Nov 17-- Health, Age, Dying, and Life After Death - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Nov 17-- Health, Age, Dying, and Life After Death

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Nov 17-- Health, Age, Dying, and Life After Death Race and Racism Greg Religion Over the Life Course John Religion, Aging, and Health Religion and Mental Health ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Nov 17-- Health, Age, Dying, and Life After Death


1
Nov 17-- Health, Age, Dying, and Life After Death
  • Race and Racism Greg
  • Religion Over the Life Course John
  • Religion, Aging, and Health
  • Religion and Mental Health Andrea
  • Religion and Dying Laurie
  • Life After Death The Bainbridge Inventory

2
RACE AND RACISM
3
Development of Black Churches During Slavery in
America
  • Earliest Stage Slaves attended white churches
    but used segregated seating
  • Didnt work out too well as white ministers were
    doing too much biting their tongues in sermons
    thought not suitable for slaves
  • Later, slaves had their own churces with
    carefully selected black pastors and white
    monitors
  • Church was the only truly black institution
    during slavery

4
Race and Ethnic Differences in Religiosity
  • Despite significant inroads of Islam in recent
    decades, Christianity remains a powerful
    institution in black communities
  • Vast majority of black Christians (more than 80)
    are Baptists or Methodists (Why?)
  • Pentecostal, Evangelical, Social Gospel and
    Prosperity Churches are also influential

5
  • Some upwardly mobile middle class blacks have
    converted to Catholicism in an effort to
    differentiate themselves from white religious
    stereotypes about black religiosity. Not clear
    if this is a trend
  • Hispanic populations are largely Catholic but
    less overwhelmingly over time.
  • Many East Asians see Christianity as a path
    toward cultural integration. Some tendency to be
    Buddhist at home and Christian in public

6
Sunday Morning Segregation
  • Sunday morning at 11 am is statistically the most
    segregated hour of the week in America
  • Many black churches have a distinctly emotional
    and expressive style which makes them seem alien
    to many white Protestants
  • This is explained in part as a survival of
    African religious culture

7
Racism in American Religious Doctrine and Practice
  • Dominative Racism Associated with the South
  • Aversive Racism Associated with the North
  • Christian Identity Movement as Catalyst for white
    supremacy beliefs

8
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Religion
  • This distinction was important in the mid 20th
    century and has since been at least partly
    discredited
  • Developed by social psychologists as a way to
    account for an apparent paradox Survey
    consistently found Christian church members to be
    significantly more racially prejudiced than
    non-church members
  • Later discovered to be a bi-polar relationship
    with extrinsics more prejudiced than either
    intrinsics or non-church members
  • Extrinsics are those who attend for belonging
    reasons rather than believing reasons
  • Intrinsics attend for both reasons especially
    moral commitment

9
RELIGION OVER THE LIFE COURSE
10
Controversial issue because of confounding of
age, period, cohort effects
  • Some studies show increase in religiosity over
    the life course but this is far from simple or
    linear
  • Largest study (Berkeley Longitudinal) shows
    religion declining in importance in the 30s and
    40s but then increasing in the 50s and 60s. This
    nonlinear relationship is stronger for Catholics
    than for Protestants.
  • Basic beliefs in God, Heaven, Hell, etc seem to
    be formed in young adulthood and then remain
    stable through the life course.

11
RELIGION, AGING, AND HEALTH
12
IMPACT OF RELIGIOSITY ON HEALTH WHAT IS KNOWN?
  • Religiosity, especially in the belonging
    dimension has definite effects on health across
    many cultures. This has been demonstrated in
    many independent studies
  • Effects can be positive or negative but seem to
    be mostly positive
  • Prayer has not been shown to have an effect on
    other peoples health

13
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14
Cardiovascular Mortality of Specific Religious
Groups, Compared to US, State, or County Standard
Population
Clergy
Amish
Seventh Day Adventists
Mormons
Standardized Mortality Ratios 1.0 if mortality
rate of religious group is not different. Less
than 1.0 means religious group has lower
mortality rate Different bars represent
different studies, population subgroups or
specific cardiovascular outcomes
15
All-cause Mortality of Specific Religious Groups
Compared to US, State, or County Standard
Population
Seventh Day Adventists
Amish
Mormons
Clergy
Standardized Mortality Ratios 1.0 if rate of
religious group is not different. Less than 1.0
means group has lower rate. Different bars
represent population subgroups (age)
16
RELIGION AND MENTAL HEALTH
17
RELIGION AND DYING
18
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19
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20
BAINBRIDGE'S LIFE AFTER DEATH PROJECT
21
16 ITEM QUESTIONNAIRE
  • FIRST SIX ITEMS ABOUT THE MEANING OF YOUR OWN
    DEATH
  • 1. What do you believe will happen to you after
    you die?
  • 2. What do you hope will happen?
  • 3. What do you fear will happen?
  • 4. What kind of legacy do you want to leave
    behind you?
  • 5. How can you prepare for death so it will not
    be so horrible?
  • 6. How do you think the moment of death will
    actually feel?

22
NEXT THREE ITEMS ARE ABOUT WHAT YOU THINK OTHER
PEOPLE BELIEVE CONCERNING DEATH
  • 1. Describe a belief that some people have about
    life after death with which you personally
    disagree
  • 2. Describe a belief that is held by people who
    belong to a very different society and culture
    from your own
  • 3. Describe a belief that might have been held
    many centuries ago

23
THE NEXT FIVE ITEMS ASK YOU TO DESCRIBE THE
AFTERLIFE, HEAVEN AND HELL. YOU NEED NOT BELIEVE
IN THEM TO ANSWER BECAUSE YOU CAN USE YOUR
IMAGINATION.
  • 1. Please describe the afterlife the kind of
    existence that people may have after death.
  • 2. Please describe Heaven
  • 3. What kind of person might be there now?
  • 4. Please describe Hell
  • 5. What kind of person might be there now?

24
SOME PEOPLE AROUND THE WORLD BELIEVE IN
REINCARNATION. THE NEXT TWO QUESTIONS ASK YOU TO
IMAGINE BEING REINCARNATED.
  • 1. Imagine that you were reincarnated as a
    different human being. What kind of person would
    you like to be?
  • 2. Imagine that you were reincarnated as a living
    creature other than a human being. What kind of
    creature would you like to be?
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