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body structure J. Hinson EMS III Ridge View High I. Body

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body structure J. Hinson EMS III Ridge View High I. Body Organization I. Body Organization Cells Basic unit of life Perform vital body functions through: reproduction ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: body structure J. Hinson EMS III Ridge View High I. Body


1
body structure
  • J. Hinson
  • EMS III
  • Ridge View High

2
I. Body Organization
http//academic.kellogg.edu/herbrandsonc/bio201_Mc
Kinley/chapte1.jpg
3
I. Body Organization
  • Cells
  • Basic unit of life
  • Perform vital body functions through
    reproduction, respiration, metabolism, and
    excretion
  • May be specialized (i.e. muscle cells for
    contraction nerve cells conduct electrical
    impulses)

4
I. Body Organization
  • Tissues groups of cells working together for one
    purpose (Ex neurons form nerve fibers)
  • Histology study of tissues
  • Types
  • Muscular produces movement
  • (1) Voluntary skeletal muscle
  • (2) Involuntary cardiac and smooth (digestive
    organs)

http//mmm.moody.edu/genmoody/Media/MediaStore/Mus
cular20System.gif
5
I. Body Organization
  • Tissues
  • Types
  • Epithelial lines organs
  • (1) Includes skin and mucous membranes
  • Connective supports and protects body structures
  • (1) Includes adipose (fat) tissue, bone, blood,
    and cartilage

http//asweknowit.net/images_edu/dwa20520connect
ive20tissue.gif
6
I. Body Organization
  • Tissues
  • Types
  • Nervous conducts electrical impulses to and from
    the brain and body

http//www.morphonix.com/software/education/scienc
e/brain/game/specimens/images/neuron_parts.gif
7
I. Body Organization
  • Organs groups of tissues working together for a
    common function (Ex cardiac muscle tissue forms
    the heart)
  • Organ Systems groups of organs working together
    for a common function (Ex heart and blood
    vessels work together to form the cardiovascular
    system)
  • Organisms

8
Body Organization INtegumentary
  • Function Protection Body temperature regulation
  • Primary organs skin, hair, nails
  • Specialty dermatology

http//www.liposuction4you.com/images/anatomy-of-t
he-skin.jpg
9
Body Organization Skeletal
  • Function Framework for support
  • Primary organs bones, connective tissues that
    make up joints
  • Specialty Orthopedics

http//www.merriam-webster.com/art/med/skeleton.gi
f
10
Body Organization Muscular
  • Function movement
  • Primary organs muscles
  • Specialty orthopedics

http//www.medical-look.com/systems_images/Muscula
r_System.jpg
11
Body Organization Cardiovascular
  • Function transport of oxygen and nutrients to
    body cells via blood
  • Primary organs heart and blood vessels
  • Specialty cardiology, hematology, internal
    medicine

http//www.thewellingtoncardiacservices.com/images
/TheHeart/200177291-001_4.jpg
12
Body Organization Respiratory
  • Function exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
  • Primary organs lungs, bronchi, trachea, larynx,
    pharynx, nose
  • Specialty pulmonology, otorhinolaryngology,
    internal medicine

http//visual.merriam-webster.com/images/human-bei
ng/anatomy/respiratory-system/respiratory-system.j
pg
13
Body Organization Nervous/senses
  • Function transmit electrical impulses to and
    from the brain and body
  • Primary organs Brain, spinal cord, nerves
    (sensory eyes, ears)
  • Specialty Neurologist, Neurosurgery,
    Ophthalmology

14
Body Organization digestive
  • Function converts food into nutrients for energy
  • Primary organs mouth, pharynx, esophagus,
    stomach, SI, LI (Accessory liver, pancreas, gall
    bladder)
  • Specialty Gastroenterology, Internal Medicine,
    Proctology

http//www.pediatricfeeding.org/images/gi_anatomy/
A_digestive_system.png
15
Body Organization urinary
  • Function filters and excretes wastes from the
    blood
  • Primary organs kidneys, ureters, urinary
    bladder, urethra
  • Specialty Nephrology, Urology

http//www.comprehensive-kidney-facts.com/images/U
rinarySystem.jpg
16
Body Organization endocrine
  • Function glands secrete enzymes that help
    regulate metabolic processes
  • Primary organs pancreas, thyroid, pituitary,
    adrenal, parathyroid, thymus, pineal
  • Specialty Endocrinology

http//www.web-books.com/eLibrary/Medicine/Physiol
ogy/Endocrine/endocrine_system.jpg
17
Body Organization reproductive
  • Function Reproduction
  • Specialty Gynecology/ Obstetrics Urology
  • Primary organs
  • Female vagina, ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes,
    mammary glands
  • Male testes, prostate, urethra vas deferens

18
Body Organization lymphatic
  • Function Immunity
  • Primary organs spleen, lymph, thymus gland
  • Specialty Immunology

http//www.naturalhealthschool.com/img/immune.gif
19
II. Anatomical Position
  • Standing erect, facing forward, arms at sides,
    palms forward

http//www.emergencymedicaled.com/images/Anatomica
l20Position.gif
20
III. Body Planes
  • Sagittal divides body into R and L
  • midsagittal divides into equal R and L
  • Frontal (coronal) divides into front and back
    (anterior and posterior)
  • Transverse (horizontal) divides into top and
    bottom (superior and inferior) cuts parallel to
    ground
  • Always referred to using anatomical position.

http//www.yachigusaryu.com/blog/pics/top_ten_prin
ciples/10/image003.jpg
21
Iv. Directional/ positional terms
  • Location
  • Toward the head above
  • Toward the feet or tail below
  • Near or on the front side of the body
  • Near or on the back or spinal cord side of the
    body
  • Position
  • Superior/ Cephalic
  • Inferior/ Caudal
  • Anterior/ Ventral
  • Posterior/ Dorsal

http//media.photobucket.com/image/anatomical20po
sition/nursingassistant/anatom1.jpg
22
Iv. Directional/ positional terms
  • Location
  • Middle or near the midline
  • To the side
  • Closer to the point of attachment on the body
  • Farthest from the point of attachment to the body
  • Position
  • Medial
  • Lateral
  • Proximal
  • Distal

http//media.photobucket.com/image/anatomical20po
sition/nursingassistant/anatom1.jpg
23
Iv. Directional/ positional terms
  • Location
  • Toward the surface of the body
  • Away from the surface of the body
  • Body position lying horizontally and face down
  • Body position lying horizontally and face up
  • Position
  • Superficial
  • Deep
  • Prone
  • Supine

http//www.medtrng.com/supineprone.gif
24
V. Body Cavities
http//www.themesotheliomalibrary.com/visceral-ple
ura.jpg
  • The diaphragm, a muscle used during respiration,
    separates the thoracic and abdominopelvic
    cavities
  • Internal organs are referred to as viscera, and
    are lined with a visceral membrane.
  • Cavities are lined with an outer parietal
    membrane.
  • Membranes in the thoracic cavity are called
    pleural membranes membranes in the
    abdominopelvic cavity are called peritoneal
    membranes.

25
VI. Body Cavities
26
V. Body Cavities
27
V. Body Cavities Anatomical Divisions
28
V. Body Cavities Clinical Divisions
Liver Spleen L Kidney Stomach Colon Pancreas
Liver R Kidney Colon Pancreas Gallbladder
Colon SI Femoral Art/Vein Ureter Appendix
Colon SI Femoral Art/Vein Ureter
29
Vi. The Back
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