 30 days more if re-supplied
  • Article 5 non-Article 5 missions

NEW THREATS?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
CAPABILITIES?
72
Military command structure - Reform
?
tra
  • Three tiers command
  • - strategic level change from geographical
  • to functional division of responsibilities
  • - operational level from seven to five HQ
  • - tactical or component from 13 to six HQ

NEW THREATS?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
CAPABILITIES?
73
Reform of the defence planning process
?
tra
NEW THREATS?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
CAPABILITIES?
74
Allied Ground Surveillance
?
tra
  • Airborne, stand-off ground surveillance system
    (AGS)
  • Multinational cooperative effort
  • Detect track vehicles moving on or near the
    ground
  • Development study with Transatlantic Industrial
    Proposed Solution (TIPS)
  • Airborne, stand-off ground surveillance system
    (AGS)
  • Multinational cooperative effort
  • Detect track vehicles moving on or near the
    ground
  • Development study with Transatlantic Industrial
    Proposed Solution (TIPS)

NEW THREATS?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
CAPABILITIES?
75
Missile defence
?
tra
  • Programme launched for an Alliance Theatre
    Missile Defence (TMD) system
  • Protect troops or territory against
  • short medium-range ballistic cruise
    missiles, aircraft, UAVs other threats
  • Multi-layered system of low high altitude
    defence
  • battle management command control, early
    warning radar, various interceptors, etc

NEW THREATS?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
CAPABILITIES?
76
International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)
?
tra
  • Help establish secure environment in Kabul
    provinces under UN mandate
  • Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs)
  • ? Provide security for aid workers
  • Reconstruction work in provinces
  • Operate parts of Kabul International Airport

TERRORISM?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
NEW THREATS?
77
Operation Active Endeavour
?
tra
  • Maritime operation launched October 2001
  • Patrol monitor Eastern Mediterranean
  • Since March 2003, escort merchant shipping
    through Straits of Gibraltar
  • Since March 2004, extended to whole Mediterranean
  • Maritime operation launched October 2001
  • Patrol monitor Eastern Mediterranean
  • Since March 2003, escort merchant shipping
    through Straits of Gibraltar
  • Since March 2004, extended to whole Mediterranean

OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
NEW THREATS?
TERRORISM?
78
Military concept for defence against terrorism
?
tra
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
NEW THREATS?
TERRORISM?
79
Partnership Action Plan Against Terrorism
?
tra
  • Framework for NATO-Partner cooperation on
    terrorism
  • - improved intelligence-sharing
  • - cooperation in border security
  • - training exercises
  • - development of capabilities
  • - supports destruction of surplus
    - - munitions small arms light
    weapons
  • Defines partnership roles instruments to fight
    terrorism
  • Launched at Prague Summit Nov. 2002
  • Launched at Prague Summit
  • November 2002

WHAT DOES NATO DO??
OVERVIEW?
PARTNERSHIPS?
PFP?
OVERVIEW?
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
NEW THREATS?
TERRORISM?
80
Terrorist Threat Intelligence Unit
?
tra
  • Analyses general terrorist threats those more
    specifically aimed at NATO
  • Successor to Temporary Terrorist Threat Cell
    created after 9/11 permanent since end 2003

WHAT DOES NATO DO??
OVERVIEW?
TERRORISM?
NEW THREATS?
81
Operation Eagle Assist
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
OVERVIEW?
TERRORISM?
NEW THREATS?
82
AWACS surveillance missions
?
tra
WHAT DOES NATO DO??
OVERVIEW?
NEW THREATS?
TERRORISM?
83
North Atlantic Council
?
tra
  • Key political decision-making body
  • Forum to discuss policy and operational questions
  • Chaired by Secretary General
  • Meets at different levels
  • Established by Article 9 Washington Treaty
  • Authority to set up subsidiary bodies
  • Key political decision making body
  • Forum to discuss policy and operational questions
  • Chaired by Secretary General
  • Meets at different levels
  • Established by Article 9 Washington Treaty
  • Authority to set up subsidiary bodies

OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
MAIN BODIES?
84
Defence Planning Committee
?
tra
  • Ultimate authority with regard to
  • integrated military structure
  • Provides guidance to NATOs military authorities
  • Oversees force planning process
  • All members except for France
  • Chaired by NATO Secretary General
  • Meets at all levels
  • Ultimate authority with regard to
  • integrated military structure
  • Provides guidance to NATOs military authorities
  • Oversees force planning process
  • All members except for France
  • Chaired by NATO Secretary General
  • Meets at all levels

OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
MAIN BODIES?
85
Nuclear Planning Group
?
tra
  • Ultimate authority with regard to
  • nuclear policy issues
  • Reviews the Alliances nuclear policy
  • in the light of changing security environment
  • All members except for France
  • Chaired by NATO Secretary General
  • Meets at different levels
  • Ultimate authority with regard to
  • nuclear policy issues
  • Reviews the Alliances nuclear policy
  • in the light of changing security environment
  • All members except for France
  • Chaired by NATO Secretary General
  • Meets at different levels

OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
MAIN BODIES?
86
Military Committee
?
tra
  • Senior military advisory authority
  • Under authority of NAC, DPC NPG
  • Provides guidance to
  • two strategic commanders
  • Meets at different levels
  • Chairman selected by Chiefs of Staff for
    three-year term
  • Ultimate authority with regard to
  • nuclear policy issues
  • Reviews the Alliances nuclear policy
  • in the light of changing security environment
  • All members except for France
  • Chaired by NATO Secretary General
  • Meets at different levels

OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
MAIN BODIES?
87
Civil budget
?
tra
  • Operating costs of the International Staff
  • Civilian programmes
  • Running costs of HQ facilities
  • conference services
  • meetings of NATO committees
  • security services
  • Operating costs of the International Staff
  • Civilian programmes
  • Running costs of HQ facilities
  • conference services
  • meetings of NATO committees
  • security services

OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
PAYING FOR NATO?
88
Military budget
?
tra
  • Operating maintenance costs of the
    international military structure
  • - Military Committee
  • - International Military Staff
  • - Agencies
  • - Two strategic commands associated command,
    control information systems
  • - Research development agencies
  • - NATO Airborne Early Warning Control Force
  • - Operating costs of NATO peacekeeping command
    structures
  • Operating maintenance costs of the
    international military structure
  • - Military Committee
  • - International Military Staff
  • - Agencies
  • - Two strategic commands associated command,
    control information systems
  • - Research development agencies
  • - NATO Airborne Early Warning Control Force
  • - Operating costs of NATO peacekeeping command
    structures

OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
PAYING FOR NATO?
89
NATOs Security Investment Programme
?
tra
  • Major construction system investments that
    exceed national defence requirements of
    individual member countries
  • - communications information systems
  • - radar
  • - military HQ
  • - airfields
  • - fuel pipelines storage
  • - harbours etc

OVERVIEW?
HOW DOES NATO WORK??
PAYING FOR NATO?
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