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Artauds Theater of Cruelty. Dhimonel Kolvani

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Title: Artauds Theater of Cruelty. Dhimonel Kolvani


1
Artauds Theater of Cruelty.Dhimonel
Kolvani
2
Antonin Artaud
  • Antoine Marie Joseph Artaud, better known as
    Antonin Artaud (born September 4, 1896, in
    Marseille
  • died March 4, 1948 in Paris) was a French
  • playwright, poet, actor and director.
  • Antonin is a diminutive form of Antoine,
  • and was among a long list of names which
  • Artaud went by throughout his life.
  • Basically I will Be talking about his
  • Theatre Of Cruelty

3
Theatre of Cruelty
  • Artaud believed that the Theatre should affect
    the audience as much as possible, therefore he
    used a mixture of strange and disturbing forms of
    lighting, sound and performance. In one
    production that he did about the plague he used
    sounds so realistic that some members of the
    audience were sick in the middle of the
    performance.
  • The Theatre of Cruelty is a concept in Antonin
    Artaud's book Theatre and its Double. Without
    an element of cruelty at the root of every
    spectacle, the theater is not possible. In our
    present state of degeneration it is through the
    skin that metaphysics must be made to re-enter
    our minds.
  • By cruelty, he meant not sadism or causing pain,
    but rather a violent, physical determination to
    shatter the false reality which, he said, lies
    like a shroud over our perceptions.
  • To put it another way, it's not cruelty in the
    sense of being violent, but the cruelty it takes
    for the actor to completely strip away their
    masks and the cruelty of showing an audience a
    truth that they don't want to see. He believed
    that text had been a tyrant over meaning, and
    advocated, instead, for a theatre made up of a
    unique language halfway-between thought and
    gesture. Antonin Artaud described the spiritual
    in physical terms, and believed that all
    expression is physical expression in space.

4
Theatre of Cruelty
  • In the Theatre of Cruelty, Artaud was attempting
    a few things
  • He had believed that the world, including the
    society, and the world of theatre had become an
    empty shell of itself.
  • He was trying partly to revolutionize theatre -
    figuratively burn it to the ground so that it can
    start again.
  • He was trying to connect people with something
    more primal, honest and true within themselves,
    that has been lost for most people. This has, it
    is believed, partly stemmed from Artaud's mental
    instability - he was attempting to purge himself
    through expression.

5
Theatre of Cruelty
  • Works by Artaud
  • Artaud, Antonin. Oeuvres complètes dAntonin
    Artaud
  • Artaud, Antonin. Collected Works of Antonin
    Artaud
  • Artaud, Antonin. Selected Writings
  • Artaud, Antonin. The Theatre and Its Double
  • In English
  • Barber, Stephen Antonin Artaud Blows and Bombs
  • Esslin, Martin. Antonin Artaud
  • Rainer Friedrich, "The Deconstructed Self in
    Artaud and Brecht Negation of Subject and
    Antitotalitarianism,
  • Innes, Christopher Avant-Garde Theater 1892-1992
  • Jamieson, Lee Antonin Artaud From Theory to
    Practice
  • Kimberly Jannarone, "The Theater Before Its
    Double Artaud Directs in the Alfred Jarry
    Theater,
  • Koch, Stephen. On Artaud.
  • Plunka, Gene A. (Ed). Antonin Artaud and the
    Modern Theater
  • Roger Shattuck, "Artaud Possessed," The Innocent
    Eye
  • Ward, Nigel "Fifty-one Shocks of Artaud
  • In French
  • Blanchot, Maurice. Artaud. La Nouvelle Revue
    Française 4

6
Influence
  • Artaud was heavily influenced by seeing a
    Colonial Exposition of Balinese Theatre in
    Marseille. He read eclectically, inspired by
    authors and artists such as Seneca, Shakespeare,
    Poe, Lautréamont, Alfred Jarry, André Masson,
    etc.
  • Artaud's theories in Theatre and Its Double
    influenced rock musician Jim Morrison. Mötley
    Crüe named the Theatre of Pain album after
    reading his proposal for a Theater of Cruelty,
    much like Christian Death had with their album
    Only Theatre of Pain. The band Bauhaus included a
    song about the playwright, called "Antonin
    Artaud", on their album Burning from the Inside.
    Charles Bukowski also claimed him as a major
    influence on his work. Influential Argentinean
    folk-rock songwriter Luis Alberto Spinetta named
    his album Artaud and wrote most of the songs on
    that album based on his writings. Composer John
    Zorn has three records, "Astronome," "Moonchild,"
    and "Six Litanies for Heliogabalus," dedicated to
    Artaud.

7
Peter Brook
  • Peter Stephen Paul Brook
  • (born 21 March 1925) is a
  • British theatre and film
  • director and innovator.

8
Peter Brook
  • His work is inspired by the theories of
    experimental theatre of Jerzy Grotowski, Bertolt
    Brecht, Meyerhold, G. I. Gurdjieff and the works
    of Edward Gordon Craig and Stuart Davis.
  • Brook was influenced by the work of Antonin
    Artaud and his ideas for a Theatre of Cruelty.
  • In England, at the Royal Shakespeare Company,
    Peter Brook and Charles Marowitz undertook The
    Theatre of Cruelty Season in 1964, aiming to
    explore ways in which Artaud's ideas could be
    used to find new forms of expression and retrain
    the performer. The result was a showing of 'works
    in progress' made up of improvisations and
    sketches, one of which was the premier of
    Artaud's The Spurt of Blood

9
Peter Brook
  • His Works
  • The Empty Space
  • Peter Brook's book The Empty Space was a highly
    influential piece of work. It consists of 4
    parts, each describing a version of the notion
    and nature of theatre. Each section is an
    adaptation of a speech he gave at various
    Universities.
  • The Mahabharata
  • In the mid 1970s, Brook, with writer Jean-Claude
    Carrière, began work on adapting the Indian epic
    poem the Mahabharata into a stage play which was
    first performed in 1985 and then later into a
    televised mini series.
  • Tierno Bokar

10
Peter Brook
  • Other major productions
  • Measure for Measure
  • The Winter's Tale
  • Titus Andronicus
  • King Lear
  • Marat/Sade
  • US an anti-Vietnam protest play
  • A Midsummer Night's Dream
  • Hamlet
  • The Visit with Alfred Lunt and Lynn Fontanne
  • Marat/Sade
  • Oedipus with John Gielgud and Irene Worth
  • The Conference of the Birds
  • The Ik
  • The Mahabharata

11
Thank You
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