Stroke and Turn Officials Certification Clinic - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Stroke and Turn Officials Certification Clinic PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3ae288-M2YzO



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Stroke and Turn Officials Certification Clinic

Description:

Officials Certification Clinic Stroke and Turn Officials Certification Clinic Certification Requirements Philosophy of Officiating The ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:226
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 53
Provided by: BillDIn1
Learn more at: http://www.swim.dinnocenzo.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Stroke and Turn Officials Certification Clinic


1
Stroke and TurnOfficials Certification Clinic
ltltNamegtgt ltltTeam Affiliategtgt
2
Stroke and TurnOfficials Certification Clinic
  • Certification Requirements
  • Philosophy of Officiating
  • The Rules
  • Video
  • Common Infractions
  • Assignment and Jurisdiction of Officials
  • Stroke Turn Procedures

3
Handouts and Forms
  • Copy of certification requirements
  • Part one technical rules
  • Recommended stroke briefing
  • Recommended jurisdiction
  • Non-athlete registration form

4
ST Certification Requirements (Summary)
  • Certified as a timer via on-line test
  • Attend training clinic
  • Pass on-line test
  • Must join USA Swimming/NES and display membership
    card while on deck
  • Complete a minimum of 4 apprentice sessions of at
    2 different NES-sanctioned swim meets.

5
Philosophy of Officiating
  • All competitive swimming events held under USA
    Swimming sanction shall be conducted in
    accordance with the following rules that are
    designed to provide fair and equitable conditions
    of competition.
  • Preamble to the USA Swimming Technical Rules

6
Fair and Equitable
  • Judging should be consistent among different
    officials at a meet
  • Judging should be consistent at different meets
  • All of the rules are enforced, we dont
    individually choose to enforce some rules and
    ignore others

7
Fair and Equitable (Contd)
  • The rules are enforced across all age groups and
    levels of ability
  • Officials should be neutral in their enforcement
    of the rules dont favor one team over another,
    dont favor one swimmer over another

8
Mental Traps
  • Advantage vs. disadvantage
  • The twice theory
  • We dont disqualify 8 unders
  • Dont ask me to judge my child
  • Dont infer
  • Call what you see, not what you dont see

9
Rules of Thumb
  • The benefit of the doubt ALWAYS goes to the
    swimmer
  • No loss of yardage, foul shots, penalty box
  • Ugly aint (necessarily) illegal
  • Know the rules review the rules before meets
  • Experience, experience, experience

10
The Golden Rule
11
Officiating Swimming Video
  • Clear and consistent knowledge of the rules
  • Clarify proper interpretation of the rules as
    they pertain to each stroke
  • Following slides address each stroke

12
Officiating Swimming Video
  • Play Video Now

13
Butterfly
  • Start
  • The forward start shall be used
  • Stroke
  • After the start and each turn, the shoulders
    must be at or past vertical toward the breast
  • Swimmer is permitted one or more leg kicks, but
    only one arm pull under water, which must bring
    the swimmer to the surface
  • Swimmer cannot be submerged for a distance
    greater than 15 meters (16.4 yards) after the
    start and each turn at which time the head must
    have broken the surface

14
Butterfly (Contd)
  • Swimmer must remain on the surface until the next
    turn or finish
  • From the beginning of the first arm pull, the
    body shall be kept on the breast
  • Both arms must be brought forward over the water
    and pulled back simultaneously
  • Kick
  • All up and down movements of the legs and feet
    must be simultaneous

15
Butterfly (Contd)
  • The position of the legs or the feet need not be
    on the same plane, but shall not alternate in
    relation to each other
  • A scissors or breaststroke kicking movement is
    not permitted
  • Turns
  • At each turn the body shall be on the breast
  • The touch shall be made with both hands
    simultaneously at, above or below the water
    surface
  • Once a touch has been made, the swimmer may turn
    in any manner
  • The shoulders must be at or past vertical toward
    the breast when the swimmer leaves the wall

16
Butterfly (Contd)
  • Finish
  • At the finish, the body shall be on the breast
    and the touch shall be made with both hands
    simultaneously at, above or below the water
    surface

17
Backstroke
  • Start
  • The simmers shall line up in the water facing the
    starting end with both hands placed on the gutter
    or on the starting grips
  • Standing in or on the gutter, placing the toes
    above the lip of the gutter or bending the toes
    over the lip of the gutter before or after the
    start is prohibited

18
Backstroke (Contd)
  • Stroke
  • The swimmer shall push off on his back and
    continue swimming on the back throughout the race
    except it is permissible for the swimmer to be
    completely submerged during the turn, at the
    finish and for a distance of not more than 15
    meters (16.4 yards) after the start and each turn
  • By that point, the head must have broken the
    surface of the water

19
Backstroke (Contd)
  • Turns
  • Upon completion of each length, some part of the
    swimmer must touch the wall
  • During the turn, the shoulders may be turned past
    the vertical toward the breast after which a
    continuous simultaneous double arm pull may be
    used to execute the turn
  • The swimmer must have returned to a position on
    the back upon leaving the wall
  • Finish
  • Upon the finish of the race, the swimmer must
    touch the wall while on the back

20
Breaststroke
  • Start
  • The forward start shall be used
  • Stroke
  • From the beginning of the first arm stroke after
    the start and after each turn, the body shall be
    kept on the breast
  • Throughout the race, the stroke cycle must be one
    arm stroke and one leg kick in the that order
  • All movements of the arms shall be simultaneous
    and in the same horizontal plane without
    alternating movement

21
Breaststroke (Contd)
  • The hands shall be pushed forward together from
    the breast on, under or over the water
  • The elbows shall be in contact with the water
    except for the final stroke before the turn,
    during the turn and for the final stroke at the
    finish
  • The hands shall not be brought back beyond the
    hip line except during the first stroke after the
    start and each turn
  • During each complete cycle, some part of the
    swimmers head shall break the surface of the
    water

22
Breaststroke (Contd)
  • After the start and each turn, the swimmer may
    take one arm stroke completely back to the legs
  • The head must break the surface of the water
    before the hands turn inward at the widest part
    of the second stroke
  • Kick
  • After the start and each turn, a single downward
    butterfly kick followed by a breaststroke kick is
    permitted while wholly submerged
  • Following which, all movements of the legs shall
    be simultaneous and in the same horizontal plane
    without alternating movement

23
Breaststroke (Contd)
  • The feet must be turned outwards during the
    propulsive part of the kick
  • A scissors, flutter or downward butterfly kick is
    not permitted except as provided herein
  • Breaking the surface of the water with the feet
    is allowed unless followed by a downward
    butterfly kick

24
Breaststroke (Contd)
  • Turns and Finish
  • At each turn and at the finish, the touch shall
    be made with both hands simultaneously at, above
    or below the water surface
  • The head may be submerged after the last arm pull
    prior to the touch, provided it breaks the
    surface of the water at some point during the
    last complete or incomplete cycle preceding the
    touch

25
Freestyle
  • Start
  • The forward start shall be used
  • Stroke
  • In an event designated freestyle, the swimmer may
    swim any style, except that in a medley relay or
    an individual medley event freestyle means any
    style other than butterfly, breaststroke or
    backstroke

26
Freestyle (Contd)
  • Some part of the swimmer must break the surface
    of the water throughout the race, except it shall
    be permissible for the swimmer to be completely
    submerged during the turn and for a distance of
    not more than 15 meters (16.4 yards) after the
    start and each turn at which point the head must
    have broken the surface
  • Turns
  • Upon completion of each length, the swimmer must
    touch the wall

27
Freestyle (Contd)
  • Finish
  • The swimmer shall have finished the race when any
    part of the body touches the wall after
    completing the prescribed distance

28
Individual Medley
  • The swimmer shall swim the prescribed distance in
    the following order the first ¼ butterfly,
    the second ¼ backstroke, the third ¼
    breaststroke and the last ¼ freestyle
  • Start
  • The forward start shall be used
  • Stroke
  • The stroke for each ¼ of the designated distance
    shall follow the prescribed rules for that stroke

29
Individual Medley (Contd)
  • Turns
  • Intermediate turns within each stroke shall
    conform to the turn rules for that stroke
  • The turns when changing from one stroke to
    another shall conform to the finish rules for the
    stroke just completed and shall be as follows
  • Butterfly to Backstroke The swimmer must touch
    as previously described. Once a legal touch has
    been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner but
    the shoulders must be at or past vertical toward
    the back when the swimmer leaves the wall.

30
Individual Medley (Contd)
  • Backstroke to Breaststroke The swimmer must
    touch the wall while on the back. Once a legal
    touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any
    manner but the shoulders must be at or past
    vertical toward the breast when the swimmer
    leaves the wall and prescribed breaststroke form
    must be attained prior to the first arm stroke.
  • Breaststroke to Freestyle The swimmer must
    touch as previously described. Once a legal
    touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any
    manner.
  • Finish
  • The swimmer shall have finished the race when any
    part of the body touches the wall after the
    prescribed distance

31
Medley Relay Infractions
  • Strokes not swum in proper order
  • Violation of stroke and turn rules for each
    stroke
  • The last ¼ of the race must be swum as something
    other than butterfly, backstroke, or breaststroke
  • Early take-off

32
Freestyle Relay Infractions
  • Violation of freestyle stroke and turn rules
  • Early take-off

33
IM and MR Rules Interpretation
  • The Rules and Regulations Committee adopted the
    following FINA Technical Committee interpretation
    regarding the freestyle leg of these events
  • When a swimmer has traveled a sufficient distance
    that the official can with certainty judge the
    competitor is swimming in the style of butterfly,
    breaststroke or backstroke, then a DQ is
    appropriate.

34
All Strokes
  • The Rules and Regulations Committee adopted the
    following parameters regarding touching the
    bottom during a turn
  • Once a legal touch has been made, the swimmer may
    turn in any manner desired. Therefore, standing
    on the bottom after a legal touch has been made
    and prior to pushing off the wall should be
    considered part of the turn and no DQ should be
    called.

35
Additional Rules
  • A swimmer must start and finish in the same lane
  • Standing on the bottom during a freestyle race
    shall not disqualify a swimmer, but a swimmer
    must not leave the pool, or walk, or spring from
    the bottom. Standing on the bottom during any
    other stroke shall result in disqualification
  • Obstructing another swimmer by swimming across or
    otherwise interfering shall disqualify the
    offender, subject to the discretion of the Referee

36
Additional Rules (Contd)
  • Any swimmer not entered in a race who enters the
    pool during ongoing competition shall be barred
    from their next individual event (excludes
    dipping goggles/splashing)
  • Grasping lane dividers to assist forward motion
    is not permitted

37
Referee
  • Has full authority over all officials and shall
    assign and instruct them
  • Shall enforce all applicable rules and shall
    decide all questions relating to the conduct of
    the meet
  • Can overrule any meet official on a point of rule
    interpretation, or on a judgment decision
    pertaining to an action which the Referee has
    personally observed
  • Shall give a decision on any point where the
    opinions of the judges differ shall have
    authority to intercede in a competition at any
    stage, to ensure that the racing conditions are
    observed

38
Chief Judge
  • Primarily used at championship meets
  • Use allows Stroke Turn officials to stay in
    place
  • Will instruct and place Stroke Turn officials
    as directed by the Referee

39
Placement and Rotation of Officials
  • Determined by referee or chief judge
  • Dependent upon pool configuration
  • Dependent upon the number of officials available
  • Generally rotate clockwise after a defined number
    of events

40
Jurisdiction of Officials
  • Determined by Referee or Chief Judge
  • Turn Judges
  • Start
  • From the start of the race to the first complete
    arm stroke
  • Turn
  • From the beginning of the last arm stoke before
    touching and ending with the completion of the
    first arm stroke after turning
  • Finish
  • ensure that the swimmers finish according to the
    rules

41
Jurisdiction of Officials (Contd)
  • Stroke Judges
  • Wall to wall from the start to the finish
  • Equal time should be spent observing each of the
    swimmers within your jurisdiction
  • If one or more lanes are empty, an equal amount
    of time should be spent on the empty lane(s)
  • Your full attention should be on the swimmers
    when they are within your jurisdiction

42
Disqualifications
  • Raise a hand overhead on observing a violation of
    the rules that occurs within your jurisdiction
  • Keep your hand up long enough for the
    Referee/Chief Judge to see it
  • If you raise your hand
  • you dont have to make a call
  • if you dont raise your hand
  • you cant make a call

43
Disqualifications (Contd)
  • If youre hesitant in raising your hand, the call
    was probably too close to make
  • The benefit of the doubt goes to the swimmer
  • After signaling a DQ, continue to observe all the
    swimmers in your jurisdiction

44
Disqualification Reports
  • Confirmed name of swimmer
  • Event , Heat , Event name
  • Violation
  • Note Most, but not all, violations are listed on
    the DQ slips
  • Your signature
  • Referees signature

45
(No Transcript)
46
Disqualification Reports (Contd)
  • The Referee or Chief Judge must approve the DQ
  • Be prepared to answer three questions
  • What was your jurisdiction?
  • Where were you physically located at the time?
  • What did you see?
  • Use proper terminology
  • Which rule was violated?

47
Talking with the Swimmer
  • We are moving away from talking with the
    swimmers, but if you are at a meet in which it is
    done, these are some general guidelines
  • Inform the swimmer of the violation, dont coach
  • Dont touch the athlete
  • Age-group swimmers
  • Get down to eye level
  • Good, bad, good

48
Disputes Over Calls By Coaches/Parents
  • Some Referees will want all questions directed
    towards them
  • Other Referees will allow simple inquires to
    Stroke and Turn officials
  • Anything other than a simple inquiry goes to the
    Referee

49
Relay Takeoff Judging
  • Dual confirmation is almost always used
  • Referee or chief judge will assign positions
  • When the toes of the outgoing swimmer leave the
    blocks, look down to see if the incoming swimmer
    has touched
  • If you observe an early takeoff, mark accordingly
    the swimmer and lane number, do not raise your
    hand

50
Relay Takeoff Judging (Contd)
  • Compare your observations with those of the
    second takeoff official only if both agree as to
    the same swimmer taking off early is it a DQ
  • All relay takeoff slips should be turned in to
    the referee/chief judge as part of the official
    record

51
(No Transcript)
52
Judging Swimmers withPhysical Disabilities
  • Judge, in accordance with USA Swimming rules, any
    part of the body that is used
  • Do not judge a part of the body that cannot be
    used
  • Base your judgment on the actual rule, not the
    swimmers technique

53
Remember!
  • The swimmer always receives the benefit of the
    doubt
  • Call what you see, not what you dont see

54
Thank you!
About PowerShow.com