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Promoting Healthy Behavior

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Promoting Healthy Behavior UNIT 1 New Directions for Health Health Promotion Describes educational, organizational, procedural, environmental, social, and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Promoting Healthy Behavior


1
Promoting Healthy Behavior
  • UNIT 1

2
New Directions for Health
  • Health Promotion
  • Describes educational, organizational,
    procedural, environmental, social, and financial
    supports
  • Assists individuals and groups in making
    behavior changes
  • Risk behaviors
  • Those that increase the susceptibility to
    negative health outcomes

3
New Directions for Health
  • Disease Prevention
  • Taking positive actions now to avoid sickness
    later
  • Primary Prevention
  • Secondary Prevention Intervention
  • Tertiary Prevention
  • Treatment/Rehabilitation

4
New Directions for Health
  • Achievements in Public Health Over Past 100
    Years (CDC)
  • Vaccinations
  • Motor vehicle safety
  • Workplace safety
  • Control of infectious disease
  • Cardiovascular disease and stroke deaths
    decreased

5
New Directions for Health
  • Achievements in Public Health Over Past 100
    Years (CDC) (continued)
  • Safe and healthy foods
  • Maternal and infant care
  • Family planning
  • Fluoridated drinking water
  • Recognition of tobacco as a health hazard.

6
Gender Differences in Health Status
  • Physiological differences
  • Little research went towards womens health
    prior to 1990
  • National Institute of Health created Office of
    Research on Womens Health

7
Gender Differences in Health Status
  • Historically, why did research exclude women?
  • Menstruation/Hormone cycles
  • Concern that trial drugs could damage the fetus
  • Womens Health Initiative
  • 15 year, 625 million dollar clinical trial
    focusing on the leading causes of death/disease
    in 160,000 postmenopausal women

8
Improving Your Health
  • Health Behaviors
  • Getting a good nights sleep (minimum of seven
    hours)
  • Maintaining healthy eating habits
  • Managing weight
  • Participating in physical recreation activities

9
Improving Your Health
  • Health Behaviors (continued)
  • Avoiding tobacco products
  • Practicing safer sex
  • Limiting intake of alcohol
  • Scheduling regular self-exams and medical
    checkups

10
Preparing for Behavior Change
  • Factors Influencing Behavior Change
  • Predisposing-life experiences, knowledge,
    culture that influence behavior
  • Enabling-physical, emotional, mental factors
    that can make change convenient or difficult
  • Reinforcing-the presence or absence of support
    to change from significant people
  • Motivation
  • Wanting to make a change

11
Preparing for Behavior Change
  • Readiness
  • a state of being that precedes behavior change
  • Beliefs
  • Appraisal of the relationship between an
    object/action/idea and its attributes
  • Attitudes
  • Stable set of beliefs, feelings, and behavioral
    tendencies

12
Choosing A Behavior-Change Strategy
  • Techniques
  • Shaping-using a series of small steps to reach
    your goal
  • Visualization-mental practice and rehearsal
  • Modeling-learning specific behaviors by
    watching others
  • Controlling the Situation-consider putting
    yourself in an environment/situation that
    promotes positive behavior
  • Reinforcement (5 forms)-Consumable, Activity,
    Manipulative, Possessional, and Social
  • Changing Self-Talk-the way you think and talk
    to yourself

13
Changing Your Behavior
  • Analyzing Personal Behavior
  • Frequency-How often?
  • Duration-How long has this been going on?
  • Seriousness-What are the consequences?
  • Basis for problem behavior-Based on facts,
    experiences, ignorance?
  • Antecedents-What situations or settings trigger
    your behavior?

14
Figure 1.4 Obstacles to Behavior Change.
Psychologists offer a number of explanations for
why you may fail in your efforts to change your
behavior and strategies for overcoming these
obstacles.
15
Environmental Health
Physical Health
Emotional Health
Intellectual Health
Social Health
Spiritual Health
Wellness Balancing Act
16
How to Live to be 100Corliss and Lemonick
  • What are the secrets to a long life?
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.

17
Putting a Premium on HealthDorschner
  • Name the three steps for employers to take in
    order to promote wellness in employees.
  • Why do some employers and insurance companies
    believe that employees who reject healthy habits
    should pay more for their health insurance?

18
Why the Rich live LongerSeligman
  • There are many benefits to being rich. New
    studies show that the well-to-do live longer
    because they are smarter, making it easier for
    them to adopt healthy habits and understand the
    doctors orders.
  • What are two of three propositions for the
    argument that the rich live longer because they
    are smarter?

19
Bad Behavior Smoking
  • Tobacco COSTS
  • Cigarettes are the most heavily advertised
    products in the US
  • Tobacco companies spend over 4 billion dollars
    each year on advertising and promotion of their
    deadly products.
  • Smoking costs the nation over 100 billion per
    year in health care costs and lost productivity. 
    c. 398 per American per year.
  • How much does it cost you?
  • 3.00 per pack x 7 packs per week 1,092 per
    year
  • 1092 x 20 years 21,840
  • Is this your Car?Down payment on your House?
  • The Average Hospital Stay for Smoking Related
    Diseases is from 20,000 to 100,000!
  • http//www.beyondyourimagination.com/stopsmoking/b
    adlungs.html

20
Why is Smoking Good for your Health?
  • Nothing.

21
Why Is Smoking Bad?
  • Immediate Reasons
  • Bad Smell on Clothes/Hair/Skin
  • Lower Athletic Ability
  • Cough and Sore Throat
  • Bad Breath
  • Faster Heartbeat and raised blood pressure
  • Risk of 2nd hand smoke to friends and family
  • Cost of Smoking

22
Why Is Smoking Bad?
  • Long Term Reasons
  • Toxic Chemicals in Cigarette Smoke
  • Risk of Lung Cancer and many other cancers
  • Risk of Heart Disease
  • Serious breathing problems
  • Time lost working or having fun b/c your sick
  • Wrinkles
  • Risk of Stomach ulcers and acid reflux
  • Risk of Gum disease
  • Risk of Damage to babies of pregnant women who
    smoke
  • Setting bad example for children

23
Smoking Cessation Target Behavior
  • Identify behaviors that need to be changed.
    (smoking, drinking, not exercising regularly,
    eating fast food, not drinking water, picking
    your nose.)
  • Target the behavior that is most detrimental to
    your health.
  • Monitor the behavior. How long did it last?
    When did it occur? Where did it occur? What
    else were you doing? Other influences? Your
    thoughts and feelings about the behavior.
  • Set Goals to curb the behavior. Establish goals
    that are achievable. Put goals in writing and
    place them where you can see them everyday.
    Establish short and long term goals.
  • Choose Rewards for meeting goals. Avoid eating
    sweets as a reward!

24
Smoking Cessation Q A
  • How important is it to stop smoking?
  • What are the immediate benefits of quitting?
  • Does cancer risk change after quitting?
  • What is nicotine replacement therapy?

25
Discussion
  • Why do you think that people continue to engage
    in negative health behaviors when they know that
    these behaviors will have a negative impact on
    their health?
  • Have you ever done so?
  • Why?
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