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Anthropology

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Anthropology Rodney Mileski Eighth Grade Social Studies What is Anthropology? The study of humankind everywhere, throughout time, seeks to produce reliable knowledge ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Anthropology


1
Anthropology
  • Rodney Mileski
  • Eighth Grade Social Studies

2
What is Anthropology?
  • The study of humankind everywhere, throughout
    time, seeks to produce reliable knowledge about
    people and their behavior, both about the things
    that make them different and the things they all
    share in common.

3
What makes us different? What makes us the same?
4
Subfields of Anthropology
5
Franz Boas
  • German-American anthropologist Franz Boas, a
    professor at Columbia University in New York City
    for 37 years, helped pioneer modern anthropology.
    He advocated the theories that there is no pure
    race and that no race is superior to any other.

6
  • The University of Rochester was the first
    college or university to carry credit for a
    general anthropology course (1879).
  • Prior to this the Western Hemisphere was
    restricted to its geographical horizon.
  • With the advancements in transportation and
    technology, the world was reachable to explore
    and study.
  • This introduced the anthropologist to the study
    of ethnography.
  • Ethnography is the systematic description of a
    particular culture based on firsthand
    observations.
  • The technique of learning a peoples culture
    through direct participation in their everyday
    life over an extended period of time.
  • These types of anthropologists are ethnologists.
  • .

7
Physical Anthropologist
  • Also referred to as biological anthropology,
    focuses on humans as biological organisms, and
    one of its main interests is human evolution.

Biological evolution is the natural process by
which new and more complex organisms develop over
time. (Human Evolution and Darwinism)
Non-Academic careers in physical anthropology
(Website)
8
Cultural Anthropology
  • The branch of anthropology that focuses on human
    behavior.
  • Anthropologists welcome the contributions from
    other disciplines (psychology, economics,
    sociology, and biology) to reach the common goal
    of understanding humanity.

9
Forensic Anthropology
  • Forensic anthropologists specialize in the
    analysis of human corpses or remains for legal
    investigations. In this photo, a forensics team
    working for the International Criminal Tribunal
    for the Former Yugoslavia examine human remains
    on a hillside near Srebrenica in northeastern
    Bosnia. Forensic analysis helps investigators
    determine how large numbers of civilians died in
    the Yugoslav Wars of Succession (1991-1995),
    information needed to convict those responsible
    for the killings.

Forensic Archaeology Web-site
10
Archaeology
  • The branch of cultural anthropology that studies
    material remains in order to describe and explain
    human behavior.
  • While history tells us something of the horrors
    of slavery in North America, the full horror is
    revealed only by archaeological investigation of
    the African burial ground in New York. Even young
    children were worked so far beyond their ability
    to endure that their spines actually fractured.

The Ohio Historical Society (Serpent Mound)
11
Located on the west bank of the Nile River on the
outskirts of Cairo, the pyramids at Giza, Egypt,
rank as some of the best-known monuments in the
world. The ancient Egyptians constructed the
pyramids to serve as royal tombs. Built without
the use of cranes, pulleys, or lifting tackle,
the massive structures stand as testaments to the
engineering skills of their makers. .
Archaeology fieldwork website
12
Linguistic Anthropology
  • The branch of cultural anthropology that studies
    human languages.
  • Linguists may deal with the description of a
    language or with the history of languages (the
    way language develops and changes with passage of
    time).

13
American anthropologist Margaret Mead spent many
years studying how culture influences individual
personality. Mead lived among the Samoan people
during 1925 and 1926 to observe their way of life
and the types of personalities common in their
cultural group. Her 1928 book, Coming of Age in
Samoa, provoked a great debate among
sociocultural anthropologists regarding the
proper method and interpretation of field
research. Meads approach to studying groups of
people, which focused on the individual people
and groups with whom she lived, earned her much
criticism from anthropologists who believed that
research must rely more directly on statistical
research and the incorporation of cross-cultural
and testable hypotheses.
14
Ethnohistory
  • The study of cultures of the recent past through
    oral histories, accounts left by explorers,
    missionaries, and traders, and through analysis
    of such records as land titles, birth and death
    records, and other archival materials.

15
Anthropologists
They recognize that they have obligations to
three sets of people 1. Those whom they
study. 2. Those who fund the research. 3. Those
in the profession who expect us to publish our
findings so that they may be used to
further our knowledge. !!! The first
responsibility clearly is to his or her
informants and their people. !!! Informants are
members of a society in which the ethnographer
works who help interpret what she or he sees
taking place.
16
Activity 1
  • All students are required to do this activity
    from the website linked at the bottom of this
    slide.
  • First click on the topic archaeology for the
    glossary words.
  • I want you to write down and define ten (10)
    words we did not cover in class.
  • Second, I want you to click on cultural
    anthropology.
  • I want you to choose ten (10) words to define
    that we did not cover in class.
  • Last, I want you to click on physical
    anthropology.
  • I want you to choose ten (10) words to define
    that we have not covered in class.
  • I want all of the definitions (25) hand-written
    and turned in by the required date.

Anthropology glossary website
17
Activity 2
  • The students will be required to work from the
    website linked on the slide titled Physical
    Anthropologist. The title is Non-Academic careers
    in Physical Anthropology.
  • The students are required to hand-write five
    professions the website suggests are careers in
    non-academic physical anthropology. The students
    will be required to explain in detail what that
    profession entails and if he or she can see
    themselves pursuing that type of career (Explain
    why or why not).

18
Activity 3
Bibarch website
  • Click on to the website above.
  • Click on to the link for Concepts and Theory.
  • Click on Scientific Archaeology.
  • Click on the chart next to scientific method.
  • The students are required to hand-write the
    formula (chart) for the Scientific Method (The
    Process of Conducting Scientific Inquiry) as it
    is given on this website. I stress that it must
    be exactly like the one on the website and study
    it before you hand it in on the required due
    date.

19
Activity 4
  • The students will be watching the video series
    Faces of Culture.
  • The students will be required to follow a
    worksheet as the video is playing.
  • They will hand in the worksheet and write a short
    essay about what was most interesting about the
    video.

20
Activity 5
Test Day!!
The students will be responsible for the material
we covered in our readings and the material that
was covered on the previous activities. The test
will be a combination of multiple choice,
matching, and short essays.
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